Featured Post

||| LINK to author's Amazon page

Monday, September 7, 2020

Baron Owain de la Pole & Lady Joan Corbet

 30424250. Baron Owain de la Pole & 30424251. Lady Joan Corbet

~1255, Owain born in Wales, s/o 60848500. Gruffud ap Gwenwynwyn & 60848501. Hawise le Strange.

~1273, Joan born in England, d/o 60848502. Robert Corbet & 60848503. Catherine le Strange.

11/16/1272, Edward I succeeded Henry III as King of England.

5/1274, Llywelyn ab Gruffydd, Prince of Wales, attacked the lands of Gruffyd ap Gwenwynwyn, capturing Arwystli and those parts of Cyveiliong beyond the Dovey. Llwelyn took Gruffydd’s son Owain as a hostage. (S) DNB, V12, 1909, P18.

2/1275, Gruffydd, his wife Hawise and his son Owain were all involved with Llywelyn's brother Dafydd ap Gruffydd in an attempt to assassinate Llywelyn. [The assassination was prevented by a snow storm.] The family went in exile again in England at Shrewsbury. [The details of the plot were later revealed by Gruffydd’s son Owain to the bishop of Bangor – other records indicated Owain exposed the plot to Llywelyn.] (S) History of Wales, V2, Lloyd, 1912, P748.

1277, James, abbot of Strata Marcella, present when Gruffydd settled his estates on his eldest son Owain. [This started the court case for Arwystli, between Merioneth and Builth, which the English considered part of Snowdonia.]

1277, King Edward was in Chester where he cleared a road through a dense forest, and started construction on the castles of Flint and Rhuddlan. King Edward made forays into the Welsh lands of Llywelyn ap Gruffydd, prince of Wales, capturing Snowdonia and the isle of Anglesey.

6/15/1281, The case of Arwystli, initiated by Adam de Montgomery [really representing King Edward and English law] against Owain ap Gruffydd ap Gwenwynwyn, ended with a decision that they should do homage to Gruffydd.  (S) History and Law, Is7, 1940, P148. [Heard before William of Hopton.]

12/11/1282, King Edward’s forces defeated Llewelyn ap Gruffydd at the Battle of Radnor in eastern Wales. King Edward received the head of Llywelyn at Rhuddlan castle. [Aka Battle of Orewin Bridge.]

1283, King Edward continued his Welsh campaign, capturing and executing Dafydd, brother of Llewelyn; completing the conquest of Wales.

1283, “Owain ap Gruffud ap Gwenwynwyn” appeared at the parliament of Shrewsbury and surrendered his lands and crown to King Edward I; effectively becoming a Marcher Baron of England.] Owain adopting the English title “Owain de la Pole” – Owain of “Welshpool”. [This also started a family fued because inheritance became the English system where the eldest son inherited all, versus Welsh gavelkind where it was distributed, with the possibility of females to inherit.]

1287, Lord Owyn, son of Griffin ap Wenonwen, vs. Griffin, his brother … the land of Meycheyn Hulquoat … Griffin to hold during the life of their mother Hawyse.

[––Owain & Joan––]

~1289, Owain, married Joan, his 1st cousin.

5/16/1290, Final concord between Owen and his brother John with respect to the portion of land John should hold. (S) Collectanea Archaeologica, 1862, P207.

5/17/1290, Final concord between Owen and his brother Griffin, … Griffin should hold … as long as the Lady Hawyse, their mother, should live, … Dendowr … held by Hawyse in dower … or revert at her death to Owen …

7/16/1290, … complaint by the men of the king’s land of Montgomery, … Owen son of Griffin bailiff of la Pole … (S) CPRs.

12/28/1291, Owen de la Pole granted a market and fair at Machynlleth, Wales. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs.

7/5/1292, To Philip de Monte Gomery, keeper of the forest of Canok. Order to cause Owen de la Pole to have in the said forest ten bucks, of the king's gift. (S) CFRs.

1293, Owain, Lord of Welshpool [Upper Powys] died; guardianship of Gruffud granted to Joan. Wardship of the lands was divided between Joan and Owain’s mother Hawise.

10/15/1293, Writ for IPM of Owen de la Pole. (S) CFRs.


11/28/1293, Order to deliver Griffin, son and heir of Owen de la Pole, tenant in chief, to Joan, late the wife of Owen, his mother, to be kept by her during the king's pleasure. The king makes this order, at the instance of Joan, in consideration of Griffin's tender age. (S) CCRs.

1/20/1294, Order to deliver to Joan, late the wife of Owen de la Pole, tenant in chief, the manor of Wralwern in Keveyllot, extended at £49 14s a year, and the manor of Mathrawel, extended at £24 1d a year, to hold in dower of the lands late of her said husband, so that she answer for £41 10s yearly by which sum her dower is exceeded. (S) CFRs.

3/22/1295, Order to cause Joan, late the wife of Owen de la Pole, tenant in chief, to have 20 marks yearly from the issues of the lands late of her said husband, which the king has granted to her at will for the sustenance of his son and heir, a minor in her ward. (S) CFRs.

8/14/1295, Joan granted guardianship of Owain’s brother Llewelyn’s son Llewelyn, his mother Sibyl surviving. Grant, at the instance of Robert son ot Walter, to Joan, late the wife of Owen de la Pole, tenant in chief, of the wardship of 2 parts of the lands late of Lewis de la Pole in Powys, tenant in chief, whereof Lewis was seised in his demesne as of fee, in the king's hand by reason of the minority of the heir of Lewis, to hold until the full age of the heir. (S) CFRs.

8/18/1295, Joan asked for commissions of oyer and terminer claiming that Owain’s brothers and mother were trying to deforce her of her dower.(S) CPRs.

8/14/1295, Grant, at the instance of Robert son of Walter, to Joan, late the wife of Owen del la Pole, … of the custody, during the minority of the heir of Lewis de la Pole, … of 2 parts of the lands of the said Lewis in Powys, … (S) CPRs.

1295-98, Joan, having pledged a fine of 300 marks to control her marriage, married 2nd Sir Roger de Trumwyne, a knight in the royal administration. [3 sons]

1298-99, Hawise and her sons asked for commissions of oyer and terminer claiming rights to Joan’s dower; and Joan and Roger’s attempts to acquired rights to castle de la Pole [since Joan was guardian of Llewelyn.]

4/1/1299, Commission … touching a petition of Hawisia de la Pole that whereas she holds, by the king’s commission, the custody of the castle of la Pole, late of Owen de la Pole, deceased, … Roger Trumwyn and Joan his wife, under colour of the custody of the lands late of Lewis de la Pole, who held of the said Owen, … have on their authority subtracted some services … (S) CPRs.

1305, Prince Edward of Caernarvon released Joan of her remaining marriage fine having paid £120.

1308, Joan and Roger petitioned new King Edward II in parliament about the suits on her dower lands. Edward released the castle of de la Pole to his “beloved valet” Gruffud who was still a minor.

1322, Joan and Roger suspected [cleared] of being supporters of Thomas of Lancaster.

3/13/1322, Order to deliver to Roger de Trumwyne and Joan his wife, late the wife of Owen de la Pole, all the lands that they held of her dower in Powys, which were taken into the king's hands. (S) CCRs.

7/22/1323, Writ … to the tenants of Keyrenon and Keveyllok in the land of Powys in favour of Roger Trumwyne and Joan his wife, late the wife of Owen de la Pole, … Edmund, earl of Arundel, justice of Wales, to deliver to the said Roger and Joan the lands which they hold in dower … (S) CPRs.

Bef. 1330, Gruffud Vaghan, youngest and surviving brother of Owain, abducted Joan, who was released when Roger paid a ransom.

Bef. 1330, Roger de Trumwyne died; Joan surviving.

1330, Gruffud Vaghan brought suit [unsuccessfully] against Joan for £4000 in damages.

1332, Joan living at the death of her nemesis Gruffud Vaghan.

1335, Robert de Trumwyne [s/o Roger] presented to Church Eaton by his wife Joan, the widow of Owen de la Pole, Lord of Powis. (S) Staffordshire Hist. Coll’s, V4, 1883, Church Eaton.

1348, Joan died; buried at the Grey Friars of Shrewsbury.

(S) Portraits of Medieval Women, Mitchell, 2003. (S) Collectanea Archaeologica, 1862, P207.

Family notes:

·         1/20/1294, Grant to Eleanor de Ferrariis, countess of Derby, of the custody, during the minority of the heir, of the town of Makenthlech, late of Owen de la Pole, tenant in chief. (S) CPRs.

Children of Owain and Joan:

i. Gruffud de la Pole, born ~1290 in Wales.

Gruffud married to Ela de Audeley, d/o Baron Nicholas de Audley. [No children.] (S) CPRs, 8/28/1297.

1309, Gruffud died in the king’s custody; his sister his heir.

6/25/1309, IPM of Griffith son and heir of Owen de la Pole. Marches of Wales adjacent to the county of Salop: La Pole in the country of Powys. The castle and 2 parts of the town, together with the following members, places and lands … [multiple properties] … Hawis his sister, aged 18 on the feast of St. James the Apostle last, is his next heir. (S) CIsPM.

ii. Hawise Gardarn (15212125), born 7/25/1291 in Wales.

No comments: