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Thursday, September 3, 2020

Baron Peter de Brus & Lady Agnes ?

 47282028. Baron Peter de Brus & 47282029. Lady Agnes ?

~1175, Peter born in England, s/o 94564056. Adam de Brus & 94564057. Iveta de Arches.

~1180, Agnes born in England.

1185, Peter’s father died.

11/3/1189, Richard I crowned king of England.

1196, Peter de Brus was remitted his father’s scutage. [Possibly because he served in his father’s place.]

Bef. 1198, Peter 1st married Agnes, acquiring manors in Holderness.

3/20/1198, Peter inherited the barony of Skelton, paying £116 13s 4d for his father’s lands. (S) Yorkshire Arch. Journal, V13, 1895, P245.

~1200, Agnes died.


Peter married 2nd Joan ?.

5/27/1199, John crowned king of England.

1199, Peter assess scutage on 5 fees of Robert de Brus’ [of Hartness]. For 200 marks, Peter quit-claimed the lands to William de Brus; who agreed to hold the lands for service of 2 knights’ fees.

1200, Robert Ros, William Stuteville, Henry Neville, Hugh Bardolf, Eustace Vesci and Robert Fitz Roger bondsmen for Peter de Brus for 1000 pounds sterling.

1201, Peter paid an initial £300 in fine for Danby in Cleveland in exchange for Bardsey, Collingham and Rigton near Leeds.

1202, Peter heir to his grandmother Agnes Paynel. (S) Early Yorkshire Charters, Farrer, 1915.

1203, King John reduced by £400 yearly what Peter owed.

9/1203, Agnes de Flammeville [Peter’s half sister] recovered her dower of a third of a carucated in Battersby; confirmed by Domino Petro de Brus. (S) Pubs. of the Surtees Society, V89, 1894, P4.

1204, Peter’s half-sister, Agnes de Percy, brought a case against Peter to obtain her dower lands which her husband held of Peter.

1204, Peter de Brus offered 200 marks and 2 palfreys to have seisin of the manors of Carlton and Camblesforth, held of the Paynels.

1204, Robert fitz Roger, constable of Chester, and Peter de Brus, paid a fine of 40 marks to have Marmaduke de Thweng in their custody. [Marmaduke and Peter grandfathers of 47281180. Marmaduke de Thweng & 47281181. Lucy de Brus.]

1205, Mesne lord Peter de Brus offered 25 marks and a palfrey to have seisin of Loftus of the honor of Chester. (S) Hist. of York North Riding, V2, 1923, Loftus.

1206, The wardship and marriage of Roger Bertram, a minor at his father’s death, given to Peter de Brus for 1300 marks in exchange against the debts of William Briwerre.

1207, Peter de Brus bought the farm of the wapentake of Langbaurgh for 400 marks.

1208, Peter quitted of £200 for a forest plea; his debts totaling £1,235, 5 palfreys and 2 hunting dogs; with an annual assessment of £400.

1208-09, Peter de Brus made an agreement with his Cleveland tenants within Langbaurgh. Peter agreed to limitations in the exercise of his authority in return for a guarantee that the knights and free tenants would make up any shortfall in the rent of 40 marks charged by the king. Witnesses: Roger de Lacy [Rogero Constabulario Cestria]; Robert de Ros; Eustachia de Vescy; …; Walter de Faucumberge; … (S) Gentry of Angevian Yorkshire, Thomas, 1993.

1209, Peter made a fine of 3 palfreys to reach and agreement with his half-brother Hugh de Flamville, and their mother Juetta de Arches [Juetta held liable for the Mowbray tenants.]

1209, Peter given custody of William de Brus, s/o William, as a hostage of King John to ensure the behavior of the King of Scotland. (S) 13th Century England, Preestwich, 2003, P103.

1210-12, Peter de Brus held 11 knights fees of the honor of Skeltone in Yorkshire. (S) FMG.

1211, Peter had paid off all the debts acquired with his inheritance.

1212, Matilda de Conyers, widow of Peter’s half-brother Hugh de Flamville, claimed dower of a third of the manors in Arches against Peter.

9/1212 at Durham, Peter a witness to King John’s grant to Finchale priory.

1213, Peter one of the barons who met with King John when he visited the north. The king ordered Peter to release his Scottish hostage William de Brus and deliver him to Portsmouth. [King John making an expedition to Poitou, in which Peter refused to serve.]

6/1213, Peter a member of the king’s army assembled at Barham Down in Kent, awaiting an invasion from France. [The invasion did not happen.]

1214, Peter assessed scutage [which he did not pay] for avoiding military service in Poitou.

1215, Robert de Roos, Peter de Brus, and William de Percy, in support of Louis, Dauphine of France, and against King John, who had invaded the north, reduced Cleveland and the rest of Yorkshire.

4/1215, Peter assembled with 2000 knights and barons at Stamford.

4/27/1215, Peter de Brus one of the barons meeting with King John’s representatives at Brackley, where the 1st draft of the Magna Carta was created. [King John sent the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Earl of Pembroke.] (S) History of England, Mackintosh, 1830.

6/19/1215 at Runnymede near Windsor, King John forced to agree to the terms of the Magna Carta. [The barons in revolt together held more castles and knights fees than John did as King.]

2/10/1216, King John at Skelton where he received the submission of Peter de Brus and his vassals.

5/20/1216, Prince Louis of France crossed to England in 10 warships, with 1200 knight and 900 troops. Louis quickly captured all the Cinque Ports except Dover, held by Hubert de Burgh. Louis captured the town of Lincoln, but not the castle.

1216, Robert de Ros, Peter de Brus, and Richard de Percy, in rebellion against the king, were ordered to reduce the city and county of York to the obedience of the Dauphin of France. The leaders decided to not plunder the city when they were offered 1000 marks by the inhabitants.

10/18/1216, King John died.

10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.

5/20/1217, Prince Louis’ forces, combined with loyal English barons, lost at the battle of Lincoln to William Marshall.

9/12/1217, For 10,000 marks and some land exchanges, Louis forfeited his claim to the English crown by the treaty at Kingston-on-Thames.

5/15/1218, Herbert French, merchant of the King of France , gives the king two tuns of good French wine for summoning Peter de Brus to be before the justices at Westminster in the octaves of Trinity to answer him for 10m which he owes him. (S) FRsHIII.

1219, Peter de Brus was reconciled to Henry III, recovering Carlton and other manors in Cleveland, which had been taken into the King's hand.

1219, Peter assessed in Yorkshire, the same amounts as in 1216, with the added fines for unpaid scutage of 1214.

6/10/1220, William of Lancaster owes the king £100 for his relief, for which he has found pledges: W. count of Aumale for 30m. Peter de Brus for 30m. Roger Bertram for 15m. Geoffrey de Neville for 15m. Hugh de Bolbec for 10m. Richard de Umfraville for 10m. W. earl Warenne for 40m. (S) FRsHIII.

12/1220, Nicholas, allied with Roger Bertram, Richard de Umfraville, Peter de Brus, John de Mowbray, Robert de Vaux, Robert de Ros, and John de Lacy, in operations against northern castles of the count of Aumale, who was in rebellion. [For their support the knights were conceded their scutage of Montgomery for their “faithful service.”]

2/1221, Peter supported the king at the siege of the count of Aumale’s castle of Skipsea.

12/26/1221 at York, Peter present when Alexander II of Scotland married Joanna, eldest daughter of King John of England.

Bef. 1/17/1222, Peter died, buried at Guisbrough. (S) Yorkshire Archaeological Journal, V13, 1895, P246.

(S) History of Cleveland, Graves, 1808. (S) The Brus Family in England and Scotland, Blakely, 2005. (S) History of Yarm, Wardell, 1957.

Family notes:

·         “Agnes” d/o Comte Etienne de Blois d'Aum├óle & Hawise de Mortimer, 1st married to the Earl of Lincoln (d.1151) is generally given as Peters wife. This “Agnes” [the original and only source for this does not name “Agnes”, and gives no indication that she married an “earl”] does not fit the timeline. There are other reasons against her being Peter’s wife presented in (S) Annals and Antiquities of Lacock Abbey, Bowles, 1835, P76.

Children of Peter and Agnes:

i. Peter de Brus (23641014), born bef. 1198 in England.

ii. Agnes de Brus, born ? in England.

Agnes married William de Lancaster, s/o 47282030. Gilbert fitz Reinfrid & 47282031. Helwise de Lancaster.

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