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Tuesday, September 1, 2020

Lord Henry de Percy & Eleanor Fitz Alan

 60845652. Lord Henry de Percy & 60845653. Eleanor Fitz Alan

11/16/1272, Edward I succeeded Henry III as King of England.

3/25/1273, Henry born in England, s/o 121691306. Sir Henry de Percy & 121691307. Eleanor de Warren. [Born after his father died.]

1282, Eleanor born in England, d/o 11819888. Earl Richard Fitzalan & 11819889. Alice Saluce.

1284, William Randulfe holds the vills of Wodecote and Eye of Henry de Percy, who holds of the King in capite. (S) Antiquities of Shropshire, V9, 1859, P1318.

Henry’s mother died.

6/16/1285, Grant to Eleanor, the king’s mother … lands and heirs of Henry de Percy, … until the majority of John, the son and heir … and in case he die under age without heirs, then during the minority of Henry his brother, together with the marriage … (S) CPRs.

1293, Henry succeeded his older brother John.

6/10/1294, A. bishop of Durham, Sir William de Valencia, and Sir John de Warenna, earl of Surrey, mainperned before the king at Westminster that Henry de Percy, brother and heir of John son of Henry de Percy shall find security to satisfy Sir Edmund, the king’s brother, executor of the will of Eleanor, late queen of England, the king’s mother, to whom the late king granted the marriage of the heirs. (S) CCRs.

[––Henry & Eleanor––]

1294, Henry married to Eleanor.

1294, Henry de Percy, for 300 marks, confirmed to the abbot and convent of Fountains every grant made by his ancestors. (S) Upper Wharfedale, Speight, 1900, P480.

6/16/1295, Henry de Percy, lord of Alnewyk, confirmed a grant to the Carmelite Friars at Holne in the forest of Alnewyk by William de Vescy. (S) CPRs, 10/14/1335.

10/18/1295, Henry in the retinue of his grandfather John de Warenna, earl of Surrey, going to Scotland. (S) CPRs.

3/30/1296, Henry knighted at Berwick-on-Tweed, Scotland by King Edward I.

4/27/1296, Henry at the battle of Dunbar, Scotland. A battle of mounted knights, the English commanded by John de Warenne, earl of Surrey. About 100 Scottish knights and lords were taken prisoner including 4 earls.

6/14/1296, King Edward I captured Stirling castle. [This is when E.I. brought the ‘stone of Scone’ back to England.]

9/11/1296, Protection for [multiple names] … staying in Scotland with Henry de Percy. (S) CPRs. [Protections listed through October.]

1/7/1297 at Ipswich, Sir Henry de Percy a witness to the treaty between the king and the count of Flanders for support against the French. (S) CPRs.

6/24/1297, Henry appointed governor of Galloway and Aire in Scotland. In this role, with Robert de Clifford, commander for the king in eastern Scotland; they received Margery, d/o Robert Brus, earl of Carrick, as a hostage. Earl Warren, general of the English army beyond Trent, sent Henry with 300 men-at-arms and 40,000 foot to Aire in Galloway to persuade the local Scots to submit. (S) CPRs.

1297, The Bishop ordered to pay Henry de Percy 50 marks towards the expenses of the troops defending Carlisle against the Scots. (S) The Register of John de Halton, V12, 1906, P106.

9/11/1297, Henry at the English defeat at the battle of Stirling Bridge, Scotland. [The 1st major victory of the Scots against the English.]

9/11/1297, John, Earl of Surrey, and Hugh de Cressingham [Treasurer of Scotland] were attacked and defeated by William Wallace crossing the forth near Stirling. John had ordered his forces to cross a long, narrow bridge. Wallace waited until about 5000 had crossed the bridge, and the rest were bunched up on or behind the bridge. Wallace ambushed the vanguard forces with his superior force. Hugh was killed, and an estimated 6000 English slain or wounded in the loss, known as the Battle of Stirling Bridge. [William Wallace was knighted for this success and put in sole command of Scottish troops.]

7/22/1298, Henry at the battle of Falkirk, part of the 4th division of calvary.

7/22/1298, King Edward defeated Sir William Wallace (Braveheart) at the battle of Falkirk, Scotland. The Scots defensive position was strong, but based on spearmen with support of some cavalry and archers. Edward’s armored knights were repulsed by the amassed spear points. King Edward brought up his Welsh longbowmen. They cut gaps into the Scottish ranks through which the mounted English knights could charge. The Scots were routed, but Wallace escaped.

2/20/1299, The King granted the estates [in England and Scotland] of Ingram Balliol, deceased, involved in the Scottish rebellions, and of hereditary right of Ingelram de Umfravill, the king’s enemy, to Henry de Percy, his kinsman. (S) Scotland’s Historic Heraldry, McAndrew, 2006, P79. (S) CPRs.

2/6/1299, Henry summoned to parliament by writ.

10/20/1299, Protection for Henry de Percy, going beyond seas. (S) CPRs.

3/28/1300, Royal letters patent: inspeximus and confirmation of Magna Carta … Witnesses: … Henry de Percy, … (S) UKNA.

7/9/1300, Siege of Caerlaverock castle in Scotland began.

1300, Henry at the siege of Carlaverock castle.[Gold, a blue lion rampant.]

2/28/1301, Henry, lord of Topclive, a signee of the baron’s letter to Pope Boniface.

1301, Henry at his estate at Leconfield in Yorkshire.

7/11/1302 at Kenington, Henry de Percy witnessed the founding of a chantry by John, earl Warren. (S) Essay Towards … County of Norfolk, Blomefield, 1807, P389.

12/28/1302, Licence for Henry de Percy to assign in mortmain to the abbot and convent of Melsa, … (S) CPRs.

2/24/1303, John and Simon Fraser defeated the English under command of John de Seagrave at the battle of Roslin [Scotland]. Henry de Percy a commander under John de Segrave.

7/8/1303, Henry granted a market and fair at Pocklington, Yorkshire. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs.

12/30/1303, Henry de Percy and John de Neyvill, for £350, granted the castle and manor of Tateshale … manor of Boston, co. Lincoln … lands late of Robert de Tateshale … by Margaret, queen of England, during the mintority of the heir. (S) CPRs.

1/13/1304, Henry granted a market and fair at Wansford, East Riding, Yorkshire. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516.

2/10/1304 at Perth, The Prince of Wales [future King Edward III] hosted a dinner with the king’s envoys Sir Aymer de Valence, Henry de Percy, Robert Fitz-Payn, and John de Beustede and their retinue about the peace with Sir John Comyn. (S) Historical Families of Dunfriesshire, 1878.

4/10/1304 at Stirling, Pardon to Henry de Percy, in consideration of his service in Scotland, of all trespasses … (S) CPRs.

3/18/1305, Commission of oyer and terminer directed to Henry de Percy, … co. Essex … (S) CPRs.

9/1305, Henry at the 1st joint English and Scottish parliament at Westminster.

6/6/1306, Grant to Henry de Percy … executors of the will of John de Warenna, sometime earl of Surrey, … (S) CPRs.

1306, Robert Bruce crowned king of Scotland at Scone. After the rebellion of Robert Bruce, Robert’s lands given to Henry. Henry ordered by the King to suppress the rebellion.

1306, Henry de Percy was surprised by Robert Bruce at Carrick and came under siege at Turnberry castle. The siege was broken by English forces sent by King Edward.

1306-07, Henry de Percy with Robert Clifford (1249352) and over a hundred calvary in conflict with Robert the Bruce’s forces in Scotland. They were attacked at Kenteir, but repelled the Scottish forces. (S) Wars of the Bruces, McNamee, 1997, P31.

2/22/1307, Henry de Percy with Robert Clifford recovered Tibbers castle.

3/3/1307, Henry de Percy with Robert Clifford took control of Dumfies.

7/7/1307, Edward II became king on the death of his father.

2/25/1308 at Westminster, Henry at the coronation of King Edward II.

5/13/1308, Mandate to … constable of Scarborough castle, to permit Henry de Percy and his wife, with their household, to dwell in the castle. (S) CPRs.

6/16/1308, Henry a witness to the articles posting Piers Gaveston as Lieutenant in Ireland.

10/4/1308, Licene for Henry de Percy to crenellate his dwelling houses of Spofford and Lekyngfeld, co. York, and Petteworth, co. Sussex. (S) CPRs.

10/26/1309, Henry acquired Alnwick castle from Anthony Bek, bishop of Durham, for £4666; giving him a base of operations near Scotland. (S) CPRs.

3/22/1310, Grant to Henry de Percy of the custody of the manor of Kyrkeby Moresheved, late of John Wake, by reason of the minority of the heir. (S) CPRs.

8/1310, Henry with the King in a Scottish campaign.

8/1310, King Edward, invading Scotland, would spend a year on the expedition with no major conflicts, using Berwick as his base of operations.

3/4/1311, The King grant to Henry de Percy, during the king’s pleasure, the wapentake of Staynclif, … (S) CCRs, 5/16/1324.

3/8/1311, Acknowledgment of Eleanor, the wife of Henry de Percy, executrix of the will of Richard de Arundell, that she has been paid 400 marks. (S) CCRs.

3/26/1311, Henry de Percy, keeper of the bishopric of Durham. (S) CPRs.

4/4/1311, Sir Henry de Percy and the Earl of Angus, with 200 English men-at-arms and Scottish lords, and Sir Robert de Clifford with 100 men-at-arms, are to survey the castles south of Forth, and do their best on the enemy till the ‘grass’ … (S) Calendar of Documents Relating to Scotland, 1887, P40.

5/1311, Piers Gaveston ordered Henry to hold Perth for the summer with 200 knights.

10/1311, Henry in London when Piers was ordered out of the country.

12/18/1311, The King committed to Henry de Percy the custody of the castle of Bamburgh … (S) CCRs.

1/1312, Piers had returned and was given Henry’s castle of Scarborough.

2/20/1312, Safe conduct, for 15 days, for Henry de Percy going to the king at York, whilst remaining in the city and returning.

4/1312, Barons Henry, Lancaster and Clifford drove Piers from Newcastle, capturing Gaveston’s wife and a large treasure. The barons then besieged Piers at Scarborough castle.

7/28/1312, King Edward II confiscated Henry’s lands and had him imprisoned for his part in the death of Piers.

5/22/1313, Safe-conduct for Henry de Percy and Robert de Clyfford and their followers going throughout the realm on their own affairs. (S) CPRs. [In subsequent months Henry given safe conduct as an adherent of Thomas, earl of Lancaster.]

10/16/1313, Pardon to Henry de Percy, adherent of Thomas, earl of Lancaster, … whether on account of the capture, detention, or death of Peter de Gavaston, … (S) CPRs.

6/24/1314, Henry at the battle of Bannockburn, Scotland.

6/24/1314, Battle of Bannockburn, Scotland, a victory for the Scots, unusual in that it lasted for 2 days. The Scots, commanded by Robert Bruce, were laying siege to Stirling castle, held by the English. As the English attacked across the brook, Robert counter-attacked along a 2000-yard front. King Edward attempted to flank the Scot’s left with archers, but they were driven back the Scot cavalry. The English front broke against the Scottish spearmen. It was the largest loss of English knights in a single day. This was the battle in which organized foot-soldiers [primarily pike men] defeated heavily armored mounted knights.

7/29/1314, Henry summoned to parliament by writ.

10/1315, Henry, 1st Lord Percy, died; buried in Fountains abbey. (S) The Reign of Edward II, Dodd, 2006, P1316.]

10/8/1315, Writ for IPM of Henry de Percy. [very long list] … Sussex: … Coutershou, held of the earl of Arundell by service of 21 knights’ fees … Northumberland: … Heir as above aged 13 years and 9 months. … [most common age given] … (S) CIsPM.


11/20/1314, Simple protection for 1 year for Eleanor, late the wife of Henry de Percy. Nothing is to be taken against her will of corn, carts, carriage, or other goods for the use of the king or of any other persons. By K. (S) CPRs.

4/21/1315, John Peche, lord of Hampton, acknowledges that he owes to Eleanor, late the wife of Henry de Percy, executrix of the will of Richard de Arundell, her brother, 200 marks. (S) CCRs.

5/20/1315, Grant to Henry son of Hugh, …, of 400 marks, to be received by the hands of Eleanor, late the wife of Henry de Percy, … in the county of York, … (S) CPRs.

6/3/1315, To Eleanor, late the wife of Henry de Percy, keeper of 2 parts of the manor of Wetherby … (S) CCRs.

10/1315, IPM of Henry de Percy: York. Kyrkelevyngton. Eleanor de Percy holds the reside of the town in dower. (S) CIsPM.

1/8/1316, Appointment … of Roger Dammory to be surveyor and superior keeper of the king’s venison … late of Henry de Percy, deceased, … in the custody of Eleanor, late the wife of the said Henry de Percy, … he shall inform the said Eleanor … (S) CPRs.

5/1/1316, The King committed to Eleanor, late the wife of Henry de Percy, the custody of all the said Henry’s lands in co. York during the minority of Henry, son and heir, rendering £400 yearly … (S) CCRs.

1316, Eleanor de Percy, late wife of Henry de Percy, executrix of the will of Richard de Arundel. (S) Bridges of Medieval England, Harrison, 2004.

9/16/1317, 40 marks assigned to … by the king to be received from Eleanor, late the wife of Henry de Percy, out of the £400 that she is bound to pay to the exchequer for Henry's lands in co. York … (S) CCRs.

10/25/1318, Robert son of William le Conestabel of Flaynburgh acknowledges that he owes to Eleanor, late the wife of Henry de Percy, £20. (S) CCRs.

10/28/1318, Order to allow to Eleanor, late the wife of Henry de Percy, out of her farm of 400£ yearly for the custody of 2/3rds of his lands in co. York … (S) CCRs.

7/20/1319, To Eleanor, late the wife of Henry de Percy. Order to pay … from the said Henry’s lands … (S) CCRs.

11/25/1319, Writs were addressed to the assessors and collectors of the 18th in the West Riding of Yorkshire, on behalf of Alianora, widow of Henry de Percy, and her men and tenants … (S) History and Topography of Harrogate, Grainge, 1871, P65.

4/10/1320, Memorandum, that by virtue of a writ directed to … chosen and sworn for this purpose, assigned to Eleanor, late the wife of Henry de Percy, as dower … (S) CCRs.

6/3/1320, Order to pay to Edward, earl of Chester, the king’s son, 200 marks, … due from Henry for the custody of the lands of Henry de Percy in co. York during the minority of the heir, … Eleanor, late the wife of Henry de Percy, … surrendered the custody thereof … (S) CCRs.

7/31/1321, Order to discharge Eleanor, late the wife of Henry de Percy, of £100 of the arrears of the yearly farm of 400£ … because it was found … that the Scotch rebels … burnt certain of the said manors … and otherwise did much waste … (S) CCRs.

4/3/1322, Protection with clause volumus … Eleanor de Percy. (S) CPRs.

6/13/1322, Pardon at the request of Eleanor de Percy, the king’s kinswoman, … (S) CPRs.

8/3/1323, John Pecche, lord of Hampton, acknowledges that he owes to Eleanor, late the wife of Henry de Percy, 60 marks. (S) CCRs.

6/30/1324, Order to cause Eleanor, late the wife of Henry de Percy, to be discharged of 3s 10&3/4d … for the excess in value of lands assigned to her … (S) CCRs.

2/1/1327 at Westminster, Edward III, age 14, crowned king of England.

2/5/1327, Commitment during pleasure to Eleanor de Percy of the keeping of the castle of Scardeburgh … (S) CFRs.

1328, Eleanor de Percy holding the castle of Scardeburgh. (S) Lists and Indexes, V11, 1900, P195.

1328, Eleanor died.

[––Post Mortem––]

8/13/1328, Order to the executors of the will of Eleanor de Percy … (S) CFRs.

1/10/1329, Order to cause Henry de Percy (son) and the other executors of the will of Eleanor, late the wife of Henry de Percy … (S) CCRs.

 (S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P652. (S) The Siege of Carlaverock, Nicholas, 1828, P136. (S) The Local Historian’s Table Book, V2, 1844. (S) History of the Borough, Castle, and Barony of Alnwick, V1, Tate, 1866, P115.

Children of Henry and Eleanor: [5 sons, 4 daughters]

i. Henry de Percy (30422826), born 2/2/1299 in Leconfield, Yorkshire, England.

ii. Margaret de Percy, born ? in England.

Margaret married 1st Sir Robert de Umfreville.

Maud married 2nd Lord William de Ferrers.

1375, Maud died.

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