~1240, Ralph born in Essex, England, s/o 121691776. Ralph de Berners.
~1248, Christina born in England, d/o §§Hugh de Wyndsor.
1262, Ralph’s father died. (S) The History of the County of Essex, Book II, Chapter V.
4/12/1263, Simon de Montfort returned to England to lead a rebellion of mostly young barons.
5/14/1264, King Henry captured at the battle of Lewes. An estimated 2700 died.
1264-65, Simon de Montfort effectively ruled England.
1265, Ralph a supporter of Simon de Montfort.
8/4/1265, Lord Edward defeated Montfort’s army, killing Simon de Montfort, at the battle of Evesham, ending the Baron’s Revolt.
7/21/1266, Safe conduct for Hugh Peche and Ralph de Berners, coming to the king’s court with their own household to treat of their peace ; and the king is sending the archbishop of Rhages to conduct them. (S) CPRs.
10/31/1266, The Dictum de Kenilworth allowed those who had opposed the King their lives for a loss of liberties of 3 to 5 years. The only exception was the Montfort family.
6/30/1267, Simple protection for Ralph de Berners and Robert le Poer, coming to the king’s court to treat for peace. (S) CPRs.
7/27/1267, Remission … pardon to him for all trespasses committed by him at the time of the disturbance had in the realm : … that he will be of good behaviour and will stand to the award of Kenilworth … Ralph de Berners of the county of Essex : … (S) CPRs.
[––Ralph & Christina––]
By 1268, Ralph married Christina.
3/29/1269, Exemption for life for Ralph de Berners from being put on assizes, juries or recognitions, and from being made sheriff … (S) CPRs.
1270, Ralph de Berners of Essex made a payment in the receipt of the king of 20s by way of a fine for Jews. (S) Starrs and Jewish Charters, V2, Lincoln, P236.
Bef. 1271, Christian’s father died, her brother Hugh succeeding. (S) The 1235 Surrey Eyre, Meekings, 2002, P257.
3/26/1271, Inspeximus … and agreement between Sir John de Arderne and Sir John de Colecestre, rector of the church of Wylliggehaledo … witnesses … Sir Robert Waleraund, Sir Robert Aguillon, … stewards of the king … Sir John de Ripariis, Sir Richard de Tany, Sir Ralph de Berners, knights, … (S) CChRs.
1271, Hugh de Wyndsor [brother of Christina] granted the manor of Wyndsor to Ralph de Berners and Christina his wife in return for an annual rent of £10 for the life of Hugh. (S) Victoria History of the County of Surrey, V3, P354.
1/27/1272, Suffolk. Ralph de Berners gives half a mark for having a writ ad terminum. (S) FRsHIII.
1272, Litigation between Ralph de Berners and Thomas de Camoys settled.
11/16/1272, Edward I ascended to the throne while on crusade.
1274-5, Ralph de Berners held two mills near Dudding pond, co. Middlesex. (S) Hist. of the Count of Middlesex, V11, 1998.
1278-9, Ralph claimed the market and fair of West Horsley, Surrey by charter of King Henry III. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs.
2/10/1279, To the sheriff of Kent. Order to deliver to Hamo de Gatton [husband of Christina’s sister Johanna] the lands that belonged to Hugh de Windessor’, which came to the hands of Hugh, son and heir of the said Hugh, and which the king lately caused to be taken into his hands because Hugh son of Hugh (d.aft.10/1319 in the priory of Southwark) was of unsound mind, to be held by Hamo until the parliament after Easter next, so that there may then be done what shall seem fit to the king by his council. To the Sheriff of Surrey. Like order for the delivery to Ralph de Berners of the lands that belonged to Hugh de Windsoure. (S) CCRs. Ralph held the whole of the Windsor estate including the manor of West Horsley in right of his wife. (S) A Topographical History of Surrey, Brayley, P72.
1279, Ralph de Berners a commissioner to inquire in Surrey and Sussex of those who had lands worth £20 and were not yet knights. (S) CPRs.
6/10/1280, Inspeximus of a charter of Roger de Clifford the elder to the mayor and citizens of London all the lands and houses of the late John son of Geoffrey. Witness: Ralph de Berners. (S) CPRs.
7/18/1280, Commission of oyer … John de Wauton, Ralph de Berners and … county of Surrey … (S) CPRs.
7/1/1285, Appointment of Ralph de Berners to the custody of the counties of Oxford and Berks, as sheriff, during pleasure. (S) CPRs.
8/6/1285, The underwritten have quittance of the common summons in co. Essex. … Ralph de Berners. (S) CCRs.
5/6/1286, Ralph de Berners replaced as sheriff of Oxford by Thomas de Auers. Both were told to act together to have the ‘archa’ [where the debt instruments were stored] of the Jews put in a certain place in Oxford. Ralph expensed 10s spent for a carriage. (S) 13th Century England VIII, Prestwich, 1999, P75.
1/14/1287, at Cattishall, before justices in eyre, John de Creyk, Godfrey de Beaumont and Ralph de Berners sued for the manors of Semer and Groton. Fearing that they would lose the case, the monks chose to defend their rights by judicial combat. The abbot hired a champion called Roger Clerk to fight for him, paying him 20 marks in advance, and 30 more to be paid afterwards. (S) The Law Courts of Medieval England, 1973, Harding, P157.
6/30/1287, Ralph de Berners acknowledges that he owes to John de Bauquell £20. (S) CCRs.
10/1/1287, The judicial combat accepted in January took place in London; and Roger Clerk was killed by a member of the Ralph de Berners party, who gained the manor of Semer and Groton.
4/16/1288, Ralph de Berners acknowledges that he owes to John de Bauquell, citizen of London, £11 6s 8d. (S) CCRs.
12/4/1288, Letters for Ralph de Berners, going beyond seas, nominating … attorneys in England … (S) CPRs.
1/26/1289, Appointment of Ralph de Berners to the custody, during pleasure, of the Tower of London, with the prisoners therein. (S) CPRs. [Removed 7/22/1289]
6/24/1289, Debtor: Ralph de Berners, knight [family held fee in Islington, Middx.] and Matthew Flambard. (S) UKNA.
2/7/1290, Order to deliver to Ralph de Berners a third of the manor of Lillesle … (S) CCRs.
2/14/1290, For 400 marks, Ralph de Berners, knight, released to the abbot and convent of St. Edmunds 2 parts of the manors of Semere and Grotene. (S) CCRs.
1/8/1291, Licence … two parts of the manors of Semere and Grotent, which Ralph de Berners and John de Creyk lately before the justicies at Westminster dearigned against the said abbot by wager of battle, and afterwards released to the abbot and convent in perpetuity. (S) CPRs.
12/16/1291, Mandate to Ralph de Berners to restore the temporalities of the bishopric of Salisbury to Nicholas Lungespeye, treasurer there. (S) CPRs.
2/6/1292, Licence for Ralph de Berners to enclose 60 additional acres of his park of Rothing Berners, within the metes of the forest of Essex. (S) CPRs.
1293, Witnesses: Sir Ralph de Berners; Edmund of Hengrave; … (S) UKNA.
7/10/1293, To Ralph de Berners and David le Graunt, keepers of the archbishopric of Canterbury in the voidance of the see … (S) CCRs.
1294, The Gascon War began between England and France, lasting 9 years.
7/14/1294, Mandate to Ralph de Berners and David le Graunt, keepers of the archbishopric of Canterbury in the voidance, to restore the temporalities … (S) CPRs.
8/3/1294, Commission of oyer and terminer to William de Bereford and Ralph de Berners, … (S) CPRs.
10/3/1295, Ralph de Berners and David le Graunt to select 4,000 men in the counties of Essex and Hertford and Middlesex and in London and to cause them to be brought to Wynchelse to set forth in the fleet there being prepared. (S) CPRs.
11/4/1295, Ralph de Berners in Surrey, Sussex and Kent, to whom the king has committed the priories and houses in those counties. (S) CFRs.
8/6/1296-11/19/1296, Expenses at the Tower and Hertford and elsewhere by the hands of Ralph de Berners, keeper of John de Balliol [exiled King of Scotland] £135 6.5d. (S) Cal. of Doc.’s Relating to Scotland, 1884, P265.
11/22/1296, To Ralph de Berners. Whereas the king … granted to John de Balliol … Ralph to cause necessaries to be found for the huntsman, page, and dogs. (S) CCRs.
12/1296, Ralph de Berners of West Horsley, Surrey, died.
1/8/1297, Writ for IPM of Ralph de Berners. Middlesex: Yseldon. The manor … a capital messuage, 185a., rents of assize from free tenants, a foreign rent …, rents and works from 48 customary tenants, … Edmund his son, aged 26 [above 29] and more, who is in Gascony, is his next heir. Surrey: West Horslegh. The manor held, of the inheritance of Cristina de Berners who was his wife, of Richard de Wyndlesore, knight, by service of 1/4 knight’s fee, and 40d. every 24 weeks; and there are rendered £13 6s. 8d. yearly to Joan de Gatton, sister of the said Cristina, for her share. Suffolk: Ikelyngham. The manor … Essex: Bernestone, Rothynges and Berwyck. The manors … (S) CIsPM.
1/8/1297, IPM of Ralph de Berners, knight. Middlesex: Yseldon. The manor … Edmund his son, aged 26 and more, who is in Gascony, is his next heir. Surrey: West Horslegh. The manor held, of the inheritance of Cristina de Berners who was his wife, of Richard de Wyndlesore, knight … rendered £13 6s. 8d. yearly to Joan de Gatton, sister of the said Cristina, for her share. … Suffolk: Ikelyngham. The manor … Essex: Bernestone, Rothynges and Berwyck. The manors … (S) CIsPM. [West Horsley reverting to Christian; lands in Beaumont-cum-Mose, Tendring hundred, held by service of 3-parts of a knight’s fee.]
1/25/1297, IPM of Ralph: Wife Christina, sister to Johanna de Gatton, son and heir Edmund, age 30. (S) The Reliquary, V17, 1877, P212.
1302-03, Christina de Berners held 2.5 fees in dower in Roding Berners and Berewick. (S) Honors and Knights’ Fees, Farrer, 1923, P216.
Aft. 1306, Christina de Berners, widow of Ralph de Berners states that Flambard has impleaded her in the Bench for a debt of £60 for a deed made in the 24th year of the late king. (S) UKNA.
7/7/1307, Edward II became king on the death of his father.
1309, Christian presented to Windsor rectory.
1316, Richard de Berners v. Christiana widow of Ralph de Berners in Westhorsley, Effingheham, Sendi & Wyshelaye. (S) Feet of Fines, Surrey.
1307-27, Christina de Berners, widow of Ralph de Berners states that Matthew Flambard has impleaded her in the Bench for a debt of £60 for a deed made in the 24th year of the late king. This deed was seen to be suspicious but Matthew has attached her twice and troubles her so she requests remedy as she is elderly and of no power. (S) UKNA.
1310, In Essex, William le Lettle, baliliff of Christina, who was wife of Ralph de Berners, sued by Abbess of Berking … for taking a horse in 7/1/1308. … lawfully, for the Abbess held of Cristiana 5 messuages and 100a. … and by doing suit to Cristiana’s court … after the deceased of Ralph there succeeded Edmund, as his son and heir … Edmund assigned the manor … to Cristiana by way of dower … the Abbess was arrear … for 3 years … Edmund and Christiana summoned … (S) Year Books of Edward II, 1907, P104.
1317, Christina wife of Ralph survived both her husband and her son, and was party in a fine with Richard de Berners touching lands held by him in West Horsley and elsewhere. (S) Hist. of Surrey, V3, 1911, West Horsley.
Bef. 1325, Christina died. [Eventual heiress of her family.]
(S) Yseldon: a Perambulation of Islington, Tomlins, 1858.
Child of Ralph and Christian:
i. Edmund de Berners (30422944), born 1269 in England.