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Tuesday, September 1, 2020

Lord Ranulph de Neville & Eupheme de Clavering

 60845648. Lord Ranulph de Neville & 60845649. Eupheme de Clavering

10/18/1262, Ranulph born in England, heir & s/o 121691296. Robert de Neville & 121691297. Mary Fitz Ranulph.

~1270, Eupheme born in England, d/o 121691298. Robert Fitz Roger & 121691299. Margery la Zouche.

8/6/1271, Ralph’s father died.

11/16/1272, Edward I succeeded Henry III as King of England.

1282, Ralph, age 20, heir to his paternal grandfather.

2/10/1183, IPM of Robert de Nevill. Writ to the sheriff of Lincoln to extend the lands, &c. of the said Robert, the king proposing to demise them to Ranulph his grandson and heir until his full age. Lincoln: Burrethe and Randeby manors … Middle Rasen. A free court … Ranulph (de Nevill, his grandson and heir) was aged 20 on the day of St. Luke last. … (S) CIsPM.

1/11/1284, Order to cause Ranulph de Nevill, kinsman and heir of Robert de Nevill, to have seisin of the lands that the said Robert, his grandfather, held at his death of the king in chief, as the king has taken his homage. (S) CCRs.

1287, Ralph fought in Wales.

8/15/1287, Edmund, earl of Cornwall’s force of 4,000 joined up with an army of 6,700 at Rhys ap Maredudd’s castle of Dryslwyn, Wales, and began a siege. They built a trebuchet to attack the castle. [The castle fell Sept. 5th; but Rhys escaped.]

1287, Sir Brian son of Alan (60845410) witnessed a charter of Ranulph de Nevill. (S) CChRs, 3/30/1310.

[––Ralph & Eupheme––]

~1288, Ralph married Eupheme.

9/1290, Ralph de Neville held Raby with its 8 adjacent vills at a rent of £4 annually and a stag. [But in that year Ralph claimed an entertainment by the Prior for his retainers. The Prior refused the stag and Ralph ended up leaving without the normal dinner by the monks.] (S) Traditions and Customs of Cathedrals, Walcott, 1872, P172.

1291, Ralph served in Scotland.

1293, Ralph Nevill had free warren at Brancepeth.

6/8/1294, Ralph, 1st Lord Neville, summoned to parliament by writ. (S) Slogans of the North of England, Denham, 1851, P32.

6/23/1295, Ralph summoned to parlaiment.

1296, Ralph fought the invading Scots, who only reached as far Hexham.

4/27/1296, William, earl of Warwick, and John, earl of Surrey, defeated the Scots at Dunbar, near the mouth of the Firth of Forth. Scottish casualities were in the thousands.

1299, Ralph de Nevill and John fitz Marmaduke led a dispute with the king of England over their tenure to only serve in defense as tenants of Durham, and not be forced to cross the boundaries, the Tyne and the Tees, in a war of aggression. (S) Welsh Wars of Edward I, Morris, 1901, P298.

1300, Ralph summoned to service in Scotland.

1300, Ralph de Nevill granted John de Alwent 29 acres in Alwentmoor.

2/12/1301, Ralph, Lord of Raby, joined in the Baron’s Letter to the Pope.

1302, Nearly all the knights and freeholders of the bishopric, under the leadership of Ralph Nevill and John Marmaduke, conceiving themselves injured by the Bishop, appealed to the king.

1/8/1303, Mandate to Ralph de Nevill, John le Fiz Marmaduke, … and the rest of the commonalty of the liberty fo the bishopric of Durham to come to the king wherever he may be … with power to make peace with the bishop of Durham, their lord, … [previously] unable to attend … some of them being in the Scotch march, defending their lands. (S) CPRs.

7/7/1307, Edward II became king on the death of his father.

1308, Ralph de Neville held Raby with its 8 adjacent vills at a rent of £4 annually and a stag.

9/7/1310, Grant, to Robert de Clifford, … Writ de intendendo directed to … Henry son of Hugh, Margaret de Neville, Ranulph de Neville and … (S) CPRs.

11/20/1311, Licence for John de Calveryng to grant to Stephen de Tratfford the manors of Claveryngg, co. Essex, … to regrant to [John] and Hawysia his wife … remainders over to Edmund de Claveryng for life and then to Ralph de Neville and his heirs. (S) CPRs.

2/8/1312, Licence for John de Calveryng to grant to George de Thorpe … remainders … Edmund de Claveryng for life and then to Ralph de Neville and his heirs. (S) CPRs.

10/13/1313, Ralph excommunicated for incest and adultery with his daughter Anastasia; for which he did public penance. (S) Proceedings of Newcastle upon Tyne, 1907, P363.

1313, Ralph ordered not to come to Westminster to discuss the affairs of the realm; but to remain in the north for security against the Scots.

6/24/1314, Ralph and his son Robert captured at the battle of Bannockburn.

6/24/1314, Battle of Bannockburn, Scotland, a victory for the Scots, unusual in that it lasted for 2 days. The Scots, commanded by Robert Bruce, were laying siege to Stirling castle, held by the English. As the English attacked across the brook, Robert counter-attacked along a 2000-yard front. King Edward attempted to flank the Scot’s left with archers, but they were driven back the Scot cavalry. The English front broke against the Scottish spearmen. It was the largest loss of English knights in a single day. This was the battle in which organized foot-soldiers [primarily pike men] defeated heavily armored mounted knights.

7/28/1315, Commission of oyer … that … Ralph de Nevil [many named] … broke the walls and dykes built for the protection of the king’s manor of Myton by Kyngeston-upon-Hull, co. York, and his there, … are submerged by the flow of the sea … (S) CPRs. [Repeated 2/20/1316.]

1318, William Thorene of Snayton acknowledges that the owes Ralph de Neville £10. (S) CCRs.

1318, Ralph summoned against the Scots.

Bef. 4/1320, Ralph heir to his mother’s estates.

10/31/1320, Licence for Ranulph (Randolf) de Neville, son and heir of Mary de Neville to enfeoff Ralph de Neville of the manor of Houton, co. Norfolk, held in chief, which on account of the death of the said Mary has been taken into the king’s hands. (S) CPRs.

5/26/1321, Order not to intermeddle further with the lands of Mary de Nevill, … Ranulph de Nevill, her son, is her next heir and of full age .. (S) CPRs.

6/8/1322, Protection for Ralph de Nevill … staying in the company of Andrew de Hartcla, earl of Carlisle, staying in the Marches of Scotland on the king’s service. (S) CPRs.

9/20/1322, Protection for Ralph de Nevill staying on the king’s service in the Marches of Scotland. (S) CPRs.

10/31/1322, Commission to array all men between 16 and 60 … Ralph de Nevill, in the bishopric of Durham. (S) CPRs.

3/11/1323, Commission to array all fencible men to muster them as some fixed place if the Scots should invade the realm … Ralph de Nevill the livies of the bishopric of Durham. (S) CPRs.

6/1/1323, Appoint of Ralph de Nevill, Roger de Horsle … to enforce the truce with Robert de Brus in Northumberland and the marches thereof. (S) CPRs.

1324, Ralph a member of the Great Council summoned to Westminister.

11/3/1324, Writ of aid for Robert de Umfravill, earl of Anegos, and Ralph de Nevill, appointed conductors of William bishop of St. Andrews, and Thomas Randolf, earl of Morref, and the 6 other envoys of Robert de Brus, shortly coming to York to treat for a final peace. (S) CPRs.

7/20/1325, Ralph one of those appointed to keep the truce in the county of Northumberland. (S) CPRs.

8/16/1326, Ralph a guardian of the seas for Northumberland, supporting John de Sturmy, admiral of the fleet in the north. (S) CPRs.

2/1/1327 at Westminster, Edward III, age 14, crowned king of England.

6/12/1327, Isabella, daughter of William Thurnene, … recognisance for £10 made to Ralph de Nevill … (S) CCRs.

2/24/1328, Ratification of the grant by Hugh de Audele to Ralph de Nevill of the wardship and marriage of William, son and heir of Ralph de Greystok, previously granted to Hugh. (S) CPRs. [Hugh’s daughter Alice married to Ralph’s son Ralph; William is Alice’s son by her 1st husband.]

8/5/1328, Henry de Percy granted Ralph de Nevyll’ £100 rent for life. (S) CPRs.

9/19/1328, Sir Ralph de Nevyll witnessed a charter of Henry Percy, knight, to the abbot and convent of Fountains. (S) CPRs, 6/20/1329.

6/16/1329, Appointment of … the Chancellor, Ralph de Nevill, William de Monte Acuto, … as proctors for the king, to treat with Philip, king of France, for a marriage between his eldest son and Eleanor the king’s sister. (S) CPRs.

8/8/1330, Writ of aid for Ralph de Nevill and his deputies, appointed to array the knights and other men capable of bearing arms within the liberty of Durham to resist the king’s rebels. (S) CPRs.

2/18/1331, Ralph summoned to parliament.

1331, Ralph died; buried at Coverham Abbey, Yorkshire.

4/22/1331, IPM of Ranulph de Nevyll. York: Sutton in Galtres. The manor … Sutton. An assart … Shireveshoton. The manor … Middelham, Crakhale, Carleton and Thoraldby. The manors … Ralph his son, aged 40 years and more, is his next heir. (S) CIsPM.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P617. (S) The Making of the Neville Family in England, Young, 1996. (S) County Palatine of Durham, Lapsley, 1900.

Family notes:

·         Eupheme died before Ralph.

·         Ralph married 2nd Margery de Thweng, d/o John, s/o Marmaduke. [No childen.]

Children of Ranulph and Eupheme: [5 sons, 4 daughters]

i. Robert de Neville, born ? in England.

6/24/1314, Robert captured at the battle of Bannockburn, Scotland; when the English were defeated by Robert Brus.

1318, Robert murdered Richard fitz Marmaduke, seneschal of the bishop of Beaumont, on Framwellgate bridge, Durham.

1318, Robert, the “Peacock of the North”, slain by the Earl of Douglas at Berwick.

ii. Ralph de Neville (30422824), born ~1291 in England.

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