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Tuesday, September 29, 2020

Lord Thomas de Grey & Agnes de Bayles

 15210060. Lord Thomas de Grey & 15210061. Agnes de Bayles

~1270, Thomas Grey born in Northumberland, England, s/o §§Sir Thomas Gray of Heton [West Yorkshire], s/o §§Sir John Gray of Berwick (d.~1246). (S) Scalacronica, Thomas Gray & John Leland, 1836, P.xxxiv.

~1295, Agnes born in England.

5/1297, Thomas left for dead at the Battle of Lanark, Scotland, but recovered. William Wallace led an uprising against the English and killed the Sheriff of Lanark. [Originally documented by Thomas’ son Thomas in his chronicle ‘Scalacronica’.]

7/4/1300, John de Cove, William de Vallibus, and Walter de Bernyngham acknowledge that they owe to Thomas de Grey 30 marks. (S) CCRs.

2/24/1303, An English invasion force, coming by Borthwick castle near Catcune, were decimated by Scotish archers in the third and last skirmish of the battle of Roslin Muir [aka Roslin Glen]. The Scots were commanded by Sir Simon Fraser. English forces under John de Seagrave and Ralph de Confreys had already been defeated.

5/1303, Thomas captured by the Scots at Melrose Abbey, Scotland, later released.

7/7/1307, Edward II succeeded Edward I as King of England.

8/1/1309, To the sheriff of Northumberland. Order … Robert de Esselington, who is making stay in Scotland in the king's service in the retinue (comitiva) of Thomas de Grey. (S) CCRs.

4/30/1313, Thomas de Grey identified as previously being keeper of the manor of Thornton and all other lands late of the Templars in Northumberland. (S) CFRs.

6/24/1314, Thomas captured at the Battle of Bannockburn.

6/24/1314, Battle of Bannockburn, Scotland, a victory for the Scots, unusual in that it lasted for 2 days. The Scots, commanded by Robert Bruce, were laying siege to Stirling castle, held by the English. As the English attacked across the brook, Robert counter-attacked along a 2000-yard front. King Edward attempted to flank the Scot’s left with archers, but they were driven back the Scot cavalry. The English front broke against the Scottish spearmen. It was the largest loss of English knights in a single day. This was the battle in which organized foot-soldiers [primarily pike men] defeated heavily armored mounted knights.

12/16/1318, Order to make payment or assignment to Thomas de Grey, knight, lately staying in garrison of the town of Berwick-on-Tweed at the king's wages, and elsewhere in the marches in the company of John de Segrave, then supplying the king's place in Scotland, for £179 11s 4d due to him from the king for the arrears of the wages of himself and 14 of his esquires, and for recompence for certain of his horses lost in the king's service. (S) CCRs.

1319-31, Thomas constable of Norham castle, Northumberland.

7/30/1322, Thomas de Grey, knight, of the county of Northumberland a mainpernor for Thomas de Fencote of the county of Lincoln. (S) CFRs.

10/22/1323, To Thomas de Grey, constable of Norham castle. Order to cause … (S) CCRs.

12/14/1326, To the sheriff of York. Order to pay to Thomas de Grey the arrears of 6d a day for the maintenance of himself and his wife, which the king granted to him during pleasure in consideration of his good service, and to pay him the same henceforth. (S) CCRs.

12/28/1326, Thomas de Grey who had the wardship of John de Eure, though warned came not at the taking of these inquisitions in Northumberland, nor sent anyone for him. (S) CIsPM.

1/24/1327, Edward III, age 14, succeeded Edward II as King of England. [1/20/1327, Edward II abdicated.]

1332, Thomas’ retainer in aid of his maintenance and that of his wife and children changed to £20 yearly. (S) CCRs.

6/30/1334, Thomas de Grey, knight, the elder, a mainpernor for Cicely de Pountfreit. (S) CCRs.

1343, Thomas died. (S) Scalacronica, Thomas Gray & John Leland, 1836, P.xxxiv.

Child of Thomas and Agnes:

i. Thomas Grey (7605030), born ~1315 in Northumberland, England.


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