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Thursday, October 8, 2020

Sir Peter de la Mare & Joan Archard

 2954694. Sir Peter de la Mare & 2954695. Joan Archard

2/2/1293, Piers de la Mare born in Wiltshire, England, s/o 5909388. Robert de la Mare& 5909389. Lucy ?.

~1303, Joan born in England, d/o 5909390. Robert Achard & 5909391. Agnes de Coleshull.

7/7/1307, Edward II succeeded Edward I as King of England.

1308, Peter’s father died, Peter age 15.

1308, Peter holding lands in Steeple Lavington, Wiltshire.

8/5/1311, IPM of Thomas de la Mare [who’s brother was John]. Offeleye. A messuage and 1/2 virgate … held of Thomas son of Peter de la Mare, by service of 1lb. pepper at Easter; … Thomas sometime acquired 1/2 virgate land of Peter (2954694) son of Robert de la Mare (5909388) … the said Peter afterwards quit-claimed the said reversion for ever to Peter, son of John de la Mare and brother of the said Thomas … 14 weeks before his death the said Thomas rendered up the said land to Thomas, son and heir of the said Peter son of John … William (b.1287) his son, aged 24 and more, is his next heir. (S) CIsPM. [Shows how complicated these records can be.]

11/19/1308, Indenture … custody of 2 parts of divers manors and lands "citra Trentam," … by reason of the minority of Peter, son of Robert de la Mare, together with the marriage of the said minor. (S) UKNA.

4/1315, Due to a famine in England caused by year-long rains and flooding, King Edward ordered the regulation of food prices. [The regulations were suspended in the parliament of 1316.]

1316, Peter the principal holder of in Stupel Lavington.

By 1319, Peter married Joan.

1318, Peter granted free warren in the estate called Nabals, Wiltshire.

10/1321, King Edward II took to the field with a large army to oppose the Marcher Lords in revolt in the Despenser War. [Likely Peter joined the Marcher Lords, led by Thomas, earl of Lancaster.]

2/27/1322, Order to restore to Peter de la Mare his lands and goods in the county of Wilts. (S) CCRs. [Peter apparently switched to Royal allegiance, or never actually joined the rebellion.]

3/16/1322, At the battle of Boroughbridge, northwest of York, King Edward defeated the forces of the Marcher lords and Thomas of Lancaster.  The royalist forces were defending their position with dismounted men-at-arms and archers against an attacking calvary.

[1323-1336, Peter possibly involved in the War of Saint-Sardos in France, or King Edward’s multiple invasions of Scotland.]

1/24/1327, Edward III, age 14, succeeded Edward II as King of England.

1337, Extent of Manor of Offley belonging to Peter de la Mare, late Constable of Bristol Castle (Tenants names). (S) UKNA.

9/1337, Grant by John Achard, to Sir Robert Achard, knight, his father, of 10 marks yearly rent, to be received from Sir Peter de la Mare, and Joan his wife, for tenements held by them for their lives in Frehsesdon, Coleshull and Caldecote, with the reversion ofa messuage, land, and rent, expectant on the decease of the said Peter and Joan: [Berks.] [Wilts.] (S) Ancient Deeds, Berks & Wilts, V3, 1900, D.1304.

7/25/1337, Commitment during pleasure to Peter de la Mare of the keeping of the lands late of Ralph, count of Eu, in the realm, seized for certain causes into the king's hand. (S) CFRs.

1342, Grantor: John de la Hale, … Grantee: Peter de la Mare, knight, and Joan, his wife; … Conveyance of a messuage and land in Fresdon by Highworth; County: Wiltshire. (S) UKNA.

1342, Aldermanston. The manor by fine a gift of Master Walter de Stratton, parson … to Robert Archard, and his wife Agnes, for their lives, with remainders successively to Peter Achard and his heirs by Elizabeth his wife, Peter de la Mare, knight, and Joan his wife for their lives, Thomas son of Peter de la Mare and the heirs of his body, and Richard brother of the last named Thomas and his heirs. (S) IPM of Agnes, 4/14/1358.

1343, Peter de la Mare, knight, and Joan his wife, plaintiffs in a suit involving land in 'Ferschesdon by Hyeworth' (Fresden Farm), Wiltshire (near Sparsholt, Berkshire), with the grant going to the plaintiffs during their life and 'remainder to Thomas, son of the same Peter.

1343, Peter founded a chantry in the local church, endowing it with houses, rents, and 27 acres of land with pasture for 50 sheep in Steple Labvyngton [Held paternally for 4 generations].

11/5/1346, Indults to the underwritten persons to choose confessors, who shall give them, being penitent, plenary remission at the hour of death, with the usual safeguards: Peter de la Mare, knight, and Joan his wife, of the diocese of Salisbury. (S) Cal. of Papal Reg.’s, V3, 1897, Regesta 168.

Aft. 1346, Joan died.

5/24/1347, Grant 1) Henry [de Grosmont], Earl of Lancashire, Derbyshire and Leicestershire 2) Peter de la Mare. Custody of lands of infant heir of John de Broughton in Broughton and Newington, Oxon. (S) UKNA.

11/7/1347, Parties: 1) Sir Peter de la Mare, chief steward of the earl of Lancaster, Hugh de Berwyk, steward of the said earl’s honour of Pontefract 2) William Burton … 10 acres of pasture … (S) UKNA.

1348-49, Receipt, indented, from Peter de la Mare, Steward of the Earl of Lancaster … for his expenses in Wales. (S) UKNA.

7/4/1348, Henry, earl of Lancaster, Derby, and Leicester. Request an indulgence on behalf of, Peter de la Mare, knight, for a portable alter. (S) Petitions to the Pope, V15, 1896. [Granted.]

1348-49, Robert Achard, knight to Peter de la Mare, knight, and Thomas his son: Grant of the reversion of 4 cottages and a rood of meadow in Eastrop by Highworth … (S) UKNA.

1349, Indenture witnessing that John Wysmon, Provost of Hoddenak, has paid 60s. for the expenses of Sir Peter de la Mare, Steward of the Earl of Lancaster in the lordship of Monmouth, of the 3 castles and at Kempsford (Kynemersford): Monm, (Glos). (S) UKNA.

6/1349, The Plague reached Dorset, and had spread across England by the end of 1349.

8/16/1349, Peter died.

8/20/1349, IPM of Peter de la Mare. Wilts.: Stepellavynton. A messuage … by service of keeping, with a parcener, in time of war a tower of the castle of Devises for 40 days at his own costs, and in time of peace rendering to the said castle for the said keeping 20s. yearly. … Cnabwelle. The manor, … He died on Sunday the morrow of the Assumption last. Robert de la Mare, his son, …, is his heir. Hertford: Offeleye. Eleven messuages, 200a. arable, … Oxford: Mershbaldyndon. The manor … He died on 16 August last. Robert de la Mare, his son, aged 30 years and more, is his heir. Hertford: Offeleye. 11 messuages, 200a. arable, … Robert de la Mare, knight, his son, aged 32 years and more, is his heir. … Oxford: Mershbaldyndon. The manor … Heyford ad Pontem. A moiety of the manor … He died on 16 August last. Robert de la Mare, his son, aged 30 years and more, is his heir. (S) CIsPM.

 [––Post Mortem––]

6/12/1358, To … escheator in Berks. Order not to intermeddle further with a messuage … taken into the king's hand by the death of Agnes late the wife of Robert Achard, … Agnes at her death held the premises to herself and the heirs male of her body and of the body of Robert, with remainder in default of such heirs to Peter de la Mare and Joan his wife for their lives and after to Thomas son of Peter de la Mare and his heirs, that Peter and Joan are dead, that Robert and Agnes died without an heir male of their bodies … (S) CCRs.

(S) A Rebel of 1483: Sir Thomas de la Mare, Hiller, 1979. [Richard III Society.] (S) Hist. of Wiltshire, V14, 1991, Draycot Cerne. (S) Wiltshire N&Qs, V3, 1902, P413.

Children of Peter and ?:

i. Robert de la Mare, born 1320 in Wiltshire, England.

8/26/1349, Order to Robert Russel, escheator in the county of Wilts to deliver to Robert de la Mare, son and heir of Peter de la Mare, tenant in chief, the lands late of his said father, he having done homage. (S) CFRs.

1355, Robert created  Steward of the lands of Henry of Grosmont, first Duke of Lancaster. [Robert was also an executor of the Duke’s will.]

1361, At the death of his sister Agnes, Roger acquired the manor of Berwick St. James, Wiltshire, for life.

1376, Robert a MP for Wiltshire as a Knight of the Shire.

1382, Robert died, his heir his daughter Willelma, who married Sir John Roche of Bromham.

iii. Thomas de la Mare, born ? in England.

11/12/1361, Order to deliver to Thomas son of Peter de la Mare the manors of Aldermanston and Spersholt taken into the king's hand by the death of Peter Achard … Peter Achard at his death held no lands in chief … but that he and Elizabeth late his wife (likewise deceased) held the said manors in fee tail … if they should die without an heir of their bodies, to Peter de la Mare knight and Joan his wife for their lives, remainder to Thomas son of Peter de la Mare and the heirs of his body, that the same ought to remain to the said Thomas son of Peter for that Peter Achard and Elizabeth are dead without issue and Peter de la Mare and Joan are dead … and the king has taken the homage and fealty of Thomas. (S) CCRs.

1404, Thomas died, his son Robert (d.1431) his heir.

ii. Agnes de la Mare (1477347), born ~1325 in Wiltshire, England.

iv. John de la Mare, born 1326 in England.

7/9/1345, To John de la Mare, son of Peter de la Mare, knight, bachelor in dialectic. Dispensation to hold a benefice, he being in his nineteenth year, provided that on reaching full age he is duly ordained. (S) Cal. of Papa; Reg.’s, V3, 1897, Regesta 172. [“of approved learning in grammar, and bachelor in logic, for a dispensation to hold a benefice with cure of souls.”]


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