11/16/1272, Edward I succeeded Henry III as King of England. [While on crusade.]
1279, Robert Archard born in Berkshire, England, §§Elias de Coleshull.
1294, Master Richard de Coleshill, trustee for a settlement on his nephew Robert, the son of Richard’s brother Ellis.
1296, Richard de Coleshill died, his brother Elias his heir. Elias shortly afterwards released the manor of Aldermanston to Robert Archard for life. [Richard married to Joan, Elias’ sister.]
1299, Robert Archard died.
2/18/1299 Joan, widow of Robert Archard, given a third of Aldermanston in dower. (S) CCRs]
4/22/1299, Notification that the king has taken the homage of Robert son of Elias de Coleshull for the manors of Aldermanston and Spersholt, co. Berks. (S) CCRs.
10/14/1299, IPM of Robert Archard. Berks: Aldremanston. The manor … including a fishery, and the manor of Spersholt, … sometime held by the said Robert of the service of a knight’s fee … afterwards by the king’s licence he gave the said manors to one Master Richard de Coleshull … who died seised thereof, and after his death Elias de Coleshull his brother and next heir entered thereupon … he granted the same, together with the dower of Isabel, mother of the said Robert, when it should happen, to the said Robert to hold of the king for life, with remainder to Robert son of the said Elias and his heirs for ever … the said Robert son of Elias, who is aged 19 1/2 years. William Achard, brother of the said Robert Achard, aged 20 and more, is his next heir in blood, but can have nothing of the lands &c. aforesaid, because by the said fine they ought to remain to the said Robert son of Elias. Spersholt. The manor … remainder to the said Robert son of Elias, who is 19 1/2 years of age. (S) CIsPM.
1299, Robert, s/o Elias, did homage for Aldermanston and took the name Robert Achard, obtaining seisin, with the exception of the dower granted by the king to Joan [de Coleshill], Robert Achard's widow [and his aunt.] (S) Hist. of Berkshire, V4, 1924, Coleshill.
1304, Robert Achard obtained a grant of free warren in Aldermanston.
Af. 1305, Robert’s father died.
4/18/1315, Robert Achard acknowledges that he owes to Elias de Sancto Albano £80; to be levied, in default of payment, of his lands and chattels in the county of Berks. (S) CCRs.
1316, Robert Achard held the manor of Aldermanston.
5/17/1321, Robert Achard, knight, acknowledges that he owes to William de Staunford, clerk, and William de Dummere, clerk, 11 marks 6s. 7d.; to be levied, in default of payment, of his lands and chattels in co. Berks. (S) CCRs.
By 1324, Robert knighted.
12/3/1324 at London, Release … land … holds in Dunesden near Shiplake, co. Oxford, and in Oston, co. 'Barkshire.' Witnesses: Thomas Coudray, Robert Achard, and Peter de la Hese, knights; … (S) CCRs, 1/26/1325.
6/5/1327, Thomas Coudray and Robert Achard, keepers of the peace in co. Berks. (S) CCRs.
1331, Robert Achard settled 2 messuages and a carucate on Richard de Coleshill. (S) Hist. of Berkshire, V4, 1924, Buscot.
3/27/1335, Robert Achard and Thomas Coudray shall inform the king of the names of the men with arms according to their estate, both horse and foot, so armed, and of the number of the remaining able-bodied (defensalium) men in co. Berks. (S) CCRs.
4/15/1336, William de Monte Acuto, earl of Salisbury, has granted to the prior and canons of Bustlesham [co. Berks] an acre of land … Witnesses: John, archbishop of Canterbury, Master Robert de Stretford, archdeacon of Canterbury, Sir Geoffrey le Scrop, Sir John de Stonore, Sir Thomas West, Sir Nicholas de la Beche, Sir John de Molyns, Sir John de Mere, Sir Robert Achard, knights, … (S) CCRs.
9/1337, Grant by John Achard, to Sir Robert Achard, knight, his father, of 10 marks yearly rent, to be received from Sir Peter de la Mare (son-in-law), and Joan his wife, for tenements held by them for their lives in Frehsesdon, Coleshull and Caldecote, with the reversion ofa messuage, land, and rent, expectant on the decease of the said Peter and Joan: [Berks.] [Wilts.] (S) Ancient Deeds, Berks & Wilts, V3, 1900, D.1304.
[––Robert & Agnes––]
1338, Robert settled Aldermaston on himself and his 2nd wife Agnes. [No children.]
12/1339, Release by Robert atte Noke of Stratfeld Mortimer … Witnesses: Sir John de Stonore, Sir John de Molyns, Sir Robert Achard, Sir William de Spersholt, knights, … (S) CCRs.
5/1340 at Bradefeld, Grant by John son of John de Sutton … to Sir Nicholas de la Beche, knight, of all his manor of Bradefeld, co. Berks … Witnesses: Thomas de Coudray, Robert Achard, … knights … (S) CCRs.
1342, Aldermanston. The manor by fine a gift of Master Walter de Stratton, parson … to Robert Archard, and his wife Agnes, for their lives, with remainders successively to Peter Achard and his heirs by Elizabeth his wife, Peter de la Mare, knight, and Joan his wife for their lives, Thomas son of Peter de la Mare and the heirs of his body, and Richard brother of the last named Thomas and his heirs. (S) IPM of Agnes, 4/14/1358.
1346, Robert and his wife Agnes held a knight’s fee in Herriard. (S) Hist. of Hampshire, V3, 1908, Herriard.
8/9/1347, Robert Achard, knight, and Agnes his wife, of the diocese of Salisbury received an indult to choose confessors, who shall give them, being penitent, plenary remission at the hour of death, with the usual safeguards. (S) Cal. Papal Reg’s, V3, 1897, Regesta 180.
1348-49, Robert Achard, knight to Peter de la Mare, knight, and Thomas his son: Grant of the reversion of 4 cottages and a rood of meadow in Eastrop by Highworth … (S) UKNA.
6/1349, The Plague reached Dorset, and had spread across England by the end of 1349.
9/19/1353, Robert died.
9/23/1353, IPM of Robert Archard. Berks.: Aldermaston. The manor held jointly with Agnes his wife, who survives … with remainder to Peter Achard and his heirs by Elizabeth his wife. The said Elizabeth died without heir of her body by him. After the said Peter’s death without such heir, the manor remains to Peter de la Mare, knight, and Joan his wife for their lives, with further remainders to Thomas, the said Peter’s son, and the heirs of his body, and Richard, brother of the said Thomas, and his heirs. … He died on 19 September last. Peter Achard, his son, aged 40 years and more, is his heir. Spersholte. The manor … successive remainders to Peter Achard and Elizabeth his wife and the heirs of their bodies; to John, brother of Peter, for his life; to Peter de la Mare, knight, and Joan his wife for their lives; to Thomas, son of the said Peter de la Mare, and the heirs of his body; and to Richard, brother of the said Thomas … The manor held jointly with Agnes … (S) CIsPM.
1358, Agnes died.
4/14/1358, Order to escheator in the county of Berks to take into the king's hand and keep safely until further order the lands whereof Agnes late the wife of Robert Achard who held in chief, was seised in her demesne as of fee on the day of her death, and to make inquisition touching his lands and heir. (S) CFRs.
(S) Hist. of Berkshire, V3, 1923, Aldermaston.
· 7/22/1305, Elias de Coleshill a collector of the 13th and 20th in Berks. (S) CPRs.
Children of Robert and Agnes:
i. Joan Archard (2954695), born ~1303 in England.
ii. John Archard, born ~1310 in England.
iii. Peter Archard, born 1317 in England.
Peter married Elizabeth ?. [No children.]
10/29/1361, Peter died.
10/30/1361, IPM of Peter Archard. Berks: Aldermanston. The manor … Spersholte. The manor … The said Peter died on 29 October last. Richard, son of his uncle Thomas de Coleshull, aged 22 years, is his heir, but the aforesaid manors ought to remain to Thomas son of Peter de la Mare by virtue of the fines, because Robert Achard and Agnes, his wife, and Peter de la Mare and Joan his wife, are dead, and Peter Achard and Elizabeth his wife have died without heir of their bodies. (S) CIsPM.