Friday, December 4, 2009

Cox 44 Bosarge-Carcaux

Bayou La Batre


On many early maps Bayou La Batre was called River Derbanne. It seems that a Frenchman, Frncois Guyon Des Pres Derbanne [a business partner of Graveline350] was lost in the area and the waters were given his name. In the early French days a battery was located at the mouth of the bayou, therefore the bayou was later called River Batterie. In time the name evolved to Bayou Batterie – Bayou Labatree and then Bayou La Batre. Even though the site was only thirty miles south of Mobile, it was a wilderness. The land was covered with towering pines and giant oaks. Fruits and nuts were plentiful, as were wild animals. The waters of the numerous bayous meandered about the area, and the bay where they emptied provided an abundance of seafood.

In 1832 the missionary Father Chalon visited Bayou La Batre. He was forced to abandon his horse for a pirogue, a small boat, because the area is marshy and has many bayous. He stayed the first night in a cabin which had a bed with only some bits of straw. He wrote, “I shall never again disdain the straw; the following nights I missed it…. If you want to see Frenchmen whose costume and simplicity call to mind the manners of the 12th century, I would strongly advise you to take me as your guide and I will conduct you to Bayou-la-Battrai. If you want to hear French spoken as it was written by Joinville, [Jean de Joinville, 1224–1319, a chronicler of medieval France] come first to Mobile, and I will lead you to Bayou-1a-Battrai. In the midst of these good farmers I found myself transported to an era which antedates ours by at least four centuries. …. It is true that they are very poor. I must also add that they are profoundly ignorant; but far from commerce with the world, they had not contracted its vices; their poverty was the rampart which saved their faith. They possess nothing that could tempt the cupidity of men; and so they have been abandoned to themselves as if they lived in terrignota;” (S) “Bayou La Batre: A Sketch”, by Archbishop Oscar Hugh Lipscomb, The Alabama Review, January 1966, PP20-27.

44. Jean Baptiste Bosarge Sr & 45. Marie Carcaux [MS, AL]

5/31/1766, Jean born on Deer Island, MS; s/o 88. Joseph Bosage and 89. Louise Catherine Baudreau. (S) Creole Mobile, P5,8. (S) No. 88 Family notes. (S) Family notes – baptism of Joseph.
10/12/1767, Jean baptized. (S) No. 88 Family notes.
12/9/1775, Marie born on Deer Island, MS; d/o 90. Nicholas Carcaux II and 91. Catherine Ladner. (S) Family notes – baptism of Joseph.
2/17/1776, Marie baptized. (S) No. 90 Family notes.
10/11/1796 Jean married Marie. “Today, Monday, January 11, 1796, I Constantine McKenna, parish priest of Immaculate Conception Church of Mobile, according to the dictates of the Council of Trent and, not having any impediments raised by words of those present, truly married Juan Batiste Bozage and Maria Carquo, both of this parish, in the presence of the undersigned witnesses.” /s/ Constantine McKenna. (S) CIC, MB1, P82a.
1799, they are living on Deer Island, MS. (S) Baptismal record of son Jean Jr.
1801, they are living in Bayou La Batre, AL.
5/13/1801, “On May 13, 1801, I, Don Juan Francisco Vaugeois, Parish Curate of the Church of Our Lady of the Conception at Mobile, baptized solemly at Bayou La Batre and put Holy Oils to a boy born on March 11, 1801, the legitimate son of Jean Baptiste Bouzage and Marie Karcaur, natives of this parish. He was given the name Joseph. Paternal grandparents are Joseph Bouzage and Louise Catherine Bodreau; maternal grandparents, Nicholas Karcoux and Catherine Ladner. The god parents are William Michael, representing Joseph Steven Garo and Augustine Bouzage, who were advised of their spiritual parentage. For this I sign.” /s/ Juan Francisco Vaugeois. (S) CIC, BB2, P79a.
10/3/1804, “On Monday, 3 October 1804, I, Don Juan Francisco Vaugeois, Parish Curate of the Church of the Immaculate Conception in Mobile, while visiting in Pascagoula, solemnly baptized with the Holy Oils, a child who was born on January, 18, 1803, the legitimate son of Jean Baptiste Bouzage and Marie Karcaur of this parish. I gave him the name of Eugenio. His paternal grandparents are Joseph and Catalina Louisa Bodreau. His maternal grandparents are Nicholas and Catalina Ladner. Godparents are Juan Bautista Ellies and Eufrosinea Bouzages representing by proxies Sidonio and Cecelia Krebs. To confirm the above, I sign,” /s/ Juan Francisco Vaugeois. (S) CIC, BB2, P101a.
1806, they settled about 6 miles north of “Bayou Batre” at the headwaters of Bayou D’eau Douce. (S) Family notes – 1/28/1820.
3/29/1807, “On 29 March 1807, I, Don Juan Francisco Vaugeois, Curate of the parish church of Our Lady of the Conception in Mobile, solemnly baptized and administered the Holy Oils to a boy born on 23 June 1805, the legitimate son of Juan Bautista Bouzages and Maria Karcaux, both natives of this parish. Paternal grandparents are Jose and Luisa Catalina Bodreau, maternal grandparents, Nicholas and Catalina Ladner. To the said boy was given the name Sidoine. For godparents he had Francisco Girard and Margarita LaHaux, his wife, who were advised of their spiritual parentage. For this I sign.” /s/ Father Vaugeois. (S) CIC, BB2, P113.
1/28/1810, Jean testified about some land of his nephew Joseph48i.
1813, Jean signed a petition to make Mobile the county seat.
8/19/1813, the coastal area was hit be a hurricane.
2/1/1815, “On Thursday 1 February, 1815, I, Don Vincente Genen, Curate of the parish church of our Lady of the Immaculate Conception of Mobile, baptized and administered the Holy Oils to a boy born February 6, 1812, the legitimate son of Jean Baptiste Bollas and Maria Karcoux, natives of this parish. Paternal grandparents are Jose and Louisa Bodro; maternal, Nicolas and Caterina Ladner. During the holy ceremonies the boy was given the name Jose Luma. Godparents are Mr. Fisher and Senora Matus, who were advised of their spiritual parentage. With nothing to the contrary I sign” /s/ Father Vincent Genen. (S) CIC, BB2, P140a.
2/1/1815, “On 1 February, 1815, I, Don Vincente Genen, Curate of the parish church of the Immaculate Conception in Mobile, baptized and put the Holy Oils to a boy, born February 15 last year, the legitimate s/o Jean Baptiste Bollas and Maria Karcoux, natives of this place. Paternal grandparents are Joseph and Louisa Bodro; maternal, Nicolas Karcoux and Catherine Ladner. In the sacred ceremonies the boy was given the name Victor Francis. His godparents are Francis Bugue and Irene Grelot, who were advised of their spiritual parentage and signed.” /s/ Vincent Genen. (S) CIC, BB2, P140a.
2/1/1816, Jean was one of many citizens that signed a memorial to the U.S. Congress dealing with land claims. (S) Cyril Cain, V1, PP169-70.
(S) 1816 AL Census, MobCo., Taxable Property list: “John B Bazarge”.
4/1/1817, (S) 1816 AL Census, MobCo., Taxable Property list: J B Bosarge.
1/28/1820, Jean gave a deposition regarding his land on Bayou D’eau Douce. (S) Family notes.
1822, Jean’s private claim of 640 acres was confirmed, S37, T7S, R3W. (S) Bouzage Bosarge, P305.
No. 60:(S) 1830 Census, AL, MobCo. “John Bt. Bazarge” and Marie have 2 sons living with them, and live near multiple family members and John Grelot24. They own 3 slaves.
2/1/1832 James Dowell surveyed the land referred to as the “Louisa Bouzage Grant” [of 1795].
~ 1835, Marie died in Bayou La Batre, AL.
6/4/1837, Jean’s will. No mention of Marie in the will. He left all of his personal belongings and his home to his 15 year old grandson Joseph Alfred Bozage, s/o Joseph44ii. Items included: “All the household and kitchen furniture, poultry, hogs and farming utensils, with the present growing crop on my plantation. Also eight acres square of land including my present residence in the headwaters of the Bayou D’eau Douce …”. Jean left one share (1/6 of 5/7) of the Bouzage land grant to each of his six sons. The will was immediately contested by his children. 7/31/1837 the will was found invalid by a jury. (S) MobCo. Probate Court Minutes, B1, P553.
Bef. 7/8/1837, Jean died in Bayou La Batre, AL. (S) MobCo. Probate Court Minutes, B1, P550.

Family notes:
• Jean’s father arrived from France, and all of his siblings were females, hence all “Bosarge” families from the coast are derived from this line.
• 1/28/1820 land disposition to the Land Commissioners: “Gentlemen, you will please to take notice that I claim a tract of land laying about six miles north of the Bayou Batre including the place where I now live, which said place I have inhabited and cultivated since 1806 to the present date, and that I know of no other person claiming said tract of land. January 28th 1820”. /x/ J. B. Bosage. (S) National Archives, Div–D, AL, P488. In his will Jean stated that his residence was at the headwaters of Bayou Deau Douce.
• “In the year of our Lord, 1836 and on the 4th day of May, I, the undersigned Vicar General of the Bishop of Mobile certify that I have joined together in the holy bonds of matrimony, Jean Bausage of the Bayou LaBatrie with with Clementine Ladner of the same place and that the dispensation for the public notice of the banns had been granted; that the License of the Court had been obtained, and that Jean Ladner and Marie Joseph Morin L. had been witnesses to it. In faith whereof I have signed.” /s/ Mas Loras. (S) CIC, MB 1830–1854, P26, A83.
• “In the name of God, Amen, I, John Baptiste Bosage of the county of Mobile and State of Alabama, being at present in a declininging state of health by the infirmary of age, but of sound mind and disposing memory and re¬ceiving the certainty of death do now, preceed to make my last will and testament and divide as follows – First I resign my soul to my God and my body to a burial according to the direction of my executor herein after named. Second I give and bequeath unto my Grandson Joseph Bosage, Jr. otherwise called Joseph A1fred Bosage all my household and kitchen furniture, poultry, hogs and farming utensils with the present growing crop on my plantation. Also eight acres square of land including my present residence in the headwaters of the Bayou D’eau Douce in the County of Mobile. To have and to hold all and singular the real and personal estate herein before mentioned to him the said Joseph Bosage and his heirs and assigns forever. Third I give and bequeath the remainder of my property to my six children to be equally divided between them, share and share alike, that is to say do soon as selection shall have been made from my stock of cattle according to a Bill of Sale dated 11th May 1837 signed by me in favor of Joseph Bosage, Sr. Fourth I hereby nominate and appoint my friend, Theodore Noel, to be my executor of this my last will and testament and request that he may have the same carried into effect. I witness whereof I have hereto at my hand and seal the seventh day of June in the year eighteen hundred and thirty-seven.” (S) MobCo. Probate Court, WB1, PP267-8.
• 5/6/1836 Rosalie Bosard married Charles Barr. (S) MobCo. MB3, P46.

Family notes:
• There is a 2nd John Bosarge on the same page of the 1840 census as Jean44i. It might be the same family or an unidentified John: m:2210001,f:002201.

Children of Jean and Marie:

i. Jean Baptiste Bosage Jr, born 2/23/1799 on Deer Island, MS.
11/30/1799, baptized on Deer Island. (S) SLC, BB3, P103, A675.
~1820 in a civil ceremony he married Marie Clementine Ladner20iii.
7/12/1827, Jean was the sponsor to Adolphe Bosarge, s/o his brother Joseph44ii at the CIC in Mobile. (S) Bouzage Bosarge, P139.
9/10/1828 “John” and “Mary” stood as a sponsors for his brother Sidoine and an unrelated female at the baptism of his brother Eugene’s daughter Matilda.
No. 60:(S) 1830 Census, AL, MobCo. “John”. Lives near multiple family members.
2/26/1835 Jean godfather at the baptism of his brother Eugene’s son Victor by Father Loras.
5/4/1836, their marriage blessed by Father Loras. (S) Family notes.
7/25/1837, John and his brothers contested their fathers will. (S) MobCo. Probate Court Minutes, B1, P552.
6/1/1840, No. 22:(S) 1840 Census, AL, MobCo. They lived in Bayou La Batre near many related families. Married, 6 sons, 4 daughters. m:3201001,f:011201.
Bef. 1845, Jean died. (S) Bouzage Bosarge, P73.
1855, Marie died.
Children: See Marie.

ii. Joseph Alfred Bosage, born 3/11/1801 in Bayou La Batre, AL. (S) Creole Mobile, P8.
Baptized 5/13/1801. (S) Family notes.
6/14/1820 Joseph married Marie Ursula Ladner20ii. (S) SLC, MB3 1806–1821, P241b, A980.
5/12/1824 Joseph was a sponsor to his neice Eugenie, d/o his brother Jean.
9/7/1825 Joseph was a sponsor to his neice Marie Castellin Bosage, d/o his brother Jean.
No. 60:(S) 1830 Census, AL, MobCo. “Jose”. Lives near multiple family members.
7/25/1837, Joseph and his brothers contested their fathers will. (S) MobCo. Probate Court Minutes, B1, P552.
8/23/1837, Joseph named administrator of his father’s estate. (S) MobCo. Probate Court Minutes, B1, P555.
(S) 1839, acquired 79.865 acres through the St. Stephens land office.
6/1/1840, No. 22:(S) 1840 Census, AL, MobCo. They lived in Bayou La Batre near many related families. m:211111,f:101001.
2/21/1840, Joseph sold land to his brother Lemas. (S) MobCo. DB-Z, P546.
No. 22:6/1/1840, (S) 1840 Census, AL, MobCo., Bayou La Batre. They lived in Bayou La Batre near many related families. Married, 6 sons, 2 daughters.
1844 Marie Ursula died.
11/13/1844 Sydoine sold his share of the “Louisa Bouzage Grant” to Joseph.
2/21/1845 in MobCo., AL, he married a widow, Euphrosine Benite, born 1/15/1801 in MS, d/o Jacob Hinkle, s/o Marie Paquet174i, and Angelique Baudreau, d/o Jean178ii. The was a pre-marital agreement for the marriage. They both had significant holdings. (S) MobCo. MB7, P565. (S) Bouzage Bosarge, P128.
1845, Joseph was one of 4 sons that filed and objection to an 1832 survey of their father’s land with the St. Stephens, AL land office. (S) Bouzage Bosarge, P73.
11/15/1845 Joseph testified about the “Louisa Bouzage Grant”. (S) Mobile Probate Court.
6/1848 Joseph and Euphrosine receive $364.34 from the estate of her father. (S) Bouzage Bosarge, P130.
10/24/1850, (S) 1850 Census, AL, MobCo. n: “Bozad”.
6/4/1853, Joseph and Euphrosine receive $137.70 from her mother’s estate. (S) Bouzage Bosarge, P131.
(S) 1855 AL Census, MobCo.
8/23/1860, (S) 1860 Census, AL, MobCo., SD, Joseph lives next to Sefroy Gollott.
1860–1869 Joseph died in AL.
Children: see Marie.

iii. Eugene Bosage ( 60), born 1/18/1803 in AL. (S) Family notes.

iv. Sidoine Bosage ( 22), born 6/23/1805 in AL. (S) Family notes.

v. Joseph Lemas Bosage, born 2/6/1812 in AL.
2/1/1815 Joseph was baptized. (S) Family notes.
No. 60:(S) 1830 Census, AL, MobCo. m:20-30. Lives with his father.
7/25/1837, Lemas and his brothers contested their fathers will. (S) MobCo. Probate Court Minutes, B1, P552.
2/21/1840, Lemas bought land from his brother Joseph. (S) MobCo. DB-Z, P546.
6/1/1840, No. 22:(S) 1840 Census, AL, MobCo. “Joseph Lymus” lives in Bayou La Batre near several borthers and related families. m:110001001,f:11001. There is a 60-70 year old male living with them.
4/14/1841, a deed was recorded in the MobCo. Courthouse showing Lemas buying from his aunt Catherine47 her single share of the Bouzage land inherited from Louisa. Lemas signed /x/ the document. (S) MobCo. DB-B, PP184-5.
8/12/1841, Joseph married Clara Ladnier20xi. (S) MobCo. Civil Record.
1845, Joseph was one of 4 sons that filed and objection to an 1832 survey of their father’s land with the St. Stephens, AL land office. (S) Bouzage Bosarge, P73.
10/24/1850, (S) 1850 Census, AL, MobCo. n: “Bozad”, b: 1805.
8/18/1852, Lemas testified about the errors in the John James survey of 1841/2 of the “Louisa Bouzage Grant”. (S) MobCo. Probate Court.
(S) 1855 AL Census, MobCo.
8/23/1860, (S) 1860 Census, AL, MobCo., SD. He is a net maker. His real estate is valued at $500, and his personal estate at $2500.
1/4/1870, (S) 1870 Census, AL, Mobile, Bt1. “John” lives near his nephew Julius60viii.
(S) 1870 MobCo. Agriculture Census. Lemas had 10 acres of improved land, 20 acres of wooded land, worth $400; $20 in implements; livestock worth $500. He had sold 80 bushels of Indian corn, 150 pounds of rice, 50 pounds of butter and slaughter animals for a total farm produce of $1500.
6/8/1880, (S) 1880 Census, AL, MobCo., AL Port, Dist122. n: “Lemas”. He lives next to Martin Grelott12.
~1885 Joseph died; buried in Odd Fellows Cem., Bayou La Batre, next to Clara in unmarked graves.
Children: see Clara.
See (S) Bouzage Bosarge, PP246–259 for additional information on these families.

vi. Victor Francis Bosage, born 2/15/1814 in Bayou D’eau Douce, AL.
2/1/1815, Victor baptized. (S) Family notes.
No. 60:(S) 1830 Census, AL, MobCo. m:10-15. Lives with his father.
2/26/1835 Victor was a sponsor for his nephew Jean Dumas Bosage, s/o his brother Jean, baptized by Father Loras.
3/30/1837 he married Elizabeth Davidson62i. (S) MobCo., MB3, P77.
7/25/1837, Victor and his brothers contested their fathers will. (S) MobCo. Probate Court Minutes, B1, P552.
6/1/1840, No. 22:(S) 1840 Census, AL, MobCo. They lived in Bayou La Batre near many related families. m:10001,f:1001.
1845, Victor was one of 4 sons that filed and objection to an 1832 survey of their father’s land with the St. Stephens, AL land office. (S) Bouzage Bosarge, P73.
1850, they were probably living on Dauphin Island – they are not found in the census.
8/18/1852, Victor testified about the errors in the John James survey of 1841/2 of the “Louisa Bouzage Grant”. (S) MobCo. Probate Court.
(S) 1855 AL Census, MobCo.
3/1/1859, he bought 40.055 acres in the (S) St. Stephen’s land office.
Bef. 1860 Elizabeth died.
8/23/1860, (S) 1860 Census, AL, MobCo., SD, Widow.
(S) 1870 MobCo. Agriculture Census. Victor has 10 acres of improved land, 70 acres of wooded land, the farm worth $100. He has implements worth $10. His livestock is worth $560. He produced 20 bushels of Indian corn, 500 bushes of rice, 50 bushels of sweet potatoes, 25 pounds of butter, 50 gallons of milk, and some slaughtered animals for a farm production of $1500.
6/4/1870, (S) 1870 Census, AL, MobCo., Bt1. Victor is a farmer. He cannot read or write.
10/29/1874 Victor hosted the wedding of his son Joseph. (S) Bouzage Bosarge, P282.
Bef. 1880 Victor died. He is not in the 1880 census.
Children: See Elizabeth.
See (S) Bouzage Bosarge, PP260–288 for additional information on these families.

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