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Saturday, April 17, 2010

Captain Thomas Grave II & Katherine Croshaw

11552. Captain Thomas Grave II & 11553. Katherine Croshaw 

4/1/1584, Thomas born in England, s/o 23104. Thomas Graves I & 23105. Joan Blagrove.
1586, Katherine born in Gravesend, Kent, England, d/o 23106. Raleigh Croshaw.
5/13/1607, Captain Christopher Newport’s fleet of 3 small ships, the Susan Constant, the Godspeed and the Discovery, with 105 colonists, reached the site of the 1st permanent English settlement, and called it James Towne. [Chartered by King James.]
8/1608, Thomas Graves and his family with Capt. Newport left England in the Mary and Margaret, a ship of about 150 tons, with the second supply and about 70 settlers.
10/1608, Thomas arrived at colonial Jamestown from England on the ship Mary & Margaret, Captained by Captain Christopher Newport, with the 2nd relief supplies for the colony. Shortly after his arrival while on an exploring expedition, he was captured by Indians and taken to Opecancanough (half-brother of Powhatan and uncle of Pocahontas). Ensign Thomas Savage was sent by Capt. John Smith and rescued him. (S) Travels and Works of Captain John Smith, Arber, 1910, P129.
[1609–1610, during the “Starving Winter”, Thomas was back in England].
1610 in England, Thomas married Katherine.
1616, Katherine with sons John and Thomas arrived in the colony. (S) 8/9/1637, patent granted to son John.
1617, the Virginia Company, hoping to expand population and agricultural production in the colony, encouraged private or voluntary associations organized on a joint stock basis to establish settlements in the area of the Company’s patent. The Society of Smith’s Hundred (later called Southampton Hundred) was organized. In addition to Captain Thomas Graves, the Adventurers included Sir Thomas Smith, Sir Edwin Sandys, and the Earl of Southampton.
4/29/1619, Governor Yeardley wrote to Sir Edwin Sandys: “I have entreated Capt. Graves, an ancient officer of this company, to take charge of the people and workes”. [To establish new settlements.]
7/30/1619 in Jamestown, Capt. Thomas Graves was a member of the First Legislative Assembly in America representing Smythes’ Hundred.
8/1619, Thomas was a member of the first House of Burgesses.
1620, Thomas living on the Eastern Shore.
1621, Thomas was appointed a commissioner.
1622, “a patent to Thomas Graves of Doublin in the Realm of Ireland, gent.” (S) Records of the Virginia Company of London. [As a member of the Virginia Co., Capt. Graves had agreed to transport 100 persons to the colony – which is why he received this patent].
2/16/1623, Thomas had moved: “at the Eastern Shore”. (S) A List of Names of the Living in Virginia Feb. 1623.
(S) 1624 Jamestown, VA Census. Thomas Graves, Eastern Shore, 73 total people.
2/1625, Capt.Thomas was one of only 51 people then living on the Eastern Shore. He was put in charge of the direction of local affairs. His family does not live with him.
10/6/1626, Thomas and “sister of William Crashawe” left books and a bible in the will of her brother William in England.
2/8/1627, the General Court appointed Thomas “Commander” of the “Plantation of Accawmacke”.
3/14/1628, Thomas patented 200 acres on the Eastern Shore. (S) Book 1, P72, Land Registrar's Office, Richmond, VA. [This land was in what was then known as Accomack, now a part of Northampton Co.] It was granted by Dr. Thomas Pott, Governor of Virginia, and was on the eastern side of the Bay of Chesapeake, westerly of the lands of Capt Henry Flute, an explorer of the Bay, "by virtue of the adventure of five and twenty pounds paid by the said Capt.Thomas Graves to Sir Thomas Smyth, Treasure of the Virginia Company." He paid a "quit rent" of one shilling for fifty acres, payable at the feast of St. Michael the Archangel [Sept.29] each year on a part of his land.
1629-1632, Thomas a member of the Burgesses representing Accomac.
9/1632, Thomas was appointed a commissioner "for the Plantacon of Acchawmacke".
1/7/1633, Thomas, with title “Esquire”, heads the list of Commissioners at the first existent court of record held for “Accamack”.
9/14/1635, Capt. Graves headed the list of those present at the first vestry meeting of Hungars Parish. [Hungars Parish was made soon after the county was established, and the first minister was Rev. Francis Bolton.]
11/1635, Thomas witnessed a deed in VA.
11/1635–1/5/1636, Thomas died in Accawmacke Co., VA. (S) Suit entered against a “servant to Mrs. Graves”.
5/20/1636, Katherine living at the “Old Accomac Plantation”.
5/24/1636 Katherine died.
(S) Encyclopedia of VA Biography, V1, 1915. (S) Patent of son John on 8/9/1637. (S) AP&P, Jester, 1956, PP188-193.

Family notes:
• Thomas was one of the original Adventurers (stockholders) of the Virginia Company of London, and one of the Ancient Planters who founded Jamestown, VA. (S) Records of the Virginia Company of London, Vol-IV, P364. [The term “Ancient Planter” is applied to those persons who arrived in Virginia before 1616, remained for a period of three years, paid their passage, and survived the massacre of 1622. They received the first patents of land in the new world as authorized by Sir Thomas Dale in 1618 for their personal adventure.]
• Some children after son Thomas may have been born in England, but there is no record of Thomas’ family returning to England.
• The Graves and Croshaw familes were close and intermarried several times. Thomas Graves and Raleigh Croshaw came to Jamestown, VA on the same ship.

Children of Thomas and Joan:

i. John Graves (5776), born ~1611 in England.

ii. Thomas Graves, born 1612–1615 in England.
1657, Thomas granted land in Gloucester Co., VA.
[Thomas patented 53 acres, and later 240 acres in Gloucester Co., and 300 acres in Lancaster Co.]
“Thomas Graves, Sr. of Timberneck Creek, Gloucester Co., planter.”
~1675, Thomas died in Gloucester Co.
Thomas Graves, born ~1639.
Jeffrey Graves, born ~1640.
William Graves, born ~1642.

iii. Verlinda Graves, born ~1616 in VA.
~1634 in VA, Verlinda married William Stone.
8/6/1648, William became the 1st Governor of Maryland. [Appointed by Lord Baltimore who wanted a Protestant as Governor. William served 6 years. In the Senate Lounge in the Maryland State House is the painting “Cecil Calvert Presenting the Acts of Toleration to Gov. William Stone”.]
1653-54, William served under the chaos of England’s Parliament under Cromwell.
3/25/1655, William lost to Puritan forces at the Battle of Severn Rivern. The Puritans wanted restrictions on religious freedoms – specifically that Roman Catholics could not practice their faith. Others opposed any support to the previous monarchy, and specifically support of Lord Baltimore.
1660, William wrote his will and died. William left 14,950 pounds of tobacco to his wife and 7 children.
1664, Verlinda patented 300 acres in Charles County which she called “Virlinda”.
1675, Verlinda wrote her will.
7/13/1675, Verlinda died in Charles Co., MD.
Children by William:
Thomas Stone, born ~1635 in Hunger’s Parish. (S) Named in his father’s will.
~1663, in Charles Co., MD, he married Mary ?.
10/1676, he wrote his will in Charles Co., MD.
Richard Stone, born ~1636. (S) Named in his father’s will.
Matthew Stone, born ~1637. (S) Named in his father’s will.
1676 he died.
Elizabeth Stone, born ~1638. (S) Named in her father’s will as eldest daughter.
~1662 she married William Calvert [who became the Dept. Gov. of the Provence].
1695 she died.
Col. John Stone, born aft. 1640. (S) Named in his father’s will as under 21.
~1665 in MD he married 1st Elizabeth Warren.
~1675 in MD he married 2nd Eleanor Bayne.
Mary Stone, born ~1642.
She 1st married Benoni Thomas.
She 2nd married Robert Doyne.
1675 she died in Charles Co., MD.
Catherine Stone, born ~1644.
She married Robert Scott.

iv. Ann Graves, born ~1620 in VA.
Bef. 7/10/1637, Ann 1st married William Cotton, Rector of Hunger’s Parish.
1640, William died.
By 1642, Ann 2nd married Nathaniel Eaton, Rector of Hunger’s Parish, [previously the 1st head of Harvard College].
1646, Ann divorced Nathaniel in abstentia. [Due to debts, he had deserted the colony and his family and returned to England.]
6/8/1657 in Accomac Co., Ann 3rd married Francis Doughty, Rector of Hunger’s Parish.
By 1659, they had moved to Charles Co., MD.
1665, Francis Rector of Sittenbourne and South Farnham Parishes in Rappahannock Co.
~1683, Francis died.
3/2/1683, Ann died in Charles Co., MD.
7/18/1683, Ann’s will proved in Charles Co., MD which names 6 of her 8 grandchildren.
Children by William:
Verlinda Cotton born 1638 in VA.
9/1/1658 in VA she married Thomas Burdett.
6/20/1688 Verlinda deeded gifts to her Burdett children.
She married 2nd Richard Boughton.
Children by Nathaniel:
Samuel Eaton, born ~1645.
1681 Samuel died in Charles Co., MD. (S) Idenfied as deceased in Ann’s will.
Nathaniel Eaton Jr.
6/20/1688 named as Verlinda’s brother in her deeded gifts to her Burdett children.

v. Katherine Graves, born ~1621 in VA.
~1636 in Northampton Co., VA Katherine married Capt. William Roper.
~1649, William died in VA.
3/3/1650, in Northampton Co., VA Katherine married Thomas I Sprigg.
1670, Thomas deeded a gift to his “oldest daughter” Sarah Sprigg.
Bef. 1667, Catherine died in Resurrection Manor, Calvert, Prince George’s Co., MD.
Children by William:
William Roper Jr.
Verlinda Roper.
Children by Thomas:
Nathaniel Sprigg. [He died as a child.]
Sarah Sprigg.
In MD she married 1st John Pearce.
She 2nd married Enoch Combs.
Thomas Sprigg Jr., born ~1665.
~1690 in Calvert Co., MD he 1st married Margaret Mariott.
He 2nd married Margaret Beall.
Bef. 1739 he died.

vi. Francis Graves, born ~1630 in VA.
11/28/1642, Frances [likely a daughter] identified as “orphan of Capt. Thomas Graves decd.”

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