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Wednesday, April 14, 2010

Bond 9930 Newce-Seymour

Jamestown Settlement

5/13/1607, Jamestown founded in Virginia, the first permanent English settlement in North America. In 1608 a 2nd supply ship arrived carrying Thomas (11552). “The Second Supplie was a ship called the Mary Margett, which arrived here nine months after, about the time of Michaelmas, in her sixty persons, most gentlemen, few or no tradesmen, except some Polanders to make pitch, tarre, potashes, & etc., to be returned for perfect gaine, foe meanly likewise were there furnished forth for victualles, that in lesse than two monthes after their arrivall, want compelled us to imploye our time abroad in trading with the Indians for corne...”. (S) Colonial Records of Virginia, State Paper Office, V3, No.21-I.

1609-1610 all but 60 of the 500 settlers died in the “Starving Winter”. In 1611 a small settlement was made as far up the north bank of the James River opposite the mouth of the Appomattox River. In 1617 the Virginia Company, hoping to expand population and agricultural production in the colony, encouraged private or voluntary associations organized on a joint stock basis to establish settlements in the area of the Company's patent. The Society of Smith's Hundred (later called Southampton Hundred) was organized in 1617. A painting based on archealogical evidence is the oldest know settlement, the Martin Hundred, depicts what these “Hundred’s” looked like. In succeeding years, small enclaves were established on the south side of the lower James River, on the northern end of The Peninsula at the mouth of the York River (then known as Charles River), and across the Chesapeake Bay on the Eastern Shore. In March of 1622 there was an Indian massacre. On the day prior to the attack, the Indians came bringing gifts of meats and fruits and shared them with the settlers, thereby disguising their intentions. The following morning they circulated freely and socialized with the settlers before suddenly seizing their own work tools to attack them. The Indians killed families in the plantation houses and them moved on to kill servants and workers in the fields. The Powhatans killed 347 settlers. The settlers immediately withdrew to the fort and to other easily defensible locations. In addition to the loss of life, the colonists also lost valuable crops and supplies necessary to survive the winter.

During the winter of 1622-23 the colonists were forced to trade with the Indians for corn and supplies and even with these provisions many went hungry, over four hundred settlers died. News of the killings did not reach England until mid-June. The Virginia Company responded by sending more supplies and weapons. The colonists in Jamestown retaliated with treachery of their own and numerous attacks to avenge the losses. They used the massacre as an excuse to wreak havoc on Indians wherever they found them. They feigned peaceful relations, let the Indians plant their corn wherever they chose, and then, just before the crop was ready for harvest they attacked, killing as many as they could and burning their crops. English armies destroyed entire villages. Within a couple of years, they had avenged the 347 deaths many times over. By 1634, the population of the colony was slightly less than 5,000, almost all of whom, except those on the Eastern Shore, still lived within about a 30-mile radius of Jamestown.

In 1634, the colony was divided into eight "shires," or counties, to facilitate administration. These were: Henrico, Charles City, James City [all on the Peninsula], Elizabeth City, Warwick River, Charles River, Warrosquoake [on the south side of the mouth of the James River], Accomack [on the Eastern Shore]. Hungars Parish was made soon after the county was established, and the first minister was Rev. Francis Bolton, who was succeeded by Rev. William Cotton. The first vestry was appointed in 1635. The old Hungars Episcopal Church is located about seven miles north of Eastville, on the north side of Hungars Creek.

9930. Captain Thomas Newce & 9931. Anne Seymour {Bond}

By 1580, Thomas born in Much Hadham, Hertsfordshire, England.
By 1584, Anne born in England, d/o 19862. Thomas Seymour & 19863. Jane Berkeley.
7/14/1608, Thomas named executor and left the estates in his father’s will. [See Family notes.]
1609, Thomas named JP of Hertfordshire.
5/17/1620, At a meeting of the Virginia Company: “Mr. Treasurer signified to the court the company’s former resolve for the entertainment of two new officers by them, namely, deputies to govern two parts of the public land in Virginia. Mr. George Thorpe had already been chosen for one of these places, and the treasurer now anounced that the other was to be filled by a gentleman of the same worth, now present, called Mr. Thomas Newce, touching whom it was agreed that he should take charge of the company’s land and tenants in Virginia whatsoever, and that they for his entertainment have ordered that he and such as shall succeed him shall have 1200 acres belonging to that office, 600 at Kiquotan, now called Elizabeth City, 400 at Charles City, 100 at Henrico, and 100 at James City; and, for the managing of this land, [they] have further agreed that he shall have forty tenants to be placed thereon, whereof twenty to be sent presently, and the other twenty in the spring ensuing, all which now being put to the question received a general approbation.”
6/28/1620, Thomas was further honored by appointment to the Virginia council. [A post also to be occupied some forty years later by his grandson Joseph.]
1621, Thomas arrived in VA.
4/30/1621, the company adopted a resolution “concerning Capt. Thos. Newce, the company’s deputy in Virginia, as well in the discharge of a former promise made unto him, to the end that his reward might be no less than of others whose persons and deserts they doubted not but he could equal, they therefore agreed to add ten persons more when the company shall be able to make the former number 50.”
5/1621, Captain Thomas Nuce wrote from VA that the Germans were facing great difficulties. Swift streams were required to power the wheels of a sawmill, and the sawmill wrights had difficulty finding any in Tidewater Virginia.
7/24/1621, “Captaine Thomas Newce” enumerated in the formation of the VA Council. (S) The Three Charters of the Virginia Company of London. Jamestown 350th Anniversary Historical Booklet, No.4. 1957.
3/1/1621, Thomas was one of the survivors of the Indian Massacre and records show that he and his wife were extremely generous in sharing their possessions to save other survivors from starvation.
Bef. 4/8/1623, Thomas died in VA. (S) The governor and council, writing to the Earl of Southampton mention “Captain” Newce as “lately dead,” and George Sandys wrote of him on April 8, that he died “very poor” and that an allowance had been made for his wife and child.
8/6/1623, “Widow of Capt. Thomas Nuce”, Anne’s letter read before the Company: “in tender reguard of her great losse by the late death of her said Husband and comfortless in a strainge Country farr from all her friends”, requesting she still receive the money from the tenents of her husband’s land until it was sold. (S) History of the Virginia Company of London, 1869, P381.
(S) Boddie J.B., The Seventeenth Century Isle of Wight County Virginia, 1938. (S) Gethyn-Jones E., George Thorpe and the Berkeley Company, A Gloucestershire Enterprise in Virginia, Sutton, 1982. (S) Smyth J., History of the Hundred of Berkeley.

Family notes:
• Thomas has been cited primarily as a son of William Newce and Mary Fanshaw. Using a timeline of events and births, and with known facts it is seen that Thomas was not likely the son of this William. Thomas came from an influential family by virtue of his position in the VA Company; the VA Company was made up of Londoners of which this family is documented; Thomas died “very poor” because he died soon after reaching VA, and obviously did not inherit lands or wealth in England; and hence was not the 1st born. Mary recovered substantial money from “cosen William Newce of Much Haddam in Hertfordshire”. With these facts and the fact that there are many known but unnamed children in the family line, there are at least 3 good candidates from 3 different generations that could be this Thomas.
• The Newce family of Hadam, Hertfordshire, England are ancestors of President George Washington.
• 1575, William Clopton conveyed one half of the Berwick manor, co. Hertford, to Clement Newce. By 1569, Clement seised the whole of the manor. The manor passed to his son William who died in 1610-11; leaving it to son Thomas Newce, who died in 1623. His son William conveying the manor in 1648 to Edward Hide. (S) A History of the County of Hertford, V3, 1912. However, Thomas Newce of Much Hadam, heir and son of William, completed a contract in 1642; cosigned by William Newce, Henry Newce, and Clement Newce. (S) UKNA.

Child of Thomas and Anne:

i. Mary Newce (4965), born ~1600 in England.