2/1373, John born in Lincoln castle, England, illegitimate s/o 738712. John of Gaunt & 738713. Catherine Roet.
6/21/1377, Richard II, age 10, succeeded Edward III as King of England.
1385, Margaret born in England, d/o 738714. Thomas de Holland & 738715. Alice FitzAlan.
1390, John at the Jousts of Saint Inglevert, near Calais, France.
10/1390, John joined the Barbary crusade of Louis II, Duke of Burbon, and was at the unsuccessful siege of el-Mahadia near Tunis. John in a contingent of ~24 English knights and squires under Henry Bolingbroke [later King Henry IV].
10/1390, John returned to England.
12/1390, John granted the manors of Overston, Maxey, Eydon, and a half share of Brampton Parva, Northamptonshire by his father.
4/1391, John met his half-brothers Henry of Derby [by his father], and Thomas Swynford [by his mother] at Hull as they returned from crusading.
9/1391, John on a crusade to Prussia with Henry, earl of Derby [Henry’s 2nd trip].
By 6/1392, John, age 21, appointed a King’s household knight with a salary of 100 marks annually.
1394, John in Lithuania in a crusade of the Teutonic knights.
10/1394, John sailed with his father from Plymouth for Guienne to look after his father’s interests in the duchy.
By 1395, John’s father had purchased for him the reversion of the manors of Currey Rivel, Langport and Martock in Somerset.
1/13/1396 at Lincoln Cathedral, having received dispensation by Pope Boniface, John’s parents were married.
1396, John appointed a Knight of the Garter, and Earl of Somerset.
9/1396, John, on crusade against the Turks in Hungary and Bulgaria, at the siege of Nicopolis. [The crusade itself failed with tremendous losses to the Christian army.]
2/6/1397, Richard II, by letters patent, legitimized John and Katherine’s children [a unique act in English history]; declaring them fully capable in law of inheriting dignities, honors, …
9/1/1397, John and his siblings made legitimate by the Pope.
[––John & Margaret––]
Bef. 9/28/1397, John married Margaret.
9/29/1397, John granted 11 of imprisoned Warwick’s manors.
11/20/1397, John appointed Constable of Wallingford castle for life.
2/10/1398, John, 1st Earl of Somerset, and Marquis of Dorset [the 2nd English Marquis.]
8/1398, John appointed King’s Lieutenant in Aquitaine for 7 years.
2/3/1399, John left 24 plates, 24 saucers, 2 goblets of silver for wine, a silver chalice, 2 basins and 2 ewers of silver, and £1000 in the will of his father. [Who died the same day.]
3/18/1399, Richard II extended Henry of Derby’s exile for life [John’s brother], declared the Lancastrian inheritiance forfeit, and distributed its lands among his favorites.
4/16/1399, John a witness to Richard II’s will.
4/1399, Margaret created a Lady of the Garter.
1399, John began raising forces to take to Aquitaine as Richard II’s lieutenant.
7/1399, On the invasion from France of his brother Henry, John publically declared himself in support of the king, who was in Ireland. [But secretly sent Henry a message of support.]
8/19/1399, Richard II was captured at Conway and sent to the Tower as a prisoner.
9/29/1399, Richard II succeeded by Henry Beaufort as King of England.
10/13/1399, John’s half-brother became King Henry IV.
11/3/1399, John’s title of Marquess of Dorset revoked because he had publically supported Richard II. [Still Earl of Dorset.]
11/7/1399, John named to the Privy Council and Lord Chamberlain to the King.
1400, John accompanied King Henry IV on expeditions into Scotland and Wales.
11/9/1400, Order … to deliver to [John] the earl of Somerset letters patent whereby the king has given to him and his heirs, … all manors and lands of Owen de Glyndordy in Suthwales and Northwales forfeit to the king for high treason … at present exceeding not by estimation the value of 300 marks a year. (S) CCRs.
11/1400, John granted the lands of rebel Owen Glendower.
1401, John appointed Captain of Calais, and escorted widow Isabela of Valois, widow of Richard II, back to France. [John retained this title until his death.]
Aft. 1401, John commissioned the manuscript “Beaufort Hours” to honor his mother and associate her memory with Saint Katherine.
1402, John escorted Princess Blanche to Cologne for her marriage.
1403, John escorted Joan of Navarre [King Henry IV’s 2nd wife] from Brittany to England.
5/10/1403, John’s mother died.
1403, John’s title of Marquis of Dorset restored.
10/17/1404, To the treasurer and the barons of the exchequer. Writ of supersedeas omnino in respect of any process against John earl of Somerset, whom the king, trusting in his loyalty and prudence, lately appointed his lieutenant of Southwales. (S) CCRs.
5/24/1405, Thomas Lynforde, appointed to the office of representative of the keeper of Claryngdoun forest by John earl of Somerset, to whom the king has granted the office of keeper. (S) CCRs.
12/21/1405, To John earl of Somerset. Summons to a parliament at Coventre on 15 February next, with the clause premunientes. (S) CCRs.
10/1/1406, John, earl of Somerset, captain of Calais. (S) CCRs.
1408, Margaret, given age 22, co-heir of her brother Edmund Holland, Earl of Kent. [See 4/17/1424]
1409, John represented the Knight of the Garter in a joust at Smithfield.
2/26/1410, Petition of John earl of Somerset, captain of Calais … (S) CCRs.
3/16/1410, John died at the Hospital of St Katherine-by-the-Tower, London; buried in Canterbury Cathedral, Kent.
10/16/1410, To the escheator in Staffordshire. Order to remove the king's hand … a yearly rent of £4 to be taken of the issues, … of the manor of Walshale … delivering to Margaret late the wife of John earl of Somerset … the earl, by name of the marquess of Dorset, was thereof seised jointly with her by grant of the late king. (S) CCRs.
11/2/1410, Acquittance by Margaret Holland, countess of Somerset, for 20 marks received from Humphrey Stafford, sheriff of Somerset, in payment of 2 parts of an annuity of £20. (S) UKNA.
1410, Margaret (de Holland), late wife of John Beaufort, earl of Somerset: London (writ to assign dower). (S) UKNA.
9/17/1410, To the archbishop of Canterbury … Mandate, at the recent petition of Thomas, son of [Henry] king of England, and Margaret de Holand, relict of John de Beufort, earl of Somerset, and at the petition also of [Henry] prince of Wales, Thomas's brother, to dispense them to marry, if after diligent inquiry he find that, as they state, they are related in the second degree of affinity and in the second and third degrees of kindred, and if it be the king's will. (S) CCRs.
1411, Margaret given age 26.
[––Margaret & Thomas––]
12/1411, Margaret married Thomas, Duke of Clarence, s/o King Henry IV. [No children.]
3/20/1413, Henry V succeeded as King of England. [Thomas the next in line to the crown.]
1415-17, Dodd v Browning. Mentions Margaret, duchess of Clarence. (S) UKNA.
3/22/1420, Thomas slain at the Battle of Bauge in Anjou, France.
1421-22, Courts of Margaret Duchess of Clarence. (S) UKNA.
8/31/1422, Henry VI succeeded as King of England.
1424-25, Clarence, Margaret [Holand], Duchess of, sister and heiress of the late Edmund [Holand], Earl of Kent: Lincs. (S) UKNA.
4/17/1424, IPM of Lucy widow of Edmund Earl of Kent. Essex: … of the inheritance of the following kin and heirs of the late earl: …; Margaret duchess of Clarence , 2nd sister; … She died on 14 April last. …, the duchess of Clarence 36 years and more, … (S) MMC, E-CIPM 22-328.
11/24/1427, Exemplification at the request of Margaret, duchess of Clanence, the king’s kinswoman, from the rools of the chancery of the duchy of Normandy ... (S) CPRs.
2/24/1428, Petitioners: John Chichele, grocer;..., mercer;... goldsmith; ..., vintner. ... seek payment of debts owed them by the late duke of Clarence, recovery of which has been obstructed by Margaret. ... Thomas [Plantagenet], Duke of Clarence; Margaret [Holland], Duchess of Clarence, widow of Thomas. (S) UKNA.
1433, To Margaret, Duchess of Clarence, by the hands Earl Mortimer, her son, to the use of Thomas, late Earl of Perche, son of the said Countess, for her dower. (S) Issue Roll, Brantingham, 1835, Pg LIII.
1436-38, Lands of John, Earl of Somerset, and Margaret, Duchess of Clarence. (S) UKNA.
12/31/1439, Margaret died at St Saviour’s Abbey, Bermondsey, London; buried in Cantebury Cathedral, Kent with both of her husbands.
(S) The Royal Lineage of Our Noble and Gentle Families, 1883, Foster, P21. (S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P754. (S) Dictionary of English History, Low, 1910, P380.
Children of John and Margaret:
i. Henry Beaufort, baptized 11/26/1401 in England.
Henry, 2nd Earl of Somerset, died unmarried 11/25/1418, still a minor.
ii. Duke John Beaufort, baptized 4/1404 in England.
By 1420, John captured in France while serving with Thomas, Duke of Clarence. John spent 18 years in captivity, and was ransomed for £24000. (S) CPRs, 3/17/1441.
9/24/1425, To the escheator in Middlesex. Order to give John brother and heir of Henry son and heir of John earl of Somerset seisin of all the lands held by the earl in fee and in fee tail, and of all those of his heritage held in dower by Elizabeth who was wife of William Mountagu late earl of Salisbury, the said Henry having died within age in ward of the late king; as he has proved his age before the escheator. (S) CCRs.
1440, John created Knight of the Garter.
~1442, John married Margaret Beauchamp, widow of Oliver Saint John of Fonmon, Glamorgan [ggggd/o Walter de Beauchamp & Alice de Tony.]
8/28/1443, John, Duke of Somerset & Earl of Kendal.
5/27/1444, John died; buried in Wimborne Minster, Dorset.
8/8/1482, Margaret died; buried in Wimborne Minster, Dorset.
(S) The King’s mother: Lady Margaret Beaufort, Underwood, 1993.
Child: Margaret Beaufort, Born 5/31/1441-2 in England. She married Edmund Tudor, 13th Earl of Richmond; half-brother of King Henry VI.
· Child: King Henry VII Tudor, King of England, born 1457, coronation 10/30/1485.
iii. Thomas Beaufort, born 1405 in England.
Thomas, earl of Perche.
10/1431, Thomas died.
iv. Edmund Beaufort (184678), born 1406 in England.
v. Queen Joan Beaufort, born ? in England.
2/1424, Joan married 1st King James I of Scotland (d.2/21/1437
Joan married 2nd James Stewart, “Black Knight of Lorn.”
7/15/1445, Joan died.
v. Margaret Beaufort, born ? in England.
v. Queen Joan Beaufort, born ? in England.
Aft. 1421, Margaret married Thomas Courtenay, earl of Devon.