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Wednesday, May 19, 2010

Earl Richard Beauchamp & Countess Elizabeth Berkeley

369358. Earl Richard Beauchamp & 369359. Countess Elizabeth Berkeley    

2/1381, Richard de Bello Campo born in Salwarpe, Worcester, England, heir & s/o 738716. Thomas Beauchamp & 738717. Margaret Ferrers. [Richard’s godfather was King Richard II.]

1390, Elizabeth born in England, heir & d/o 738718. Thomas Berkeley & 738719. Margaret Lisle.

9/1392, Richard married by covenant to Elizabeth.

[––Richard & Elizabeth––]

Bef. 10/5/1397, Richard married Elizabeth.

9/29/1399, Henry IV succeeded Richard II as King of England. Richard created a Knight of the Bath at the ceremony.

4/8/1401, Richard’s father died, Richard succeeding as earl of Warwick. [Richard received 'a bed of silk, embroidered with bears, and his arms from his father.]

2/13/1402, Richard did homage and received livery of his lands.

1/26/1403, Richard jousted at the coronation of Queen Joan of Navarre.

1403, Richard, earl of Warwick, fought in Wales, defeating Owen Glendower and capturing his banner. Richard’s forces were 100 men-at-arms and 300 archers. John Lord Audley was his subordinate in charge of arraying the men of Warwickshire.

7/21/1403, Richard fought in the forces of King Henry IV against the Percy’s of Northumberland at the battle of Shrewsbury in Shropshire. The first occasion where massed troops armed with the longbow were pitted against each other on English soil. The Percys had about 14,000 men, King Henry is believed to have had more. The royaists lost more men. Henry “Hotspur” Percy and his brother Thomas were killed. [7000 horse were said to be looted after the battle.]

1403, Richard appointed Knight of the Garter.

1/22/1406, Richard’s mother died.

1406, Petitioner: Richard Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick. The earl requests a commission of oyer et terminer to Thirnyng and others to punish the insurrections and riots made by Standish and many others ... (S) UKNA.

1407, Richard at the siege of Aberystwyth castle, Ceredigion, Wales.

1/1/1408 at Warrewike, Richard de Bello Campo earl of Warrewyk to Thomas de Cruwe … Quitclaim with warranty of the manors of Budbroke, Grove, … co. Warrewyk, Preston Capes co. Norhampton and Shenley Maunselle co. Bukingham, … (S) CCRs.

1408, Elizabeth had her father’s chaplain and secretary, John Walton, translate Boëthius [A martyred Roman Senator, died 524 AD, who composed “Consolation of Philosophy”].

1408, Richard, after receiving leave from the King, began a pilgrimage to the Holy Land. He participated in a tournament against Pandolfo Malatesta at Verona. From Venice, Richard took a ship to Jaffa, then on to Jerusalem.

1410, Richard returned through Lithuania, Prussia, and Germany.

7/24/1410, [Richard Beauchamp], Earl of Warwick in a council at Westminster. (S) UKNA.

3/20/1413, Henry V succeeded as King of England.

4/1413, Reynold de Grey, lord Hastings, to Richard Beauchamp, earl of Warwick, steward: petition to be chief napier at the king's coronation. (S) UKNA.

4/9/1413, Coronation of Henry V, Richard the Lord High Steward.

5/31/1413, Richard the English envoy to the coronation of Sigismund as Holy Roman Emperor at Aachen, Germany.

1414, Richard helped suppress the Lollard rebellion. [Sir John Oldcastle was plotting to overthrow the monarchy, seize or kill the king and his brothers, and introduce sweeping religious and social reforms according to his beliefs associated with the writings of John Wycliffe.]

7/14/1414, Documents relating to the appointment of Chamberlains, Deputy Chamberlains and other officers in the Exchequer. Indenture between Richard Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, chamberlain, and Nicholas Calton, appointing the latter as deputy: ... (S) UKNA.

1415, Elizabeth a legatee of her father’s will: his Daughter, the Countess of Warick, he thereby gave his best pair of Mattins, as also one gilt Cup with twenty pound contained therein.

4/1416, Richard, Captain of Calais, received Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund 'with such courtly magnificence as to earn from him the title of the "Father of Courtesy."

5/21/1416, Richard at the Blackfriars in London.

1416, Lease by Richard Beauchamp earl of Warwick to John Throckmorton for his good service of rents in Bishampton and Fladbury. (S) UKNA.

7/13/1417, Elizabeth’s father Thomas died. ‘Elizabeth, Wife of Richard Earl of Warwick, is his Daughter and next Heir, aged Twenty-six Years and upwards.’ Held the Manor of Aure, Castle and Manor of Berkeley, … (S) Journals of the House of Lords, V60, 1828, P494. [Leaving no male heirs, the inheritance would involve lawsuits for 2 centuries. The estate was divided between Elizabeth and his nephew James Berkeley.]

8/20/1417, IPM of Thomas de Berkeley, Knight. Devon: … He died on 13 July last, Elizabeth his daughter and heir is aged 30 years and more. … Cornwall: … Wiltshire: … Northampton: … Oxford: … Berkshire: … Buckingham: … He held the manor of Wingrave by the courtesy of England after the death of Margaret his wife, of the inheritance of Elizabeth his daughter. … London: … He held a mansion called ‘Berkeleys In’ in the parish of St. Andrew in Castle Baynard ward, … Leicester: … Bristol: Long list of small rents from messuages and shops … Somerset: … Gloucester: … (S) CIsPM.

8/1417, Richard, a commander along with King Henry V, and Thomas, Duke of Clarence, of the 50,000 strong army laying siege in France to Torques [surrendered 8/3], Caen [captured 9/5, Richard, earl of Warwick appointed to negotiate capitulation], Villers-Bocage, Creully, and Thury-Harcourt. [Caen held by the English until 1450.]

7/1417, Elizabeth and her cousin James heirs to her father. [Leaving no male heirs, the inheritance would involve lawsuits for 2 centuries.] To Elizabeth went lands worth £725 a year, comprising the Lisle lands (£600 a year) and the manors of Awre and Bedminster with their hundreds (£125 a year). To nephew James went an estate worth £1,000 a year consisting of the lordship of Berkeley, and Portbury manor and hundred. (S) UKNA, Berkeley Castle Muniments.

9/21/1418, Court of Richard Beauchamp, earl of Warwick, and Elizabeth his wife. (S) UKNA.

1419, Richard created Earl of Aumale in France.

1419-20, Richard a commander at the sieges of Melun and Mantes, France.

5/21/1420, Treaty of Troyes. The treaty arranged for the marriage of Charles VI's daughter, Catherine of Valois, to Henry V, who was made regent of France and acknowledged as successor to the French throne.

1421, Calais, France. The soldiers of Calais complain that a large sum of money is due to them for unpaid wages. Person mentioned: [Richard Beauchamp], Earl of Warwick. (S) UKNA.

8/1422, Richard at the death of Henry V, and an exector of his will; and bequeathed the care of his infant son.

8/31/1422, Henry VI succeeded as King of England.

12/28/1422, Elizabeth died; buried at Kingswood abbey.


9/10/1423, James lord of Berkeley to Richard de Bello Campo earl of Warrewyk. Recognisance for 10,000 marks, to be levied etc. in Gloucestershire. Condition … arbitrators … indentures between the parties … except a dispute between their men and servants concerning an affray at Hamersmyth co. Middlesex and an assault and battery there … (S) CCRs.

11/1423, Richard married Isabel le Despenser; widow of Richard Beauchamp, s/o William s/o 624678. Sir Thomas de Beauchamp & 624679. Katherine de Mortimer.

10/6/1425, Arbitration of Richard [Beauchamp] earl of Warwick and James de Berkeley, lord of Berkeley. (S) UKNA.

1/1426, Grant by William Hoton of Hardwick to Richard Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick: lands in Barnard Castle. (S) UKNA.

1426, Richard sent to France to protect Cherbourg against Brittany insurrectionists.

6/1/1428, Richard appointed the king’s Governor and Master, to instruct the king in maners, courtesy, letters and language, horsemanship, swordplay, and tilting.

1428, De Ricardo Beuchamp, comite Warrewici, pro un. f. m. quod tenet in Kybworth Beauchamp, … subsidium, vj.s. viij.d. (S) Feudal Aids, 1904, P123.

6/10/1429, Arbitration of Richard Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick and Aumale, Lord de Lisle, Captain of Calais in matter depending between Hugh Coksey and Richard Archer. (S) UKNA.

11/6/1429, Richard took his ward Henry VI to his coronation.

1430, Richard argued against war with France; in opposition with the earl of Gloucester.

1431, Richard captured Poton de Xaintrailles near Beauvais in France.

1431, Richard took 9-year-old King Henry VI to visit Rouen, the center of English controlled France.

5/30/1431, Joan of Arc, imprisoned at Rouen, executed.

5/31/1431, Richard, in residence at Rouen: many persons invited to meals that day were involved in the trial of Joan of Arc. It is documented that Richard had sent his doctor to see her before her death. (S) Personal records of the Earl of Warwick.

12/16/1431, Richard with King Henry VI at his coronation as King of France at Notre Dame, Paris. [The only English king to be crowned king in England and France.]

6/2/1433, Draft letters of Henry VI granting to Reginald Demesville, Merchant in the town of Soissons; James Boisseau of St Georgio de Montagu; safe conduct ... [Richard Beauchamp], Earl of Warwick, ... (S) UKNA.

1437, Petitioners: Richard Plantagenet, duke of York; Richard Beauchamp, earl of Warwick; lords, knights, esquires, yeomen and other officers and servants of the Household. Adressees: Commons of the present parliament. The petitioners request payment of the wages due to them for their war service. (S) UKNA.

11/12/1437, King Henry VI declared himself of age and released Richard as his governor. King Henry appointed Richard the King’s Lieutenant in France. [Richard never returned from France.]

1/1/1439, Richard, earl of Warwick, wrote his will. (S) UKNA.

4/30/1439, Richard died at Rouen, Normandy, France; buried at St. Mary’s, Warwick.

(S) The Royal Lineage of Our Noble and Gentle Families, 1883, Foster, P21. (S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P58. (S) Warwick Castle and its Earls, Warwick, 1903. (S) The Wars of the Roses, Weir, 1995.

Family notes:

·         12/21/1439, King Henry VI; and Edmund [Beaufort] earl of Dorset and Eleanor his wife, John Lord Talbot and Margaret his wife, and George Lord Latymer and Elizabeth his wife. At the request of Edmund, Eleanor, John, Margaret, George and Elizabeth, the king has inspected his writ to the escheator of Gloucestershire to make partition between Eleanor, Margaret and Elizabeth, daughters and coheirs of Elizabeth late countess of Warwick after the death of their father Richard [Beauchamp], who held the lands by the courtesy of England. (S) UKNA, BCM/A/1/1/50.

Children of Richard and Elizabeth:

i. Margaret Beauchamp, born ? in England.

Margaret married Lord John Talbot.

5/4/1446, Roll of the court of John [Talbot], earl of Shrewbury and Lord Talbot, and Margaret his wife, eldest daughter of Richard Beauchamp, late earl of Warwick, Edmund [Beaufort], marquess of Dorset, and Eleanor his wife, Warwick's second daughter, and George Lord Latemer and Elizabeth his wife, Warwick's third daughter. (S) UKNA.

ii. Eleanor Beauchamp (184679), born 9/1408 in Essex, England.

iii. Elizabeth Beauchamp, born ? in England.

Elizabeth married Lord George Latymer.

Children of Richard and Isabel:

i. Henry de Beauchamp, born ? in England.

1434, Henry married Cecily Neville, d/o 1901430. Earl Richard Neville & 1901431. Alice de Montagu.

1439, Henry made 14th Earl of Warwick on the death of his father.

4/14/1445, Henry created 1st Duke of Warwick.

6/11/1446, Henry died. [Only daughter Anne his heir died in 1449. Her heir was her aunt Anne.]

ii. Anne Beauchamp, born ? in England.

1434, Anne bethrothed to 1901430i. Earl Richard Neville, brother of Henry’s wife.

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