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Wednesday, May 19, 2010

Lord John Tyrell & Alice Coggeshall

369380. Lord John Tyrell & 369381. Alice Coggeshall    

~1375, John Tirell born in Essex, England, heir & s/o 738760. Sir Thomas Tyrell & 738761. Eleanor Flambard.

~1385, Alice born in England, coheir & d/o 738762. William de Coggeshall & 738763. Antiocha Hawkwood.

5/30/1395, John Cobham, lord de Cobham … gave and granted the manor of Great Sampford to William de Coggeshale and Margaret his wife, remainder to John Coggeshale (son and heir ofthe said William de Coggeshale) and the heirs of his body, with remainder to Margaret late the wife of John Roppeley esquire and Alice (the daughters of the said William de Coggeshale). (S) CFRs, 7/24/1459.

[––John & Alice––]

~1405, John of Heron in Essex married Alice.

11/16/1408, “Debtor: John Burgeys, of Maldon in Essex. Creditor: John Tyrell of Essex, and William Spenser of London. Amount: 100m.” (S) UKNA.

2/7/1409, Commitment to Robert Brandewode, citizen and ‘saltere’ of London by mainprise of … John Tirell of Essex. (S) CFRs.

1411, John witnessed the electoral indentures which recorded his own return in the company of his father-in-law, Sir William Coggeshall (for whom he subsequently acted as a feoffee).

Bef. 1412, John’s father died.

1412, John in possession of Broomfield and Heron, valued at no more than £20 a year.

3/20/1413, Henry V succeeded Henry IV as King of England.

6/9/1413, John Doreward and John Tyrell to be paid £11 4s for 28 days at parliament representing the county of Essex. (S) CCRs.

11/6/1413, Commitment of the counties of Essex and Hertford to John Tyrell during pleasure, so that he answer at the Exchequer as sheriff. (S) CFRs.

1414, John party to the foundation of a chantry at Wivenhoe for members of the family of Sir Thomas Erpingham’s wife.

1415, John, Steward of the Essex estates of Hugh Stafford, Lord Bourgchier.

8/13/1415, John in King Henry V’s force of 12,000 landing at the mouth of the Seine at Harfleur. John, with 5 men-at-arms [including his brothers Edward and William] and 16 archers, was in the forces of Humphrey, duke of Gloucester.

9/22/1415, English capture Harfleur after a siege.

10/25/1415, Battle of Agincourt in northern France. [Documented by 3 eye witnesses.] The English longbows gave “a terrifying hail of arrow shot.” French estimate of their own dead of 4,000 would imply a ratio of nearly 9 to 1 in favour of the English. [John was in the retinue of Sir Walter Hungerford.]

7/1417, John associated with Sir John Tiptoff and the 2nd French invasion.

7/1/1418, Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, requests permission to enfeoff ..., Henry Fitz Hugh, John Typtot, knight, ..., John Tyrell, ... with certain lands and tenements which he holds of the King in chief, until such time as they have levied the debts he owes and will owe them. (S) UKNA.

1419, John, JOP for Essex.

1/27/1420, Commission to levy and collect with all possible speed all sums of money borrowed by them … William Coggeshale, 'chivaler,' … John Tyrell, …; Essex. (S) CFRs.

1420, James, lord Berkeley, bound in 10,000 marks to John Tyrell and Walter Sheryngton, clerk, ‘men whom the duke [of Gloucester] much trusted’, and by promising the duke himself lands worth 400 marks if he won his suit against Richard, earl of Warwick.

9/29/1420, John, Sheriff of Herts. (S) UKNA.

1421, Plaintiffs: Ralph atte Ree, farmer of the royal manor of Ramsden Cray in Essex. Defendants: John Wythy and John Tyrell. Subject: Unjust dissesin from a tenement. (S) UKNA.

2/14/1422, Robert Warner of London ... William Coggeshale knight, Maurice Bruyn knight, Lewis John, John Tyrell esquires, ... (S) CCRs.

1422, Alice died, buried in All Saints Church, East Hornden, Essex. (S) The Hist. of Parliament. [In her memory, her husband commissioned an exquisite memorial which has survived as the finest of its kind in the country. On a slab of limestone is the full length figure of a lady in 15th century dress.]


1422-26, Ralph Bateman states that William Bateman, his brother, and William Potton, clerk, agreed by a bond to pay Elizabeth Flambard [John’s maternal grandmother] an annuity for term of life, for certain lands which she sold them, and that they paid this annuity in full. However, John and Edward Tyrell, sons of her executrix [John’s mother], procured an inquest which said that Elizabeth was not paid for the Easter term before her death, so that the bond was forfeited ... (S) UKNA.

8/31/1422, Henry VI (an infant) succeeded Henry V as King of England.

2/14/1423, Commitment of the counties of Essex and Hertford to John Tyrell, so that he answer at the Exchequer as sheriff. (S) CFRs.

~1423, John married 2nd Catherine ?. (S) Will of Sir William Tyrell, s/o Alice.

1423-28, John, lord of the manor of Hunsdon.

1/29/1424, ... John Tyrell and Catherine his wife, executrix of John Spenser, ... (S) CPRs.

7/12/1425, Walter lord Fitz Wauter … to … John Tyrell … the manors of Wodeham Wauter, Ultyng, Burnham, Cage, Crixhicche, Lexden, Great Teye, Little Dunmowe and Henham co. Essex, … co. Lincoln … (S) CCRs.

11/23/1426, To the escheator in Essex. Order to take the fealties of John Tirell, … and to give them livery of the manor of 'Markhalle' otherwise Latton Merke in Latton [Essex] … (S) CCRs.

1427, John at parliament representing Hertfordshire, Speaker for the House of Commons.

4/1427, John travelled to Holland in the company of the great canonist, Dr. William Lyndwood, engaged on diplomatic work for the Council regarding the affairs of the duchess of Gloucester, Jacqueline of Hainault. [ He had been advanced £60 13s.4d. at the Exchequer before his departure, and a year later he was to receive a special reward of £40 for his expenses on the embassy.]

7/19/1427, Gift. John Virre, vicar of Leomynstre and John Tyrell. 3 messuages, ... in Little Hereford ... (S) UKNA.

10/13/1428, John at parliament Essex chosen as the Speaker for the House of Commons. [This parliament ended on Dec. 8th, then suspended and restarted 1/28/1429.]

1429, John, chief steward of the duchy of Lancaster north of Trent.

1/1431, John Tyrrel, Esq., at parliament representing Essex, Speaker for the House of Commons. [The King was in France, the Lord Protector overseeing the parliament.]

3/1431, John paid £100 as retained to go overseas to serve the King as a member of his council, in addition to an advance on wages of war for himself and his retinue; and two months later he was appointed treasurer of the Household [receiving 100m annually until he died] and to co-ordinate the office of treasurer of war, being authorized to carry £4,000 in gold to France.

1431, John knighted.

5/7/1433, Settlement on marriage of John Wodehouse to Alianora daughter of Sir John Tyrell relating to manors in Litcham and advowson of Litcham. (S) UKNA.

1433, Sir John Tyrell granted wardship of Margaret, 11-year-old heiress of John Mautby. [In 1434 the wardship was granted to Sir John Radcliff.] (S) The Paston Family In The Fifteenth Century, Richmond, 2002, P123.

10/1433, Creditors of Edmund de Mortimer, late Earl of March.  ... with the supervision of [John] Tyrell [knight], [Walter] Lucy [knight] and the others, they are to satisfy the creditors, ... (S) UKNA.

2/16/1434, “1. John Tyrell, kt. 2. Brian Stapilton, kt. John Cottesmore. William Paston. (1) to (2), custody of land (10a.) in Aldeburgh formerly of John Mauteby, esq., deceased.” (S) UKNA.

9/11/1435, To the sheriffs of the city of Lincoln for the time being. Order of the fee farm of that city to pay to John Tyrell the king's knight, treasurer of his household, 100 marks a year … (S) CCRs.

1436, John the wealthiest non-baronial proprietor in Essex, with an annual income of £496. (S) The Essex Gentry, 1381-1450, Starr, 1989.

1/1437, Sir John Tyrell representing Essex, Speaker of the House of Commons.

3/19/1437, John replaced as speaker due to illness.

4/2/1437, John, treasurer of the household to King Henry VI, died; buried in London. (S) UKNA.

(S) Paston Letters, V1-2, Fenn, 1840, P73. (S) Genealogical Memoirs of the Extinct Family of Chester of Chicheley, Waters, 1878, P309. (S) The Lives of the Speakers of the House of Commons, Manning, 1851, P77.

Family notes:

·         John and Alice have a monument in the East Herndon church, Essex, which is one of the finest specimens of incised sepulchar slabs. She is represented full length under a canopy bearing the arms of Coggeshall impaling Tyrell. All of the children are listed. (S) Proceedings of the Soc. of Antiquaries of London, 1912-13.

·         John had by both wives 6 sons and 4 daughters; 2 sons named William.

·         Contemporary is John Tirell (b.~1382) of Southampton, s/o William, younger brother of this John’s father Thomas.

Child of John and Alice:

i. Thomas Tyrell, born ~1417 in England. [Heir]

Thomas 1st married Anne Devereux.

8/8/1449, Thomas Tyrell, knight, to go parliament representing Essex. (S) CFRs.

7/24/1459. … Alice took to husband John Tyrell knight, and the said John and Alice had issue Thomas Tyrell knight (who still survives and is 40 years of age and more). (S) CFRs.

11/14/1459, Thomas Tyrell, knight, Sheriff of Essex and Hertford.

Child: 1/23/1475, Grant by John Say, knight, …, to Thomas Tyrell, esquire, son and heir of William Tyrell, knight, elder son of Thomas Tyrell, knight, and Anne, wife of the said Thomas Tyrell, esquire, daughter of Walter Devereux, knight, lord of Ferrers. (S) Ancient Deeds, V1, 1890, C1358.

ii. Alianora Tyrell, born ? in England.

Alianora married John Wodehouse.

iii. William Tyrell (184690), born ~1420 in Essex, England.

Child of John and Catherine:

iii. William Tyrell ‘the younger’, born ~1425 in Essex, England.

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