Tuesday, May 4, 2010

Bond 118832 & 118833

118832. Duke Edward Seymour & 118833. Catherine Fillol {Bond}

~1500, Edward, born in England, s/o 237664. John Seymour & 237665. Margery Wentworth.

~1500, Catherine born in England, d/o 237666. William Fillol & 237667. Dorothy Ifield.

Edward educated at Oxford, then Cambridge.

7/15/1520, Edward’s older brother John died leaving him as heir.

8/4/1523, Edward landed at Calais with the Duke of Suffolk. He was present for the taking of Bray, Roye, and Montdidier in France.

10/30/1523, Edward knighted by the Duke of Suffolk at Roye for valor.

1525, Edward a squire of the King’s household. He was a challenger of the king in the Tilt-yard at Greenwich at Chrismastime.

1528, Edward accompanied Cardinal Wolsey to the French king.

1533, Edward a “squire for the body to the King” as he traveled to Boulogne to meet with Francis I.

Bef. 1536, Catherine died and Edward married Anne, d/o Sir Edward Stanhope of Sudbury in Suffolk.

5/20/1536, Edward a knight for the King’s body at the marriage of Henry VIII to his sister Jane.

6/5/1536, Edward created Viscount Beauchamp by the King.

6/5/1537, Edward given 20 marks yearly paid out of Somerset and Dorset; along with Sir Richard Buckley he was granted the office of Chamberlain and Chancellor of North Wales, and was made captain of the Isle of Jersey.

10/18/1537, 3 days after the baptism of his nephew, the future King Edward VI, Edward created Earl of Hertford.

1541, Edward sent to France to ascertain the limits of the English borders.

1541, Edward invested as a Knight of the Garter.

1/9/1542, Edward elected a Knight Companion of the Knight of the Garter.

1542, as cousin and heir of Sir William Sturmy of Wolf-hall, Edward took livery of his lands.

1542, Edward accompanied the Duke of Norfolk into Scotland after the Scots denied homage.

1543, Edward made Lord Great Chamberlain of England, and lieutenant general of the North. He embarked for Scotland with 200 ships, landing at Frith. He captured Leith and Edinburgh. Then he returned by land to England attacking Haddington, Dunbar, …

7/9/1544, Edward and Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Cantebury [No. 19526ii], … to aid and assist Queen Catherine, Regent and Governor of the kingdom, in her administration of the government. Edward also assigned as captain general of forces to be raised in the King’s absence.

1544, Edward came to the aid of the king with several thousand troops at Boulogne. Taking the town, an army of 14,000 French were routed.

1546, Edward was sent against Scot incursions supported by 5000 French troops. Edward destroyed all the towns in the middle marshes. Returning to France, Edward repelled a French attack at Boulogne, and pursued the retreating army with great success. Edward returned to Boulogne with 9300 troops to defend against attacking troops. Holding off the French, Edward was named chief of the commissioners for the treaty, meeting at Gusiness and Ardres.

1546, Edward elected Chancellor of the University of Cambridge.

1547, King Henry VIII on his deathbed left Edward a legacy of £500, and appointed him a counsel to his son and an executor of his will.

2/1/1547, Edward unanimously elected governor of the young King’s person and protector until he should reach the age of 18.

2/10/1547, Edward constituted Lord Treasurer of England.

2/15/1547, Edward finally given the title of Baron, with limitation to male heirs by his wife Anne Stanhope, remainder to Edward Seymour his son by former wife Catherine. The declaration of the King: “Whereby the name of that family, from which his most beloved mother Jane, late Queen of England, drew her beginning, might not be clouded by any higher titler, or colour of dignity.”

2/16/1547, Edward created 1st Duke of Somerset, and granted the title Earl Marshal of England.

2/20/1547, Edward VI crowned King of England.

3/12/1547, Edward granted 8000 marks yearly while he was protector. As such he worked on unsuccessfully at matching young King Edward with Mary Stuart, sole heir to Scot King James V, which would have united the two Kingdoms.

9/10/1547, Edward and his son at the battle of Musselburgh. Fought on the banks of the Esk, the Scots were routed: half of their 30,000 number were slain and half were captured. [Musselburgh 7 miles east of Edinburgh.]

3/11/1548, Edward given lands to the value of £500 yearly by the King for his victories in Scotland.

8/11/1548, Edward named by the King lieutenant and captain general. This empowerment made Edward unpopular with the other nobility. A conspiracy was headed by the Earl of Warwick, John Dudley, which climaxed with them taking the Tower. Edward took the King to the fortified castle at Windsor; but the tied of support had turned against him.

10/13/1548, Edward’s letters of protectorship, … were made void. He was imprisoned about 3 months in the Tower.

2/16/1549, finally released when he “acknowledged” his deeds, Edward was fined £2000, and a year of land; and lost all his offices.

6/4/1550, the King restored some of his uncle Edward’s lands in Wilts, Southampton, Dorset, Somerset, Middlesex, Berks, and Bucks, including the town of Glastenbury. The King also gave him 200 persons within his dominions over and above those due him by his offices to attend him in his household.

7/19/1550, Edward given a general pardon.

Edward established a company of foreign woolen manufacturers at Glastenbury which became very successful.

Edward and the Earl of Warwick again were at odds, the King favoring his uncle Edward. Edward was not in a good position because of the loss much of his property.

In a “hostage exchange” with France, the King chose Edward’s heir and fully equipped him for the trip. He also gave Edward the £500 left to him by Henry VIII.

4/1551, Edward made lord lieutenant of the counties of Buckingham and Berkshire – again irritating the Earl of Warwick, now Duke of Northumberland. Apparently Edward had a chance to kill the Earl, but did not take advantage of the opportunity.

10/16/1551, betrayed, Duke Edward, his wife, and associates were committed to the tower.

12/1/1551, Edward brought to trial at Westminister hall, found guilty of felony for plotting the death of the Earl of Warwick [but not treason], and sentenced to hang.

1/22/1551 before 8 in the morning, Edward was taken to the scaffold where he was beheaded. He was buried on the north side of the choir of St. Peter’s chapel, between Queen Anne Boleyn and Queen Caterine Howard. [The Earl was executed 2 years later.]

8/3/1553, The Dutchess Anne was released from the Tower by Queen Mary.

(S) Peerage of England, Collins, 1812, P154... (S) Edward VI of England: List of English Monarchs, Henry VIII of England, Jane Seymour, Tudor Dynasty, Protestantism, Regent, Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset, Miller, 2010.

Family notes:
• Edward was a moderate Protestant. He abolished the medieval laws against heresy and allowed the printing of Scripture in English. He also abolished the endowments that paid stipends to priests to pray for the dead.

Children of Edward and Catherine:

i. John Seymour, born ~1522 in England.
12/7/1552, John wrote his will: “after bequesthing legacies to his servants, concludes with these words, ‘Also I make mu brother, Sir Edward Seymour the elder, my full executor, and I give him all my lands and good that is unbequesthed. He, to pay and discharge all my debts.”
Bef. 4/26/1553, John died.

ii. Edward Seymour (59416), born 1529 in England.

Children of Edward and Anne:

i. Edward Seymour, born ~1537 in England.
1551, Edward heir of his father.
1552-3, After the death of King Edward VI at age 15, Parliament returned his lands valued at £5000 yearly to the crown. [Likely at the insistence of Duke John Dudley.]
1558, Edward created Earl of Hertford by new Queen Elizabeth I [d/o Henry VIII & Anne Boylne, succeeding her sister Mary.]
10/1560, Edward & Catherine decided to marry.
Edward married Lady Catherine Grey, born 1540, heir & d/o Henry Grey, Duke of Suffolk.
1563, Edward and his wife committed to the Tower for an illegal marriage.
1/26/1567, Catherine died in the Tower.
1582, Edward secretly married 2nd Frances Howard.
1605, Edward sent to the Netherlands on a peace mission.
1606, Edward’s marriage to Catherine legitimized.
4/1621, age 83, Edward died; buried at the church at Salisbury.
Children:
Edward Seymour, born 9/21/1561 in the Tower in London.
7/21/1612, Baron Beauchamp, he died; buried in Wiltshire, England.
Thomas Seymour, 2nd son, born ~1563 in the Tower in London.
He married Isabel Onley.
8/20/1619 he was buried at St. Margaret’s, Westminster.

ii. Anne Seymour, born ~? in England.
Anne married John Dudley, eldest s/o Duke Edward’s arch rival.
Anne married 2nd Sir Edward Unton of Wadley in Farringdon, Berks.

iii. Henry Seymour, born ~? in England.
Henry married Joan Percy, d/o Thomas, Earl of Northumberland.
Children: none.

iv. Edward Seymour, born ~? in England.
1574, Edward died without issue.

v. Mary Seymour, born ~? in England.
Mary married Andrew Rogers, eldest son of Sir Richard Rogers of Brianston in com. Dors.
Mary married 2nd Sir Henry Peyton.

vi. Elizabeth Seymour, born ~? in England.
Elizabeth married Sir Richard Knightly of Fawesley and Norton in com. Northampt.
6/3/1602, Elizabeth died at Norton.

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