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Monday, May 10, 2010

Sir Baldwin Fulford & Elizabeth Bosome

184674. Sir Baldwin Fulford & 184675. Elizabeth Bosome 

By 1413, Baldwin Foleford, born in Great Fulford, Devon, England, s/o 369348. Henry Fulford & 369349. Wilhelmina ?.

~1415, Elizabeth, alias Bozun, born in Bosome-Hele, parish of Dittisham, Devon, England, heir & d/o 369350. John Bosome & 369351. Alianor Falewell.

8/31/1422, Henry VI (an infant) succeeded Henry V as King of England.

Bef. 11/2/1423, Baldwin’s father died.

6/12/1429, Indented grant by John Luttrell, esquire, … the manor of Vexford … Witnesses: Baldwin Fulford, William Poulet, Richard Popham, … (S) UKNA.

11/5/1432, Commitment of the office of escheatry in the counties of Devon and Cornwall, Baldwin Foleford. (S) CFRs.

7/26/1433, Oliver Huwysshe to Edward Stradelynge knight, Baldwin Fuleforde, … esquires, … Charter of all his lands, rents, reversions and services in Donyforde, …, and in the parishes of Spaxton and Ayssheholte co. Somerset. (S) CCRs.

1435, Baldwin Fulford of Fulford, knight of King Henry VI. (S) The Note-book of Tristram Risdon, P174.

~1440, Baldwin married Elizabeth, inheriting the manor of Dittisham.

2/9/1442, Commitment to Thomas Courtenay, earl of Devon, … by mainrpise of Thomas Carmynowe of Asshewater, co. Devon, esquire, and Baldwin Fulford of Fulford, co. Devon, esquire, … (S) CFRs.

Baldwin knighted.

Bef. 1447, Sir Baldwin, Knight of the Sepulchre, Under-Admiral to Henry Holland, 3rd Duke of Exeter and High Admiral of England.

4/30/1451, Safe-conduct for Baldwin Fulforde, and for 4 followers issued by St. Peter’s in Rome. (S) Cal. of Papal Reg.’s, V10, 1915.

8/1453, King Henry VI had a mental breakdown. [Richard, Duke of York, appointed Protector of the Realm.]

5/22/1455, 1st battle of St. Albans, Hertfordshire, considered the 1st battle of the 30-year War of the Roses. Yorkists against an army of King Henry VI. The Duke of Somerset, the Earl of Northumberland, Lord Clifford, plus about 50 other notable Lancastrians, were killed in the fighting.

1455-56, Baldwin, sheriff of Devon.

10/1/1456, To Baldwin Foleford, knight. nobleman, of the diocese of Exeter, and his present wife, noblewoman. Indult to choose a secular or regular priest as their confessor, who, after hearing their confession, may, once only, grant them absolution for their sins. (S) Lateran Regesta, V11, 1921, 517.

11/7/1459, Baldwin Fulford, knight, appointed sheriff of Devon. (S) CFRs.

2/1460, Baldwin ordered to destroy Warwick’s fleet at Calais. [Canceled before his ships were ready.]

1460-61, Baldwin, Sheriff of Devon.

4/24/1460, Commission to sir Baldwin Fulford to serve against the rebels at sea. (S) Rymer’s Feodera with Syllabus, V11.

7/10/1460, Battle of Northampton, a Yorkist victory. 300 Lancastrians were killed. King Henry VI was captured.

12/31/1460, Sir Baldwin a Captain in the Queen’s army at the battle of Wakefield. “Amongst the Yorkist leaders who died was the [Richard] Duke of York, and his nephew Thomas Neville.” [The Duke of York’s son became King Edward IV.]

2/17/1461, 2nd battle of St. Albans, Hertfordshire – a Lancastrian victory. King Henry VI was rescued at the battle.

3/29/1461, Sir Baldwin fought on the [losing] side of the royalists at the battle of Towton. This battle was the largest and bloodiest fought on British soil. As many as 28,000 died at the battle between Towton and Saxton in Yorkshire. Yorkist forces, with a wind at their back in a blinding snow storm giving their archers and spearmen a significant advantage.

6/17/1461, A commission to arrest William the Bastard of Exeter, and Baldwin Fulford, knight, and their favourers, who have been stirring up the people of Devon and Cornwall and the adjacent parts to side with Henry VI and the king's adversaries of France. (S) Cal. of State Papers, Milan, 1912.

6/28/1461, Edward IV crowned at Westminster, beginning the House of York.

9/5/1461, Sir Baldwin “attained of diverse treasons by him done against the king.” (S) Observations Upon the Poems of Thomas Rowley, Bryant, P324.

By 1462, Elizabeth died.


1461-65, Plaintiffs: John Stapelhill, esq. Defendants: Roger Lugge, of St Mary Tedburn (Tetburn), late bailiff of Sir Baldwin Fulford, knt., lately convicted of high treason. (S) UKNA.

5/15/1464, The Battle of Hexham, Northumberland. Yorkist John Neville had about 3000 men. Lancanstrians, the Duke of Somerset and Lord Hungerford’s men were quickly defeated at a heavy cost. Sir Baldwin taken prisoner at the battle.

5/15/1465, Sir Baldwin ordered beheaded by Lord Montacute. He was executed at Bristol.

(S) Burke’s Genealogy and Heraldic History, 1847, P195. (S) 1564 Visitation of Devon – “Cary”. (S) Devonshire Wills, Worthy, 1896, P424. (S) The Wars of the Roses, Weir, 1995.

Family notes:

·         “The Devonshire Wills” corrects many errors propogated about the ancestry of Sir Baldwin.

Children of Baldwin and Jennet:

i. Thomas Fulford, born ? in England. [Heir]

Thomas married Philippe, d/o 950692. Philip Courtenay & 950693. Elizabeth Hungerford.

10/1483, Thomas attained.

2/20/1489, Thomas died.

ii. Thomasine Fulford, born ~? in England.

Thomasine married Sir Thomas Wise of Sydenham.

[Ancestors to the Dukes of Bedford.]

iii. Anna Fulford (92337), born ~1450 in Devon, England.

iv. John Fulford, born ? in England.

1499-1518, John successively Archdeacon of Totnes, Cornwal, Exeter.

1518, John died, buried at Exeter cathedral.

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