8/12/1437, William Carey born in Cockington, co. Devon, England, s/o 184672. Philip Cary & 184673. Christian Portman.
9/24/1438, William’s father died.
10/4/1438, Philip Cary died. … and afterwards Robert Cary [William’s grandfather, died 1431] continued in possession … The said Philip died … leaving a son and heir William, … The said William, born 12th August last past. (S) UKNA.
~1440, Elizabeth born in Somerset, England, d/o 77954. Sir William Paulet & 77955. Elizabeth Denebaud.
6/28/1441, To the escheator in Devon. Order to give the next friend of William Cary to whom the inheritance may not descend [being a minor] livery of the manor and advowson of Clovely and a mill … found by inquisition, … John Chudderlegh … granted the premises to John Bosoun for life, with remainder to Robert son of John Cary knight (militis) and to the heirs of his body, that John Bosoun died thereof seised, that the same ought to remain to the said William, being cousin and heir of Robert son of John, namely son of Philip son of the said Robert, that he was of the age of 4 years on 12 August last, … (S) CCRs.
~1445, Anna born in Devon, England, d/o 184674. Sir Baldwin Fulford & 184675. Jennet Bosome.
5/7/1448, Writ for IPM of Joan late the wife of Robert Cary esquire, who held … for term of her life … of the inheritance of William son and heir of Philip Cary; Devon. (S) CFRs. [William’s step-grandmother.]
9/24/1449, Commitment to John cardinal archbishop of York … of the keeping of all the lands, in the county of Devon, late of Joan late the wife of Robert Cary … with reversion to William, a minor in the king’s ward, son and heir of Philip Cary and heir of the said Robert … (S) CFRs.
8/1453, King Henry VI had a mental breakdown. [Richard, Duke of York, appointed Protector of the Realm.]
5/22/1455, 1st battle of St. Albans, Hertfordshire, considered the 1st battle of the 30-year War of the Roses. Yorkists against an army of King Henry VI. The Duke of Somerset, the Earl of Northumberland, Lord Clifford, plus about 50 other notable Lancastrians, were killed in the fighting. [King Henry IV had usurped the crown from the York lineage when he overthrew King Richard II.]
~1455, William married 1st Elizabeth.
1456-57, “Cary, William, son and heir of Philip. Proof of age: Devon”. (S) UKNA.
8/26/1457, To the escheator in Devon. Order to take the fealty of William Cary, and to give him seisin of the messuages, cottages, mill, close and land … that Joan who was wife of Robert Cary at her death held in dower, by assignment of Philip Cary son and heir of her husband, a cottage and 3 acres of land in Chilston within the manor of Cokyngton … that the said Philip after had issue William now living and died, … his son and heir, and that all are parcel of the manor of Cokyngton, …, and all now belong to the said William; and he has proved his age before the escheator. (S) CCRs.
10/6/1457, The manors of Catykkebeare and Melbyre [Devon] … Plea of covenant. … with the homages and all services of … and William Cary … (S) Feet of Fines, Devon.
3/25/1458, King Henry IV declared a ‘Loveday’ between Yorkists and Lancastrians. [Did not last long.]
9/23/1459, Battle of Blore Heath in Shropshire. The Yorkist army won a decisive battle.
10/12/1459, At the Battle of Ludford, the Duke of York was defeated, and he fled to Ireland. [And was attained.]
7/10/1460, Battle of Northampton, a Yorkist victory. Yorkist forces numbering over 20,000 faced a smaller royal army with their backs against the river Nene. The battle lasted less than an hour. 300 Lancastrians were killed. King Henry VI captured.
12/31/1460, The Battle of Wakefield. Amongst the Yorkist leaders who died was the [Richard] Duke of York, and his nephew Thomas Neville. [The Duke of York’s son became King Edward IV.]
2/2/1461, Yorkist on the winning side at the battle of Mortimer’s Cross, Herefordshire. On the morning of the battle, through an unusual atmospheric condition, three suns were said to be visible. Edward Plantagenet [later Edward IV], earl of March, took this as a omen and added the sun to his banner. The Lancanstrian army under the Earl of Pembroke [Jasper Tudor], of about 8000, lost almost half in the battle.
2/17/1461, 2nd battle of St. Albans, Hertfordshire – a Lancastrian victory.
3/14/1461, Edward [earl of March] proclaimed himself King Edward IV as the rightful heir.
3/29/1461, The battle of Towton in Yorkshire, a Yorkist victory. This battle was the largest and bloodiest fought on British soil. As many as 28,000 died at the battle between Towton and Saxton in Yorkshire. Yorkist forces, with a wind at their back in a blinding snow storm giving their archers and spearmen a significant advantage. [King Henry and Queen Margaret fled to Scotland. King Henry had another breakdown, and Queen Margaret led the Lancastrian resistance.]
3/14/1461, Edward [earl of March] proclaimed himself King Edward IV as the rightful heir.
6/28/1461, Edward IV crowned at Westminster, beginning the House of York.
9/5/1461, Anna’s father, Sir Baldwin “attained of diverse treasons by him done against the king.”
11/4/1461, William Cary, knight, attained and his lands forfeited at parliament. (S) CPRs.
4/1463, At Parliament. ‘… Edmund Beaufort [captured at Battle of Tewkesbury, executed 2 days later] and John Beaufort [Earl of Dorset, d. 5/4/1471– Battle of Tewkesbury], brothers of the said Henry Beaufort [3rd Duke of Somerset, d.5/15/1464–Battle of Hexham], William Cary, knight, otherwise called William Caree, knight, … offended against their liege majesty in the past, they were afterwards accepted into the king's grace, and gently, lawfully and justly treated, without rigour or violence. And yet nevertheless, out of sheer and extreme malice, they have by secret, devious and hidden means left this land and allied themselves with Margaret, late called queen of England, and with her malicious, false and traitorous convictions, to the overthrow and transfer of the said dominion, assenting, intending and plotting thereby the destruction of our said sovereign lord, and of this his land and his subjects.’ (S) Parliament Rolls, 2005. [Note: William the first name listed after the Beaufort brothers, cousins of King Henry VI. Henry(b.1436), Edmund(b.1439), and John(b.1441) would have been raised with William(b.1437) at the royal court. Also, William’s son Thomas would marry Edmund Beaufort’s eldest daughter.]
[––William & Anna––]
~1464, William married 2nd Anna.
4/25/1464, Battle of Hedgeley Moor, Northumberland. Yorkist John Neville vs. the Lancanstrian forces of Henry Beaufort, Duke of Somerset. A Yorkist victory.
5/15/1464, The Battle of Hexham, Northumberland. Yorkist John Neville had about 3000 men. Lancanstrians, the Duke of Somerset and Lord Hungerford’s men were quickly defeated at a heavy cost.
5/15/1465, Anna’s father executed after being captured at the Battle of Hexham.
1465, Edward IV captured Henry VI and put him in the Tower of London.
10/3/1470, Henry VI regained the throne of England.
4/1471, Queen Margaret, returning from exile, landed at Weymouth. [William at this time is supposed to have convinced his close neighbor Sir Sinclair Pomeroy to join the Lancastrian cause.]
4/14/1471, Battle of Barnet, north of London. Kind Edward IV defeated and killed Richard Neville, earl of Warwick, “the Kingmaker.” A heavy fog limited visibility. A combined total of 1000 knights died. Both handguns [relatively new] and cannon were used during the fight.
5/4/1471, Sir William, of Cockington, Devon, Knt., a Lancastrian, fought at the Battle of Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, for the Duke of Somerset [Edmund Beaufort]. The battle was at the confluence of the Avon and Severn rivers. The Lancanstrians arrived 1st after a 40 mile march and established a strong defensive position. Seeing an opening, Somerset attacked Edward IV at the Yorkist center. He was flanked, and Edward, Prince of Wales, age 18, was killed in the assault. [The only heir-apparent of England to die in battle.] William fled to a church for sanctuary along with the Duke. Two days later he came out on promise of pardon; and was beheaded.
5/6/1471, William died.
5/11/1471, Edward IV regained the crown after the Battle of Tewkesbury.
(S) The Royal Lineage of Our Noble and Gentle Families, 1883, Foster, P22. (S) Burke’s Genealogy and Heraldic History, 1847, P195. (S) 1564 Visitation of Devon – “Cary”.
· Queen Elizabeth, in her first year, granted the manor of Kemsing, Kent, to her kinsman, Sir Henry Carey, whom she had advanced that year to the title of lord Hunsdon, baron of Hunsdon, in Hertfordshire. He was descended of an ancient family, seated at Cockington, in Devonshire; one of whom was Sir Robert Carey, …, acquired great renown … overcoming an Arragonian knight. His son was William Carey, who being in the battle of Tewksbury … By his first wife he had a son, from whom the Careys of Cockington descended; and by his second a son, Thomas, who by Margaret, daughter and coheir of Sir Robert Spencer, had two sons; John, ancestor of Lucius, viscount Falkland, slain at the battle of Newbery in the reign of king Charles I, and William, who being esquire of the body to king Henry VIII married Mary, the youngest daughter of Thomas Bulleyn, earl of Wiltshire, and sister to queen Anne Bulleyn, by whom he had one son, Henry, created lord Hunsdon, as before-mentioned; and a daughter, Catherine, married to Sir Francis Knolles, knight of the garter. (S) Hist. of Kent, V3, 1797, Kemsing.
Children of William and Elizabeth:
i. Robert Cary (19488), born 1456 in Devonshire, England.
[Family lines: Colvelly, Torre Abbey, Somersetshire.]
Children of William and Anna:
ii. Thomas Cary (46168), born ~1465 in Devonshire, England.
[Family lines: Baron Hunsdon, Earl of Monmouth, Viscount of Falkland.]