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Tuesday, May 25, 2010

Lord Thomas de Berkeley & Margaret Lisle

738718. Lord Thomas de Berkeley & 738719. Margaret Lisle

1/5/1353, Thomas born in Berkeley castle, Gloucestershire, England, s/o 1477436. Maurice de Berkeley & 1477437. Elizabeth le Despenser.

1360, Margaret born in Buckinghamshire, England, heir & d/o 1477438. Warin de Lisle & 1477439. Margaret Pipard.

11/1367 at Wingrave, Buckinghamshire, Thomas married Margaret.

6/8/1368, Sir Thomas, age 15, named as 5th Lord Berkeley. [The estates would remain in wardship for 6 years.]

1368, Thomas mother Elizabeth was granted Wenden (Essex), two-thirds of Portbury and Portishead and Uphill (Som.), …, combined worth £720 yearly. Son Thomas’ directly inherited lands were worth £540 yearly. The wardship of Thomas’ lands was granted to his father-in-law for £400 a year.

1/1374, Thomas received livery of his lands; but with significant holdings by 2 dowagers, his mother and step-grandmother, who held over half of his inheritance.

1/1375, Thomas made an agreement with his step-grandmother Katherine to cut and sell timber from the manor of Wotton to raise 400 marks.

6/21/1377, Richard II, age 10, succeeded Edward III as King of England.

1378-85, Thomas served in the wars in France, Spain, Brittany, and Scotland for Richard II.

1380-81, Gerard Lisle, brother of Margaret and family heir, died.

11/30/1381 at London, Warin de Lyle; and Thomas de Berkeley of Berkeley and Margaret his wife, Warin's daughter. Warin has agreed to settle all his lands, holdings, rents [etc.] on Thomas and Margaret, and for the 250 marks of land and rent, viz. the manors of Alwarton, Tuernayle, Chilton and Shirborn, which has been settled on his lady and his heirs engendered on her, if there are no such heirs, these as well, and in return Thomas grants to Warin £400 of land and rent from the dowers of my lady of Wotton and my lady, Thomas's mother, for life, and freedom to use his Castle of Berkeley, hunting and fishing, and they shall travel together in wartime; also that his heirs from Margaret will bear the arms of Warin. (S) UKNA.

1381-1415, Thomas summoned to parliament.

1382, Margaret, age 22 at the death of her father, became his heiress to estates worth an estimated £600 a year. The Lisle estate consisted of numerous manors and other holdings scattered all over the south of England, but lying principally in 2 groups, the smaller one of 7 manors in Devon and Cornwall, the larger based on 7 Berkshire manors with 4 in Wiltshire, 3 in Oxfordshire, 3 in Northamptonshire, and one each in Buckinghamshire and Middlesex. [About half was held in dower.]

10/28/1382, The king has learned by inquisition, ..., that Warin de Insula knight at his death held no lands in that county in chief in demesne ..., and that Margaret his daughter, whom Thomas de Berkeley knight has taken to wife, is his next heir and of full age. (S) CCRs.

12/21/1382, Thomas on a commission of peace in Gloucester. (S) CPRs.

1383, Thomas bought lands in Bancombe, in Charlton (Som.). (S) UKNA.

1383, Details of Dynham inheritance and descent from Thomas de Courtenay. Thomas Peuerell and Margaret his wife, sister and one of the heirs of Hugh son and heir of Thomas de Courtenay, knight (deceased) … held the manors of Pole, Harleston of Thomas, Lord of Berkeley, knight, and Margaret his wife, and of Osbert Hamely and Maud his wife, heirs of Warin de Lisle. (S) UKNA.

1385, Thomas heir to his step-grandmother. [Thomas’ step-grandmother and mother held over half of his inheritance.] (S) UKNA.

1386, Thomas hosted King Richard II at Berkeley castle.                    

1387, Thomas’ chaplain and secretary John Trevisa translated into English Higden’s Polychronicon. With Thomas as his patron, he  later translated other works concerning world history and government and made them available to the average layperson.

By 1388, Margaret was active as a literary patron. She is believed to be the “Margaret” in Thomas Usk’s “Testament of Love”. [Usk was executed in 1388.]

7/1389, Thomas heir to his mother.

3/20/1391, Margaret died.

1392, Thomas commissioned a brass as a joint memorial. (S) [The brass was bejeweled at the time.]

1392, Thomas heir to the lands held in dower by his step-mother Joan. [A few lands were still held in dower by Margaret’s sister-in-law Amy.] (S) UKNA.

2/16/1396, Thomas granted a fair at Berkeley, Gloucestershire. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs to 1516.

9/1392, Thomas de Berkeley arranged the marriage of his daughter Elizabeth to Richard, son of Thomas Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick.

1397, Thomas bought a large holding in Kingston Lisle, Fawler, Baulking and Uffington (Berks.). (S) UKNA.

1398, Thomas acquired the reversion of the St. Amand manor of South Cerney and Cerney Wick (Glos.)

7/4/1399, Henry Bolingbroke landed at Ravenspur; then proceeded through the Lancastrian lands in the north and took York. [Henry IV invaded while Richard II was in Ireland.] Thomas supported the invasion.

9/29/1399, Thomas a commissioner for the deposition of King Richard II, a prisoner in the Tower.

9/30/1399, Henry IV succeeded Richard II as King of England.

1401, Thomas granted free warren in Walton- and Weston-in-Gordano, Portishead and Charlton.

1403, Thomas appointed Admiral of the South and West by King Henry IV, to serve with 300 men-at-arms upon the sea for one quarter year with 11 knights, 285 squires, 600 archers, 7 ships, 7 barges, and 7 ballingers; having command to sail to Bordeaux.

1404, Thomas made one of his few sales, the estate of Wenden, to raise £1000 for the King. (S) UKNA. [This estate, held in the family for 150 years, was not co-located with his other family estates and acquisitions.]

4/8/1406, Thomas granted a market and fair at Penzance, Cornwall. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs to 1516.

1412, Thomas acquired the advowsons of Portishead and Walton-in-Gordano. (S) UKNA.

3/20/1413, Henry V succeeded Henry IV as King of England.

1413, Thomas bought the manor of East Peek (Devon) and a moiety of Nethercott (Wilts.)

3/22/1413, Writs issued for a parliament to meet at Westminster on Monday 15 May. Lords spiritual … Lords temporal: The earls of Devon, Arundel, Westmorland, Salisbury, and Warwick, and the earl marshal; Hugh Stafford, Edward Charlton of Powys, William Clinton, Thomas de la Warre, John Oldcastle, Henry le Scrope of Masham, William Roos of Helmsley, Henry Fitzhugh, William Ferrers of Groby, Thomas Morley, Hugh Burnell, Thomas Berkeley, John de Welles, Ralph Cromwell, Ralph baron Greystoke, Thomas Dacre of Gilsland, John Harrington, Robert Willoughby, John Lovell of Tichmarsh, Richard Grey of Codnor, Reginald Grey of Ruthin, Peter Mauley, Thomas Camoys, William la Zouche of Harringworth, Henry de Beaumont, William de Botreaux, John Latimer, Richard Strange, Robert Poynings, Gilbert Talbot, John Clifford, and John Talbot of Furnivall. [47 ‘spiritual’, 38 ‘temporal’, 73 knights, 178 burgesses.] (S) Parliament Rolls, Henry V, May 1413.

1414, Thomas bought a holding in Charlton, in Hungerford (Berks.). (S) UKNA.

2/1415, Thomas wrote his will: To his Daughter, the Countess of Warwick, he thereby gave his best pair of Mattins, as also one gilt Cup with twenty pound contained therein.

10/25/1415, Thomas at the Battle of Agincourt in northern France. [Documented by 3 eye witnesses.] The English longbows gave “a terrifying hail of arrow shot.” French estimate of their own dead of 4,000 would imply a ratio of nearly 9 to 1 in favour of the English. (S) The Athenaeum, 1884, P728.

4/1416, Thomas named a Regent of the Kingdom. [King Henry in France.]

7/13/1417, Thomas died; both buried at Wotton-under-edge, Gloucestershire. ‘Elizabeth, Wife of Richard Earl of Warwick, is his Daughter and next Heir, aged Twenty-six Years and upwards.’ Held the Manor of Aure, Castle and Manor of Berkeley, … worth a total of £725 yearly. (S) Journals of the House of Lords, V60, 1828, P494. [Leaving no male heirs, the inheritance would involve lawsuits for 2 centuries. The estate was divided between his daughter and his nephew James Berkeley. James direct inheritance was worth £1000 yearly due to ‘male entails’ of the ancestors, including those inherited from his father.]

8/20/1417, IPM of Thomas de Berkeley, Knight. Devon: … He died on 13 July last, Elizabeth his daughter and heir is aged 30 years and more. … Cornwall: … Wiltshire: … He held by the courtesy of England of the inheritance of Elizabeth his daughter: … Northampton: … Oxford: … Berkshire: … Buckingham: … He held the manor of Wingrave by the courtesy of England after the death of Margaret his wife, of the inheritance of Elizabeth his daughter. … London: … He held a mansion called ‘Berkeleys In’ in the parish of St. Andrew in Castle Baynard ward, … Leicester: … Bristol: Long list of small rents from messuages and shops … Somerset: … Gloucester: … (S) CIsPM.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P73. (S) UKNA, BCM.                               

Child of Thomas and Margaret:

i. Elizabeth Berkeley (369359), born 1390 in England. [Heir]