950594. Sir Henry Retford & 950595. Katherine Paynell
1354, Henry born in Lincolnshire, England.
~1355, Katherine born in Lincolnshire, England, d/o 1901190. Sir Ralph Paynell & 1901191. Katherine de Somerby.
[––Katherine & Nicholas––]
1366, Katherine contracted to marry Nicholas Cantilupe.
Bef. 2/1368, Katherine Paynel requested an annulment from the archbishop’s court in York because her husband Nicholas had ‘insufficient genitals’ and could not consummate their union. [The source of this information, Dr. Frederik Pedersen, believes Nicholas had congenital adrenal hyperplasia, which would have also led to his death at a young age.]
1369, The marriage contract of Katherine to Nicholas Cantilupe (d.1371) was annulled.
2/1376, Henry and 3 others were bound over in sureties of £20 to keep the peace towards Robert Thresk, whom they had threatened.
6/21/1377, Richard II, age 10, succeeded Edward III as King of England.
11/1377, Henry Retford of Worlaby, near Castlethorpe, obtained a royal pardon for murdering one of his neighbours. The Black Prince’s retainer, Sir Edward St. John, had supported his defence to the charge. [Likely this had something to do with Katherine’s first marriage.]
2/1384, Henry a commissioner of special assize in Yorkshire.
3/16/1384, John Torny of Cavenby, ... Wit.: ..., Henry de Retford, ... [Northumberland] (S) UKNA.
8/25/1384, Henry knighted.
1385, Henry retained for military service by King Richard II, ordered to attend the King in Scotland for 40 days.
[––Henry & Katherine––]
By 1385, Henry married Katherine.
4/16/1385, Henry de Redford', knight, and Katherine, his wife, querents, and John de Somerby, chaplain, and John Bate, chaplain, deforciants. The manors of Caysthorp' and Carleton' Paynell' ... Warranty by Henry and Katherine for themselves and the heirs of Katherine. ... John and John have given them 200 marks of silver. (S) Feet of Fines, Lincolnshire.
Bef. 5/12/1385, Katherine’s father, Sir Ralph Paynell of Caythorpe and Carlton Paynell, died. [Katherine, the mother, retained a life interest in the manors.]
5/12/1385, Henry de Redford', knight, and Katherine, his wife, querents, and John de Somerby, chaplain, and John Bate, chaplain, deforciants. The manors of Caysthorp' and Carleton' Paynell' and 2 messuages ... which Katherine [mother of Katherine], who was the wife of Ralph Paynell', knight, holds for life. ... which Katherine, who was the wife of Ralph, held for life of the inheritance of John de Somerby in the aforesaid vills on the day the agreement was made, and which after the decease of Katherine, who was the wife of Ralph, ought to revert to John and John and the heirs of John de Somerby - after the decease of Katherine, who was the wife of Ralph, shall remain to Henry and Katherine, his wife, and the heirs of their bodies, to hold of the chief lords for ever. In default of such heirs, remainder to the right heirs of Katherine, the wife of Henry. ... Henry and Katherine, his wife, have given them 500 pounds sterling. (S) Feet of Fines, Lincolnshire.
4/12/1386, Henry obtained letters of general attorney because he was accompanying John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, to Spain.
6/16/1386, Henry at the palace of John of Gaunt, King of Castile and Leon, where John arbritrated a commission into the right to carry the arms ‘Azure, a bend Or’ between Richard le Scrope and Sir Robert Grosvenor.
7/1386, John of Gaunt left England with a force to win the Spanish crown, landing at Corunna. John then conquered Galica and Compostela.
1387, John of Gaunt invaded Castile with little success.
8/1387, John of Gaunt returned to England.
11/1387, Henry named the sole executor of the will of Sir William Hawley.
3/1388, Henry one of the Lincolnshire gentry who were asked to take the general oath in support of the Lords Appellant.
8/1391, Henry on a commission about the sewers in Lincolnshire.
10/18/1392, Commitment of the county of Lincoln to Henry Redford, ‘chivaler,’ during pleasure, so that he answer at the Exchequer as sheriff. (S) CFRs.
11/1393, Henry joined the royal household as a knight of the body of King Richard II, with an annual stipend of 40 marks.
1394, Henry and Katherine made enfeoffments of their 3 manors, naming Robert Cumberworth as a trustee.
9/1394, Henry, with 1 esquire, and 3 archers, accompanied the King to Ireland.
4/1395, The King and his retinue returned from Ireland.
1396, Henry and Katherine given a papal indult allowing them to use a portable altar.
4/11/1396, Henry, with Sir William Esturmy and 2 others, received letters of protection when chosen as members of an Anglo-French embassy to the rival papal courts of Avignon and Rome.
1396, At the Vatican, Henry obtained licences for the plenary remission of sins at the hour of death, and for the upkeep of a private chapel with a baptismal font.
Aft. 1396, Katherine died.
Henry married 2nd Mary ? [Who married 2 more times, dying in 1458.]
1397, Henry appointed a JOP in Lincolnshire. [Served for 10 years.]
11/3/1397, Commitment of the county of Lincoln to Henry Retford, ‘chivaler,’ during pleasure, so that he answer at the Exchequer as sheriff. (S) CFRs.
5/6/1398, Commitment of the county of Lincoln to Henry Retford from the end of his last commitment as sheriff. (S) CFRs.
12/1/1398, “Henry Retford, knight, Sheriff, replies that he has imprisoned John Stowe in Lincoln prison.” (S) UKNA.
1399, Henry a supervisor of the will of Philip, Lord Darcy.
9/30/1399, Henry IV succeeded Richard II as King of England.
1/1401, Sir Henry de Retford M.P. for Lincolnshire.
2/1401, Henry retained as a knight of the body by King Henry IV.
9/1402, at Coventry, Sir Henry de Retford M.P. for Lincolnshire, and elected Speaker of the Commons.
10/26/1402, Henry listed as a member of the Privy Council of “Nicole”.
10/1404, Sir Henry de Retford M.P. for Lincolnshire. [With Sir Thomas Hawley, s/o Sir William Hawley.]
1405, Henry summoned to a meeting of the Privy Council.
6/4/1405, As King Henry IV conquered rebellion in Yorkshire, he arrived at Bishopthorpe, naming a new commission to oversee the area adding Henry Retford, replacing Richard Norton. (S) Hist. of England Under Henry the Fourth, Wylie, 1894, P231.
11/5/1406, Commitment of the county of Lincoln to Henry Redford, ‘chivaler,’ during pleasure, so that he answer at the Exchequer as sheriff. (S) CFRs.
7/10/1407, Grant to Henry Redford (alias Retford), ' chivaler,' with the assent of the king's council, and by mainprise of William lord de Roos of Hamelak of the county of Lincoln and … of the keeping of the county of Lincoln with the issues and profits belonging to 2 farms … rendering £200 yearly … (S) CFRs.
10/16/1408, Henry de Retford witnessed a grant at Cockerington of Henry Vavasour, knight. (S) IPM of Margaret, widow of Henry Vavsour, 10/23/1415.
Bef. 6/16/1409, Henry of Carlton Paynell, Irby-on-Humber, and Killingbourne, Lincolnshire, Knt., died.
(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P413. (S) Parliament and Politics in Late Medieval England, Roskell, 1981, P47. (S) De controversia in curia militari inter Ricardum Le Scrope et Robertum, Scrope, 1832, P179. (S) Hist. of Parliament, Roskell, 1993. (S) Motives for Murder: The Role of Sir Ralph Paynel in the Murder of William Cantilupe (1375), Pedersen, 2016.
Children of Henry and Katherine:
i. Alice Retford, born ? in England.
Alice married John Hevenyngham.
1475-76, Hevenyngham, Alice, who was the wife of John; and Bruyn, Elizabeth, who was the wife of Maurice, kt Lincs. (S) UKNA.
ii. Elizabeth Retford (475297), born ~1390 in England.
iii. Henry Retford, born ? in England.
1427, Henry, Sheriff of Lincolnshire.
Henry, Mayor of Bordeaux, France.
1459, Henry a Yorkist at the Battle of Ludlow, attained for treason.