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Thursday, May 27, 2010

Sir Hugh Courtenay & Margaret Carminow

950654. Sir Hugh Courtenay & 950655. Margaret Carminow

~1420, Hugh born in England, s/o 1901308. Hugh Courtenay & 1901309. Maud de Beaumont.

1422, Margaret born in England, coheir & d/o 1901394. Thomas Carminow & 1901395. Joan Hill.

8/31/1422, Henry VI (an infant) succeeded Henry V as King of England.

3/6/1425, Hugh’s father died.

1441-2, “…Hugh Courtenay, son and heir of Hugh Courtenay, knight, to Matilda [Hugh’s mother], late the wife of the latter, of their hostel in Exeter, which they had of the said Sir Hugh, for her life …” (S) Ancient Deeds, V2, 1894, B.3770.

[––Hugh & Magaret––]

1442, Margaret, wife of Hugh, age 20 at the death of her father.

1443-50, Plaintiffs: Francisco Jungent, patron of a galley of Catalonia (Cateloyne), in Spain. Defendants: Hugh Courtenay, knt, part owner of the ship Edward, of Fowey. Subject: Capture of the said galley and goods. (S) UKNA.

1446, 1449, Hugh, MP for Cornwall.

11/1449, Two Fowey ships owned by John Trevelyan, Thomas Tregarthen, Nicholas Carminow and Sir Hugh Courtenay seized a big Spanish vessel. All were influential merchants and land-owners.

3/1450, Inquisition taken before John Arundell, … to enquire concerning the capture of a certain galler. Tauro, Corn. 11/26/1449, John Cornowe, … and many other evildoers … took the ship [a barge called Le Markerell, owned by Henry, duke of Exeter] … good and merchandise worth 10,000 marks to the port of Fowey … carried off the cargo and divided it as follows: To … As soon as it came to their knowledge, Hugh Courtenay, John Trevylyan and Nicholas Carynowe delivered as the said goods and merchandise to Thomas Bodulgate, one of the commissioners … (S) Cal. of Inq.’s, Knighton, 1897, P133.

7/4/1452, “Bond for arbitration. Hugh Courtenay de Boconnok, knight = (1). John Arundell de Lanhern, esquire = (2). Bond of (1) to (2) in £1,000, to be paid at Michaelmas next.” (S) UKNA.

3/17/1453-4, Johanna, wife of Thomas Bodulgat died. At the IPM she was found to hold in dower the Manor of Penpont of Sir Hugh Courtenay, Knt., and Margaret his wife, and Thomas Carew, Esq., and Johanna his wife, as of the right of the said Margaret and Johanna, daughters and heirs of the aforesaid Thomas Carminow. (S) Parochial Family Hist. of the Deanery of Trigg Manor, V2, 1876, P126.

8/1453, King Henry VI had a mental breakdown. [Richard, Duke of York, appointed Protector of the Realm.]

1454-5, “…v. Sir Hugh Courtenay, knt.: Carrying off of petitioner's servant and horses with goods between Oakhampton and Honiton.: Devon.” (S) UKNA.

4/1455, Thomas Courtenay, earl of Devon, with Sir Hugh, led armed retainers into Exeter where Sir William Bonville (3802618) was meeting with the sheriffs of Devon and Cornwall, disrupting the meeting.

10/1455, The Earl with the help of Hugh attacked and killed Nicholas Radford, Recorder of Exeter at his manor of Upcott.

1457, Sir Hugh Courtenay of Boconnoc took part in the private war of the Lancastrian Earl of Devon against Yorkist Sir William Bonville (3802618). [A battle occurred at Clyst Heath.]

4/1457, A pardon in the death of Nicholas Radford issued to Thomas Courtenay, earl of Devon, Hugh Courtenay, knight, and Thomas Carrewe, esquire.

1460-65, “…v. Hugh Courtenay, knt., owner of the carvell Peter Courtney.: Seizure of salt, canvas, and lampreys at sea upon the hulk Christopher, of Bergen …” (S) UKNA.

6/28/1461, Edward IV, age 19, replaced Henry VI as King of England in London. [1st Yorkist King, after King Henry VI captured at the Battle of Northampton.]

9/10/1461, [According to later accusations] The ship ‘le Petir Courtenay’, owned by Hugh, pirated the ship ‘la Margaret’ of Brittany. (S) CPRs, 3/9/1465.

5/1462, Hugh a member of a commission of array and victural ships in the port of Fowey for the king’s fleet.

8/20/1464, Will of Lady Matilda Courtenay [Hugh’s mother]: “To all Crysten people … Mawte that was the wife of Hugh Courtenay knight sendeth gretyng … enfeffed … a messuage of myne sete yn the cyte of Exceter, … a newe messuage of mine ysette yn the south parte of the same lane … the priour of Seynt Nycholas … take uppe the hole profytes and yerely revenus of the said messuages and gardeyns … the said Mawte and Sir Hugh Courtenay, knight, my son and heir, have put to oure seles, … (S) Monasticon Diocesis Exoniensis, Oliver, 1846, P124.

3/9/1465, Commission ... to arrest Hugh Courtenay, knight, ... and bring before the King ... a ship called la Margarete of Brittany was sailing ... certain pirates in a carvel called le Petir Courtenay ... took it to Fowy ... Hugh Courtenay, knight, was the owner of the carvel ... (S) CPRs.

3/20/1465, “Letter of attorney 1 Henry Bodrugan, esq. … 2 John Trenowyth … 2 to deliver seisin to Thos. Tregarthen sen. and Joan his wife of manor of Trethek with … Witnesses: Nicholas Aysshetone, Walter Moyle, judge of Kings Bench; Hugh Courtenay, kt., …”. (S) UKNA.

7/3/1467, Hugh, age 40 at the death of his mother.

1469, Hugh on a commission of piracy on Breton merchant ships based at Fowey.                           

11/19/1470, “Commission to Hugh Courtenay, knight, to enquire touching goods of a Spanish merchant seized by men of Fowey.” (S) UKNA.

4/1471, Hugh joined Queen Margaret at Exeter, King Henry VI being held prisoner.

4/27/1471, Hugh declared a rebel by King Edward IV.

5/4/1471, Hugh, a Lancastrian, at the battle of Tewkesbury in Gloucestershire. The battle was at the confluence of the Avon and Severn rivers. The Lancanstrians arrived 1st after a 40 mile march and established a strong defensive position. Seeing an opening, Somerset attacked Edward IV at the Yorkist center. He was flanked, and Hugh was one of those captured.

5/6/1471, Hugh of Boconnock, co. Cornwall, beheaded [2 days after the battle].

(S) Wadham College, Oxford, Jackson, 1893. (S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P239. (S) Visitation of Cornwall in 1620.

Child of Hugh and Margaret:

i. Sir Edward Courtenay, born ? in England.

Edward married Elizabeth, d/o 475346. Sir Philip Courtney.

1485, Edward re-created Earl of Devon by Henry VII. His 2nd cousin once removed, John Courtenay, earl of Devon, died in battle against the King in 1471 at the Battle of Tewkesbury. Edward’s son William was married to Catherine, d/o Yorkist King Edward IV.

5/28/1509, Edward died.

ii. Isabel Courtenay, born ? in England. 

Isabel married William Mohun.

iii. Maud Courtenay, born ? in England.

Maud married John Arundel.

iv. Elizabeth Courtenay (475327), born ~1450 in England.

v. Florence Courtenay, born ? in England.

Florence married John Trelawney.