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Thursday, May 27, 2010

Lord Henry Fitz Hugh & Lady Alice Neville

950714. Lord Henry Fitz Hugh & 950715. Lady Alice Neville

1429, Henry born in Ravensworth, York, England, heir & s/o 1901428. Lord William Fitz Hugh & 1901429. Margery Willoughby.

~1430, Alice born in England, d/o 1901430. Earl Richard Neville & 1901431. Alice de Montagu.

4/9/1432, To William FitzHugh, baron and lord of Ravenswath in the diocese of York. Indult for himself and his wife and children [Henry, …] to have, in time of interdict, mass etc. celebrated, privately, in his manorial chapels. (S) Lateran Regesta, 312.

10/22/1452, Henry’s father died.

2/15/1453, Henry, 5th Lord Fitzhugh of Ravensworth, Yorkshire, age 23 at the death of his father, had livery of his lands. [To the mayor of the city of York. Order to give Henry Fitz Hugh knight livery of 24 messuages and 12 gardens in that city … (S) CCRs.]

2/15/1453, Order to the escheator in the county of York ; pursuant to divers inquisitions … William Fitz Hugh knight on the day of his death held (1) 3 messuages, 4 … (2) the manor of Brandesburton and 12 messuages, 8 … (3) the patronage and advowson of the abbey of St. Mary of Jorevaux, … (4) the advowsons of the churches of Staveley and Brunsall … [lands previously of Henry le Scrop of Masham] … Henry Fitz Hugh knight is the son and heir male of the said William , and his son and next heir, and of full age ; … (S) CFRs.

8/1453, King Henry VI had a mental breakdown. [Richard, Duke of York, appointed Protector of the Realm.]

10/20/1453, Henry with Warwick and others at the village of Shandhutton in negotiations with the earl of Northumberland during the Neville-Percy fueds.

1454-55, “Returned oyer and terminer commission, Yorks, held by Richard duke of York, Richard earl of Warwick, John earl of Shrewsbury, Ralph de Graystoke, Henry FitzHugh, Richard Byngham and Ralph Pole, at York castle.” (S) UKNA.

5/26/1455, Henry 1st summoned to parliament by writ.

1458, Henry and Alice granted a papal indult for a portable alter.

1459, Alice a legatee in the will of her father.

11/20/1459, Alice’s father and brothers attained.

12/11/1459 at Coventry, Henry took the oath of allegiance to King Henry VI.

12/22/1459, Henry named Master Forester for the co. of York, and Steward of the lordship of Richmond.

1/1461, Henry was a member of the army of Queen Margaret. (S) Edward IV, Ross, 1997, P67.

2/17/1461, Henry with the Lancastrian forces of Queen Margaret made a surprise attack on the forces of Richard, earl of Warwick, at the 2nd battle of St. Albans. In a snow storm, half the Yorkist forces were killed. Richard, and John Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk, escaped. King Henry VI was left sitting under a tree for the Lancastrian forces. (S) Edward IV, Ross, 1997, P67.

3/14/1461, Edward [earl of March] proclaimed himself King Edward IV as the rightful heir. [Edward was Alice’s 1st cousin.]

3/29/1461, Henry fighting as a Yorkist at the Battle of Towton in Yorkshire, a Yorkist victory. This battle was the largest and bloodiest fought on British soil. As many as 28,000 died at the battle between Towton and Saxton in Yorkshire. Yorkist forces, with a wind at their back in a blinding snow storm giving their archers and spearmen a significant advantage. [King Henry and Queen Margaret fled to Scotland. King Henry had another breakdown, and Queen Margaret led the Lancastrian resistance.]

1461-62, Alice’s father captured at the Battle of Wakefield, and killed while attempting to escape.

6/28/1462, Edward IV crowned at Westminster, beginning the House of York.

11/1462, Henry with King Edward IV on his expedition to the north.

1463-65, “The abbess and convent of Syon ask the king … Cecily [Plantagenet, Duchess of York], mother of king; Richard [Plantagenet], Duke of York, father of king; Edmund Fauconer (Falconer); Alice [Fauconer (Falconer)]; Edward III, King of England; Henry Fitz Hugh, Lord [Fitz Hugh] of Ravensworth …” (S) UKNA.

1464, “Letter from John [Neville] earl of Northumberland to his brother [Henry] Lord Fitzhugh - asking him to stand as John Aglionby's 'gud Lorde' during the time of his mayoralty of Carlisle.” (S) UKNA.

2/20/1466, “Writ to sheriffs of York to provide jury for trials of treason, etc., on a commission to Richard, Duke of Gloucester, Richard, Earl of Warwick, John, Earl of Northumberland, Sir Henry Fitzhugh, …” (S) UKNA.

10/10/1466, Henry named to a commission of peace with Scotland.

1468, Henry licensed to travel to the Holy Sepulchre at Jerusalem with 12 persons.

7/26/1469, Henry at the battle of Edgecote, a Yorkist victory over royalists. Yorkists were commanded by Sir William Conyers, who was killed, the royalists by the earl of Pembroke, Sir William Herbert. Earl Rivers and Sir John Wydville, the Queen’s father and brother were captured.

7/1470, Henry led a small insurrection in Yorkshire. The King moved against Henry at the battle of Empingham. Henry fled to Scotland.

9/10/1470, General pardon to … Henry Fitzhugh of Fitzhugh, knight, and Alice his wife, … Francis Lovell ... Richard, George, Edward, Thomas and John, sons of the said Henry Fitzhugh ... Elizabeth daughter of Henry Fitzhugh, ... Joan Lovell and Frideswide, sisters of same Francis Lovel, ... . (S) CPRs.

10/13/1470, Henry VI restored to the throne. [Richard, Earl of Warwick, & Duke of Clarence effectively ruling.]

10/15/1470, Henry summoned to parliament by writ. (S) CPRs, V51, 1900, P634.

4/14/1471, Battle of Barnet, north of London. Kind Edward IV defeated and killed Richard Neville [Alice’s brother], earl of Warwick, “the Kingmaker.” A heavy fog limited visibility. A combined total of 1000 knights died. Both handguns [relatively new] and cannon were used during the fight.

5/1471, Edward IV restored to the throne.

6/8/1472, Henry died. “Fitz Hugh, Henry, kt Lincs, Berks, Derb, Notts, Yorks”. (S) UKNA, IPM. [Richard his son and heir age 15.]


1482, Alice, her son George, and her daughter Anne, Lady Lovel, visited Lincoln college at Oxford. (S) Pembroke College Cambridge, Attwater, 2010, P25.

6/26/1483, Richard III succeeded Edward V as King of England.

1484, Alice, Lady Fitzhugh, gave vestments to the Lincoln College chapel. She was visiting her son George with her daughter Annd, Lady Lovell. (S) Pembroke College Cambridge, Attwater, 2010, P25.

1483, Lady Alice and her daughter Elizabeth appointed by the Queen to serve as ladies-in-waiting.

7/6/1483, Alice and Elizabeth 2 of 7 noble ladies honored to ride to the coronation with the Queen [Lady Anne Neville, Alice’s niece, d/o Richard, earl of Warwick. Elizabeth received 7 yards of gold and silk; Alice received material for 2 gowns, one of blue velvet and crimson satin, and one of crimson and velvet with white damask.]

8/22/1485, Henry VII succeeded Richard III as King of England.

2/24/1486, Letter of Alice, Lady Fitzhugh, to John Paston. “Jon Paston, I recommaunde me to you in my moste hertely maner. And wher I understande be my doghter Lovell, ... my doghtyr Lovell makeith great sute and labourt for my sone hir husbande. ... From London, the xxiiijth day of February. Your Loving moder, Alise, Lady Fitzhugh.” (S) Paston Letters, Gairdner, 1900, P326.

11/22/1503, Katheryn Hastings’ will: “ ... To her son in law, George earl of Shrewsbury ... To his wife, her daughter: “a cope of cloth of gold with lillyes embroidered, and that oon of the image of the Trinitie, with a frontail for an altar … my Prymar, which is now in the keeping of my lady Fitz Hugh [her sister Alice] ...” (S) Testamenta Vetusta, Nicolas, 1826, P452.

(S) The Hist. of the parish of Hailsham, Salzman, 1901, P26. (S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P341. (S) Royal Families, Burke, 1851, P83.

Child of Henry and Alice: [5 sons, 6 daughters]

i. Alice Fitzhugh (475357), born ~1455 in England.

ii. Richard Fitzhugh, born 1457 in England.

Richard married Elizabeth Burgh, daughter of Thomas Burgh, 1st Baron Burgh.

2/24/1480, Licence for Richard Fitz Hugh son and heir of Henry Fitz Hugh, knight, to enter freely ... (S) CPRs.

1495-96, Will of Thomas Burgh: ... to my daughter the Lady Fitz-Hugh, a book of gold enamelled, which was my wife's; ...” (S) Testamenta Vetusta, Nicolas, 1826, P428.

1507, Elizabeth died.

iii. George Fitzhugh, born 1459 in England.

1483, George, age 24, appointed to the deanery of Lincoln.

iv. Elizabeth Fitzhugh, born 1460 in England.

Elizabeth married William Parr, s/o Sir Thomas Parr & Alice Tunstall.

1483, William Parr died.

Child: Sir Thomas Parr, father of Queen Catherine Parr, wife of King Henry VIII.

v. Anne Fitzhugh, born ? in England.

Bef. 1466, Anne married Francis Lovell, son and heir of John Lovell, knight, and his wife Joan Beaumont. (S) Original Letters, Fenn, 1789, P249.