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Friday, June 18, 2010

Sir Nicholas de Goushill & Joan ?

1477484. Sir Nicholas de Goushill & 1477485. Joan ?

Bef. 1315, Nicholas Goushull born in England, s/o 2954968. Sir Thomas Goushill & 2954969. Agnes ?.

1/24/1327, Edward III, age 14, succeeded Edward II as King of England.

7/19/1333, Sir Nicholas at the battle of Halidon Hill, a small rise of 600 ft. two miles to the north-west of Berwick. Scots under Sir Archibald Douglas defeated by forces of Edward III. (S) Knights and Warhorses, Ayton, 1999, P190.

12/1/1336, Whereas it is provided in the great charter of liberties that no free man shall be taken, imprisoned or disseised of his freehold or outlawed except by the judgment of his peers or by the law of the land, and lately at the prosecution of Thomas de Goushull, knight, Thomas de Radeclyve, Nicholas son of Thomas de Goushull, … (S) CCRs.

7/1338, Nicholas preparing to leave England  in the King’s army. (S) CPR, 1338-40, P135. Edward, unable to provoke a battle with Philip VI of France by his various invasions of France, decided to attack Flanders, which was economically tied to England through the wool market.

1338-39, Sir Nicholas de Goushill, serving in the Cambresis-Thierache campaign in northern France [Hainaut], lost a horse valued at 10£. (S) Knights and Warhorses, Ayton, 1999, P218.

1340, Sir Nicholas served in the Marches.

7/16/1342, Commission … to Richard de Wylughby, … on complaint by Thomas Wake of Lydell that … Cestrefeld … within his liberty of Scarvesdale, Thomas de Goushul, knight, Nicholas and Edward his sons, … plotted day and night against men and merchants coming to the market, and beat them … (S) CPRs.

1342-3, Sir Nicholas served in Brittany.

10/21/1345, Nicholas served with Henry Grosmont, earl of Derby, at the battle of Auberoche, France. The successful attack was launched as the French were having their evening meal. Derby used this opportunity to seize more towns in the region including Montségur, and to conduct successful sieges against La Réole and Aiguillon.

1359, Nicholas entered by night the close of John Bosoun, ‘chivaler,’ at Screveton, carried away gold, silver, … servants … robbed them … stolen 6 oxen … and for having ravished Margaret wife of the said John at Brunnesle, abducted her …

2/10/1361, Pardon, for good service done in the wars in France in the company of Robert de Herle, to Nicholas Goushill, knight, … for having [committed crimes of 1359] (S) CPRs.

6/17/1362, Protection with clause volumus, for one year, … going to Ireland in the king’s service … Nicholas de Goushill, ‘chivaler,’ … (S) CPRs.

11/1362, Sir Nicholas de Goushill, serving in Ireland, lost a horse valued at 8£. (S) Knights and Warhorses, Ayton, 1999, P218.

4/28/1363, Protection with clause volumus, for one year, … going to Ireland in the king’s service … Nicholas de Gousell, ‘chivaler,’ … (S) CPRs.

8/1/1366, Debtor: Nicholas de Goushill, knight, of Notts. [family held part of a fee in Hoveringham, Thurgerton and Lythe Wapentake, Notts ]. Creditor: Sir William de Windsor, knight [of London]. Amount: £107 6s. (S) UKNA.

1367, Thomas de Goushill, Knight, to Nicholas de Goushill, Knight, his son and Joan his wife. Lease for his life of the Manor of Hoveringham and all his lands and the ferry between Hoveryngham and Knyveton with the weir of Schakurdale and free fishing in the Trent. (S) UKNA.

12/20/1368, Commission to choose, array, try and furnish with armour … Roger de Belers … Nicholas de Gousill, to choose 60 archers in the county of Nottingham. (S) CPRs.

8/1369, John, Duke of Lancaster, landed at Calais and won the battle of Balingham Hill. With little other success due to the weather, dwindling supplies, and the plague, they returned to England. Sir Nicholas served William, Lord Latimer’s retinue.

1370-1, Sir Nicholas, heir to his father.

3/28/1371, Henry de Braylesford, … and Nicholas de Goushull; to collect a parish subsidy in Derby. (S) CFRs.

7/1373, Sir Nicholas Goushill accused by William, Lord Furnival, of poaching and causing great destruction on his parks in and around Sheffield. (S) Hist. of Parlaiment, Roskell, 1993.

11/11/1374, “Debtor: Nicholas de Goushill, the elder, knight, of [Hoveringham, Thurgarton and Lythe Wapentake] Notts.” (S) UKNA.

1375, Inquisition … Thomas de Goushill, knight, with Agnes his wife, joyntly held when he died, the manor of Kynwaldmersh, and two parts of Barleburgh, &c. and that Nicholas de Goushill Chr. his son and heir was then above 60 years old. (S) Thoroton’s Hist. of Nottinghamshire, Throsby, 1796.

7/16/1377, Richard II crowned king of England.

2/16/1379, Commission of oyer and terminer … on complaint by the king’s uncle John, duke of Lancaster, that Philip Darcey, knight, … Nicholas de Goushill, knight, … broke the closes and houses of divers of his tenants at Burton-on-Trent, … co. Nottingham, … (S) CPRs.

1381, Nicholas associated with an uprising in Derbyshire.

1381, Nicholas de Goushill, Knight, to Richard Felixman. Lease of 16 acres of land in Hoveryngham. (S) UKNA.

3/12/1385, the King orders the arrest of Sir Nicholas Goushill the elder and his son Robert Goushill to answer the suit brought by William Birkes accusing the Goushills of threatening him with the loss of life and limb.

7/16/1385, Sir Nicholas received a pardon from the King “for all manner of felonies and crimes of which he is indicted.” (S) UKNA.

1386, Sir Nicholas Goushill the elder in a murderous assault on William Birkes, which resulted in a summons to appear before the court of Chancery. (S) Hist. of Parlaiment, Roskell, 1993.

6/1386 at Bristol castle, Pardon to Nicholas Goushill, knight, the elder, for all felonies … except treasons and rapes … (S) CPRs.

1387, Nicholas Goushill knight of Hoveringham and his son Robert Goushill owe a debt of £22 to Robert Wells of London.

9/1388, Nicholas named his great grandfather, John de Goushill of Hoveringham, in a plea.

1/18/1393, Sir Nicholas, Knt. of Hoveringham, Nottinghamshire died; buried at St. Michaels in Hoveringham. “Here lyeth the body of Sir Nicholas Goushill son of Sir Thomas Gozill, which Sir Nicolas died in the year 1393.” (S) The Antiquities of Nottinghamshire, Thoroton, V1, 1797.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P338.

Family notes:

·         “The Nottinghamshire knight Sir Nicholas de Goushill illustrates well the life of the committed, yet restless soldier. During an eventful career, which began with the battle of Halidon Hill in 1333 and lasted 35 years, he served in Scotland with William, Lord Deyncourt, in Ireland with William of Windsor, in serveral part of France with Henry, earl of Derby, two earls of Salisbury and Sir Robert de Herle, ending with service in William, Lord Latimer’s retinue on John of Gaunt’s chevauchee in 1369. The intensity with which Goushill followed a life in arms appears to have been prompted by the extradordinary longevity of his parents, who lived into their eighties; he didn’t inherit his family’s property until he was an old man.” (S) The Wars of Edward III, Rogers, 1999, P313.

Children of Nicholas and Joan:

i. Robert Goushill (738742), born 1360-65 in England. [Heir]

ii. Sir Nicholas Goushill, born ? in England.

7/22/1402, Nicholas died of wounds from the battle of Shrewsbury [as did his brother Robert.]

11/7/1403, IPM of Nicholas Goushill, Knight. Nicholas holds of the king of the honour of Peverel by the service of finding a horse, value 5s., and a sack with a goad for 40 days with the king’s army for war in Wales. (S) CIsPM.

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