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Friday, June 18, 2010

Earl Richard Fitzalan de Arundel & Countess Elizabeth de Bohun

1477486. Earl Richard Fitzalan de Arundel & 1477487. Countess Elizabeth de Bohun

1336, Elizabeth born in Lincoln, Derbyshire, England, d/o 2954974. William de Bohun & 2954975. Elizabeth de Badlesmere.

1346, Richard born in England, heir & s/o 2954972. Richard Fitzalan & 2954973. Lady Eleanor Plantagenet.

[––Richard & Eleanor––]

By 1359, Richard married to Elizabeth.

7/26/1359 at London, Indenture between William de Bohun, earl of Northampton, and Richard earl of Arundel, … if marriages between Humphrey son of the earl of Northampton and Joan daughter of the earl of Arndel, and Richard son of the earl of Arundel and Elizabeth daughter of the earl of Northampton, do not come between now and Christmas … (S) CCRs.

9/28/1359, Grant for Richard, earl of Arundel, to grant to Richard, his son, and Elizabeth daughter of William de Bohun, earl of Northampton, in tail, the manor of Medmenham … (S) CPRs.

4/12/1366, Whereas the king … lately granted licence for Richard, earl of Arundel and Surrey, to enfeoff the king’s son John, duke of Lancaster, … licence for the feoffees to grant to the said earl and Eleanor , his wife, daughter of Henry, late earl of Lancaster, … remainder to Richard de Arundell, the younger, and Elizabeth his wife, … successive remainder … to John brother of the said Richard, and to Eleanor his wife, … to Thomas, brother of the said John, … to Joan, countess of Hereford, sister of the said Thomas, … to Alesia, sister of the said Joan, … (S) CPRs.

5/12/1370, Grant to Eleanor, wife of Richard, earl of Arundel, and to Richard de Arundell, the younger, and Elizabeth hs wife, that after the death of the earl, and after the deaths of the earl and Eleanor, respectively, they may enter into any lands … (S) CPRs.

1/11/1372, Richard’s mother died.

7/20/1374, Commitment to Richard Darundell, ' chivaler,' of the wardship of all the manors and lands of John de Cherleton of Powys, knight, who held in chief. (S) CFRs.

5/18/1375, Commitment to Richard de Arundell, knight, son of the earl of Arundel, by mainprise of John de Arundell and Edward Seint Johan, of the wardship of all the lands late of John de Cherleton of Powys, knight. (S) CFRs.

12/5/1375, Richard left his father’s “best coronet” in his father’s will.

1/24/1376, Richard succeeded his father. [His oldest halfbrother Edmund had been dispossessed by his father.]

2/13/1376, Order to escheator in the counties of Salop and Stafford and the march of Wales adjacent—… in favour of Richard de Arundell, the younger, and Elizabeth, his wife to allow the said Richard and Elizabeth to have the castles, towns, manors, lands, hundreds, liberties and chaces … (S) CFRs.

1377, Richard, admiral of the king’s fleet in the westwards and southwards; retained by indenture to serve for one quarter of a year, in the company of John, Duke of Lancaster. [Expedition to Pays de Caux.]

7/16/1377, Richard II, age 10, crowned king of England. Richard, earl of Arundel, served as the King’s chief butler.

12/1377, Richard, earl of Arundel, admiral of England towards the south and west. (S) Roles of the Sea, Gorski, 2012, P83.

1378, Richard in a fleet of ships that attacked Harfleur, France, at the entrance of the Seine to the channel, but was driven back into the sea.

8/1378, Richard, serving under John, duke of Lancaster, who commanded an unsuccessful naval siege on St. Malo, Brittany.

4/1/1380, Licence … for his kinsman, Richard, earl of Arundel and Surrey, in fulfillment of the purpose of his father, Richard, the late earl, to annul the priory of Arundell, … (S) CPRs.

7/1380, Elizabeth, Countess of Arundel, kidnapped her niece, Mary de Bohun from Pleshy castle, home of Thomas of Woodstock, where she was living with her elder sister, Thomas’ wife, and brought her to Arundel castle in Sussex. (S) Mistress of the Monarchy, Weir, P181. [Elizabeth was doing this for John of Gaunt, older brother of Thomas, so that he could marry Mary to his son Henry de Derby, future King Henry IV.]

1381, Richard, earl of Arundel, and Michael de la Pole, earl of Suffolk, assigned by parliament as councilors to 14-year-old King Richard II.

12/14/1383, Appointment of the king’s kinsman, Richard, earl of Arundel, to the custody, during his minority, of the body of the king’s kinsman, Roger, son and heir of Edmund de Mortuo Mari, late the earl of March and Ulster, tenant in chief. (S) CPRs. [1385, Roger would be named the presumptive heir of Richard II. Dying in 1398, his son Edmund’s title usurped by Henry IV leading to the War of the Roses.]

4/1384, at parliament in Salisbury, Richard, Earl of Arundel, launched a verbal attack on King Richard II and his favorites. John, Duke of Lancaster, tried to intercede, alienating his nephew the king.

4/3/1385, Elizabeth died.

[––Richard––]

8/1385, John, duke of Lancaster, led an expedition into Scotland attacking Edinburgh. [A French force of about 1500 was known to have landed in Scotland.] With the Scots avoiding a confrontation against a large army, they pillaged the area and found Edinburgh deserted. [Richard, Earl of Arundel and Thomas de Mowbray, earl of Nottingham, had a combined force of around 200 men-at-arms and 300 archers. Thomas is Richard’s son-in-law.]

1/25/1386, There was a disagreement (dissencio) between the king of England and the earl of Arundel, as a result of which the said lord king struck him with his fist and knocked him to the ground. (S) Chronicle at Hospitaller Priory at Clerkenwell, London.

4/1386, Richard, 11th Earl of Arundel, Knight of the Garter.

12/1386, Richard, earl of Arundel, admiral of the seas to the North, and to the South, and the West. (S) Roles of the Sea, Gorski, 2012, P83.

1387, Richard a member of the “lords appellant” opposing Richard II; in the commission for the trial of Michael De la Pole, and others of the king's favorites, whom the Commons had then impeached.

3/24/1387, Richard, Admiral of the king’s fleet; off Margate encountered and vanquished the united fleets of France and Spain, taking no less than 100 ships, great and small, all laden with wines, comprising 19,000 tons. Richard followed up by entering the port of Brest, reducing one of the castles and burning the other; returning to England in great triumph; Richard made Governor of the castle and town of Brest [on western tip of France].

6/5/1388, … Richard, earl of Arundel and Surrey, captain of the castle and town of Brest, … (S) CPRs.

6/12/1388, Richard 1 of 5 “Lords Appellant” in opposition to King Richard II. Grant to Thomas, duke of Goucester, Henry, earl of Derby [future Henry IV], Richard, earl of Arundel, Thomas, earl of Warwick and Thomas, earl Marshall, of £20,000 on condition that the said 5 lords should Have this sum for their costs and expenses in saving king and kingdom. (S) CPRs.

5/1388, At sea, Richard’s fleet attacked small islands off the coast of France, and then landed near La Rochelle where they pillaged nearby towns.

5/1389, Richard II declared himself of age, and dismissed the Lords Appellant.

11/5/1389, Discharge of Richard, earl of Arundel and Surrey, admiral of England, from a bond, … he would safely keep John Buke, knight, a prisoner of war lately captured at sea … died. (S) CPRs.

[––Richard & Philippe––]

8/15/1390, Richard married Philippe Mortimer, widow of John de Hastings, d/o 7605294. Earl Edmund de Mortimer & 7605295. Philippe of Clarence. [No children. Richard fined 400 marks for marrying without permission.]

3/7/1391, Richard, earl of Arundel and Surrey, granted a market at Castle Acre, Norfolk. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs to 1516.

3/4/1392, Richard wrote his will.

12/12/1393, Commitment to Richard earl of Arundel … of the keeping of all the possessions in England of the alien abbot of Sees, to hold the same during the war with France. (S) CFRs.

1394, At the Hilary parliament, Richard accused the Duke of Lancaster, uncle of Richard II, of having too much influence on the king to the detriment of other lords.

11/9/1394, Richard, earl of Arundel, and Philippa, his wife, staying in England, … attorneys in Ireland for one year. (S) CPRs.

1394, Richard accused of treason by the Duke of Lancaster, pardoned.

1394, At the Queen’s funeral, Richard attacked with a cane and wounded by Richard II for being late.

10/18/1396, Richard, earl of Arundel, staying in England, has letters nominating … in Ireland for one year. (S) CPRs.

6/2/1397, John, duke of Lancaster, Richard, earl of Arundel, Thomas, earl marshal and of Nottingham, … on a commission of peace for Sussex. (S) CPRs.

7/22/1397, Commission to seize into the King’s hand all the castles, towns, liberties and lordships of Richard earl of Arundel in the counties of Hereford and Salop and in Wales. (S) CFRs.

8/8/1397, Richard sent to the Tower [but released 2 days later.]

9/21/1397, Richard, 10th Earl of Surrey, executed in the Tower of London by his son-in-law Thomas de Mobray, Earl Marshall; buried at the Augustine Friars, Bread Street, London. [John, Duke of Lancaster presided over his trial.]

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P336.

Children of Richard and Elizabeth: [3 sons, 5 daughters]

i. Elizabeth Fitzalan (738743), born 1366 in England.

ii. Joan Fitzalan, born ~? in England.

Joan married William de Beauchamp, Baron of Abergavenny. (S) IPM of her brother Thomas.

11/14/1435, Joan died.

iv. Thomas Fitzalan, born 10/13/1381 in England.

10/13/1415, Thomas, earl of Arundel, died; his sisters Elizabeth, Joan and Margaret his heirs.

iii. Margaret Fitzalan, born by 1385 in England.

Margaret married Roland Lenthale, knight, of Hampton Court, Herefordshire. (S) IPM of her brother Thomas.

Aft. 1423, Margaret died.


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