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Tuesday, June 22, 2010

Lord Walter Hungerford & Katherine Peverell

1901386. Lord Walter Hungerford & 1901387. Katherine Peverell

6/22/1378, Walter born in England, s/o 3802772. Thomas Hungerford & 3802773. Joan Hussey.

Walter [likely] attended Merton college, Oxford. [Walter left Merton £100 in his will for a bell tower. Walter able to read Latin as well as English, and among his books was a 2-volume Latin Bible, several theological works, and a romance called ‘Le Siege de Troye’.]

~1384, Katherine born in England, d/o 3802774. Thomas Peverell & 3802775. Margaret Courtenay.

11/10/1395, Pardon … for Walter Hungerford son of Thomas Hungerford, knight, for acquiring from his father the keepership of the forest of Selewode, co. Wilts, with remainder to John, son of the said Thomas … (S) CPRs.

[––Walter & Katherine––]

10/1396, Walter contracted to marry Katherine by Thomas Hungerford and Thomas Peverell. Thomas Hungerford gave estates in Wiltshire and Gloucestershire worth 300-400 marks annually. Thomas Peverell was to pay £140 and was to settle the manor of Stoke Bassett, Oxfordshire, worth £20 annually.

12/10/1397, IPM of Thomas de Hungerford, knight. Gloucester: Dounamneney. The manor. … He died on Monday before St Nicholas last. Walter, aged 19 years and more, is his son and heir. Somerset: He held jointly with Joan his wife, who is still living, … rent … messuage … Heir aged 19 years, 27 weeks, 1 day. Wilts: He held jointly with Joan his wife … manor of Estcourt Heghtredbury … manors of Asshele and Codeford … e held the under-mentioned fulling-mill jointly with Walter his son … (S) CIsPM.

12/3/1398, Walter’s father died.

Bef. 5/1399, Walter married to Katherine.

6/1399, Walter provided proof of age.

7/4/1399, Walter supported Henry Bolingbroke, who landed at Ravenspur; then proceeded through the Lancastrian lands in the north and took York. [Henry IV invaded while Richard II was in Ireland.]

9/30/1399, Henry IV succeeded Richard II as King of England.

10/12/1399, On the eve of the coronation, Walter 1 of 46 equires knighted.

11/2/1399, Walter appointed Constable of Marlborough castle, and shared a £200 award with Sir Thomas Beauchamp “in recompense of their great expenses in the King’s service after his last coming into England.”

12/18/1399, Commission of array … John Lovell of Tychemerssh, ‘chivaler,’ John Roche, ‘chivaler,’ … Walter Hungerford, ‘chivaler,’ … county of Wilts. (S) CPRs.

1/4/1400, Walter captured by the earls of Salisbury and Kent, who were in revolt [who were soon captured and hung.]

1/1401, Walter a MP for Wiltshire [and summoned to a great council at Westminster in May.]

1403, Walter on a commission of array [Sept.]; and a commission of inquiry into thefts [July], and commission of oyer and terminer [Apr.].

1405-6, “Grantor: Sir William Cheyny, knight. Grantee: Sir Walter Hungerford, knight, William Besile, …” (S) UKNA.

11/22/1405, Walter appointed Sheriff of Wiltshire.

7/21/1406, Walter the Chamberlain of of household of Princess Philippa.

1409, Sir Walter addressed the Commons stating that he had not let the Priory of Farley fall into dilapidation and requested a jury trial. (S) The Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Magazine, V4, 1858, P275.

1411, Walter’s mother left him 200 marks in her will to found chantrys at St. Anne’s where they were buried.

5/15/1412, “…  grant of William Esturmy, knight … Witnesses: Walter Hungerford, William Chayne, knights, William Stourton, Thomas Calston …” (S) UKNA.

1412, Walter’s mother died. Walter receiving her lands.

4/5/1413, Walter appointed Chief steward, duchy of Lancaster south of Trent [which he held until 1437.]

4/9/1413, Henry V crowned king of England.

11/6/1413, Walter appointed Sheriff of Dorset and Somerset.

4/1414, Walter elected as the Speaker of Parliament.

1414, Walter appointed to conduct and regulate the king’s household. (S) Lancaster and York, Ramsay, 2005, P229.

8/1414, “Particulars of the account of [ambassador] Walter Hungerford of journeys to Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund, and to the council of Constance.” (S) UKNA. [King Henry IV sent emissaries to numerous Kings and Papal persons justifying his ascent to the crown.]

8/13/1415, Walter in King Henry V’s force of 12,000 landing at the mouth of the Seine at Harfleur.

10/25/1415, Walter served at the battle of Agincourt with 20 men-at-arms and 60 archers. Walter is famous for his statement to the King before the battle that it was to be regretted they had not with them 10,000 English archers – to which the King replied in part [according to Shakespeare’s “Henry V”] “God’s will I pray thee: wish not one man more!”. [Walter’s retinue captured at least 8 French knights.]

8/15/1416, Walter, Admiral of the squadron under the Duke of Bedford, which defeated the French fleet off Harfleur. The Battle of the Seine Estuary helped Henry V achieve mastery of the seas. The English fleet met about 150 French ships. While the English ships were smaller, the surprise attack in the shallow estuary proved a significant advantage in maneuverability. After 7 hours the English captured 3 of the 8 large Genoese carracks, and ran another aground. The English lost about 20 ships. They were then able to relieve the garrison at Harfleur.

1416, “Letters patent licencing Walter Hungerford kt. and John Skilling esq. to leave France to convalesce from their illnesses. Issued by the duke of Bedford on board the ship Holy Ghost in the Seine before Kydecaux.” (S) UKNA.

1416-17, “Indentures between the king and the following for war-service, (actually for the relief of Harfleur). Walter Hungerford, kt..” (S) UKNA.

2/1417, Walter appointed to the Royal Council.

1417, King Henry returned to France. He first captured the city of Caen after a 2-week siege.

7/21/1417, Walter Hungerford, knight, named in the will of King Henry V. (S) Testamenta Vetusta, V1, 1826, P21.

1/1418, Walter, Steward of the King’s household, with 60 lancers and 85 archers, at the siege of Falaise. They continue to the capture of St. Lo, and eventually at the capture of Cherbourg.

11/1418, Walter appointed Capt. of Cherbourg, France.

12/1418, Walter, for his service in France, granted the lordship of Hommet d’Arthenay in Normandy.

1/19/1419, Walter at the surrender of Rouen, after a long siege.

1420-21, Walters income from his estates valued at £650 yearly.

2/1421, Walter returned to England with the King for the coronation of Queen Katherine.

5/3/1421, Walter invested as a Knight of the Garter.

10/1421, Walter back in France with the King at the siege of Meaux.

5/1422, Walter, in command of the wester sector, was able to breach the walls of Meaux. Walter was then appointed Capt. of Chateau Gaillard [castle fortress in France on the Seine river.]

8/14/1422, Katherine age 28, heir to her mother’s dower estates.

1422, Walter served on the Council of Regency and was an executor of the King Henry V’s will.

8/31/1422, Henry V died in France at the siege of Meaux. Henry VI (an infant) succeeded as King of England. Walter was appointed as a member of the Council of Regency of England.

1422-4, “Henry FitzHugh, Lord FitzHugh, knight, Lewis Robessart, Lord Bourchier, knight, Walter Hungerford, knight, Walter Beauchamp, knight, … executors of Henry V ...” (S) UKNA.

1423, Walter on commission to repair Windsor castle., and a commission to survey river Lee in Essex.

3/1/1425, Grant from heir to heir, … of the marriage of John son and heir of Richard, late earl of Oxford, deceased, being a minor in the king’s ward to the following persons, who have lent the king the following sums …  Ralph Cromwell, knight, 250 marks, … Walter Hungerford, knight, 250 marks, and John Tiptoft, knight, 250 marks … (S) CPRs.

1425, Walter’s eldest son Walter captured and imprisoned in France. [Son Walter ransomed for 3000m. Died before 1439.]

1/1426-48, Walter summoned to parliament by writ as a baron.

1426, Walter founded a chantry in memory of his father and mother.

1426, Walter, Steward of the Household of King Henry VI and Treasurer of England. (S) The Wars of the Roses, Weir, 1995, P80.

1/1427, Walter went to Cherbourg castle to prepare it for an attack by the French and Bretons.

6/14/1428, “Henry Stratford requests the extension of letters of safe conduct … [Walter Hungerford], Lord Hungerford, Treasurer …” (S) UKNA.

11/6/1429, Henry VI crowned King of England.

1429-30, Walters income from his estates valued at £1,047 yearly.

5/6/1430, William Darell, … to Walter Hungerforde knight lord of Haytesbury and Homet, John Tiptoft knight lord of Powys, …. Charter of demise and feoffment of all the grantors' messuages, lands, …. Witnesses: William lord Botreaux, Humphrey Stafforde, Stephen Popham knights, … (S) CCRs.

11/5/1431, “…  Seigneur de Offemont; [Henry V], King of England; [Walter Hungerford], Lord Hungerford, Treasurer of England …” (S) UKNA.

1432, 1433, 1442, Walter a “Trier of parliamentary petitions.”

10/1432, Walter distributed Henry V’s legacy to his household servants.

11/12/1432, Katherine living.

1433, Authorization by Walter lord Hungerford for his son Robert Hungerford, Sir John Stourton, ... and John Fortescu, ..., to arrange the ransome of lord Hungerford's prisoner, Jean de Vendome, vidame de Chartres. (S) UKNA.

5/23/1435, “…  Present: … [Humphrey Stafford, earl of] Stafford; [William de la Pole, earl of] Suffolk; [Walter Hungerford, Lord] Hungerford; [John Stafford, bishop of] Bath [and Wells]; [Ralph Cromwell, Lord] Cromwell, treasurer;…” (S) UKNA.

8/1435, Walter a delegate to the Congress of Arras, hoping to reach compromise between England, allied with Burgandy, and France.

By 1439, Katherine died, buried at Salisbury Cathedral.


1/20/1439, Commitment to Walter Hungerford, knight, and Robert Hungerford, knight, by mainprise, found in the Exchequer, of Edmund Hungerford, knight, of the county of Somerset, esquire, … of the keeping of all the manors and lands, in the counties of Buckingham, Berks, Wilts and Cornwall, late of Margery (369387) late lady de Moleyns, late the wife of William de Moleyns knight, who held of the king in chief on the day of her death ; to hold the same from the time of the death of the said Margery until the full age of Eleanor, daughter and heir of William de Moleyns knight the son and heir of the aforesaid William, and kinswoman and heir of the said Margery (to wit, daughter of the said William the son of the said William the father and Margery), … (S) CFRs.

3/1439, Walter arranged the marriage of grandson Robert Hungerford (s/o Robert, 950546) to Eleanor de Moleyns.

Bef. 5/8/1439, Walter married 2nd Eleanor Berkeley, widow of Sir John de Arundel. [No children.]

1439, Gift by Philip Courtenay, kt., Maurice Berkley, kt., John Fortescue, kt., and Walter Rodeney, kt., and Sir John Hody, to Walter Hungerford and to Eleanor countess of Arundell, of their manors of Sutton and Codford with appurtenances in Heytesbury, Tytherington, Ansty and Horningsham; and confirmation to Eleanor of her right in property called Southcourt in Heytesbury. (S) UKNA.

1439, Walter a member of an embassy to Calais.

11/11/1441, Licence for Walter de Hungerford, knight, to found a perpetual chantry … church of St. Leonard, … souls … of Katherine late the wife of Walter, of Thomas Hungerford, ‘chivaler,’ and Joan his wife, Walter’s mother, … (S) CPRs.

1433, Walter suppressed an uprising in Salisbury.

11/18/1443, Walter a 2nd chantry, “The Chantry of Walter Hungerford, Knight, at the Altar of St. Mary”, endowed out of a mill at Tellisford. (S) A Guide to Farleigh-Hungerford, Jackson, 1879, P50.

1446-48, “Lands of Walter Hungerford, ‘Dominus de Heyghtesbury et de Homet’”. (S) UKNA.

3/12/1447, Walter Lord Hungerford named in the will of King Henry VI. (S) Testamenta Vetusta, V1, 1826, P22.

1429-30, Walters income from his estates valued at £1,800 yearly.

1449, Walter, lord of Hungerford, Heytesbury, and Hornet, wrote his will: to his son Edmund [youngest son] a cup of gold, and a cover with a sapphire on the head; to Robert Hungerford, lord Molins [his grandson], best pair of “cuiraffes” to be chosen out of the armour at Farley Hungerford. (S) Ancient and Modern Gold and Silver Smith’s Work, Pollen, 1878, P-CLI.

8/9/1449, Walter, 1st Lord Hungerford, K.B., Knight of the Garter of Farleigh Hungerford, Somerset, died; buried with Katherine.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P442. (S) A Hist. of the Royal Navy, Nicolas, 1847, P460. (S) Hist. of Parliament, Roskell, 1993.

Family notes:

·         Sir Walter’s family library included ‘The Canterbury Tales’, ‘The Siege of Troy’, ‘The Golden Legend’, and various theological texts. (S) Charles D’Orleans in England, Arn, 2000, P44.

Child of Walter and Katherine: [4 sons, 2 daughters]

i. Walter Hungerford, born ? in England.

1425, Walter captured and imprisoned in France [ransomed.]

1429, Walter, a knight banneret, again captured at the Battle of Bray.

2/1433, Walter’s ransom of 3000 marks paid, but Walter had already died in prison.

ii. Edmund Hungerford, born ? in England.

1416, Edmund’s marriage to Margery, granddaughter of Hugh, Lord Burnell, arranged for £1000.

By 1439, Edmund died.

ii. Elizabeth Hungerford (950693), born ~1407 in England. [Eldest daughter]

iv. Robert Hungerford (950546), born 1409 in England. [Heir.]

v. Margaret Hungerford, born ? in England.

Margaret married Walter Rodney.