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Friday, July 23, 2010

Sir Robert de Nevill & Isabel de Byron

2954280. Sir Robert de Nevill & 2954281. Isabel de Byron

11/16/1272, Edward I succeeded Henry III as King of England.

~1275, Robert de Nevyle born in Melling, Lancashire, Engand, s/o 5908560. Geoffrey de Neville & 5908561. Margaret de Longvillers.

Bef. 3/26/1285, Robert’s father Geoffrey died. John (b.8/10/1269) the son and heir was 15 years of age. [And Robert had another older brother Geoffrey.]

~1295, Isabel born in Melling, England, coheir & d/o 5908562. Robert de Byron & 5908563. Joan de Melling.

1296, Sir Robert fought against the Scots.

3/30/1296, King Edward invaded Scotland with a force of 25,000 and captured Berwick-upon-Tweed, an important Scottish port of northeast England, sacked the town and massacred thousands of its inhabitants.

4/27/1296, King Edward I won the Battle of Dunbar against the forces of John Comyn and his son.

6/14/1296, King Edward I captured Stirling castle, and then Edinburgh castle in an 8 day seige.

7/7/1307, Edward II succeeded Edward I as King of England.

4/1309, Robert’s older brother John died, leaving his son John (b.11/30/1299) as the heir.

1312, Indenture between the Bishop of Durham and Sir Robert de Nevyl [Dominum Robertum de Nevyl’]. (S) Register of Richard de Kellawe, 1874, P1170.

By 1312, Robert married Isabel.

11/10/1312, Robert de Nevyle witnessed a grant by Richard, Bishop of Durham. (S) Register of Richard de Kellawe, 1874, P1201.

3/26/1313, Robert de Nevyll’ witnessed a grant by Richard, Bishop of Durham. (S) Register of Richard de Kellawe, 1874, P1206.

1313, Robert de Nevill and Isabel his wife took action against William son of Roger de Melling in a plea of the assize of mort d'ancestor. Hervey de Melling and Henry his son, as also Henry son of Roger de Melling, were concerned in the case.

4/24/1314, John de Segrave senior, and Thomas de Nevill, Robert de Neville, Stephen de Segrave, John de Seagrave Junior, Thomas de Tregoz, all with John de John de Segrave senior, given protections for service in Scotland. (S) Cal. of Doc. Rel. to Scotland.

6/24/1314, Battle of Bannockburn, a victory for the Scots, unusual in that it lasted for 2 days. The Scots, commanded by Robert Bruce, were laying siege to Stirling castle, held by the English. With Edward II were Aymer de Valence, earl of Pembroke, and the earls of Hereford and Gloucester. It was the largest loss of English knights in a single day.

4/1315, Due to a famine in England caused by year-long rains and flooding, King Edward ordered the regulation of food prices. [The regulations were suspended in the parliament of 1316.]

1316-17, Margaret de Nevill [Robert’s mother], as Lady of Hornby, granted Ulthewaite, in the hamlet of Wray to the occupier, Adam the Tanur of Hornby, …. Sir Robert de Nevill released to Adam the Tanner … the lands … in Hornby, Wray and Melling.

9/21/1316, Robert de Neville given protection for service in Scotland. (S) Cal. of Doc. Rel. to Scotland.

3/26/1317, Robert de Nevill’ witnessed a grant by Louis, elect of Durham. (S) Cal. of Durham Cathedral.

By 1317, Isabel died.

[––Robert––]

1317, Roger son of Dobbe de Melling quitclaimed to Henry de Bootle certain lands. Witnesses: Robert de Nevill, …. William Gerard and Maud (Isabel’s sister) his wife, Joan (Isabel’s mother) formerly wife of Robert de Byron (Isabel’s father), …

2/3/1319, Robert’s mother Margaret died.

1323, Robert de Nevill, …. William Gerard and Maud (Isabel’s sister) his wife, Joan (Isabel’s mother) alleged to have made a mill pool on the Alt, between Kirkby and Melling, in such a way that Henry de Bootle's land was flooded by the water impounded. The jury ordered its abolition.

1324, Sir Robert called to the Great Council.

1324-25, Adam son of Richard de Bootle granted … witnesses: Robert de Nevill …

2/1/1327 at Westminster, Edward III, age 14, crowned king of England.

1327, Henry de Bootle made provision for his sons … witnesses: Robert de Nevill, William Gerard, …

1335, Robert’s brother John died, leaving Robert’s older brother Geoffrey as heir.

6/16/1335, Robert de Depyng acknowledges that he owes to Robert de Nevill 40s. (S) CCRs.

1335, Robert died before his older brother Geoffrey, leaving son Robert heir to his grand-nephew John of the knight’s fee of Hornby.

[––Post Mortem––]

12/1/1335, Robert’s grand-nephew John died, the heir being Robert’s son Robert.

3/18/1336, Order to deliver to Robert de Nevill, son of Robert de Nevill, and kinsman and heir of John de Nevill of Hornby, tenant in chief, the lands late of his said kinsman, he having done homage. (S) CFRs.

(S) A Hist. of the Co. of Lancaster, V8, 1914. (S) A Hist. of the Co. of Lancaster, V3, 1907, Melling.

Family notes:

·         Isabel de Byron is 1 of 3 women featured in Art, Identity and Devotion, Smith, 2003, due to ownership of an illuminated Book of Hours created for her. The other 2 featured ladies are Margaret de Beauchamp, and Hawisia de Bois.

Children of Robert and Margaret:

i. Robert Nevill (1477140), born 1313 in England.

ii. John de Nevill, born ? in England.

11/25/1346 at Westminster, Between John, son of Robert de Nevill, of Horneby, knight, and Isabella his wife, plaintiffs, and Robert de Nevill, of Horneby, chivaler, and Joan his wife, deforciants of 3 messuages, 140 acres of land, 60 acres of meadow, 60 acres of pasture, 40 acres of wood, and 100 acres of moor in Oldum [Oldham], and Glotheyk [Glodwick], and of an eighth part of the manor of Shevynton. … In default of issue of the said John and Isabella, to remain to John's issue, in default to remain to Giles, brother of the said John, and to the heirs of his body, in default to remain to Thomas, brother of the said Giles, and to the heirs of his body, in default to remain to William, brother of the said Thomas, and to the heirs of his body, in default to remain to Geoffrey, brother of the said William, and to the heirs of his body, in default to revert to Robert and Joan and to the heirs of Joan. (S) Final Concords for Lancashire, Pt2, 1902, no.129.

iii. Giles de Nevill, born ? in England.

iv. Thomas de Nevill, born ? in England.

v. William de Nevill, born ? in England.

vi. Geoffrey de Nevill, born ? in England.


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