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Wednesday, July 21, 2010

Baron Adam de Welles & Joan d’Engayne

2498744. Baron Adam de Welles & 2498745. Joan d’Engayne

~1255, Adam de Well born in England, 3rd s/o 4997488. Robert de Welle & 4997489. Isabel de Periton.

1265, Adam’s father died, his brother Philip the heir.

9/25/1265, Commitment during pleasure, to John de Vallibus of the keeping of the lands of Robert de Welles, lately deceased, which lands the said Robert held of the fee of Gilbert de Gaunt, the king’s enemy. (S) CPRs.

~1270, Joan born in England, heir & d/o 4997490. Sir John Engaine & 4997491. Joan de Greinville.

11/16/1272, Edward I succeeded Henry III as King of England.

By 1282-3, Adam’s brother Philip died; his brother William the heir; who obtained a licence for a market and fair at Alford.

[––Joan & Walter––]

1286, Joan 1st married to Walter FitzRobert.

1287, John Engaine and his wife granted the Gaynes Park manor for life to Robert Fitz Walter, … After his death it was to be held by Walter, son of Robert and his wife Joan, who was daughter of John and Joan Engaine, and her heirs.

By 1290, Adam’s brother William died.

1290, Adam sued concerning the market in Alford, Lincolnshire; described as brother and heir of William de Welle who owned the market.

1293, Walter FitzRobert died.

6/14/1293, Adam de Welles, going beyond seas with Hugh le Despenser. (S) CPRs.


1294, The Gascon War began between England and France, lasting 9 years.

6/15/1294, Letters for Adam de Welles, going beyond seas with Hugh le Despenser, nominating … (S) CPRs.

1294, Adam in Gascony in the retinue of William de Vesci. [His stepfather.]

[––Adam & Joan––]

Adam married widow Joan.

6/16/1295, Sir Adam de Welles witnessed a grant of William de Vescy. (S) CPRs, 10/14/1335.

1295-6, “William son of William de Wileghby to grant a messuage, mill, rent, and land in Comberworth, and the advowson of the church of Anderby, to Adam de Welle. Lincoln.” (S) UKNA.

1/16/1297, Order to deliver to Adam de Welle the ship and its tackle that were lately captured from the king's enemies at Waynflet, as the king has given it to Adam. (S) CCRs.

6/6/1297, Adam de Welles is about to set out with the king in his service for parts beyond sea, the king orders them to take nothing and to permit nothing to be taken for the king's use from Adam's wool of the present season of washing.

8/23/1297, King Edward left England with 500 ships to attack France and assert England’s land rights. Because of the refusal of many barons, King Edward only had a small contingent of knights. The army sailed for Flanders to seek additional support. (S) Chronicles of the Age of Chivalry, 2000, P146.

3/18/1298, Adam de Welles did homage to the king at Canterbury for all the lands that he held of Gilbert de Gaunt on the day of Gilbert's death. (S) CCRs.

1298, Baron Adam de Welle summoned by writ to Carlisle. (S) Baronia Anglica Concentrata, Banks, 1843, P177.

7/22/1298, Adam at the battle of Falkirk and the defeat of William Wallace. The Scots defensive position was strong, but based on spearmen with support of some cavalry and archers. Edward’s armored knights were repulsed by the amassed spear points. King Edward brought up his Welsh longbowmen. They cut gaps into the Scottish ranks through which the mounted English knights could charge. The Scots were routed, but Wallace escaped. (S) The Falkirk Roll, Society of Antiquaries, 1996.

2/6/1299, Adam summoned to parliament as a baron.

1299, Adam made Constable of the castle of Rockingham and Warden of the forest.

9/12/1299, Multiple commissions of oyer and terminer, co. Lincoln, “By K. at the instance of Adam de Welles”. (S) CPRs.

4/1/1300, … ordered … to cause all and singular of … knights, esquires or others having £40 yearly of land … to provide themselves with horses and arms … be with the king at Carlisle at Midsummer next, ready to set out with him at his wages against the Scots … Lincoln, with Adam de Welles. (S) CCRs.

1300, Adam at the siege of Carlaverock castle, ‘bore there, gold, a black lion rampant, whose tail spread itself into two.’

1/20/1301, “Adam de Welle, steward of the king's forests between the bridges of Oxford and Stamford …” (S) UKNA.

2/12/1301, “Adam Lord Welles” joined in the baron’s letter to the Pope.

12/12/1301, Pardon to Adam son of William Wysse for the death of William Pynne at the instance of Adam de Welles. (S) CPRs. [Multiple pardons occur at the instance of Adam in 1301-02.]

1/23/1302, “Adam de Welle, Steward of the Forest …” (S) UKNA.

1/28/1302, Grant to Adam de Welle, and his heirs, of free warren in all his demesne lands ... co. Lincoln. (S) CChRs.

2/6/1303, Acquittance of Adam de Welle, who lately purchased the manor of Wyberton, co. Lincoln, from John de Holland, deceased, from any demand which the king may have … (S) CCRs.

1303, Adam 1 of 25 who King Edward I gave land grants in Scotland.

5/6/1304, IPM of Gilbert de Gaunt. South Ridng: Welle, Claxeby, Wythern and Ellowe. Certain lands held by Adam de Welle by service of 5 knights’ fees. (S) CIsPM.

1305, “Margaret de Holland, late the wife of John of Holland … One part of John's lands have since descended to her, while the other has passed to Adam de Welle …” (S) UKNA.

1305 at Westminster, Adam 1 of 33 barons signing a petition to the Pope to have Byblius made Prior of Caldingham in Scotland.

4/6/1306, To the justices of the Bench. Whereas Margery, late the wife of John de Hoyland, impleads Adam de Welle and Joan, his wife, before them of this that they should render to her her dower … (S) CCRs.

3/10/1307, At the petition of Margaret, late the wife of John de Holand, before the king and his council suggesting that the sheriff of Lincoln exacts from her, who acquired part of the lands that belonged to the said John after his death, a great sum of money by reason of certain debts which John was indebted to the king … omitting Adam de Well, who holds the residue of the lands that belonged to John … (S) CCRs.

1307, “The sheriff of Lincolnshire distrained Margaret in the parcel of land and levied the debt from her, but he did not wish to distrain Adam de Welle …” (S) UKNA.

7/7/1307, Edward II succeeded Edward I as King of England.

8/20/1307, Commitment during pleasure to Baldwin de Maneriis of the castle of Rokyngham and the stewardship of the king's forest between the bridges of Oxford and Staunford, at the rent which Adam de Welles, late constable and steward, used to render. (S) CFRs.

1307-8, “Juliana de Gaunt to grant land in Well and Mawthorpe to Adam de Welle, … Lincoln.” (S) UKNA.

5/23/1308, Order for one of them who can be most conveniently spared to go to Lora, late the wife of Gilbert de Gaunt … the justice should go as above at the request of Adam de Welle. (S) CCRs.

12/13/1310, Order to allow to Adam de Welle, in the king's service in Scotland, respite until Easter next for all debts. (S) CCRs.

1311, Edward II granted Adam, in tail, £42 out of lands which had belonged to ...

9/1/1311, Adam died; buried in Greenfield Priory. (S) UKNA, IsPM in Northamptonshire, Lincolnshire. Joan received in dower the manors of Welle and Brunthorpe, lands in Anderby and Hoggesthorp, and the moiety of all the lands in Sutton.

9/10/1311, IPM of Adam de Well. Northampton:  Faxton. A messuage … Robert his son, aged 16, is his next heir. Lincoln: Bradele. A capital messuage, … Wyberton. The manor … Cumberworth. The manor … Welle and Witherne, and 2 parts of the manor of Hellowe and Swaby, … Sutton. A capital messuage … (S) CIsPM.


10/5/1311, Writ of dedimus potestatem to the escheator to receive the oath of Joan, late the wife of the said Adam, who from severe weakness cannot come to the king, not to marry without the king’s licence. (S) CIsPM.

11/7/1311, Order to deliver to Joan, late the wife of Adam de Welle, tenant in chief, the following lands, which the king has assigned to her in dower: the manor of Welle, co. Lincoln, of the yearly value of £26 14s. 2d.; the manor of Brunthorp, with lands in … of the yearly value of £23 18s. 9½d.; a moiety of all the lands in Sutton, … of the yearly value of 61s. 5¼d. (S) CCRs.

6/1/1315, Joan died, buried with Adam. (S) UKNA, IPM in Lincolnshire.   

6/11/1315, Sale to Gilbert de Toutheby, for £100 … of the Avardship of the manors of Welle and Brumpthorp … which Joan, late the wife of Adam de Welle, tenant in chief, held in dower … until the full age of the heir. (S) CFRs.

[––Post Mortem––]

11/16/1318, IPM of Joan, late the wife of Adam de Welle. Writ of certiorari on the complaint of Robert, Adam and John, sons of the said Adam de Welle, that the escheator had taken into the king’s hand the manor of Wyberton, which according to the custom thereof, ought to be parted amongst them. Lincoln: Wyberton. The manor was jointly held by the said Adam and Joan by the enfeoffment of John de Hoyllaund [Holland], knight, [to hold] to them and the heirs of the said Adam … The said manor ought to be partitioned between Robert, Adam and John sons of the said Adam according to the custom of that tenure. (S) CIsPM.

(S) CIsPM.

(S) History of the Welles Family, Welles, 1876, P30. (S) Lincolnshire Notes and Queries, V6, 1901, P55. (S) Siege of Carlaverock, Nicolas, 1828, P206.

Family notes:

·         Adam built Greenfield Priory. (S) Son’s will.

Children of Adam and Joan:

i. Robert de Welles, born 1296 in England.

4/7/1313, Sale by Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester, ... of the custody of the lands late of Adam de Welle with the marriage of Robert his son and heir. ... to the value of 1000 marks ... (S) CPRs.

1/5/1315, Order to the same to take into the king's hand the lands late of Isabel late the wife of William de Vesey, deceased, tenant in chief. … to the same touching the lands which Isabel (grandmother, 4997489) held in dower of the inheritance of Robert de Welle, son and heir of Adam de Welle, tenant in chief, in the king's hand by reason of Robert's minority. (S) CFRs.

12/16/1315, Order to the escheator on this side Trent to take into the king's hand the lands which Robert de Welle and Maud his wife, late the wife of Robert de Clifford, tenant in chief, hold in her dower, … they having married without licence. (S) CFRs.

1318, Robert, son and heir of Adam de Welle, proof of age. (S) UKNA.

2/9/1318, Robert given seisin of his lands.

1320, Robert died.

8/29/1320, IPM of Robert son of Adam de Welle. Northampton: Faxton. 2 parts of the manor … Adam de Welle his brother, aged 16 on the feast of St. Mary Magdalen last, is his next heir. Lincoln: … (S) CIsPM.

ii. Adam de Welles (1249372), born 7/22/1304 in England. [2nd son]

iii. Cecily de Welles (5910375), born ~1305 in England.

iv. John de Welles [Knight], born ~1310 in England.

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