1255, William born in England, heir & s/o 4997496. Robert de Roos & 4997497. Isabel D’Aubeney.
1261, Maud de Vallibus born in Lincolnshire, England, coheir & d/o 4997498. John de Vaux & 4997499. Sibyl ?.
11/16/1272, Edward I succeeded Henry III as King of England. [While on crusade.]
8/19/1274 at Westminster abbey, Edward I crowned king of England.
1277, 1282-3, William served in Scotland.
6/1277, King Edward was in Chester where he cleared a road through a dense forest, and started construction on the castles of Flint and Rhuddlan. King Edward made forays into the Welsh lands of Llywelyn ap Gruffydd, prince of Wales, capturing Snowdonia and the isle of Anglesey.
1280, William’s older brother Robert died without heirs.
1282-3, William served in Scotland.
12/11/1282, King Edward’s forces defeated Llewelyn ap Gruffydd at the Battle of Radnor in eastern Wales. King Edward received the head of Llywelyn at Rhuddlan castle. [Aka Battle of Orewin Bridge.]
1285, William age 30.
[––William & Maud––]
Bef. 1287, William married Maud.
1287, Maud’s father died.
11/1287, IPM of John de Vallibus. Lincoln: Freston in Hoyland. The manor … Petronilla and Maud, his daughters, are his next heirs and of full age. Suffolk: Wyssete. The manor … Petronilla aged 28, and Maud aged 26. Norfolk: Therston. The manor … Essex: … Norfolk: Wytewell. The manor … John de Vallibus gave the manor … to Maud his daughter and the heirs of her body, … afterwards the said Maud married William de Ros, and the said William and Maud gave the said manor, services &c. to the said John for life with reversion to them and the heirs of the said Maud. … (S) CIsPM.
11/24/1287, Order to deliver to William de Ros and Matilda, his wife, daughter of John de Vallibus, the manor of Whitewelle. … Order to permit the said William and Matilda and Petronilla de Vallibus, her sister, the daughters and heiresses of John de Vallibus, to enter the lands whereof John was seised … (S) CCRs.
2/3/1288, The market at Reepham, Norfolk previously of Maud’s father held by William de Ros and Matilda. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs.
6/16/1291, Protection with clause volumus, until Christmas, … staying in Scotland on the king’s service … William de Ros of Hamelak. (S) CPRs.
1291, William a candidate for the throne of Scotland as a descendent of William the Lion, King of Scotland, as a descendent of his great-grandmother, Isabel of Scotland (9994953), d/o King William of Scotland (39979020).
4/23/1294, Order to the same to cause enrolment …, king's pardon to William de Ros of Hamelak of 100 marks of the £136 13s. 4d. wherein he is held to the king, to wit, £50 of the debts of John de Vallibus, whose daughter and heir he took to wife, £20 for a default and 100 marks whereat he was amerced before Roger le Strange and his fellows, … in the county of Roteland, for his trespass in taking a deer without licence, … and pursuant to the king's grant that of the £70 residue he pay £12 a year. (S) CFRs.
1294, The Gascon War began between England and France, lasting 9 years. William served with King Edward in Gascony.
6/24/1295, William de Ros of Hemesley one of the “procures et magnates” summoned to parliament on the “arduous business” of Scotland. William served against the Scots. Berwick held out against the English, repulsing an English squadron on the Tweed and sinking 16 ships.
1296, William de Ros of Hamelake, leading 1000 men, ambushed at Prestfen by Scots supported by his cousin Robert Ros from the castle of Werke [held by his cousin William de Ros of Yolton, brother of Robert]. King Edward arrived from Newcastle with reinforcements and took the castle. [Robert de Ros fled and took up arms with the Scots – captured later at Dunbar.]
3/30/1296, William with King Edward captured Berwick-upon-Tweed, an important Scottish port of northeast England, sacked the town and massacred thousands of its inhabitants.
10/1296, William sent to Gascony by King Edward. [William left his brother Robert in charge of Werk castle.]
1/28/1297, William de Ros staying in Gascony on the king’s service. (S) CPRs.
6/18/1298, Commission of oyer … on complaint of William de Ros of Hamelak that, being with his men, lands and goods under the king’s special protection, ... broke his park at Storthweyt, co. York, hunted therein and carried away deer. (S) CPRs.
1298-1315, William summoned to parliament by writ.
7/22/1298, William fought at the battle of Falkirk, the defeat of William Wallace. The Scots defensive position was strong, but based on spearmen with support of some cavalry and archers. Edward’s armored knights were repulsed by the amassed spear points. King Edward brought up his Welsh longbowmen. They cut gaps into the Scottish ranks through which the mounted English knights could charge. The Scots were routed, but Wallace escaped.
3/28/1300, “Royal letters patent: inspeximus and confirmation of Magna Carta … Witnesses: … William de Ros de Helmesleye, …” (S) UKNA.
1300, William at the siege of Caerlaverock castle.
10/13/1300, Promise to William de Ros of Hamelak to restore to him at Michaelmas next his castle of Werk, which at the king’s request he has handed over until that date for the security and defense of the Scotch march. (S) CPRs.
2/12/1301, William joined in the baron’s letter to the Pope.
6/15/1301, William’s mother died.
7/16/1301, William took livery of Belvoir castle and other lands of his mother.
9/9/1301, Grant to William de Ros of Hamelake, and his heirs, of free warren in all his demesne lands in Wark, co. Northumberland, Linton and Ross, co. York, Freston, co. Lincoln, and Stok Daubeny, co. Northampton. (S) CChRs.
12/1302, William granted Wark castle after the rebellion of his cousin Robert de Roos of Wark.
1303, William served in Scotland.
2/24/1303, An English invasion force, coming by Borthwick castle near Catcune, were decimated by Scotish archers in the third and last skirmish of the battle of Roslin Muir [aka Roslin Glen]. The Scots were commanded by Sir Simon Fraser. English forces under John de Seagrave and Ralph de Confreys had already been defeated.
8/5/1303, Pardon at the request of William de Ros of Hamelak, to Elena, late the wife of Nicholas Lescot of Wartre, … (S) CPRs.
5/22/1305, Grant to William de Ros of Hamelak, in aid of the bridge of the town of Boston, of pontage for 5 years. (S) CPRs.
9/1306, William in the retinue of Amyer de Valence at the siege of Dunaverty castle in Kintyre, Scotland. [They used 2 siege engines.]
3/12/1307, Licence for the alienation in mortmain by William de Ros of Hamelak to the prior and convent of Belvoir … (S) CPRs.
2/25/1308 at Westminster, William attended the coronation of King Edward II.
5/21/1308, Order to William de Ros, lieutenant of the king's kinsman, John de Britannia, earl of Richemund, guardian of [Scotland], to take into the king's hand the temporalities of the bishopric of St. Andrews … (S) CFRs.
6/21/1308, Robert de Umfraville, Earl of Angus and William Ros of Hamelak appointed conjointly to be the king’s lieutenants and keepers Scotland. (S) CPRs.
5/11/1310, Commission of oyer … touching the breach of the park of William de Ros of Hamelak at Helmesle, co. York. (S) CPRs.
1311-12, William de Ros of Helmsly to settle the manor of Stoke Albany on himself, Maud his wife, and his heirs. N'hamp. (S) UKNA.
3/22/1312, Confirmation to the abbot and canons of Thornton of grants … by William de Ros, lord of Hamelak, son of Robert de Ros, of his capital messuaged and 3 bovates of land in Arnhale in Holdernesse, … (S) CPRs.
7/30/1312, Licence for William de Ros of Hamelak to grant … the manor of Stoke Daubeney … to re-grant … grantor and Matilda his wife. (S) CPRs.
2/1313, William ordered to remain in the North against the Scots.
5/15/1313, Grant for 5 years at the request of queen Isabella, to William de Ros of Hamelak and Matilda his wife of pontage and pavage for the improvement of the town of Boston … (S) CPRs.
1313, Thomas de Verdoun sued Pernel [Maud’s sister], widow of William de Nerford, and William de Ros, of Hamelak [Helmsley], and Maud his wife, in the Court of Common Pleas regarding a moiety of the manors of Holt and Cleye, Norfolk. (S) CCPs.
6/17/1313, Alan de Waybrede conveyed the manor of Stoke Albany, Northamptonshire by fine to William and Maud and the heirs of William. (S) UKNA.
9/15/1314, The executors of the will of Payn Tybotot found a security in William de Ros of Hamelak of the county of York and William his son of Northumberland, to answer for such debts. so far as the goods suffice. (S) CFRs.
4/1315, Due to a famine in England caused by year-long rains and flooding, King Edward ordered the regulation of food prices. [The regulations were suspended in the parliament of 1316.]
8/1316, William, knt. of Lord Roos of Helmsley, Yorkshire, and Governor of Wark castle died; buried at Krikham Priory, Yorkshire. [William held about 19 knights’ fees.]
8/16/1316, Order to the escheator beyond Trent to take into the king's hand the lands late of William de Ros of Hamelak, deceased, tenant in chief. (S) CFRs.
By 1317, Maud died, buried in Pentney Priory, Norfolk. (S) Her son William in a joint suit with her sister Pernel.
(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P701. (S) Some Historic Mansions of Yorkshire, Wheater, 1889, PP171-2. (S) Barontage of England, Dugdale.
· [Relative of this William] 3/12/1310, IPM of William de Ros (11820744) of Kendale. Northumberland: Presfen, held of William de Ros, lord of Werk, by homage and service of 1d. yearly. (S) CIsPM.
Children of William and Maud: [4 sons, 3 daughters]
i. William de Roos (1249374), born ~1288 in England.
ii. Agnes de Roos (30421145), born ~1290 in England.
iii. John de Roos, born ? in England.
John married 30421137. Margaret de Goushill [her 2nd, See Margaret for more details.]