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Monday, July 26, 2010

Sir Thomas de Goushill

2954968. Sir Thomas de Goushill

1295, Thomas de Goushull born in England, s/o 5909936. Walter de Goushill & 5909937. Margaret ?.

Bef. 7/21/1323, Thomas’ father died.

8/1324, King Edward began the War of Saint-Sardos with his brother-in-law King Charles of France, who had invaded Aquitaine.

10/1321, King Edward II took to the field with a large army to oppose the Marcher Lords in revolt in the Despenser War. [Thomas in the king’s retinue – see 10/15/1325.]

3/10/1322, King Edward defeated the forces of Earl Thomas of Lancaster [his cousin, grandson of Henry III] at the river Trent.

3/16/1322, Battle of Boroughbridge in Yorkshire. Thomas, Earl of Lancaster and the Marcher Lords, against King Edward II and the Dispensers. The rebel forces of about 700 knights and men-at-arms, against about 4,000 in in the royal forces. An effective use of longbow against calvary.

1322, King Edward marched his forces into southeastern Scotland, but was immediately sent into retreat.

10/14/1322, King Edward, fought the battle of Byland [20 miles north of York] against Robert Bruce, and was nearly captured by the Scots invading south at Rievaulx abbey; primarily by treachery of Andrew Harclay. This defeat compelled Edward to recognize Scottish independence [which would become official in 1328.]

8/1324, King Edward began the War of Saint-Sardos with his brother-in-law King Charles of France, who had invaded Aquitaine.

10/15/1325, Order not to permit Thomas de Goushull to be aggrieved at the suit of the king or any one else by reason of the rebels' goods taken and occupied by him whilst pursuing them in the king's company … concerning the goods of the rebels and their adherents taken and occupied by them between 17th October, in the 15th year of the king's reign, and 5 April following . (S) CCRs. [Between 10/17/1321 and 4/5/1322.]

4/19/1326 in London, Thomas de Goushull created Knight of the Bath by the hands of Thomas de Langford. (S) The Knights of England, Shaw, V1, 1906. [This creation indicates Thomas was a knight very close to King Edward II in the previous campaigns.]

1/24/1327, Edward III, age 14, succeeded Edward II as King of England.

2/26/1328, Commission of oyer … on complaint … that Thomas Goushull, knight, … and others broke his close at … co. Derby. (S) CPRs.

1330-33, Nicholas de Holm, servant of Thomas de Goushull, convicted of sheep stealing. (S) CCRs.

1331, Adam de Gousehull claiming free-warren in Haverseche, in Darbyshire, makes Tho. de Gousehull, son of Walt. son of John, son of Matilda, daughter of Matthew de Hethersege, to be one of the heirs of the said Matthew, to whom it was granted, Oct. 25. 33 H. 3 (1248). as Nicolas de Langford, before named, was the other.

1331, Thomas bought the advowson of Whitwell church for 100 marks from kinsman Sir Nicholas Longford. (S) Longfords of Derbyshire, Part 1, Bevan, 2004.

1333, Thomas de Goushill, Knight, to Richard, son of Henry de Kynwaldmersh. Grant of a bovate of land in Kynwaldmersh containing 22 acres. (S) UKNA.

1336, John de Chesterfield presented to a church in Derbyshire by Thomas de Goushull. (S) Notes on the Churches of Derbyshire, V4, 1879, P45.

10/16/1336, Appointment, pursuant to a request by the king in the last great council at Nottingham, to arrest suspected persons, and to hear and determine the felonies … Thomas de Gouushull in the county of Derby … (S) CPRs.

12/1/1336, Whereas it is provided in the great charter of liberties that no free man shall be taken, imprisoned or disseised of his freehold or outlawed except by the judgment of his peers or by the law of the land, and lately at the prosecution of Thomas de Goushull, knight, Thomas de Radeclyve, Nicholas son of Thomas de Goushull, … (S) CCRs.

7/6/1338, Sir Thomas de Goushill was appointed to a commission of array and peace in Derby. (S) CPRs.

10/22/1338, Commission of oyer and terminer … Thomas de Goushull … on complaint by … (S) CPRs.

5/10/1339, Appointment … Thomas de Goushull, … to arrest where found and imprison in Nottingham Castle … suspected of felonies. (S) CPRs.

9/20/1339, King Edward III, with a force of 12,000 attacked Cambresis, Tournai, Vermandois and Laon [in what is now far northern France.]

7/23/1340, Thomas served at the siege of Tournai. (S) Knights and Warhorses, Ayton, 1999, P236. [By September a truce was negotiated and the English withrdrew.]

6/20/1341, Commission of oyer … collection … sacks of wool to be levied … in each county two magnates to hear and determine such complaints … Nicholas de Cantilupo, Thomas de Goushull, Derby. (S) CPRs.

7/16/1342, Commission … to Richard de Wylughby, … on complaint by Thomas Wake of Lydell that … Cestrefeld … within his liberty of Scarvesdale, Thomas de Goushul, knight, Nicholas and Edward his sons, … plotted day and night against men and merchants coming to the market, and beat them … (S) CPRs.

1/21/1345, Pardon to Thomas de Goushull of his outlawry in the husting of London for non-appearance before the justices of the Bench … that he has now surrendered to the Flete prison. (S) CPRs.

11/26/1346, “Creditor: Thomas de Goushill, knight [of Killamarsh and Barlborough, Scarsdale Wapentake, Derbys]. Amount: £10.” (S) UKNA.

7/1/1347, Exemption for life of Thomas de Goushull from being put on assizes, juries, … against his will. (S) CPRs.

8/25/1347, Thomas de Goushull, knight, and Giles de Meynill, knight, to collect the 10th and 15th in the county of Derby. (S) CFRs.

1348, The Black Death entered the west countryside of England [likely entering through Bristol].


Thomas married 2nd Agnes ?.

6/3/1352, Thomas de Goushill, knight, and Agnes his wife, of the diocese of Lichfield given and undult to choose confessors, who shall give them, being penitent, plenary remission at the hour of death, with the usual safeguards. (S) Cal. of Papal Reg.’s, V3, 1897, Regesta 213.

3/15/1356, IPM of Nicholas de Longeford. Derby: Kynwaldmersh. A moiety of the town held of the king in chief in pourparty with Thomas de Goushull. … (S) CIsPM.

7/2/1358, Thomas of Goushull, knight, to William Attewode of Barleburgh Wodhuss. All the lands and tenements in Romelay which he had by the gift of William, son of Giles of Romelay of Kynwaldmus. At an annual rent of 28s. (S) UKNA.

1367, Commission to Thomas de Goushill, Knight, to Nicholas de Goushill, Knight, his son and Joan his wife. Lease for his life of the Manor of Hoveringham and all his lands and the ferry between Hoveryngham and Knyveton with the weir of Schakurdale and free fishing in the Trent. (S) UKNA.

7/3/1370, Thomas of Gouxhill died. (S) Writ of 1374.

[––Post Mortem––]

4/10/1374, Writ of precipimus for Thomas de Goushull, knight. Derby: Kynwaldemersch. A moiety of the manor … by service of providing a horse, price 5s., a sack and a ‘prik’ in the Welsh war whenever the king wars there in person. Barleburgh. 2/3rds of the manor, … He held both the above for life jointly with Agnes his wife, who survives and has had possession of them … He died on Monday the feast of St. Thomas the Apostle, 44 Edward III. Nicholas de Goushill, knight, his son, aged 60 years and more, is his heir. (S) CIsPM.

(S) Hist. of Nottinghamshire, V3, 1796, Hoveringham.

Child of Thomas and ?:

i. Nicholas de Goushill (1477484), born bef. 1315 in England.

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