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Thursday, July 29, 2010

Baron John de Segrave & Countess Margaret Plantagenet

2955082. Baron John de Segrave & 2955083. Countess Margaret Plantagenet

1315, John de Seagrave born in England, s/o 5910164. Stephen de Seagrave & 5910165. Alice de Arundel.

~1319, Margaret born in England, d/o 5910166. Thomas of Brotherton & 5910167. Alice Hayles.

1325, John’s father died, followed by the death of his paternal grandfather the same year.

10/4/1325, IPM of John de Segrave, the elder. Oxford: Henton … Buckingham: La Penne. The manor … Northampton: Chaucumbe. The manor … John son of Stephen de Segrave, his kinsman, aged 9 and more, is his next heir. Salop: Stottesdon. The manor … Stephen de Segrave, aged 40 and more, is his next heir. Huntingdon: … Nottingham: … Derby: … [many properties in varous counties] (S) CIsPM.

12/12/1325, IPM of Stephen de Segrave. Surrey: Suthewerk. Six cottages and a garden … held jointly with Alesia his wife … John his son, aged 10, is his next heir. … Ashebourne, … which Henry de Segrave sometime held for life of the inheritance of the said John, held jointly with Alesia his wife, who survives, by the gift of John de Segrave, the elder … Leicester: Segrave. The manor … (S) CIsPM.

1326, “Christiana de Segrave [grandmother], widow of John de Segrave … requests that a writ be sent to the justices of the Bench to proceed in the process so that she is not delayed in her dower, as she brought a writ of dower against Alice de Segrave [mother] to vouch to warranty, but John son of Stephen is a minor and his lands and body are in the king's hand.” (S) UKNA.

1/24/1327, Edward III, age 14, succeeded Edward II as King of England.

Bef. 3/3/1327, John heir to his uncle John, younger brother of his father. (S) CPRs.

3/3/1327, Grant to Thomas, earl of Norfolk and Marshal of England, the king’s uncle, for service to queen Isabella, and his expenses in the king’s company … of the custody, during minority, of the lands late of Stephen de Segrave and John de Segrave, tenants in chief, in the king’s hands by reason of the minority of John, son and heir of Stephen, and kinsman and heir of John, with the marriage of the heir. (S) CPRs.

1327-30, “Alice, widow of Stephen de Segrave, … As John's mother, she claims this wardship, and requests delivery of the lands.” (S) UKNA.

3/26/1335, “Whereas John Criel has quitclaimed to John de Segrave the manor of Croxtone Criel and the advowson of Croxton Abbey …” (S) UKNA.

[––John & Margaret––]

~1335, John, Baron Seagrave, married Margaret. [Which she will later claim was before her age of consent.]

1336, Simon de Drayton quitclaimed part of the manor of Barton to John. (S) Barton Seagrave, A Hist. of the Co. of Northampton: V3, 1930.

1337, “Petitioners: Thomas of Brotherton, Earl of Norfolk; William de Bohun; John de Segrave; Robert de Scales; John de Beauchamp of Somerset; Gilbert Pecche; … Claim by the petitioners that they hold their manors in Suffolk and Cambridgeshire by knight service.” (S) UKNA.

7/1338, Roger Foucher in the retinue of Sir John de Segrave in parts beyond seas. (S) Proof of age of daughter Elizabeth.

7/1338, John with King Edward attacking Flanders, which was economically tied to England through the wool market.

8/4/1338, Margaret’s father died.

8/29/1338, IPM of Thomas Earl Marshall. London: Parish of St. Mary Somersete. A ruinous messuage with a void plot of land, wherein no one dares to dwell, nine shops, and 8 solars … Margaret the wife of John de Segrave and Alice the wife of Edward de Monte Acuto are his next heirs. (S) CIsPM.

10/1338, John returned home with the King’s licence. (S) Proof of age of daughter Elizabeth. [John le Palmere, aged 45 years, and John Colle, aged 49 years, say that about the day of St. Matthew before the said Elizabeth’s birth Thomas, earl marshal, died, and on account of his death John de Segrave came into England from parts beyond the seas by the king’s licence because of claim to the said earl’s lands in right of Margaret his wife.]

12/15/1338, “John de Segrave … has appointed Simon to take seisin in the names of John and his wife of the manors which she inherited after the death of Sir Thomas of Brothertone, late earl of Norfolk and marshal.” (S) UKNA.

3/12/1339, IPM of Thomas Earl of Norfolk and Marshall of England. Writ to the escheator to deliver to John de Segrave and Margaret his wife, the elder of the daughters and heirs of the said earl, certain knights’ fees (specified) which the king has assigned to them with the assent of Edward de Monte Acuto, and Alice his wife, one of the daughters and heirs of the said earl, viz. in the counties of Norfolk, Suffolk, Hertford, Cambridge, Northampton, Leicester and Essex. …Writ to the same to deliver to the aforesaid Edward de Monte Acuto and Alice his wife certain knights’ fees, &c. in the counties of Norfolk, Suffolk, Hertford, Bedford and Essex … (S) CIsPM. [“Memorandum that these partitions were made in the chancery by the heirs and parceners by common consent.”]

7/10/1340, Commission to John de Segrave, Nicholas de Cantilupo, … to make inquisition in the county of Leicester, touching trespasses … (S) CPRs.

6/10/1342, Commission of oyer … on cimplaint by John de Segrave, knight, … broke his park at Bretteby, co. Derby, … (S) CPRs.

8/20/1342, … Thomas, earl of Norfolk, … confirmation thereof to John de Segrave and Margaret his wife, one of the daughters and heirs of the earl, … (S) CPRs.

1344, John held the manor of Barton in demesne.

5/20/1345, Order to supersede the demand made upon John de Segrave for £42 … as the king has pardoned him those sums of his special favour. (S) CCRs.

1346, John Segrave, James Beler and John Zouche, on the aid then granted to the king for knighting Edward, his eldest son, were assessed at 20s. for half a knight's fee in Oleby and Sixteneby, of the fee of Huntingdon. (S) Nichols’ History, Part II, P284.

9/1346, The English began the year-long siege of the port of Calais. [Ended 8/1347, held by the English until 1558.]

1347, “John de Segrave” to send 10 men-at-arms and 20 archers to the king at the siege of Calais. (S) Crecy and Calais, Wrottesley.

11/8/1347, Licence for John de Segrave and Margaret, his wife, to demise … the manor of Suthfeld, … (S) CPRs.

1/1348, “John de Segrave (Seagrave); Margaret de Segrave (Seagrave), wife of John de Segrave and daughter and co-heir of Thomas be Brotherton, earl of Norfolk; Edward de Mountagu (Montagu); Alice de Mountagu (Montagu), wife of Edward de Montagu and daughter and co-heir of Thomas de Brotherton, earl of Norfolk … the manor of Hamstead Marshal …” (S) UKNA.

2/6/1348, John granted his cook, William Bray, 40s. yearly for life. (S) CPRs.

5/22/1348, Whereas John de Segrave and Margaret, his wife, are impeached on the ground that the king’s deer of the forest of Roteland, entering their park of Coldoverton, co. Leicester, cannot get out again … has pardoned John and Margaret their trespass herein … (S) CPRs.

1348, The Black Death entered the west countryside of England [likely entering through Bristol].

8/6/1349, Licence, for a fine of £400 made by John de Moubray, for him to grant for life to Blanche, his daughter, land and rent … manors of Neusum and Thresk, co. York, and to John, his son, and Elizabeth daughter of John de Seagrave the like in manor of Melton Moubray, co. Leicester, and Hovyngham, co. York … (S) CPRs.

8/10/1349, Whereas John de Segrave has granted to John de Moubray an annual rent of £300 from his lands in Leicestershire, and another of £200 from his lands in Huntingdonshire, and one of £100 from his lands in Warwickshire, by 3 charters, John de Moubray has granted that if John de Segrave enfeoffs John son of John de Moubray and Elizabeth his wife of £100 of land and rent for Elizabeth's life, and the same to them for their joint lives, the charters granting the rents of £600 a year will be void. Witnesses: Henry earl of Lancaster, Derby and Leicester, steward of England, Thomas Spigurnel, Edmund de Ufford, knights. (S) UKNA.

11/8/1349, Order to pay to Mary [2nd wife] late the wife of Thomas earl of Norfolk and marshal of England … with the assent of John de Segrave and of Margaret his wife, the earl's eldest daughter and heir, and of Edward de Monte Acuto and Alice his wife, the earl's second daughter and heir, … (S) CCRs.

1/22/1350, John de Segrave and Margaret, his wife, staying in England, have letters nominating … (S) CPRs.

6/1350, A matrimonial suit between John and Margaret, in which she alleged that she had been contracted to him before she was of marriageable age.

2/26/1351, Pardon to John de Segrave and Margaret, his wife, of their outlawry in the county of Essex for non-appearance before … (S) CPRs.

3/1351, The suit between John and Margaret went to trial.

8/1351, An inquisition at Dover Castle: The lady of Segrave [Margaret] crossed the channel contrary to the king’s prohibition … in a barge of William le Denum called ‘le Faucoun’. … Margaret was supposed to be accompanied by a servant of Sir Walter de Mauny, who had broke his foot and could not attend.

12/2/1351, Protection with clause volumus, for two years, for John de Segrave, ‘chivaler.’ (S) CPRs.

4/1/1353, John died. [Likely overseas.]

[––Margaret––]

4/3/1353, Order to escheators in the counties of Warwick and Leicester, [17 counties] … to take into the king’s hands late of John de Segrave. (S) CFRs. [To the same escheators; touching the lands which held as well as of the inheritance of Margaret, his wife.]

6/29/1353, Commitment … of the wardship of the lands … which belonged to John de Segrave, who held in chief, as well those of his own inheritance as those of the inheritance of Margaret, late his wife … (S) CFRs.

9/24/1353, Order to escheator of Warwick … John de Segrave held … that Elizabeth his daughter, whom John son of John de Moubray has taken to wife, is his next heir and of full age,—to deliver the manors to John son of John and Elizabeth, as the king has taken the fealty of the former; saving to Margaret late the wife of the said John de Segrave her reasonable dower. (S) CFRs.

10/2/1353, Presentation … to the church of Forneset, … Norwich, … king’s gift … by reason of the lands of Margaret late the wife of John de Segrave being in his hands for certain causes. (S) CPRs.

[––Walter & Margaret––]

1353-54, Margaret married 2nd, Sir Walter de Mauny, Knight of the Garter. [Who was likely the cause of the matrimonial problems.]

7/26/1354, Commission to … king’s serjeants at arms, to go to Margaret wife of Walter de Mauny and lead her as quietly and honourably as they can to the king’s castle of Somerton as for certain causes the king wills that she shall stay there for some time, and to deliver her to the constable thereof. (S) CPRs.

2/26/1355, Presentation … king’s gift … of John de Segrave, deceased, and Margaret, his  wife, … have been taken into the king’s hands. (S) CPRs.

12/3/1355, Pardon to Walter de Mauny and Margaret, his wife, the king’s kinswoman, late the wife of John de Segrave, … in crossing to foreign parts against his prohibition, … also to the said Walter and Margaret for intermarrying  without the king’s licence. (S) CPRs.

3/1/1358, Order to deliver to Walter de Mauny and Margaret his wife, late the wife of John de Segrave, the following advowsons … (S) CCRs. [Similar orders to other escheators.]

3/26/1371, On the petition of the king’s son, John de Hastynges, earl of Pembroke, showing that Walter, lord of Mauny, and Margaret, his wife, … town of Ros, co. Wexford, of the inheritance of Margaret, and Mary de Sancto Paulo, countess of Pembroke, … as forfeit because neither Walter, Margaret, the countess or the earl came in person or sent men to Ireland … for the defence of that land, … (S) CPRs.

11/1371, Walter wrote his will: Bequests to his sister and 2 illegitimate daughters, all nuns. The estate left to his “dear wife” and his “daughter of Pembroke.” Margaret received the gold girdle he wore as a Knight of the Garter, and 15,000 gold florins.

1/1372, Walter died.

[––Margaret––]

4/4/1372, Order to deliver to Margaret wife of Walter de Mauny knight the manor of Stottesdon … the said Walter at his death held the said manor in right of the said Margaret; and by another inquisition taken after the death of John de Segrave her first husband it is found that by fine levied in the king's court with his licence the said John and Margaret jointly held the same … (S) CCRs. [Similar orders to other escheators in various counties.]

1375, Margaret ‘Marshall’ an heiress of her niece Joan Montagu, wife of William d’Ufford, earl of Suffolk. [The name “Marshall’ had been in abeyance since the death in 1361 of Edward Montagu.]

1375, On the death of John de Hastings, Margaret and her daughter Anne granted the wardship of her grandson.

1/1376, Margaret granted wardship with her daughter of her grandson John de Mowbray. [Daughter Elizabeth died the same month.]

1376, Margaret’s daughter Anne made an indenture with her by which Margaret leased for 8 years all of Anne’s castles, lordships, lands … for the rent of a rose at Midsummer.

1377, Margaret an heiress of the dowager Countess of Pembroke, Mary de St. Pol.

1377, Margaret 1st used the title of Countess of Norfolk.

1378, Margaret sold the marriage of her grandson John de Moubray to John of Gaunt.

9/29/1396, Margaret created Duchess of Norfolk. [The same day as her grandson Thomas created Duke of Norfolk.]

1399, Margaret died [her heir her grandson Thomas de Mowbray, who died the same hear.]

(S) The Ties that Bind, Biggs, 2011, P129.

Family notes:

·         Margaret’s surviving account roll indicates she had an annual income of £3000.

Child of John and Margaret:

i. John de Segrave, born ? in England.

John married to Blanche ?.

By 4/1353, John died before his father. (S) CCRs, 9/24/1353.

i. Elizabeth Seagrave (1477541), born 10/25/1338 in Lincolnshire, England.

Child of Walter and Margaret:

ii. Anne de Mauny, born ? in England.

1368, Anne married John de Hastings, earl of Pembroke.

1375, John de Hastings died.

1384, Anne died.


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