1363, Thomas Clifford born in England, heir & s/o 312338. Lord Roger de Clifford & 312339. Maud de Beauchamp.
~1365, Elizabeth born in England, d/o 1477620. Sir Thomas de Roos & 1477621. Beatrice de Stafford.
[––Thomas & Elizabeth––]
6/21/1377, Richard II, age 10, succeeded Edward III as King of England.
By 1378, Thomas married Elizabeth.
1377-78, Roger gave the manor of Brugge Soleres, Hereford, to Thomas de Clyfford, his son, and Elizabeth, the latter’s wife, and the heirs of their bodies, saving the reversion to himself and his heirs. (S) IPM of Roger.
1382–83, Thomas is referred to as “the younger” because of his uncle of the same name called “the elder”.
10/18/1382, Licence, during pleasure, to the king’s kinsmen and young knights, Ralph de Stafford, Thomas Moubray and Thomas de Clifford, and to his knight James Berners, and his esquire John de Bello Campo, to hunt in the king’s forests, chaces, parks and warrens. (S) CPRs.
1383-4, “Particulars of the account of Thomas de Clifford and Robert de Haryngton of wages of soldiers at Carlisle.” (S) UKNA.
1384, Thomas appointed Governor of Carlisle castle for life.
1385-6, “Parties to Indenture: Ralph de Nevill and Thomas Clifford. Nature of Service: Custody of castle and town of Carlisle.” (S) UKNA.
1386-9, “Scottish Marches: Account of Ralph de Nevill and Thomas Clifford, controllers of works at Carlisle.” (S) UKNA.
1/9/1387, Grant for life, … manors of Calistoke, Trematon and Asshburgh, co. Cornwall, … lately granted to Thomas de Clifford, knight of the chamber, … (S) CPRs.
7/13/1389, Thomas, age 26 at his father’s death, succeeded as 6th Lord Clifford and hereditary Sheriff of Westmorland.
7/20/1389, IPM of Roger de Clifford, knight. Oxford: Shiteford. One knight’s fee, … Hereford: … He died on 13 July in the year aforesaid. The said Thomas his son, aged 26 years and more, is his heir. … Westmoreland: … castle and manor of Burgham held jointly with Maud … [mentions much of these properties destroyed by the Scots] … (S) CIsPM.
9/6/1389, Order to escheator in the counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, to cause Thomas de Clifford, ‘chivaler’, son and heir of Roger de Clifford, ‘chivaler’, to have full seisin of all the lands which Roger held … on the day of his death, saving to Maud late the wife of Roger her reasonable dower … the king has taken the homage and fealty of the said Thomas. (S) CFRs. [Similar writ for counties of Hereford, Worcester, Nottingham and Derby, Oxford and Berks, Northampton.]
10/12/1389, Writ to the escheator in co. York to assign dower to the said Maud of all the knight’s fees and advowsons of the said Roger, in the presence of Thomas de Clifford, knight, son and heir of the said Roger. (S) CIsPM.
12/6/1389, Thomas summoned to parliament by writ.
1390, Thomas de Clifford made a challenge to Sir William Douglas, aka “Black Douglas”, of Scotland. (S) DNB, V15, P360.
10/4/1391, Thomas, 6th Lord Clifford, died abroad. “Cal. of the knights' fees and advowsons of Thomas, Lord Clifford, with partition for dower.” (S) UKNA.
11/12/1391, Writ for IPM of Thomas Clifford, ‘chivaler,’. (S) CFRs.
1/13/1392, IPM of Thomas de Clifford, knight. Northampton: … Auescote and Ednescote in the parish of Patteshull. One knight’s fee … John his son, aged 3 years and more, is his heir. Northumberland: Hert and Hertpole. … which Maud late the wife of Roger de Clifford his father holds for life as jointly enfeoffed … He died on 4 October last. … Cumberland: … in Carlisle … He was seised in joint feoffment with Elizabeth his wife, who is still living, to them and the heirs of their bodies … by gift of Roger de Clifford, late lord of Westmoreland. Westmorland: … [many properties in many counties, and the city of London.] (S) CIsPM.
4/24/1392, Assignment and livery of dower to Elizabeth who was wife of Thomas de Clifforde knight. (S) CCRs.
1392, Elizabeth became the “hereditary Sheriff of Westmorland.”
9/30/1399, Henry IV succeeded Richard II as King of England.
5/9/1402, “The petitioners seek guidance concerning churchmen and laymen in the diocese of Carlisle who are telling people that Richard II is still alive and living in Scotland, and will soon return to England with the support of the Scots … [Elizabeth Clifford], sheriff of Westmorland.” (S) UKNA.
2/28/1403, Thomas’ mother died.
3/15/1403, Whereas the king … granted to William de Clifford, ‘chivaler,’ [Thomas’ younger brother] … the keeping of all the lands which … Maud de Clifford, his mother, held on the day of her death of the inheritance of John lord de Clifford, … a minor in the king’s ward, … until the full age of John … granted to the said William in relief of his estate 200 marks to be taken yearly from the said lands … the said William now wishes to release the keeping so that Elizabeth lady Clifford may have the same … (S) CFRs.
6/9/1411, Proof of age of John de Clifford. Elizabeth widow of Thomas de Clifford, who has the wardship by the grant of Anne late queen of England, should be informed. (S) CIsPM.
1423, Elizabeth received a papal indult.
3/1424, Elizabeth died.
(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P217.
· Thomas in some documents as the “King’s Kinsman”, which would be of Richard II.
Children of Thomas and Elizabeth: [1 son, 1 daughter]
i. John Clifford (1901322), born 4/23/1389 in Hart, Northumberland, England.