Featured Post

||| LINK to author's Amazon page

Saturday, August 7, 2010

Sir Henry Percy & Elizabeth de Mortimer

3802646. Sir Henry Percy & 3802647. Elizabeth de Mortimer

3/20/1364, Henry born in England, heir & s/o 7605292. Sir Henry Percy & 7605293. Margaret de Neville.

2/12/1370, Elizabeth born in Usk, Monmouthshire, England, eldest d/o 7605294. Earl Edmund de Mortimer & 7605295. Philippe of Clarence.

4/1377, Henry knighted with future kings Richard II and Henry IV by King Edward III.

7/13/1377, Richard II, age 10, crowned king of England.

12/1378, Henry, age 14, at the siege of Berwick-on-Tweed. Henry named “Hotspur” by the Scots for his zeal in the border warfare. The castle had been held by the Scots for 8 days. The Earl of Northumberland organized a counter-siege and killed all of the Scots.

Bef. 12/10/1379, Henry married to Elizabeth.

1380, Elizabeth a legatee in the will of her father.

[––Henry & Elizabeth––]

1380, Henry earl of Northumberland granted the manors of Tadcaster, Gristhwaite, Asenby and Throxenby to Henry Percy the son, and Elizabeth then his wife, to hold to them and their heirs male. (S) IPM of Elizabeth.

1385, Henry with King Richard II on an expedition into Scotland.

1386, Henry sent to Calais, where he conducted forays into French territory. Henry was recalled to defend against a French naval attack.

4/1388, Henry invested as a Knight of the Garter.

8/10/1388, Henry a commander at the battle of Otterburn against invading Scots, where he was captured by Sir John Montgomery; later ransomed, which included a payment by King Richard II of £3000. [Henry’s brother Ralph was captured by Sir John Maxwell.] The English began a fullscale assault near sundown. They were flanked by the Scots under the cover of night and defeated.

1390, Henry at the Jousts of Saint Inglevert, near Calais, France.

10/16/1390, Grant to Henry de Percy 'le filz,' warden of the castle and town of Carlisle, that he may hold the meadows, pastures and fisheries there in the same way as the lord Beaumont the late warden, and the lords de Roos and de Nevill, when they were wardens, held the same.

6/2/1397, Sp. Ass. … Joan de Bohun countess of Hereford, Henry Percy le filz chivaler, … v. Richard Corbet of Cause … (S) CPRs.

1399, Henry and his father involved in placing King Henry IV on the throne.

7/4/1399, Henry Bolingbroke [1st cousin of Richard II] landed at Ravenspur; then proceeded through the Lancastrian lands in the north and took York. [Henry IV invaded while Richard II was in Ireland.]

9/30/1399, Henry IV succeeded Richard II as King of England. [Richard II died a prisoner in the Tower.]

1399, Henry Percy, ‘chivaler,’ son of Henry Percy, earl of Northumberland, received 8 castles, wardenship of the East March, and a salary of £3000 in peace, £12000 in war.

12/18/1399, Commission of array … Henry, earl of Northumberland, Henry Percy ‘le fitz,’ … county of Northumberland.

5/1401, Henry recaptured the castle of Conway from William ap Tudor.

1401-2, “Quitclaim by Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland and Constable of England, and Henry de Percy his son, to Sir William de Curwen, of all his right and claim in the manors of Wirkyngton, Seton, and Thornthwayte in Derwentfelles.” (S) UKNA.

9/14/1402, Henry and his father victorious over the Scots at the battle of Homildon Hill. Archibald, 4th Earl of Douglas, had penetrated deeply into England. On his return to Scotland, he faced the Percy’s supported by George Dunbar, Earl of March. The English weakened the Scots with an assault of arrows from the longbows. Then a calvary attack routed the Scots, Douglas being captured.

1402, The King ordered Douglas be turned over to him – creating a rift between the King and the Percy’s. King Henry is said to have struck Henry Percy and drew his sword on him. Henry Percy is said to have responded, “Not here, but on the field.”

3/9/1403, Commission to John, lord of Lovell, Stephen Lescrope the son, Henry Lescrope, ‘chivaler,’ Henry FitzHugh, ‘chivlaer,’ Thomas Erpyngham, ‘chivaler,’ … about divers Scotch prisoners captured in the battle of Humbledon by … people of the retinue of the king’s brother Ralph, earl of Westmorland, who was with the king in Wales, and the people of the king’s kinsmen Henry, earl of Northumberland, and Henry de Percy the son; … judges in the king’s military court … Henry the son is judge on the matters in the marches of Scotland and they cannot act honestly on account of their interests. (S) CPRs.

1403, Henry issued a proclamation in Cheshire stating that Richard II was alive, and called persons to his standard. Henry aligned himself with his prisoner, Earl Douglas, and marched south to join Owen Glendower. Henry was joined by his uncle, Thomas, Earl of Worcester.

7/21/1403, Henry, without waiting for his father to recruit additional troops, marched south to intercept a force led by Prince Henry. Henry was intercepted by the forces of the King at Hateley Field north of Shrewsbury, Shropshire. Henry, “Hotspur”, slain at the battle. [His uncle Thomas was captured and executed.] The first occasion where massed troops armed with the longbow were pitted against each other on English soil. The Percys had about 14,000 men, King Henry is believed to have had more. [7000 horse were said to be looted after the battle.]


7/25/1403, Henry buried at Whitchurch, disinterred 2 days later, his head cut off and fixed on one of the gates at York.

11/3/1403, To the mayor and sheriffs of York. Order to deliver to Elizabeth who was wife of Henry de Percy knight for burial the head of the said Henry, which by command of the king was set up over the gate of that city; as the king has granted her his head and quarters for burial. (S) CCRs.

2/19/1405, Order not to trouble Elizabeth late the wife of Henry de Percy knight for her homage; … by virtue of a fine levied in the late king's court in 3 Richard II her husband at his death held the manor of Newburne as jointly enfeoffed with her by gift of Henry de Percy earl of Northumberland. (S) CCRs.

6/3/1406, Commission to William Gascoigne … petition of Elizabeth late the wife of Henry Percy, ‘chivaler,’ … manors of Pokelyngton … co. York … (S) CPRs.

Aft. 6/3/1406, Elizabeth married Sir Thomas Camoys. [1 son]

4/20/1417, Elizabeth died; buried at Trotton, Sussex.

5/1/1417, IPM of Elizabeth wife of Thomas Camoys. York: Henry earl of Northumberland granted the manors of Tadcaster, Gristhwaite, Asenby and Throxenby to Henry Percy the son, and Elizabeth then his wife, to hold to them and their heirs male. They had issue Henry, now earl of Northumberland, and aged 22 years and more. Elizabeth died on 20 April last. (S) CIsPM.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P654. (S) Encyclopedia Britannica.

Child of Henry and Elizabeth: [1 son, 1 daughter]

i. Earl Henry de Percy, born 1395 in England.

ii. Elizabeth Percy (1901323), born ~1396 in England.

No comments: