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Sunday, August 8, 2010

Admiral Philip Courtenay & Anne Wake

3802768. Admiral Philip Courtenay & 3802769. Anne Wake

1355, Philip born in England, 5th s/o 7605232. Hugh de Courtenay & 7605233. Margaret de Bohun.

2/5/1357, Licence for Hugh de Courtenay, earl of Devon, and Margaret his wife to grant to their son Thomas the manor of Morton, co. Devon, ... remainders to Philip, his brother, … Peter, brother of the said Philip, … (S) CPRs.

~1360, Anne born in England, d/o 7605538. Thomas Wake & 7605539. Alice Pateshulle.

1367, Young Philip with his older brothers Piers and Hugh served in Spain under John, Duke of Lancaster.

4/3/1367, John of Gaunt, joined with the Black Prince, crossed the Pyrenees mountains in winter, and won the battle of Najara, Spain. The English were supporting Pedro the Cruel of Castile, who was returned to the throne. An estimated 16,000 soldiers died in the battle. Philip was knighted by the Black Prince after the battle, with his brother Peter and his nephew Hugh Courtenay [heir to the earldom.]

3/28/1372, Philip appointed Admiral of the western fleet. [Philip held the position until 10/1380.]

1373, Philip made a convoy of ships to Gascony. [In August, assigned to take the castle of Gurry.]

2/15/1374, Licence for Hugh de Courtenay, earl of Devon, and Margaret his wife to enfeoff … successive remainders … Cadelegh, and the advowson … to Philip de Courtenay, ‘chivaler,’ … Peter de Courtenay, ‘chivaler,’ … (S) CPRs. [Philip was to obtain Broadwindsor, Dorset, and Cadleigh, Devon, along with, after the death of his brother Sir Peter, the reversions of Moreton and Milton Damerel, Devon.]

1374, Sir William de Neville and Sir Philip de Courtenay were sent on a naval expedition.

1375, Philip ordered to ‘cease every excuse and with all possible speed to be before the King and other nobles and lords of England in the present Parliament assembled at Westminster, in order to give information to the King.’

1375, Philip granted the reversion, after Sir Peter’s death, of Honiton (Devon), Nuneham Courtenay (Oxfordshire) and East Coker (Somerset).

8/1376, Philip on a commission of oyer and terminer in Devon.

5/2/1377, Philip’s father died. Philip left 100 marks in his will. [Philip had multiple older brothers.]

7/13/1377, Richard II, age 10, son of the Black Prince, crowned king of England, succeeding Edward III.

11/26/1377, “Debtor: Philip de Courtenay, knight [of Devon.]. Creditor: Nicholas Taylor, a citizen and merchant of Salisbury [Wilts.]. Amount: £333 6s. 8d.” (S) UKNA.

4/1378, Philip in a naval expedition under the earls of Arundel and Salisbury. The fleet was attacked by Spaniards off the Breton coast. Philip and his brother Sir Peter were captured. [2 Bristol burgesses ‘in consideration of their great expenses and losses in their suit for the deliverance of Philip de Courtenay and other knights … lately prisoners in Spain’, exempted from payment of customs at Bayonne.]

1378, Philip’s previous grant of £100 yearly from the Exchequer by the Black Prince as a retainer confirmed by King Richard.

[––Philip & Anne––]

1379, Philip, Knt. of Powderham, Devonshire married Anne. [Sir Philip acquired Powderham from his father and later built the castle].

7/16/1379, The Lord King in his chamber, for 2 “ciphr” and 2 pitchers of silver gilt, bought of Nicholas Twynford, goldsmith, London, and delivered for the nuptials of Philip de Courtenay, Knight, and Anne de Wake his wife. £22 17s. 4d. (S) Notes and Queries, Oxford Journals, 1865, P63. [The King also promised Philip and Anne land at Wallingford worth £40 yearly.]

7/1380, Philip on a commission of oyer and terminer in Devon.

8/1381, Philip on a commission about the seizure of a ship in Devon.

12/1381, Philip on a commission to put down a rebellion. [‘Wat Tyler’s Rebellion’ against a new tax.]

11/1382, Commission to hear appeals from the Admiral’s court: “…  John de Roches, knight, admiral of the West; William Taillour of Dunster; Philip de Courteney (Courtenay), late admiral; Guy de Brian, late admiral; Robert Asheton (Ashton), late admiral …” (S) UKNA.

2/1383, Philip’s 1st assignment as a member of the House of Commons. Philip and his brother Peter urging the acceptance of the offer of Bishop Despenser of Norwich to lead a crusade on behalf of Pope Urban VI in Flanders, which was opposed by John of Gaunt.

7/1383, “Parties to Indenture: Philip de Courtenay. Nature of Service: Lieutenant of Ireland”, appointed for 10 years. (S) UKNA. (S) History of the Viceroys of Ireland, Gilbert, 1865, P251. [Philip was Lt. to Sir Ralph Cheyne (738672). Philip to receive £1152 from profits and issues.]

1383, Philip and Anne left for Ireland with a retinue of troops. [Anne received the manor of ‘Cromelyn’ rent-free while Philip remained lieutenant.]

5/1384, Philip 1 of 6 knights who, at Salisbury [where Philip had attended parliament the month before], tortured a Carmelite friar who had accuse the Duke of a treasonable plot against the King’s life, leading directly to the friar’s death.

2/20/1385, Walter Reynell given protection for 1 year for going to Ireland on the king’s service in the company of Philip de Courtenay, the king’s lieutenant in Ireland. (S) CPRs.

1385 at Woky, On another visit to England, Philip de Courtneay, miles, petitioned for a Chantry in the Exeter Cathedral for his father. (S) The Manuscripts of the Earl of Westmorland, V30, P126.

5/6/1385, Philip arrived at Dalkey, Ireland to find dissension amongst the Earls, and Spanish and Scotch pirates attacking the coasts.

1385-86, Monday next before the feast of St. Luke, pleas of the ‘crown and goal delivery at Dublin’ before Philip De Courtenay, Lieutenant in Ireland, and John Penrose, Chief Justice to hold the pleas of Ireland with him. (S) Carew Papers.

By 3/1386, Philip removed as Lt. of Ireland, accused of extortion.

1387, Mandate to Robert De Vere, 'duci Hibernae' or his lieutenant, to restore Philip De Courtney the profits arising in Ireland during the time of his Lieutenancy. [Philip received 1000 marks damages in his suit for being removed from his position in Ireland.]

3/1388, 4 parks forfeited by a judgement of the Merciless Parliament (which Philip attended), as well as the royal manor of Haslebury Plucknett, Somerset, allocated to Philip for 6 years at £43 6s.8d. yearly.

11/15/1388, Philip appointed Steward of the Duchy of Cornwall. [Served until 2/1392.]

5/16/1389, “George Aldon requests that the king issue letters patent directed to the captain of Calais allowing him to carry out the request of the Sire de Maums, a French knight … endorsement … The king has granted this. Philip Courtenay.” (S) UKNA.

1389-95, “Petitions of the Abbot of Milton Abbas and others to the King in parliament as to the conduct of Philip Courtenay, kt, Admiral of the West, and his deputy Richard Slade.” (S) UKNA.

2/1/1390, Grant, for their lives, without rent, to Philip de Courtenay, knight, and Anne his wife of the manor of Dertemore, with all the profits of the forest …. (S) CPRs

4/20/1391, Grant, for the lives of survivorship, … to Philip de Courtenay, knight, and Anne his wife of the manor of Dertemore … co. Devon …. valued at £39 yearly. (S) CPRs. [Recompense for lands promised to them at their marriage.]

8/11/1391, William, Sheriff of Devon, on a commission with Philip de Courtenay and others to survey the newly found mines of gold, silver, lead, tin and other metals … and to set the necessary workmen and labourers to work for the king’s advantage. (S) CPRs, V35, P519.

12/16/1391, Philip’s mother Margaret died. Countess Margaret, left Philip all the contents of her chapel, including vestments, books and candlesticks, along with various family heirlooms. Philip became owner of 7 manors and other properties in Devon, Dorset and Somerset, including Powderham.

5/7/1393, “Philip de Courtenay knight to Andrew Rydon and Roger Wade. To deliver seisin to William Bonevill knight of the manor of Southlegh in Devon and lands in Yvelchestre, Socke Denys and Lymyngton in Somerset.” (S) UKNA, Devon Record Office.

1393, “Nicholas Pontyngdon states that his father, Thomas de Pontyngdon of the county of Devon, was forcibly ejected from his manor of Bickleigh by Philip de Courtornay, who still holds it claiming untruthfully that Thomas was a bastard; and as he is so powerful in the country, Nicholas can have no remedy at common law.” (S) UKNA.

1393, Philip came before the King and Lords and prayed to be discharged from his Membership of the Commons because of accusations and slanders brought against him that could then be tried. Philip was exeonerated and restored in full. [An early example of the parliamentary privilege of freedom from arrest in civil cases.]

5/26/1394, Philip de Courtenay and Anne his wife granted £200 yearly for life. (S) CPRs.

9/1394, Philip attened the King on his trip to Ireland.

1/26/1396, “Peter Courtenay knight to James Chuddelegh knight … Witnesses, Philip Courtenay.” (S) UKNA.

10/13/1399, Henry IV crowned king of England.

11/8/1399, Inspeximus and confirmation of 200£ yearly grant to Philip de Courtenay and Anne his wife. … Grant for life to the said Philip and Anne … manor of Dertemore. (S) CPRs.

11/1400, Philip on a commission into concealment of alnage in Devon.

7/8/1402, “Leonard, abbot of Newenham, recounts … when Courtenay sent 60 armed men arrayed for war who, at Courtenay's order and without reasonable cause, took the abbot from his house by force and brought him to Courtenay's manor of Bickleigh, where he was, and still is, imprisoned … at Westminster the council agreed that a writ under the great seal should be addressed to Courtenay ordering him to release the abbot of Newenham from prison, on pain of 1000 marks … Philip Courtenay …” (S) UKNA.

9/1402, “…  manors and tenements in Devon and Cornwall, from which they were forcibly expelled by Philip Courtenay, knight, John his son and Joan, widow of James Chuddelegh, …” (S) UKNA.

11/1402, Philip imprisoned in the Tower for his actions. [Finding sureties, he was set free after 10 days.]

10/1403, Philip on a commission to make proclamation against unlawful assemblies.

12/21/1404, Revocation of letters patent … granting for life to Philip de Courtenay and Anne his wife … manor of Dertemore … the said Philip and Anne to appear … (S) CPRs.


1/1405, Philip appointed to the King’s Council.

1405, Philip age 50, put in reversion of his brother Sir Peter, inheriting the manor of Stewley, Somerset.

7/29/1406, Philip died, holding 1 manor and a hamlet in Dorset, 3.5 manors and 3 advowsons in Somerset, and 17 manors and 5 advowsons in Devon, and a number of smaller properties in the same 3 counties, valued at £140 yearly.

(S) Burke’s Genealogy and Heraldic History, 1847, P195. (S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P259. (S) Hist. of Parliament, Roskell, 1993.

Family notes:

·         Sir Philip known for acts of gratuitous savagery and vindictiveness, tempered with skill in military and naval affairs.

·         Philip’s oldest brother Hugh (b.1327, d.1348) left a son Hugh (d.1374), his cousin Edward de Courtenay became Earl of Devon [known as “The Blind Earl”, s/o Philip’s older brother Edward.]

Children of Philip and Anne: [3 sons, 2 daughters]

i. Richard Courtenay, born 1381 in England.

1395, The Pope dispensed Richard Courtenay, the archbishop's nephew, then in his 14th year, to hold the deanery of South Malling.

11/18/1406, Grant to Richard Courtenay, clerk, son and heir of Philip de Courtenay, ‘chivaler’, that he may enter into all manors, lands … of which Peter Courtenay, ‘chivaler’ and the said Philip severally died seised … (S) CPRs.

1413, Richard, Bishop of Norwich.

9/20/1415, Richard, Bishop of Norwich, died at the siege of Harlfleur. (S) Chron. Of Grey Friars of London, V53, 1852.

9/26/1415, Writ for IPM of Richard Courtenay, Bishop of Norwich. Devon: He held the manor and advowson of Honiton … Hugh Courtenay late earl of Devon and Margaret his wife for their lives with successive remainders to Peter de Courtenay and his heirs male, Philip de Courtenay and his heirs male … Hugh and Margaret died. Peter died without heirs male. Then Philip held them and Richard succeeded as his son and heir. … He died on 15 Sept. last. Philip son of John, his brother, is his heir and was aged 11 years on 18 Jan. last. Somerset: He held the manor of East Coker … [yearly value of over £234] (S) CIsPM.

11/13/1415, To the escheator in Devon …  inquisition, taken by the escheator, that Richard Courtenay bishop of Norwich deceased, by name of Richard Courtenay clerk, … (S) CCRs.

ii. John Courtenay (1901384), born ~1382 in England.

iii. Agnes Courtenay, born ? in England.

Agnes married Sir Otes Champernoun.

iv. Margaret Courtenay (369345), born ~1385 in England.

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