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Tuesday, August 10, 2010

Baron Thomas Carew & Elizabeth Bonville

3802784. Baron Thomas Carew & 3802785. Elizabeth Bonville

1368, Thomas Carrewe born in England, s/o 7605568. Leonard Carew & 7605569. Elizabeth Arundel.

1369, Thomas age 1 at his father’s death.

~1369, Elizabeth born in England, d/o 7605508. Lord William Bonville & 7605509. Margaret Daumarle.

1/16/1373, Grant to Nicholas de Carreu and his kinsman, Thomas son and heir of Leonard de Carrey, a minor, of the manor of Balymaclythan, co. Meath, which pertained to the said Leonard by hereditary right after the death of his father, John de Carreu, and has come into the king’s hand because Leonard did not come or send men to Ireland to stay on the defence of the manor, pursuant … council at Guldeford; … (S) CPRs.

11/18/1375, Nicholas Careu, Thomas, son of Leonard Carreu, and John Mattesforde, querents, and John Prescote, deforciant. … …- which John Meriet', knight, and Elizabeth [Thomas’ mother], his wife, held in dower of Elizabeth, of the inheritance of John … after the decease of Elizabeth shall remain to Nicholas, Thomas and John Mattesforde and the heirs of Thomas, … (S) Feet of Fines, Devon.

8/12/1376, “Nicholas de Carreu (Carew); Thomas de Carreu (Carew), son and heir of Leonard de Carreu, and kinsman of Nicholas de Carreu. … The Carreus request that the manor of Balymaclythan be granted to them and to Thomas's heirs as it is in the king's hand by forfeiture as Leonard de Carreu was not resident in the county in accordance with the ordinance made at Guildford, since Leonard de Carreu was in the king's service in Aquitaine in the company of the earl of Pembroke where he was killed.” (S) UKNA.

6/21/1377, Richard II, age 10, son of the Black Prince, succeeded Edward III as King of England.

7/30/1380, Admission of William de Carreu, as the guardian of Thomas, son and heir of Leonard de Carrey, knight, staying in England … in Ireland. (S) CPRs.

[––Thomas & Elizabeth––]

1381, Thomas married to Elizabeth.

9/28/1394, Protection with clause volumes for half a year for Thomas de Carrewe, son of Leonard de Carrewe going to Ireland in the king’s company. (S) CPRs.

1394-5/1395, King Richard II invaded Ireland with a force of 8000 and subjugated multiple Irish chieftans.

9/21/1394, Thomas Carreu granted his father-in-law, Sir William Bonevyll, Kt., … John Streeche, … his manors of Otery-Kohun …. Devon … for 21 years to pay his debts … if her should die in Ireland … to enfeoff Elizabeth his wife for the term of her life in the manors of … if Elizabeth his wife, who was then pregnant, should have a son … the feoffees should then marry Elizabeth and Margaret, his daughters, … if a daughter … dispose according to his last will … (S) Proc’s Somerset A&NH Soc., V27, 1882, P162.

1395, Inquisition taken before William Hamstide, deputy of John Aldelyne, the King’s Escheator, to enquire what lands and tenements Sir Leonard Carewe and Sir John Carewe, his father, held of the Lord Edward, late King of England, as well in demesne as in service, in the counties of Carlow and Cork … Sir John Carewe was seized of the barony of Odrone … Sir Leoneard Carewe was seized of the said barony … held the said barony of Margaret, Countess of Norfolk, late Lady of the Co. of Carlow, as of the castle and manor of Carlow, by military service. That Sir Thomas de Carewe, son of the said Leonard, was next heir of the said John and Leonard, … and was then of age 27 years, and married 14 years to Elizabeth, daughter of Sir William Bonvile. (S) Cal. of the Patent and Close Rolls of Chancery in Ireland, Morrin, 1861.

10/8/1395, Protection with clause volumes for 1 year for Thomas de Carrewe, son of Leonard de Carrewe, knight (militis), staying in Ireland on the king’s service in the company of Roger de Mortuo Mari, earl of March. (S) CPRs.

1402, Thomas fought in Wales against Owen Glendower. (S) The Revolt of Owain Glyn Dwr, Davies, 1995.

6/22/1402, Battle of Pilleth (Bryn Glas) in Powys. A Welsh victory under Owain Glynd┼Ár, resulted in the prolongation of the Welsh rebellion.

10/19/1402, Commission to Thomas Carrewe, ‘chivaler,’ of the custody of the castle of Nervert in Wales and the lordship belonging to it … (S) CPRs.

11/17/1402, … Thomas Carreu, chevalier, sent to arrest and take before the Lord and King and his Council, when he should be captured, David Perot, esquire, of the county of Pembroke … (S) Issues of the Exchequer.

4/5/1403, Thomas and Elizabeth received a papal indult for a portable altar. (S) Cal.of Papa; Reg’s, V5, 1904, Regesta 110.

7/1403, Thomas Carew defeated Owain Glyndwr at Laugharne, Pembrokeshire.

1403-04, Petition of Thomas Carreu, knight. … requests that … and the other bailiffs of Falmouth charging them to deliver the barge of Sully with its victuals as the bailiffs wrongly arrested it believing the victuals to belong to Glyndwr. (S) UKNA.

3/27/1404, Grant for life to Thomas Carrewe, ‘chivaler,’ of the lands late of Ll’ ap Morgan in the town of St. Clear in the commote of Trayne within the commote of Kermerdyn, … on account of the rebellion of the latter … (S) CPRs.

4/24/1404, Grant for life to Thomas Carrewe, ‘chivaler,’ in recompense of is great labours and costs in the parts of South Wales … of the castle and lordship of Nerbert, the lordships and lands in the town of St. Clear and the commote of Tray, co. Carmarthen, late of Edmund Mortymer … on account of his rebellions, worth 100 marks yearly, with all liberties, … (S) CPRs.

1405, Sir Richard Arundel led an expedition against Owain Glyndwr. [Thomas likely in this expedition.]

1407, Thomas at the siege of Aberystwyth castle.

1407 Prince Henry (future Henry V) laid siege to Aberystwith castle in Wales, held by Rhys ap Gruffydd, and captured it 9/1408.

8/13/1407, Elizabeth named in the will of her father.

[During this time circumstantial evidence points to Thomas being at sea, primarily against the Spanish.]

3/20/1413, Henry V succeeded Henry IV as King of England.

8/10/1413, Commission to Thomas Carrewe, John Tiptot and the mayor of Dertemouth to arrest John Hauley … (S) CPRs.

11/16/1413, Thomas Carrewe knight to the king. Recognisance for £4,000. Condition, that he shall be of good behaviour toward the king and people. (S) CCRs. [Many high-level persons under similar recognisances.]

2/18/1415, Thomas commissioned to guard the channel at the visit of Emperor Sigismund of Germany. Thomas was assigned a naval force with 3000 soldiers. (S) The Baronetage of England, V2, Betham, P285. (S) CPRs.

10/25/1415, Thomas at the battle of Agincourt in northern France. [Documented by 3 eye witnesses.] The English longbows gave “a terrifying hail of arrow shot.” French estimate of their own dead of 4,000 would imply a ratio of nearly 9 to 1 in favour of the English. (S) The Agincourt War, Burne, 1976, P111.

3/21/1416, Parties to Indenture: Thomas Carreu, knight, Nature of Service: Naval. (S) UKNA.

1416, Account of Thomas Carrew of wages of soldiers. (S) UKNA.

3/1/1417, Thomas served at sea with 315 men-at-arms and 632 archers. (S) Memoranda of the Treasury, 1 Ric. II-38, 1836, P159.

8/30/1417, Thomas’ fleet returned to Dartmouth.

9/1/1417, Thomas served at sea with 39 men-at-arms and 80 archers under the Earl of March, sailing to Hogue in Normandy (S) See 11/28/1423.

1417, King Henry returned to France. He first captured the city of Caen, then Arentan, then Falaise in a winter siege.

1418, King Henry began the long siege of Rouen [Captured 1/19/1419.]

1418, Thomas appointed to keep and defend the passage over the river Seine, and named Captain of Harfleur.

10/27/1418, Thomas returned to England.

4/13/1420, Commission … to supervise the musters of 500 men at arms armed and 1000 archers in certain ships and other vessels under the leading of the king’s kinsman Hugh, earl of Devon, the lord of Botreaux, Thomas Carrewe, ‘chivaler,’ and John Hauley … (S) CPRs.

1422, “Warrant for allowances on the account of Thomas Carew as to certain ships taken from the Spaniards.” (S) UKNA.

8/31/1422, Henry VI (an infant) succeeded Henry V as King of England.

1422, Thomas sent in secret to the King of Portugal.

11/28/1423, Petition to the Council from Sir Thomas Carew, stating that in the 4th year of the previous reign he had been retained to serve the King at sea for half a year with 315 men-at-arms and 632 archers, for whose wages he has been unable to obtain payment ... from 1st of March 1417 at which time his aid retinue was ready at Darthmouth to cross the sea, until August 30th ... and also wages of himself and 39 men-at-arms and 80 archers, from the 1st of September 1417 sailing from England to Hogue in Normandy and thence to England until 27 October following with the Earl of March. [Requests were granted.] (S) Proc. of the Privy Council, V3, Nicolas, P21.

5/27/1426, Grant to Thomas Carewe, knight ; pursuant to the surrender by him in the Chancery for cancellation of the letters patent of 14 May last by which the king granted to him the marriage of Joan one of the daughters and heirs of Hugh Courtenay, knight, … a minor in the king's ward, the said Thomas rendering therefor 50 marks in hand over and above the 100 marks which he paid to the king at the Exchequer, … the said letters being invalid since the said Joan is not one of the heirs of the said Hugh but … the said 100 marks were paid by him, …, for the marriage of Joan as ' one of the daughters and heirs of Philippa,'. (S) CFRs.

5/19/1427, Commission of array in the county of Devon to Thomas Carrewe, knight, … Philip Courteney, esquire, … to resist certain Bertons who are at sea with a great fleet. (S) CPRs.

1/24/1430, Thomas, Knt. and Baron Carew of Carew castle, Pembrokeshire died. “Carewe, Thomas, kt, and Elizabeth his wife: Berks, Hants, Devon.” (S) UKNA, IPM.

1/27/1430, Writ to the escheators for IPM of Thomas Carew ‘chivaler’ in Devon ; Somerset ; Southampton ; Berks. (S) CFRs.


12/11/1435 at Ottery Mohun, Elizabeth Carreu, late the wife of Thomas Carreu knight, in her widowhood to Tristram abbot of St. Mary Nyweham and the convent and to their successors. Quitclaim with warranty of the advowson of Louepit church in their possession. Witnesses: Thomas Courteney earl of Devon, William Bonevile, … (S) CCRs.

11/25/1437, Michael Lerchedeakne, ..., querents, and Elizabeth, who was the wife of Thomas Carrewe, knight, and Nicholas Carrewe, knight, and Joan, his wife, deforciants. Nicholas Carrewe has acknowledged the manors to be the right of John Carnell', ... Michael, ... have granted to Elizabeth the manors of Mamehed', Weston' Peuerell', Andeport and Mollesford' and have rendered them to her in the court, to hold to Elizabeth, ..., rendering yearly 1 rose at the feast of the Nativity of St John the Baptist, and doing to the chief lords all other services, for the life of Elizabeth. And after the decease of Elizabeth the same manors shall remain to Nicholas Carrewe and Joan. (S) Feet of Fines, Devon, Hampshire, Berkshire.

2/8/1450, Elizabeth died.

7/26/1450, Writ to the escheators for IPM of Elizabeth late the wife of Thomas Carrewe knight in Devon ; Southampton ; Berks. (S) CFRs.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P170.

Child of Thomas and Elizabeth: [2 sons]

i. Elizabeth Carew, born by 1393 in England.

ii. Margaret Carew, born by 1394 in England.

iii. Nicholas Carew (1901392), born 1395 in England.

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