Featured Post

||| LINK to author's Amazon page

Monday, October 18, 2010

Baron Ralph de Cromwell & Mazera Marmion & Lord Ralph Basset of Drayton & Margaret de Somery

4997442. Baron Ralph de Cromwell & 4997443. Mazera Marmion & 243382628. Lord Ralph Basset of Drayton & 243382629. Margaret de Somery

~1215, Ralph Basset born in Drayton, Staffordshire, England; s/o §§Ralph Basset & Isabel ?.

Aft. 1218, Ralph Basset’s father died.

~1230, Margaret born in England, d/o 486765256. Roger de Someri & 486765257. Nichole D’Aubigny.

~1235, Ralph de Crumwell born in England.

7/8/1253, Simple protection for 7 years, for Margery de Sumery. The like for Joan de Berkele [Margery’s aunt, sister of her father]. (S) CPRs.

[–––Ralph Basset & Margaret de Somery–––]

~1253, Ralph married Margaret.

1257, Ralph summoned to King Henry III at Chester with horse and arms to oppose a Welsh incursion.

8/10/1257, Protection to those going to Wales in the service of the king and Edward his son … Ralph Basset of Drayton. (S) CPRs.

9/3/1257, Ralph, the younger, of Drayton granted a market and fair at Colston Basset, Nottinghamshire. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516. [Colston originally of the Thurstan Basset lineage – brother of Ralph the Justiciar.]

1258, King Henry forced to sign the Provisions of Oxford, granting parliament administrative reform. [The beginning of the Baron’s Revolt led by Simon de Montfort, earl of Leicester.]

1262, Warw., Ralph Basset of Drayton sued Philip Marmiun for sending his serviens … with a great multitude of outlaws and Welshmen … to the mill of the said Ralph … doing damage … £100 … A concord was afterwards made at Tamworth, … sureties … John de Plessetis, earl of Warwick, Peter de Montfort, … Roger de Morteyn, … Thomas de Clinton [for Philip] … (S) Collections for a History of Staffordshire, V4, 1883, P151.

8/18/1263, Edward secretly made a pact with multiple powerful English barons. Roger de Clifford (4997408), Roger de Leybourne (121691156), John de Vaux (4997498), Ralph Basset (243382628), Hamo Lestrange and John Giffard (11820106) issued letters patent giving their full support to Lord Edward. (S) Edward I, Prestwich, 1988, P41.

9/18/1263, Pardon to Roger de Clifford, Roger de Leyburn, John de Vallibus, Hamo Lestrange, John Giffard and Ralph Basset of Dreyton of all trespasses … reason of non-observance of the Provisions of Oxford … (S) CPRs.

1/1263, Ralph ordered to Hereford by Henry III because of a possible Welsh attack. (S) The History of Ludlow, Wright, 1852, P172.

4/12/1263, Simon de Montfort returned to England to lead a rebellion of young barons. Simon sent his son Simon to secure Northampton castle, then being held by a supporter Ralph Basset of Drayton.

4/6/1264, King Henry attacked Northampton, capturing Simon’s 2nd son and Ralph Basset.

6/7/1264, After the King was defeated and captured at the battle of Lewes, Sussex, Ralph was named governor of the castles of Salop and Bruges.

12/4/1264, Ralph summoned to Simon de Montfort’s parliament.

12/20/1264, Commitment during pleasure to Ralph Basset of Drayton of the castle of Shrewsbury. (S) CPRs.

2/16/1265, Prohibition to Simon de Monte Forti, earl of Leicester, Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester, … Ralph Basset of Draiton, … going … to Dunstaple to tourney there, upon pain of forfeiture of all lands, … (S) CPRs.

5/20/1265, Mandate to Ralph Basset of Drayton, keeper of the peace in the counties of Salop and Stafford, … (S) CPRs.

7/31/1265, Lord Edward (I) defeated Simon de Montfort’s son Simon at the battle of Kenilworth, Warwickshire. Most of Montfort’s forces were captured, Simon taking refuge in the castle. [Simon eventually escaped and joined other opposition forces at Axholme.]

8/4/1265, Ralph died at the battle of Evesham, Worcester. He died at Montfort’s side, having refused Montfort’s request that he retire from the field in the face of inevitable defeat. Montfort and 2 of his sons were killed.


11/5/1265, Grant for life, at the instance of Edward the king’s son, and for the laudable service of her father, to Margaret, late the wife of Ralph Basset of Drayton, daughter of Roger de Sumery, of the manor of Patingham, co. Stafford, and all the lands late of the said Ralph in Watton, co. Leicester, and Exton, co. Rutland, … (S) CPRs. [Upon remarring Margaret passed the estates to her son.]

[–––Ralph de Cromwell & Mazera Marmion –––]

~1250, Mazera born in England, d/o 9994886. Philip de Marmion & 9994887. Joane de Kilpec.

11/8/1257, Exemption, for life, at the instance of Peter de Monteforti, of Ralph de Crumbwell from being put on juries, assizes or recognitions, … against his will. (S) CPRs.

12/16/1263, Pardon at the instance of Ralph de Crumbewell, … (S) CPRs.

~1265, Ralph married Mazera. (S) Hist. of Nottinghamshire, V3, 1796, Lambeley.

11/21/1265, Manser son of Aaron de London … his debtors … John de Brugo the elder, … Ralph de Crumwell, … (S) CPRs.

Bef. 1271, Mazera died, leaving her daughter Joan as heir to her lands.

[–––Ralph de Cromwell & Margaret de Somery–––]

Bef. 1/26/1271, Ralph married 2nd Margaret de Somery [her 2nd].

11/16/1272, Edward I succeeded Henry III as King of England. [While on crusade.]

1273, Ralph de Crumwell, Henry de Erdynton, John de Clynton, … are in misericordiĆ¢ for a trespass. They were fined Ralph 10 marks, … (S) Staffordshire Hist. Coll’s, V6, Pt1, 1885, Plea Rolls.

8/26/1273, IPM of Roger de Somery: … part of the barony of Chester falling to him through Nicholaa de Albaniaco his first wife, one of the heirs of Hugh de Albaniaco earl of Arundell … Margaret the wife of Ralph de Cromwelle, Joan the wife of John le Strange, Mabel the wife of Walter de Suyllye, and Maud the wife of Henry de Erdinton, are next heirs of the said Nicholaa, and of full age. (S) CIsPM.

1273, Margaret coheir of a 4th of her father’s lands.

8/26/1273, IPM of Roger de Somery. … part of the barony of Chester falling to him through Nicholaa de Albaniaco his first wife, one of the heirs of Hugh de Albaniaco earl of Arundell … Margaret (243382629) the wife of Ralph de Cromwelle, Joan (121690977) the wife of John le Strange, Mabel the wife of Walter de Suyllye, and Maud the wife of Henry de Erdinton, are next heirs of the said Nicholaa, and of full age. (S) CIsPM.

4/12/1274, Order to cause Ralph de Crumbwell and Margaret his wife, sister and co-heiress of Nicholaa, formerly the wife of Roger de Somery, to have seisin of the following lands, which the king has assigned as Margaret's purparty. (S) CCRs. [Very long detailed list of properties.]

7/21/1276, Ralph de Crumbewelle acknowledges he owes the merchants of Luca 1,000 marks if Nicholas de Sedgrave fails to pay. (S) CCRs.

12/28/1280, Grant, for life to Robert de Ufford of the castle and town of Oreford, … £10 from Ralph de Crumwell, … (S) CPRs.

1281, Ralph de Cromwell of Derbyshire summoned to serve against the Welsh. (S) Hist. of the Co. of Derby, V1, Glover, P406.

10/24/1281, Ralph de Crumwelle a pledge for Thomas de Chaworth. (S) CFRs.

6/27/1282, To the keeper of the forest of Shirewode. Order to cause Ralph de Crumwell to have in that forest six bucks, of the king's gift. (S) CCRs.

12/11/1282, King Edward’s forces defeated Llewelyn ap Gruffydd at the Battle of Radnor in eastern Wales. King Edward received the head of Llywelyn at Rhuddlan castle. [Aka Battle of Orewin Bridge.]

6/28/1283, Ralph de Crumwell summoned to Shrewsbury by writ from Rhuddlan to the king to hold a colloquium to ordain what should be done with David, brother of Llewellyn, formerly prince of Wales. (S) The Titular Barony of Clavering, 1891, P16.

9/12/1283, Order to the escheator on this side Trent to deliver to Ralph de Crumwell and Margaret (243382629) his wife, John le Strange (60845488), Walter de Suly and Mabel his wife, and Maud late the wife of Henry de Erdington, coheirs of a 4th part of the inheritance of Hugh de Albiniaco (s/o 973530514) , earl of Arundel, the manor of Olneye … which manor, late held by Isabel de Albiniaco, sometime countess of Arundel … (S) CFRs. [The details of the actual partition are interesting, and very long: Matilda de Erdington got the ‘great hall with the chambers …’; Ralph de Crumwell got ‘The new chambers with the bakehouse and the great farriery with the great gate …’;  Walter de Sutleye got ‘The great stable with the cowhouses and granaries …’; and John le Estraunge to ‘The hous assigned the baliffs with the dairy with part of the great barn with a purparty of the court …’ (S) CCRs, 3/22/1284.]

11/10/1284, Enrolment of grant by Brother Peter, prior of Lenton … Witnesses: Sir Ralph de Crumwell, Sir Richard de Grey, Sir Robert de Stretley, Sir John de Heryz, Sir Robert de Everingham. (S) CCRs.

1289, Ralph of Cromwell and West Hallum [Derbyshire], and Cromwell [Nottinghamshire] died.

9/18/1289, Order to the escheator beyond Trent to take into the king's hand the lands late of Ralph de Crumwell, deceased, tenant in chief. (S) CFRs.


Betw. 3/1293-6/1293, Margaret took the veil.

1293, Margaret died.

(S) A Genealogical History of the Dormant, … Peerages of the British, Burke, 1866. (S) Transactions of the Leicestershire A&A Society, V4, 1878, P27.

Family notes:

·         1218, Ralph Basset paid 30 marks for the 15 knight's fees held, upon the levy of the first scuttage for the king.

·         Ralph Basset [d.aft.1218] s/o §§Ralph [d.1211], s/o §§Ralph [d.1160], s/o §§Richard Basset, Justiciar of England [died bef. 1146] & §§Maud de Ridel, d/o Sir Geoffrey de Ridel, Lord of Witheringe, & Geva Lupus d/o Hugh Lupus, earl of Chester. All Ralph’s “of Drayton”. Richard Basset [Justiciar] s/o Ralph Basset of Montreuil-au-Houlme, Normandy, France, and Northamptonshire, England; s/o Thurstan Basset, “the Norman”, of Ouilly-Basset, Normandy.

·         The 2 main family lines are of Drayton, Staffordshire; and Great Weldon, Northamptonshire.

Children of Ralph Basset and Margaret:

i. Ralph Basset (121691314), born ~1254 in England.

ii. Maud Basset, born ~1257 in England.

Maud married John de Grey.     

Child of Ralph de Cromwell and Mazera:

i. Joan Marmion (2498721), born 1268 in England.

Child of Ralph de Cromwell and Margaret:

i. Ralph de Crumbewell (23640104), born ~1270 in England.