184678. Duke Edmund Beaufort & 184679. Lady Eleanor Beauchamp
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1406, Edmund born in England, s/o 369356. John Beaufort & 369357. Margaret de Holland.
9/1408, Eleanor born in Walthamstow, Essex, England, co-heir & d/o 369358. Richard Beauchamp & 369359. Elizabeth Berkeley.
Eleanor 1st married Thomas Roos, 8th Lord Roos of Helmesley.
1422, Eleanor coheir to her mother, inheriting 1/3 of the baronies of Berkeley, Lisle, and Tyeys.
1426-27, Edmund’s affair with King Henry V’s widow, Katherine of France, created a political scandal.
1427, Edmund granted the county of Mortain in Normandy.
8/18/1430, Thomas Roos died.
1431, Edmund present at Henry VI’s coronation banquet in Paris, France.
1431-53, Edmund held military commands in the French wars.
1436, Edmund invested as a Knight of the Garter
1433, Edmund Ambassador to the King of Scotland.
Bef. 10/31/1434, Edmund married Eleanor.
8/1441, Edmund made Earl of Dorset for his service in the relief of Calais.
6/24/1443, Edmund, created 4th Earl of Somerset, 1st Marquess of Dorset.
5/27/1444, Edmund succeeded his brother as Earl of Somerset.
1444-1452, Edmund summoned to parliament.
1445, Edmund & Eleanor received a papal dispensation to remain married. [3rd degree].
3/1445, Future Queen Margaret sold silver plate to Eleanor in order to pay her sailors that would take her to England.[Eleanor was likely in the large group sent to retrieve Margaret from France. Eleanor and Margaret became very close friends.]
12/1446, The Queen, earl Edmund, Edmund’s uncle the Cardinal, and others counciled King Henry VI against his uncle, the Duke of Gloucester.
1447, Edmund appointed Governor-General of France and of the Duchies of Normandy and Guienne. Edmund took residence at Rouen with a salary of £20,000 a year. This was during a 2-year truce with France.
3/31/1448, Edmund created 1st Duke Somerset.
1449, Eleanor co-heiress to her niece Anne Beauchamp, Countess of Warwick.
7/1449, Charles VII formally declared war on England. [In a little over a month the English would lose 30 towns.]
10/1449, pressed by the French, Edmund gave up Rouen, 6 other strongholds, and a large sum of money “for the deliverance of his person, wife, children, and goods.”
6/24/1450, Edmund surrendered Caen to King Charles of France.
8/1/1450, Edmund returned to London with “many poor soldiers.” The Duke of York accused Edmund of treason.
12/1/1450, Edmund impeached by a York-controlled parliament and taken prisoner to the Tower. Edmund was released the same day by the Queen. [During the day Edmund’s home had been ransacked.]
1451, King Henry appointed Edmund as Captain of Calais. [Calais and Aquitaine were all that remained of English possessions in France.]
8/3/1451, The duchy of Acquitaine fell to the French.
Edmund returned to England.
3/3/1452 at Dartford, in order to avoid a battle against the Duke of York, King Henry ordered the arrest of Edmund. The Queen defended Edmund and he was not arrested. [Had the battle been fought, it would have been the 1st battle of the War of the Roses.]
1452, Edmund granted the Lordship of the Isle of Wight for life.
5/20/1452, Edmund, duke of Somerset, granted a fair at Woking, Surrey. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516.
10/1452, An English army under John Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury, took control of a large part of Aquitaine.
10/1453, Edmund was the sponsor for King Henry’s son’s baptism [the King was ill, and the Queen had not completed her time of “churching”.]
10/19/1453, after the death of John Talbot, Charles VII retook Bordeaux, ending the 100 Years War. Only Calais remained a possession of England.
11/18/1453, Eleanor de Beauchamp,
3/27/1454, The King was ill, the Duke of York was named Regent, and Edmund was deposed and committed to the Tower.
12/25/1454, King Henry recovered from a semi-comatose state after 16 months. [There is evidence that he never completely recovered.]
2/16/1455, Edmund released from imprisonment.
1455, Richard of York [white rose]formed an army of 3000 in the north, Richard [Salisbury] an army of 2000, and his son – Richard [Warwick] an army of 2000, and marched towards London. Lancastrians [red rose], King Henry VI, Edmund Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, Humphrey Stafford, Duke of Buckingham [commander], with a smaller force of 2000-3000 left London to intercept Yorkist forces. [The King’s request for support had been sent out too late. Many arrived after the battle.] The Yorkists also had advantages in cannon and archers.
5/22/1455, Edmund slain at the 1st Battle of St. Albans fighting against Richard, Duke of York; buried within the Lady chapel of St. Albans. [His son Henry was wounded.] The royalist lost 300 including Somerset and Thomas de Clifford, and many other nobles. This was the opening battle of a 30-year, Lancaster-York, “War of the Roses”.
3/4/1457, Eleanor named administrator of Edmund’s estates.
Eleanor remarried to Walter Rokesley, Esq.
1463, Eleanor’s son Henry declared support for King Henry VI against King Edward IV; and Eleanor was imprisoned.
3/12/1467, Eleanor died at Baynard’s Castle, London.
(S) The Royal Lineage of Our Noble and Gentle Families, 1883, Foster, P21. (S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P756. (S) The Wars of the Roses, Weir, 1995.
Children of Edmund and Eleanor:
i. Eleanor Beaufort (92339), born ~1436 in England. [Eldest]
ii. Henry Beaufort, born ? in England.
5/15/1464, Henry was captured and killed at the battle of Hexham. [Never married, 1 natural son by Joan de la Montaign – Charles, ancestor of the “Somerset” families.]
iii. Joan Beaufort, born ? in England.
Joan married King James 1st of Scotland.
Joan married 2nd James Stewart, the Black Knight of Lorn.
iii. Margaret Beaufort born ? in England.
Margaret married Earl Humphrey Stafford.
iv. Edmund Beaufort, born ~1439 in England.
5/6/1471, Edmund, 4th Duke of Somerset, as a Lancanstrian, was taken prisoner at the Battle of Tewkesbury and beheaded 2 days later. The battle was at the confluence of the Avon and Severn rivers. The Lancanstrians arrived 1st after a 40 mile march and established a strong defensive position. Seeing an opening, Somerset attacked Edward IV at the Yorkist center. He was flanked, and Edward, Prince of Wales, age 18, was killed in the assault. [The only heir-apparent of England to die in battle.]
v. Anne Beaufort (92323), born 3/24/1443 at Baynard castle in London, England.