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Sunday, November 28, 2010

Duke Edmund Beaufort & Duchess Eleanor Beauchamp

184678. Duke Edmund Beaufort & 184679. Duchess Eleanor Beauchamp 

1406, Edmund born in England, s/o 369356. Marquess John Beaufort & 369357. Margaret de Holland.

9/1408, Eleanor born in Walthamstow, Essex, England, co-heir & d/o 369358. Richard Beauchamp & 369359. Elizabeth Berkeley.

3/20/1413, Henry V succeeded as King of England.

6/2/1420, King Henry V married Catherine of Valois, France

1422, Eleanor coheir to her mother, inheriting 1/3 of the baronies of Berkeley, Lisle, and Tyeys.

8/31/1422, King Henry V died, succeeded by Henry VI, an infant.

[––Eleanor & Thomas––]

Eleanor 1st married Thomas Roos, 8th Lord Roos of Helmesley.

1426-27, Edmund’s affair with King Henry V’s widow, Queen Katherine, created a political scandal.

1427, Edmund granted the county of Mortain in Normandy, France.

8/18/1430, Thomas Roos died.

1431, Edmund present at Henry VI’s coronation banquet in Paris, France.

1431-53, Edmund held military commands in the French wars.

1436, Edmund invested as a Knight of the Garter.

1433, Edmund Ambassador to the King of Scotland.

[––Edmund & Eleanor––]

Bef. 10/31/1434, Edmund married Eleanor.

12/21/1439, King Henry VI; and Edmund [Beaufort] earl of Dorset and Eleanor his wife, John Lord Talbot and Margaret his wife, and George Lord Latymer and Elizabeth his wife. At the request of Edmund, Eleanor, John, Margaret, George and Elizabeth, the king has inspected his writ to the escheator of Gloucestershire to make partition between Eleanor, Margaret and Elizabeth, daughters and coheirs of Elizabeth late countess of Warwick after the death of their father Richard [Beauchamp], who held the lands by the courtesy of England. (S) UKNA, BCM/A/1/1/50.

8/1441, Edmund made Earl of Dorset for his service in the relief of Calais.

6/24/1443, Edmund, created 4th Earl of Somerset, 1st Marquess of Dorset.

5/27/1444, Edmund succeeded his brother as Earl of Somerset.

10/1444, Edmund given 13 manors in the West Country which belonged to the Duchy of Cornwall. (S) The Wars of the Roses, Neillads, 1993, P44.

1444-1452, Edmund summoned to parliament.

1445, Edmund & Eleanor received a papal dispensation to remain married. [3rd degree].

3/1445, Future Queen Margaret sold silver plate to Eleanor in order to pay her sailors that would take her to England.[Eleanor was likely in the large group sent to retrieve Margaret from France. Eleanor and Margaret became very close friends.]

1445, Edmund replaced the Duke of York as Lt. of Normandy. (S) The Wars of the Roses, Neillads, 1993, P47.

5/4/1446, Roll of the court of John [Talbot], earl of Shrewbury and Lord Talbot, and Margaret his wife, eldest daughter of Richard Beauchamp, late earl of Warwick, Edmund [Beaufort], marquess of Dorset, and Eleanor his wife, Warwick's second daughter, and George Lord Latemer and Elizabeth his wife, Warwick's third daughter. (S) UKNA.

12/1446, The Queen, earl Edmund, Edmund’s uncle the Cardinal, and others counciled King Henry VI against his uncle, the Duke of Gloucester.       

1447, Edmund appointed Governor-General of France and of the Duchies of Normandy and Guienne. Edmund took residence at Rouen with a salary of £20,000 a year. This was during a 2-year truce with France.

3/31/1448, Edmund created 1st Duke Somerset.

1449, Eleanor co-heiress to her niece Anne Beauchamp, Countess of Warwick.

7/1/1449, (1) John Beauchamp, knight, lord of Beauchamp, John Fortescu, chief justice, and William Yelverton, justice; (2) Edmund [Beaufort] duke of Somerset, and Eleanor his wife, John [Talbot] earl of Shrewsbury and Margaret his wife, and George lord of Latymer, knight, and Elizabeth his wife; (3) James Berkeley, lord of Berkeley, knight. Award by John Beauchamp, John and William, as arbitrators in the dispute between Edmund and the others on the one part and James Berkeley on the other part, concerning the lands [etc.] of Thomas late lord of Berkeley in Glos. and Som. (S) UKNA.

7/1449, Charles VII formally declared war on England. [In a little over a month the English would lose 30 towns.]

10/1449, Pressed by the French, Edmund gave up Rouen, 6 other strongholds, and a large sum of money “for the deliverance of his person, wife, children, and goods.”

6/24/1450, Edmund surrendered Caen to King Charles of France.

8/1/1450, Edmund returned to London with “many poor soldiers.” The Duke of York accused Edmund of treason.

1450, Edmund’s quarrels with the Duke of York continued. Edmund had to escape capture during a riot in London on the barge of the Earl of Devon. (S) The Wars of the Roses, Neillads, 1993, P56.

12/1/1450, Edmund impeached by a York-controlled parliament and taken prisoner to the Tower. Edmund was released the same day by the Queen. [During the day Edmund’s home had been ransacked.]

1451, King Henry appointed Edmund as Captain of Calais. [Calais and Aquitaine were all that remained of English possessions in France.]

8/3/1451, The duchy of Acquitaine fell to the French.

1451, Edmund returned to England.

9/1451, The private armies of Duke Edmund and the Duke of York converged on Tauton, Somerset, where Thomas Courtenay, earl of Devon was besieging Lord William Bonville (131282). (S) The Wars of the Roses, Neillads, 1993, P57.

10/8/1451, James lord of Berkeley, William Berkeley, knight, James Berkeley, Maurice Berkeley and Thomas Berkeley, esquires; and John [Talbot] earl of Shrewsbury and his wife Margaret, Edmund [Beaufort] duke of Somerset and his wife Eleanor and George Lord Latymere and his wife Elizabeth. James and the others have granted that they will assure to the earl and the others and the heirs of Margaret, Eleanor and Elizabeth, by fine or other method, the manors of Wotton, Symondeshale and Coueley, … James, William, James, Maurice and Thomas bind themselves in £10,000 to perform these promises. (S) UKNA. [These were the heirs of Isabel Dispenser’s lands, who as widow of the earl of Worcester had married as his 2nd wife Eleanor’s father.]

11/1451, The King summoned the parties in the 9/1451 dispute, including Edmund, to his High Court of Judgement at Coventry. (S) The Wars of the Roses, Neillads, 1993, P58.

3/3/1452 at Dartford, in order to avoid a battle against the Duke of York, King Henry ordered the arrest of Edmund. The Queen defended Edmund and he was not arrested. [Had the battle been fought, it would have been the 1st battle of the War of the Roses.]

1452, Edmund granted the Lordship of the Isle of Wight for life.

5/20/1452, Edmund, duke of Somerset, granted a fair at Woking, Surrey. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs to 1516.

10/1452, An English army under John Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury, took control of a large part of Aquitaine.

6/1453, Edmund granted wardship of George Neville. Edmund then demanded that the Earl of Warwick hand over the lands George had inherited [which Warwick refused to do.]

7/1453, at Sheen, Edmund attened a king’s council in which the king ordered Warwick to turn over the Neville lands to Edmund. (S) The Wars of the Roses, Neillads, 1993, P65.

1453, Edmund the Captain of Calais, France. (S) UKNA.

10/1453, Edmund was the sponsor for King Henry’s son Edward’s baptism (b.10/13/1453) [the King was ill, and the Queen had not completed her time of “churching”. This also eliminated the Duke of York as presumptive heir to the crown. There were also rumors that Edmund was the father of Edward.]

10/19/1453, After the death of John Talbot, Charles VII retook Bordeaux, ending the 100 Years War. Only Calais remained a possession of England.

3/27/1454, The King was ill, the Duke of York was named Regent, and Edmund was deposed and committed to the Tower.

12/25/1454, King Henry recovered from a semi-comatose state after 16 months. [There is evidence that he never completely recovered.]

2/16/1455, Edmund released from imprisonment.

2/1455, Richard of York [white rose] formed an army of 3000 in the north, Richard [Salisbury (1901430)] an army of 2000, and his son – Richard [Warwick] an army of 2000, and marched towards London. Lancastrians [red rose], King Henry VI, Edmund Beaufort, Duke of Somerset (184678), Humphrey Stafford, Duke of Buckingham [commander], with a smaller force of 2000-3000 left London to intercept Yorkist forces. [The King’s request for support had been sent out too late. Many arrived after the battle.] The Yorkists also had advantages in cannon and archers.

5/22/1455, Early in the morning the Duke of York began the siege of St. Albans. Soon after the forces led by the Duke of Buckingham, and supported Edmund, Duke of Somerset, arrived.

5/22/1455, Edmund slain at the 1st Battle of St. Albans fighting against Richard, Duke of York; buried within the Lady chapel of St. Albans. [His son Henry was wounded.] The royalists lost 300 including Somerset and Thomas de Clifford. This was the opening battle of the 30-year, Lancaster-York, “War of the Roses”.

[––Eleanor––]

3/4/1457, Eleanor named administrator of Edmund’s estates.

Eleanor remarried to Walter Rokesley, Esq.

1463, Eleanor’s son Henry declared support for King Henry VI against King Edward IV; and Eleanor was imprisoned.

3/12/1467, Eleanor died at Baynard’s Castle, London.

(S) The Royal Lineage of Our Noble and Gentle Families, 1883, Foster, P21. (S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P756. (S) The Wars of the Roses, Weir, 1995.

Family notes:

·         10/17/1491 at Parliament. ‘… Eleanor (184679), late duchess of Somerset, Robert Spencer, knight, and Eleanor (92339) his wife, countess of Wiltshire, another of the daughters of the said duchess, Mary, Countess Rivers, daughter of Elizabeth, another daughter of the said duchess, Thomas Burgh, knight, and Edward Burgh, knight, son of Margaret, another of the daughters of the said duchess, William Paston esquire, Agnes Paston, Elizabeth Paston (46161), daughters of Anne (92323), another of the daughters of the said duchess, and Richard Frye esquire, and Jane his wife, another daughter of the same duchess, and to the heirs of each of them, … (S) Parliamentary Rolls, 2005.

Children of Edmund and Eleanor:

i. Henry Beaufort, born ? in England.

5/15/1464, Henry was captured and killed at the battle of Hexham. [Never married, 1 natural son by Joan de la Montaign – Charles, ancestor of the “Somerset” families.]

ii. Eleanor Beaufort (92339), born ~1436 in England. [Eldest daughter]

iii. Margaret Beaufort born ? in England.

Margaret married Earl Humphrey Stafford.

iv. Edmund Beaufort, born ~1439 in England.

5/6/1471, Edmund, 4th Duke of Somerset, as a Lancanstrian, was taken prisoner at the Battle of Tewkesbury and beheaded 2 days later. The battle was at the confluence of the Avon and Severn rivers. The Lancanstrians arrived 1st after a 40 mile march and established a strong defensive position. Seeing an opening, Somerset attacked Edward IV at the Yorkist center. He was flanked, and Edward, Prince of Wales, age 18, was killed in the assault. [The only heir-apparent of England to die in battle.]

v. Anne Beaufort (92323), born 3/24/1443 at Baynard castle in London, England.


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