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Tuesday, November 30, 2010

Sir Nicholas Latimer & Joan Hody

475278. Sir Nicholas Latimer & 475279. Joan Hody 

~1430, Nicholas Latymer born in Duntish, Dorset, England, s/o 950556. John Latimer & 950557. Margaret Pipard.

~1430, Joan born in England, d/o 950558. Sir John Hody & 950559. Elizabeth Jewe.

12/17/1441, Sir John Hody (950558) wrote his will: … Elizabeth his wife for her life, … He directs that the agreements made on the marriage of Johanna his daughter with Nicholas, son of John Latimer, esq., should be fulfilled. … To Nicholas Latimer and to Johanna his wife, a piece of silver with a cover. (S) Jewe Family of Dorset.

6/8/1453, Nicholas Latymer esquire ; on commission to distribute £200 16s ld ; in the county of Dorset to impoverished towns. (S) CFRs.

6/12/1453, John Caraunt (the younger) esquire, and Nicholas Latymer esquire, knights coming to Parliament. (S) CFRs.

11/5/1453, Commitment of the counties of Somerset and Dorset to  Nicholas Latymer, esquire ; during pleasure, so that he answer at the Exchequer as sheriff. (S) CFRs.

11/7/1458, Commitment of the county of Gloucester to Nicholas Latymer, esquire, during pleasure, so that he answer at the Exchequer as sheriff. (S) CFRs.

1459, Nicholas’ father died.

12/30/1460, Nicholas fought for Henry IV at the battle of Wakefield where Yorkist the earl of Salisbury was captured, and the Duke of York, and earl of Rutland were killed. [The Duke of York’s son became King Edward IV.]

3/29/1461, Nicholas fought as a Lancastrian at the Battle of Towton, in Yorkshire, a Yorkist victory. In 10 hours thousands fell to the sword, lance, and spear. In the aftermath, the bridge over the river collapsed killing many from both sides. This battle was the largest and bloodiest fought on British soil with as many as 28,000 killed. Yorkist forces, had a wind at their back in a blinding snow storm giving their archers and spearmen a significant advantage.

6/28/1461, Edward IV crowned King of England, beginning the House of York.

1461-63, Nicholas attained.

1463, Nicholas pardoned.

1466, Nicholas granted some of his former lands, and entered the service of the Duke of Clarence [Yorkist, brother of Edward IV.]

1466-68, Nicholas knighted.

6/3/1468, Nicholas’ act of reversal finally recovered Loxton; but Sir Edward Grey [later Viscount Lisle] apparently refused to deliver the property.

6/19/1468, The Duke of Clarence ruled in Nicholas’ favor; while Nicholas had to pay Grey £100 yearly for 7 years.

6/20/1468, Debtor: Nicholas Latimer, knight [of Newton in Sturminster Newton and Buckland Newton Hundreds, Dorset, and held manor of Alton in Sherborne Hundred. Creditor: Edward Grey, Knight. Amount: £100. (S) UKNA.

1470, Nicholas, High Sheriff of Dorset and Somerset.

1470, Nicholas joined the Duke of Clarence in his revolt; again attained.

10/30/1470, Henry VI restored to the throne.

4/11/1471, Edward IV restored to the throne, partly due to Duke Clarence’s return of support.

5/6/1471, Nicholas, a Yorkist, made knight-banneret after the battle of Tewkesbury. The battle was at the confluence of the Avon and Severn rivers. The Lancanstrians arrived 1st after a 40 mile march and established a strong defensive position. Seeing an opening, Somerset attacked Edward IV at the Yorkist center. He was flanked, and Edward, s/o Henry VI, age 18, was killed in the assault. [The only heir-apparent of England to die in battle.]

1472-75, Nicholas a Knight of the Shire for Dorset.

1475, Nicholas served with the Duke of Clarence in France.

2/18/1478, Duke of Clarence executed for treason [sentenced pronounced by the Duke of Buckingham.]

1483, Nicholas, Chamberlain of the Duke of Buckingham. (S) Richard III, Horrox, 1991, P162.

7/6/1483, Richard III crowned King of England. Sir Nicholas Latimer was one of the many earls, lords, and knights in the King’s procession through London. (S) Chronicles of England, Scotland and Ireland, V3, 1808, P398.

By 10/1483, The Duke of Buckingham in a conspiracy with Henry Tudor [later Henry VII] against Richard III. A £1000 reward was put on the Duke’s head.

11/2/1483, The Duke was executed for treason; Nicholas was also named in the associated attainder with treason. Nicholas pardoned [although he apparently then joined the forces of Henry Tudor.]

11/16/1484, Indenture between Nicholas Latymer knight on the one part, and John Mordaunt and Edith (Nicholas’ daughter) his wife, daughter and heir of the said Nicholas on the other, witnesseth that the 2 parties are here agreed that Sir Nicholas on request by John shall make a sufficient estate in land to 8 persons, 4 at the denomination of John Mordaunt, of the manor of Diuelissh co. Dorset … for surety of the estate John shall pay to Nicholas £40. (S) CCRs.

8/22/1485, Nicholas fought at the battle of Bosworth as a Lancastrian, ending the 30-year War of the Roses. Henry Tudor, Earl of Richmond, after invading southwest Wales, raised an army of 5,000. Richard III was allied with the Duke of Norfolk and the Earl of Northumberland and an army of 10,000. The Yorkist were overwhelmed. King Richard III and the Duke of Norfolk were both killed.

10/30/1485, Henry VII crowned King of England. King Henry VII reversed Nicholas’ last attainder, and installed him on the Dorset bench, where he served until his death.

1497, Nicholas joined the southwest insurrection; pardoned after a fine of 400 marks.

10/20/1502, IPM of John Cardinal, Archbishop of Canterbury. Dorset: … messuages &c. in Develych, are held of Nicholas Latymer, knight, by service of doing suit to the court of his manor of Develych twice a year, for all service, and they are worth 10s. (S) CIsPM.

2/8/1504, Nicholas wrote his will.                                                                

Bef. 4/17/1505, Nicholas of Duntish, co. Dorset, died; the last male of this line, in possession of Zeals Ailesbury manor.

(S) A Gen. and Heraldic Hist. of the Commoners of Great Britain, Burke, 1835, P681. (S) Fasciculus Mervinensis, … Drake, P9. (S) Richard III and His Rivals, Hicks, 1991, P143. (S) Richard III, Ross, 1984, P109.

Family notes:

·         2/6/1426, There is a ‘Nicholas Latymer’ associated with persons from Dorset. (S) CCRs.

Child of Nicholas and Joan:

i. Edith Latimer (237639), born ~1455 in England. [Heir]


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