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Sunday, April 24, 2011

Lord Ralph de Cromwell & Lady Maud de Bernake

5910026. Lord Ralph de Cromwell & 5910027. Lady Maud de Bernake

~1320, Ralph Crumwell born in England, s/o 11820052. Ralph de Cromwell & 11820053. Avicia de Bellers.

2/1/1327 at Westminster, Edward III, age 14, crowned king of England.

1336, Maud born in England, d/o 11820054. Sir John de Bernake & 11820055. Joan Marmion.

6/20/1342, Whereas John de Oxonia … in consideration of a fine of 100 marks made in his name by Roger son of Roger Beler, Ralph son of Ralph de Crombewelle and John son of John de Folevill … have become mainpernors for the payment … pardoned … (S) CPRs.

1348, The Black Death entered the west countryside of England [likely entering through Bristol].

[––Ralph & Maud––]

~1353, Ralph married Maud.

By 5/12/1356, Ralph heir to his father.

12/18/1360, Maud age 23, heir to her brother William.

2/1361, Petitioners: Ralph de Crombwell (Cromwell); Maud [de Crombwell (Cromwell)], wife of Ralph de Cromwell. (S) UKNA. [Seek against John de Kirketon, ‘chivaler,’ the castle of Tateshale and manor of Scremby-halle in Kyrkeby as her inheritance – found in favor of Maud.] (S) CPRs, 3/20/1431.

By 1364, Ralph knighted.

7/1/1364, Whereas Ralph de Cromwell, knight, and Maud, his wife, … impleading … castle and manor of Tateshale, … in case they recover the same as of the right of Maud, … (S) CPRs.

4/28/1365, Exemption for life of Ralph de Cromwell from being put on assizes, … appointment as mayor … against his will. (S) CPRs.

6/20/1366, Order, upon the petition of Ralph de Cromwell and Maud his wife, sister of William Bernak, to remove the king's hand and not to meddle further with certain parcels of land, the rents, fees and advowsons … (S) CCRs.

3/18/1367, Ralph took livery of Tattershall after the death of Sir John de Kirketon; Maud heir of her great-uncle John de Driby.

10/23/1368, Commitment to Ralph de Crombewell, ' chivaler,' of the wardship of all the lands in Boston which Margaret late the wife of Robert de Ufford, earl of Suffolk, held in dower after the death of Thomas Kayly, knight, sometime her husband, of the inheritance of John (2955012) son of Constantine de Clifton, kinsman and heir (grandson) of Adam de Clifton, a minor in the king's ward, to hold until the lawful age of the said John (future son-in-law). (S) CFRs.

2/15/1369, Commission of the peace … John, duke of Lancaster, … Ralph de Crumwell, … (S) CPRs.

3/20/1371, Commission of the peace … to Ralph de Cromwell, … in the parts of Lyndeseye, co. Lincoln. (S) CPRs.

12/12/1373, … John, duke of Lancaster, Ralph de Cromwell, … keepers of the peace in the parts of Lyndeseye, co. Lincoln. (S) CPRs.

8/20/1374, Commission of oyer and terminer … Gilbert de umfravill, earl of Angus, John de Clynton ‘chivaler,’ Ralph de Crombewell, ‘chivaler,’ … Walcote, co. Lincoln … (S) CPRs.

10/18/1374, Ralph de Crombewell summoned to the proof of age of John, son and heir of Constatine de Clifton and Katherine his wife as he held custody of the said John. (S) CIsPM. [John married to his daughter Elizabeth.]

11/25/1374, Ralph Crumwell summoned to the proof of age of Agnes sister and heir of Thomas son and heir of John Longevillers. (S) CIsPM. [Ralph having custody of 2/3’s of the lands.]

12/28/1375, Ralph de Cromwell was summoned by writ to parliament as 1st Lord Cromwell.

7/13/1377, Richard II, age 10, crowned king of England.

7/7/1379, Commission de walliis, fossatis, &c. to Robert de Wylughby, knight, Ralph de Crumwell, knight, … county of Lincoln. (S) CPRs.

6/28/1380 at Bokenham castle, John de Clyfton knight to Ralph de Crumwell knight, …  lease with warranty for 10 years from Michaelmas 3 Richard II, in consideration of £300 in hand paid, of the manors of Wymondham, Toppecroft and Denton. (S) CCRs.

5/8/1381, Licence, for £12 … by Robert de Cromwell, for him and Agnes his wife to enfeoff Ralph de Cromwell, … knights … (S) CPRs.

7/14/1382, Commission of oyer and terminer to Ralph de Cromwell, … Conynegesby, co. Lincoln. (S) CPRs.

9/3/1384, Appointment of William de Wylughby, Ralph de Cromwell, … to take and imprison … statute of Northampton. (S) CPRs.

3/26/1386, Appointment of Henry de Percy, earl of Northumberland, Robert de Wilughby, John de Beaumont, Ralph de Cromwell, Philip le Despenser, … William de Burgh, … to enquire by jury of the county of Lincoln … (S) CPRs.

1386, Maud named executrix in the will of her uncle Robert de Bernake of Markby, Lincolnshire.

5/13/1389, Licence, for £20, … “a chaplain to celebrate devine service daily in the parish church of Thatshale fer the good estate of Ralph de Cromwell, knight, and Matilda, his wife, and for their souls after death, and for the sould of Robert de Bernak and others”. (S) CPRs.

4/10/1390, “William Fitzwilliam, knight, son and heir of John Fitzwilliam, knight to John de Clynton, Ralph de Cromwell, …” (S) UKNA.

5/6/1391, Commission to Robert de Wylughby, Ralph de Cromwell, Philip Tylney, … knights, … parts of Holand, co. Lincoln … (S) CPRs.

5/28/1392, Commitment to Ralph Crumwell, knight of the keeping of the castle and manor of Bokenham, and the manors of Hilburworth, Topcroft, Babyngle, Westbradenham and Cranewys, late of John de Clifton, 'chivaler,'. (S) CFRs. [John is Ralph’s son-in-law married to his daughter Elizabeth, who was also deceased.]

1394, Maud co-heir to her cousin, Mary de Percy, wife of John de Roos, 5th Lord Roos of Helmsley.

2/8/1395, Order to John Knyvet (1477504), escheator in the county of Norfolk, to take the fealties of (1) Constantine de Clyfton (1477506), son of Constantine [John (2955012)] the son of Adam (11820048) the son of Margery (23640097) the daughter [sister] of Thomas Cayly the son of Emma de Tateshale (47280195) the sister of Isabel the mother of Philip de Orby the father of John the father of Joan the mother of Mary late the wife of John de Roos of Hamelak, ' chivaler,' and kinsman and one of the heirs of the said Mary, and (2) Ralph de Crumwell (5910026), knight, who has taken to wife Maud, daughter of John Bernak (11820054) the son of Alice (23640109) late the wife of William de Bernak, knight, the daughter of Joan de Dryby (47280219), the sister of the aforesaid Isabel, kinswoman and other heir of the said Mary, make a partition into 2 equal parts of all the lands which Mary held of the king in chief or was seised of in demesne as of fee on the day of her death, and cause the said Constantine and Ralph and Maud to have full seisin … (S) CFRs.

2/14/1396, Pardon … Robert Knolles, knight, … for acquiring in fee, without licence, from Ralph de Crombewell of Tateshale, knight, and Maud, his wife, … manors of Tybenham and Denton Halle … Topcroft and Aldeberth, … (S) CPRs.

11/11/1396, Charter of Ralph Cromwell, knight,  granting the chantry of the chapel of St. Nicholas, to John de Burton.

10/1/1397, Demise by Sir Ralph de Cromwell, lord of Tateshale, to Richard Ussher and John Cranmere of Baston, of the lands in Baston lately belonging to Robert de Bernak.

8/27/1398, Ralph, 1st Lord Cromwell, knt. of Tattershall, Lincolnshire and Lutton, Northamptonshire died.


9/16/1398, Writ for IPM of Ralph Crumwell of Tateshale, knight; Derby: Westhalum. The manor, with the advowson of the church, … He died on 27 August last. Ralph Crumwell, knight, aged 30 years and more, is his son and heir. Nottingham: Little Markham. A third part of the manor. Tuxford. A third part of a third part of the manor. Crumwell. The manor, with appurtenances in Carlton by Crumwell and Cawnton and the advowson of the church of Crumwell … Lincoln: … jointly with Maud his wife, who is still living, … Tateshale. The castle and manor … Kyrkeby. The manor, … Tumby. The manor, … Rughton. 6 messuages, … Driby. The manor, … Brynkill. The manor, … Boston. A messuage called Grenegarth, 2/3rds of a house called Ledenhall … (S) CIsPM.

10/13/1399, Henry IV crowned king of England.

11/20/1399, IPM of Ralph de Percy, knight. Derby: He held the manor of Dronfield of the king in chief by knight service, by the grant of Ralph de Crumwell, knight, formerly lord of Tattershall, and Maud his wife, to him and the heirs of his body, with reversion failing such heirs to Ralph de Crumwell and Maud and the heirs of Maud, annual value £7 12s. He died overseas on 15 Sept. 1397. Ralph Crumwell is dead. It should descend to Maud and her heirs, because Ralph Percy had no heirs of his body. She is aged 50 years and more. (S) CIsPM.

2/4/1400 at Westminster, Licence, for 40 marks paid by her to the king, for Matilda late the wife of Ralph de Cromewell of Tateshale, knight, to enfeoff Thomas de Bardolf of Wormygay, knight, Richard Gray of Condore, knight, Robert de Scales of Noysilles, knight, … of her manor of Candelesby … (S) Patent Rolls of Henry IV, V1, P191.

8/20/1400, Charter of Maud, widow of Ralph de Cromwell, granting to Hugh de Goudeby all her lands in Baston in life.

1409, Maud de Bernake presented to the church of Candlesby.

4/21/1410, Charter of Maud de Cromwell, lady of Tateshale, granting to Sir William de Cromwell her son, her manor of Driby, with the advowsons of Driby and of the chantry there founded by Robert de Bernack her uncle.

4/9/1413, Henry V crowned king of England.

1416, Maud wrote her will.

4/10/1419, Maud died.

4/12/1419, IPM of Maud widow of Ralph de Cromwell. Huntingdon: … died 10 April last. Ralph Cromwell, knight, her heir i.e. son of Ralph son of Maud, is age 26 years and more. Norfolk: … held the manor of Plasset … manor of Buckenham … by being the king’s butler at his coronation … [total £24, 30 marks, 60s.] … Northampton: … a moiety of the manor of Luddington in the Brook … [£40] … Derby: … manor of West Hallam … [5 marks 100s] … Nottingham: manor of Cromwell … [total £4 10 marks] … Lincoln: … [many properties] … [£28, 140 marks, 209s, 19d.] … (S) CIsPM.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P349. (S) Plantagenet Ancestry, P494. (S) The Peerage of Ireland, Lodge, 1789, P166. (S) IPM of Elizabeth Grey (3802857), 12/30/1427.

Family notes:

·         1493-1500, “Sir William Knyvet, knight, son of John, son of Elizabeth, daughter of Constantine, son of Elizabeth, sister of Rauf, father of Rauf, late lord Cromwell; and William Fitzwilliam, son of John, son of William, son of William, son of John, son of John, son of Maud, another sister of the said Rauf. v. Juliane Churchestyle, widow, cousin and heir to William [Waynflete], bishop of Winchester, feoffee to uses.: The manors of Hetherset and other land.: [Norfolk].”. (S) UKNA.

Children of Ralph and Maud:

i. Elizabeth Cromwell (2955013), born ~1354 in England.

iii. Maud de Cromwell (950769), born ~1357 in England.

iii. Ralph de Cromwell, born ~1363 in England.

7/3/1387, Sir Ralph de Crumwelle the younger and Sir Thomas Gray, lord of Hetton [Yorks., W.R.] and Sir Thomas Doumfrayville. On the marriage of Sir Ralph and Lady Joan Heron, sister of Sir Thomas Gray, which is to take place at Michaelmas next, Gray, Doumfrayville, John de Dranffeld and Hugh de Mitford bound to Sir Ralph and Sir William fitzWilliam in a certain sum of money. (S) UKNA.

1404, Ralph a commissioner for peace in Lincolnshire. (S) CPRs.

1417, Ralph died. [Daughter Maud married William Stannop, knight. Their daughter Maud became ‘Lady Willoughby’. She died in 1503 leaving descendents of Maud de Cromwell (950769) and Elizabeth de Cromwell (2955013) as her heirs. (S) CIsPM, 1/20/1504.

Son: Ralph Cromwell, knight, (b.1392).

[Ralph the direct ancestor of Oliver Cromwell, “Lord Protector of England”.]

iv. Avice de Cromwell (3802847) born ~1365 in England.

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