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Sunday, April 24, 2011

Lord John de Grey & Maud de Verdun

5910048. Lord John de Grey & 5910049. Maud de Verdun

~1260, John born in England, heir & s/o 11820096. Reynold de Grey & 11820097. Maud de Longchamps.

~1263, Maud born in England, d/o 9994760. John de Verdun & 11820099. Eleanor de Bohun.

8/19/1274 at Westminster abbey, Edward I crowned king of England.

~1284, John married Maud.

1285, Maud heir to her brother Humphrey de Verdun, clerk.

2/26/1286, Pardon to Reginald de Grey and John de Grey and their households, of their trespasses in taking deer … counties of Nottingham, Northampton, Huntingdon and Rutland during the late troubles in England. (S) CPRs.

2/20/1290, Chirograph between John de Sancto Johanne, lord of Hannak, and John de Monte Alto, … Witnesses:- Sir Reginald de Grey, Sir John de Grey his son, … (S) CPRs.

11/19/1293, John de Grey and Maud his wife: Release, indented, of land in Debden in exchange for other land there: Essex. (S) UKNA. [Seal Design: shield of arms (barry of six, a bend lozengy), Legend: S'IOHANNIS:DEGREY.]

3/20/1295, Grant to John de Grey, to the use of one of his daughters of the marriage of the son and heir of John de Sancto Petro. (S) CPRs. [John also granted custody of the lands of Urian de Sancto Petro during the mninority of the heir.]

12/7/1297, Commission to John de Grey and Richard de Mascy, to array 300 Welsh foot in the lands of Maylorsexneth, Hope and Englefeld, … valley of Mold, and deliver them Durham or Newcastle on Tyne to march against the Scots. (S) CPRs. [John, earl of Surrey, was captain of the expedition.]

7/22/1298, King Edward defeated Sir William Wallace at the battle of Falkirk, Scotland. The Scots defensive position was strong, but based on spearmen with support of some cavalry and archers. Edward’s armored knights were repulsed by the amassed spear points. King Edward brought up his Welsh longbowmen. They cut gaps into the Scottish ranks through which the mounted English knights could charge. The Scots were routed, but Wallace escaped.

7/22/1301, Sir Reginald de Grey, John de Grey his banneret, 3 knights and 23 horsemen in the retinue of Edward, prince of Wales in Scotland.

9/8/1301, Scots using Comyn of Badenoch’s estate as a base, attacked Lochmaben, and then menaced the main English force at Bothwell [commanded by Lord Edward]. The Scots had 240 men-at-arms and 7000 foot soldiers. (S) A History of Dumfries and Galloway, Maxwell, 2009, P82.

By 1307, John’s father died.

2/25/1308, Edward II crowned king of England.

5/4/1308, John de Pateshulle acknowledges that he owes to John son of Reginald de Grey 25 marks; to be levied, in default of payment, of his lands and chattels in co. Buckingham. (S) CCRs.

1308-1322, John summoned to parliament by writ.

5/4/1308, Mandate … to deliver the castle of Ruffyn, … to John de Grey, son and heir of Reginald de Grey, deceased, … Walter de Gloucester … power to receive fealty from the heir. (S) CPRs.

1308, John, 2nd Lord Grey of Wilton, Herefordshire, settled property in Essex and Buckinghamshire his son Roger.

8/4/1309, Commission to John de Grey … touching the liberties and customs granted to the Welshmen of Hope … (S) CPRs.

1310, John founded a collegiate church at Ruthin, Denbighshire. [The charter names John de Grey’s wife, Maud, and his parents, Reynold and Maud de Grey.]

Aft. 1310, Maud died.


1311, John settled 13 additional manors on his son Roger.

11/18/1311, Licence for John de Grey to grant to John Amory and William de Beneford the castle of Ruffyn with the cantred of Doffrincloit, together with the lands late of Wenthlian de Lacy, and the manor of Riston, co. Chester, … them to regrant … remainders over to his son Roger … (S) CPRs.

12/31/1312, Writ of aid directed to Roger de Mortuo Mari, justice of Wales, for John de Grey, … the justices appointed to enquire into the complaint of Griffin de la Pole. (S) CPRs.

6/24/1314, John at the battle of Bannockburn, Scotland. King Edward II lost the 2-day battle to Robert Bruce. As the English attacked across the brook, Robert counter-attacked along a 2000-yard front. Edward attempted to flank the Scot’s left with archers, but they were driven back the Scot cavalry. The English front broke against the Scottish spearmen. It was the largest loss of English knights in a single day. This was the battle in which organized foot-soldiers [primarily pike men] defeated heavily armored mounted knights.

10/2/1315, Mandate in pursuance to John de Grey, justice of North Wales. (S) CPRs.

2/11/1316, Mandate to John de Grey, justice of North Wales, to permit the men of the town of Kaernarvan to buy corn … within the country of Angleseie and take them to Kaernarvan, provided they do the due customs. (S) CPRs.

1319, John settled the castle and lordship of Ruthin on his son Roger.

6/1320, John with the King in France. [King Edward travelled to France to perform homage for his French lands in Gascony and Ponthieu to his overlord and brother-in-law, King Philip V.]

6/9/1320, Establishment of a chantry in the chapel at Thurleigh, for the souls of the said John, Matilda his wife, John his grandfather, Reginald his father and Matilda his mother.

1321, John son of Reginald de Grey had his chapel and chaplain in his house at Hemingford Grey. (S) Hist. of Huntingdon, V2, 1932, Hemingford Grey.

2/14/1322, Writ of aid for Lewelin ap Maddok to raise 400 footment of the land of John de Grey of Diffrencloyt; mandate to the said John, or his bailiff, to deliver the said force … (S) CPRs.

4/9/1322, John de Grey, lord of Diffryncloyt, to raise 200 footment. (S) CPRs.

1322, John with the King in Scotland.

10/14/1322, King Edward at the losing Battle of Byland, North Yorkshire, against Robert Bruce.

4/12/1323, John de Grey, lord of the land of Driffyn Cloyt, to raise 200 footment. (S) CPRs.

10/28/1323, John de Grey of Ruthyn, holding lands in England and Wales, died. [Richard de Grey of Codenore licenced to take 20 does in the woods for the burying of the body of the said John, as well as to take fish in the stews and fisheries of the said John for the said occasion. (S) CPRs, 11/18/1323.]

[––Post Mortem––]

11/15/1323, IPM of John de Grey. Gloucester: Kempeleye. The manor … Henry his son, aged 42 at the feast of SS. Simon and Jude last, is his next heir. North Wales: Ruthyn. The castle and the cantred of Deffrencloyt … to the said John to hold for life, with successive remainders to Roger his son and the heirs of his body, and to the right heirs of the said John, of the king in chief by service of 3 knight’s fees … Hereford: Wylton upon Wye. The manor, including a castle, fisheries, and a water-mill and ferry on the Wye … Hertford: Holewell. The manor … for life with remainder to Roger his son [half a knight’s fee] … Huntingdon: Toulesland. The manor … with successive remainders to Roger his son and the heirs of his body, and to John son of Ralph Basset of Drayton and the heirs … Essex: Depeden. The manor … for life with remainder to the said Roger and the heirs of his body, … Purlee. The manor … Buckingham: … Sewenston. The manor and the advowson of the church, held for life, … successive remainders to Roger his son and the heirs of his body, to Henry brother of the said Roger, … Stokehamund. The manor … successive remainders to Roger his son … Bedford: Wrast and Brockeburwe, held for life … successive remainders to Roger his son and the heirs of his body, to John son of Ralph Basset of Drayton … Flitte. The manor, held for life jointly with Roger his son, … Harewolde. The manor … successive remainders to the said Roger, to John son of Ralph Basset of Draytone, and to Ralph his brother … [over 11 knights’ fees] … (S) CIsPM. [Many properties in multiple counties not listed.]

7/26/1324, Order to allow to the executors of John de Grey, son of Reginald de Grey, out of the debts due from Reginald to Henry III., the sum of 125 marks, which Henry III., on 17 May, in the 52nd year of his reign, ordered the treasurer and barons of his exchequer to allow to Reginald in the debts due from him, which sum the said king owed to John de Grey, of whom Reginald was the kinsman and heir. (S) CCRs.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P889.

Children of John and Maud: [2 sons, 3 daughters]

i. Henry de Grey (5910468), born 1281 in England.

12/20/1342, IPM of Henry de Grey. Northampton: Bradden. … Huntingdon: Gillyng. The manor … gave the said manor to John de Grey and Emma his wife, and to Reginald de Grey and the heirs of his body; and after the said Reginald’s death the said manor descended to John his son and heir by the form of the aforesaid gift, and after his death to Henry his son and heir, and so the said Henry died seised of the manor … Wilts: Aston Grey. The manor … Hereford: Wilton on Wye. The castle and manor … (S) CIsPM.

ii. Joan de Grey (15210341), born ~1290 in England.

iii. Roger de Grey (2955024), born ~1295 in England.