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Saturday, May 21, 2011

Earl Hugh de Courtenay & Countess Margaret de Bohun

7605232. Earl Hugh de Courtenay & 7605233. Countess Margaret de Bohun

7/12/1303, Hugh born in England, heir & s/o 15210464. Hugh de Courtney & 15210465. Agnes de Saint John.

2/25/1308, Edward II crowned king of England.

4/3/1311, Margaret born in England, d/o 5909948. Earl Humphrey de Bohun & 5909949. Countess Elizabeth of Wales.

[––Hugh & Margaret––]

9/27/1314, Hugh betrothed to Margaret. (S) Charter of the Duchy of Lancaster.

3/14/1315, A marriage compact having been arranged between Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, and Hugh de Curteney [the father] for the marriage of the latter’s son Hugh to Margaret, daughter of the earl, the king’s niece, …  Hugh de Curteney is to grant his said son Hugh and Margaret 400 marks a year of land and rent … (S) CPRs.

3/14/1315, Licence to Hugh de Curteneye [the father] to enfeoff Eleanor [grandmother], late the wife of Hugh de Curteney his father, of his castles, manors and honors of Plumpton and Okhampton, and of his manors of Saunford Curteney, … co. Devon, … co. Somerset, … Licence for the said Eleanor to regrant the same to him for his life, with remainder to Hugh son of Hugh de Curteney and the heirs his body, with remainder over, failing such issue, after the death of Hugh son of Hugh de Curteney, and of the said Hugh de Curteney, to Robert [brother] son of the said Hugh … failing such issue to Thomas [brother] son of Hugh … (S) CPRs.

8/1324, King Edward II began the War of Saint-Sardos with his brother-in-law King Charles of France, who had invaded Aquitaine.

8/11/1325, Hugh married Margaret; who had as dowery the manor of Powderham, near Exeter.

9/4/1325, Protection … going with the king beyond seas on his service … Hugh de Courteney. … Hugh de Courteney the younger … going with the said Hugh. (S) CPRs.

1/20/1327, Hugh a knight banneret.

2/1/1327 at Westminster, Edward III, age 14, crowned king of England.

7/28/1330, Writ of aid for William de Ros of Hamelak and his deputies, appointed to array the knights … to resist the king’s rebels … Hugh de Courtenaye ‘le fitz’ in the county of Devon. (S) CPRs.

12/6/1330, Appointment during pleasure of Hugh de Courtenay the elder, the abbot of Ford and Hugh de Courtenay the younger to the custody of Bynedon Abbey … (S) CPRs.

8/1/1331, Appointment of Hugh de Courteneye the younger, … to retake and conduct to Bynedon Abbey to be chastised … John de Monte Acuto, sometime abbot of that house … an aspostate from his order. (S) CPRs.

1/1334, Hugh de Courteney attended the tournament at Dunstable.

9/23/1334, Hugh de Courtenay, the younger, granted a fair at Moretonhampstead, Devon. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516.

1335, Hugh’s father created 9th earl of Devon.

11/22/1335, Licence for Hugh de Curtenay the younger to enfeoff Robert Pil … manor of Morton, co. Devon … (S) CPRs.

3/22/1337, Commission of oyer to Hugh de Courteneye, the younger, … county of Devon … (S) CPRs.

4/23/1337, Hugh, Lord Courtenay, summoned to parliament by writ.

2/11/1338, Commission to Hugh de Courteneye the younger, … complaints by divers men of the city and vicinage of Exeter … (S) CPRs

3/6/1338, Commission to Hugh de Courteneye, earl of Devon, Hugh de Courteneye the younger, … Devon … to make inquisitions … who have made themselves stannary men … (S) CPRs.

1339, Hugh repulsed a French attack on Cornwall.

12/23/1340, Hugh, 10th Earl of Devon and Lord Courtenay on the death of his father. Margaret became Countess of Devon.

1/18/1341, Commission to Hugh de Courteneye, earl of Devon, … touching breaches of the truce with France … (S) CPRs.

1341, Settlement: Sir Hugh de Courteney, Earl of Devonshire and Sir John de Cobham: manors of Benknolle, Chisebury and Henton. (S) UKNA.

9/3/1341, Licence for Hugh de Courtenay, earl of Devon, to grant to Hugh his son and Elizabeth wife of the latter … co. Buckingham … to enfeoff William de Chebeseye … manors of Cadlegh, … co. Devon … regrant the same … to him and Margaret his wife … (S) CPRs.

2/13/1342, Commission of oyer and terminer to Hugh de Courteneye, earl of Devon, … on complaint of Hugh de Audele, earl of Gloucester, that, … [many persons including  knights] Baldwin Malet, knight, John Malet, knight, … took  away cattle … felled his trees … depastured his grass … assaulted his men … (S) CPRs.

8/20/1343, Exemplification, at the request of Hugh, earl of Devon, … patronage of the church of Brygham … the presentee Isabella de Fortibus, countess of Albermarle, … passed to Mary her kinswoman and heir, sister of Baldwin, father of Baldwin, the countess’s father, … descended to John her son and heir, and from him to Hugh, his son and heir, and from him to Hugh, now earl of Devon. (S) CPRs.

6/10/1344, Commission … William de Clynton, earl of Huntingdon, Hugh de Courteney, earl of Devon, … to hear complaints of delay of justice in the king’s court. (S) CPRs.

1/20/1345, Licence for Hugh de Courtenaye, earl of Devon, to enfeoff … manor of Brodyndesore … to re-grant the same to him, Margaret, his wife, … (S) CPRs.

6/11/1345, Hugh’s mother died.

7/12/1346, King Edward III landed an invasion force of 10000 in Normandy, which marched north plundering the countryside. King Philip VI, with 8000 horsemen and 4000 Genoese crossbowmen pursued.

7/26/1346 at Caen, capital of Normandy, Edward’s forces captured the city; and Raoul, Count of Eu, Constable of France, and Jean de Tancarville, Grand Chamberlain of France.

8/1346, During the siege of Aguillon a major skirmish took place in front of the castle in which Philip of Burgundy, earl of Artois and Boulogne, died from wounds. King Philip VI of France ordered the duke of Normandy to end the siege of Aiguillon in order to oppose the invading English forces.

8/26/1346, Sir Hugh de Courtenay a king’s knight at the battle of Crecy north of Paris. Edward III vs. Philip VI, heralded the rise of the longbow as the dominant weapon, and also saw the use of the ribauldequin, an early cannon, by the English. The English longbowmen could fire much more quickly than the Genoese, with a killing range of 250 yards. A decisive victory, a third of the French forces lost [mainly to arrows] to less than 100 Englishmen, this started the decline in importance of the mounted knight, and the rise of England as a European power. (S) Crecy & Calais, 1898, P35.

9/4/1346, The English began the year-long siege of the port of Calais.

1347, Sir Hugh at the siege of Calais, with 18 men in his contingent. (S) English Historical Doc’s 1327-1485, Myers, 1996, P497.

8/1347, Calais fell when King Philip failed to support their siege and retreated.

4/9/1347, Hugh attended the tournament at Lichfield as a knight of the King’s chamber.

4/1348, Hugh a founding member of the Knights of the Garter.

1348, The Black Death entered the west countryside of England [likely entering through Bristol].

4/1348, Hugh’s son and heir Hugh died.

5/20/1350, Licence … for the alienation in mortmain by Hugh de Courtenay, earl of Devon, .. Carmelite Friars of London … to enlarge there dwelling-place and for a celebration of the anniversary of the earl’s son Hugh for ever. (S) CPRs.

6/23/1350, Licence for Hugh de Courtenay, earl of Devon, to grant for life to his daughter Elizabeth, late the wife of John de Veer, the manors of Morton and Cadele, co. Devon, and the manor of Brodewynsore, co. Dorset, … (S) CPRs.

6/24/1350, Licence for Hugh de Courtenay, earl of Devon, to pass to foreign parts and absent himself from the realm for 1 year. (S) CPRs.

11/24/1355, Protection with clause volumus, for 3 years, for Hugh de Courtenay, earl of Devon, in his manor of Norton. (S) CPRs.

10/18/1356, Licence for … to grant to Hugh de Courteneye, earl of Devon, Margaret his wife, Elizabeth de Veer … manor of Whiteford … (S) CPRs.

2/5/1357, Licence for Hugh de Courtenay, earl of Devon, and Margaret his wife to grant to their son Thomas the manor of Morton, co. Devon, ... remainders to Philip, his brother, … Peter, brother of the said Philip, … (S) CPRs.

10/6/1359, Licence for Hugh de Courtenay, earl of Devon to enfeoff … them to grant the same to him and Margaret his wife, for life, with remainders to Thomas de Curtenay, knight, their son, … (S) CPRs.

1361, Hugh and Margaret legatees in the will of her brother Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford.

2/6/1365, Licence for Hugh de Courtenay, earl of Devon, to demise … remainder to Maud daughter of Thomas de Holand, late earl of kent, wife of Hugh, son of Hugh de Courtenay the earl’s son, … (S) CPRs.

10/6/1369, Nomination Hugh de Courtenay, earl of Devon, of Ralph de Chelfham, monk of the Clunic order, for him to admit to the priory of St. James by Exeter, … (S) CPRs.

By 1370, Hugh’s son Edward died.

5/20/1371, … commissions of array to Hugh de Courtenay, earl of Devon, … (S) CPRs.

2/15/1374, Licence for Hugh de Courtenay, earl of Devon, and Margaret his wife to enfeoff … successive remainders … Cadelegh, and the advowson … to Philip de Courtenay, ‘chivaler,’ … Peter de Courtenay, ‘chivaler,’ … (S) CPRs.

5/24/1375, Commission to guard all ports and sea-shores … resist and destroy all persons wishing to invade the realm by land or sea, array all defensible men, furnish them with arms … make some common sign of beacons on the hills … with power to arrest and commit to prison … Hugh de Courtenay, earl of Devon, … county of Devon. (S) CPRs.

5/2/1377, Sir Hugh died; buried at Cathedral Church of St. Peter, Exeter, Devon.


7/13/1377, Richard II, age 10, crowned king of England.

1/29/1381, “Letter of Osberne Hamelyn certifying that he has attorned to Lady Margaret de Courtenay, Widow of Sir Hugh de Courtenay, Earl of Devon, and done his fealty and service to her Bailiff in the name of attornment for the Manor of Soure. … Wits. Sir William Bonevyle” (S) UKNA.

1382, Margaret received a grant of egress of Exeter, Devon from the King.

4/18/1383, … to answer Margaret, late the wife of Hugh de Courtenay, Earl of Devon, touching a trespass. (S) CPRs.

5/31/1391, William Denwoldesham … for not appearing to answer Margaret, late the wife of Hugh de Courtenay, Earl of Devon, touching a trespass. (S) CPRs.

12/16/1391, Margaret died; buried with Hugh.

2/19/1392, … Margaret, late the wife of Hugh de Courtenay, Earl of Devon, at her death held of the king in chief by knight service, as parcel of the honor of Okhampton, … for the term of her life, by grant of Robert le Veer, knight, to the said earl and Margaret, for their lives, with remainder to Robert de Courtenay, for life, … the said Robert died in the lifetime of the said earl, … after the earl’s death Edward de Courtenay, earl of Devon, to whom, as his kinsman, the reversion belonged after the death of Margaret, as son of Edward, his son, granted the same to John [Barneburgh] and Maud, in tail male, … (S) CPRs.

(S) Wadham College, Oxford, Jackson, 1893. (S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P236.

Children of Hugh and Margaret: [8 sons, 5 daughters]

i. Hugh de Courtenay, born 3/22/1327 in Devon, England.

Hugh married Elizabeth de Vere.

4/1348, Hugh died, leaving a son Hugh.

Son Hugh: 2/20/1374, Hugh died, leaving his cousin Edward de Courtenay as Earl of Devon.

ii. Edward Courtney (3802616), born 1331 in Devon, England.

iii. Katherine Courtney, born ? in England.

Katherine married Thomas, s/o Lord John de Engayne. [No children.]

v. Margaret Courtenay (2097249), born ~1350 in Devon, England. [The younger]

iv. Philip de Courtenay (3802768), born 1355 in Devon, England.

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