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Wednesday, June 1, 2011

Baron John Fitz Walter & Lady Eleanor de Percy

7605650. Baron John Fitz Walter & 7605651. Lady Eleanor de Percy

~1320, John fitz Wauter born in Essex, England, heir & s/o 15211300. Robert Fitz Walter & 15211301. Joan de Multon.

2/1/1327 at Westminster, Edward III, age 14, crowned king of England.

5/6/1328, John succeeded his father.

~1325, Eleanor born in England, d/o 30422826. Henry de Percy & 30422827. Iodine de Clifford.

1337, John going beyond the seas in the King’s service with the Earl of Northampton.

11/1337, King Edward, claiming the throne of France through his mother, began the 100 Years War with the battle of Cadzand, a Flemish island.

3/3/1341, John summoned to parliament by writ.

5/1342, A Lexden man was killed in Mile End; John FitzWalter, Lord FitzWalter, objected to the inquest held by the borough coroner and brought in the county coroner, infringing the liberties of the borough. John attacked members of the juries, finally extending his attacks to all Colchester men.

6/1342, John laid siege to the town of Colchester. John stopped the siege in payment of £40 by the burgesses. Another attack by locals followed on John’s property.

7/26/1342, William de Wellis, knight, about to set out to Britanny in the next passage, with John fitz Wauter, in the king's service from Portesmuth. (S) CCRs.

9/30/1342, In the opening phase of the Hundred Years War, William de Bohun, Earl of Northampton, defeated Charles of Blois at Morlaix. 50 French knights were killed, and 150 captured. William then and took the town of Roch-Dirien by assault.

4/7/1343, John again laid siege to the town of Colchester.

6/1/1343, Again, on payment of £40 by the burgesses, John ended the siege. [One of John’s tenants, Lionel of Bradenham, lord of Langenhoe, also was in conflict with the townspeople.]

[––John & Eleanor––]

By 1344, John married Eleanor.

12/2/1344, John de Coueleye, parson of Horkesleye church, diocese of London, acknowledges that he owes to John fitz Wauter, lord of Wodham, 200 marks. (S) CCRs.

1345, Sir Thomas de Grey held one fee in Merton, of John Fitz-Walter, whol held of the king. (S) Hist. of the Co. of Norfolk, V2, 1805.

7/12/1346, John in the retinue of the Prince of Wales at La Hogue. King Edward landed an invasion force of 10000 in Normandy, which marched north plundering the countryside. King Philip VI, with 8000 horsemen and 4000 Genoese crossbowmen pursued.

7/26/1346 at Caen, capital of Normandy, Edward’s forces captured the city; and Raoul, Count of Eu, Constable of France, and Jean de Tancarville, Grand Chamberlain of France.

8/26/1346, John at the battle of Crecy, north of Paris. Edward III vs. Philip VI, heralded the rise of the longbow as the dominant weapon, and also saw the use of the ribauldequin, an early cannon, by the English. The English longbowmen could fire much more quickly than the Genoese, with a killing range of 250 yards. A decisive victory, a third of the French forces lost [mainly to arrows] to less than 100 Englishmen, this started the decline in importance of the mounted knight, and the rise of England as a European power.

9/4/1346, The English began the year-long siege of the port of Calais. John at the siege.

8/1347, Calais fell to the siege. [Held by the English until 1558.]

1347, John [unsuccessfully] claimed the right of Knight Banneret of London before the Mayor and Common Council. (S) A Survey of London, Stow, 1603.

1347-8, Sir John fitz Walter, lord of Wodeham, … : [Essex]. (S) UKNA.

1348, The Black Death entered the west countryside of England [Usually 2-3 wills were executed in the town of Colchester each year. In the 2 years 1349-50, 111 wills were executed.].

2/13/1350, William Baltrippe presented by John Fitz-Walter, Knt. Lord of Wodeham as patron at Diss. [His father was patron in 1304.] (S) Ess. Tow’s … Co. of Norfolk, 1739, P11.

1351, Sir John was indicted with his steward, William Baltrip, for taking men by force and detaining them till they paid fines for their ransom, for exacting and extorting money from others, and for several riots, … in the county of Essex. Sir John surrendered.

2/1/1351, John sent to the Tower on charges of felonies; Wm. Baltrip was outlawed, but eventually discharged. Sir John could have been charged with treason. Sir John’s case is cited as an authority for the proposition that riding armed with men at arms upon a private quarrel or design is not a levying of war against the King within the Statute of 25 Edward III [None of the king’s officers may seize lands of persons not attained of treason or felony.]. (S) A Selection of Cases from the State Trials, V1, Trials for Treason, Bund, 1879.

6/24/1352, John pardoned for a fine. To Thomas Tyrel, the elder, keeper of certain manors and lands of John fitz Wauter, in the king's hand for certain causes. Order to deliver to the said John or to his attorney his manors and lands with the knights' fees and advowsons. (S) CCRs.

1353, Grant by Walter, son and heir of Walter de Mockynge, to Sir John fitz Walter, lord of Wodeham, of all his lands, &c., in Mockyng, Stamford, Bemflete, Westilbury, Chaldewell, Duntone, Stebbyng, Coryngham, and Orseth. (S) Ancient Deeds, V1, 1890.

11/11/1353, John fitz Wauter, knight, acknowledges that he owes to William de Clynton, earl of Huntingdon, £200; to be levied etc. in Essex. [Cancelled on payment.] (S) CCRs.

10/1359, John in King Edward’s forces, sailing from Sandwich to Calais with 1,100 ships, invaded France, eventually taking Saint-Florentin and Tonnerre. Edward reached Paris, setting the suburbs on fire, before turning back to Brittany [Edward decided a siege of Paris was not feasible.]

1360, John knighted before Paris, France.

5/8/1360, King Edward, signed the Peace if Bretigny. The English army then returned home.

11/20/1360, John summoned to parliament.

10/18/1361, John, Baron of Little Dunmow, Essex, 2nd Lord Fitz Walter died; buried in Dunmow Priory; son Walter age 16. (S) Notes & Queries, V52, 1875, P325.

12/12/1361, IPM of John fitz Wauter. London: Old Jewry. A vacant plot of land and 10s. quit-rent … Castle Baynard ward. The advowson of the church of St. Andrew. … Joan, his mother, holds a great tenement with a garden in the parish of St. Olave, Old Jewry, for her life, … The tenement and garden are let for 11 marks a year. Norfolk: Disse. The manor, with the hundred … a fishery … He died on Monday the feast of St. Luke last. Walter his son, aged 16 years at Michaelmas last, is his heir. Essex: [8 manors and other properties] … (S) CIsPM.

(S) CIsPM.

[––Eleanor––]

2/12/1364, Writ for IPM of John Fitz Wauter, 'chivaler' in London. (S) CFRs.

Bef. 5/1368, Elenor died.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P347. (S) , A Hist. of the Co. of Essex, V9, 1994.

Children of John and Eleanor: [1 son, 1 daughter]

i. Walter Fitz Walter, born 5/31/1345 in Henham, Essex, England.

6/16/1363, Walter heir to his paternal grandmother Joan [de Multon.]

2/20/1364, John Fitz Wautier, 'chivaler,' held of the king in free burgage in his demesne as of fee a void place in Old Jewry, 10s. of rent … Walter, his son, aged 19 years and more, is his next heir,—to deliver the premises to Walter, as the king has taken his fealty. (S) CFRs.

1366, Walter son and heir of John fitz Wauter proved his age …  born at Henham and baptized in the font of the church of St. Mary there on Monday the feast of St. Petronilla the Virgin, to wit, the last day of May, 19 Edward III, … (S) CIsPM.

ii. Alice Fitz Walter (3802825), born ~1355 in Essex, England.


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