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Tuesday, June 7, 2011

Earl Ralph de Neville & Lady Margaret Stafford & Countess Joan Beaufort

7605706. Earl Ralph de Neville & 7605707. Lady Margaret Stafford & 3802861. Countess Joan Beaufort

1364, Ralph born in England, s/o 15211412. John de Neville & 15211413. Maud de Percy.

~1370, Margaret born in England, d/o 15211414. Hugh de Stafford & 15211415. Philippe de Beachamp.

1377, Joan born in Pleshy castle, Essex, England, d/o 738712. John of Gaunt & 738713. Katherine de Roet. [Her DOB is usually given as 1379, but 1377 is more likely.] (S) Mistress of the Monarchy, Weir, 2007, P159.

7/13/1377, Richard II, age 10, crowned king of England.

[––Ralph & Margaret––]

By 1385, Ralph married Margaret. [A mid-1400s manuscript: "Radulphus dominus de Neuill et comes Westmorlandie" married "Margareta filia Hugonis comitis Stafford, uxor prima". (S) FMG.]

9/15/1385, Codicil of the will of Hugh Earl of Stafford. Bequeathed property to “my sister Roos … Margaret de Nevill my daughter … Katherine de la Pole my daughter … Joane my daughter … my sister Charleton … Dame Joane d´Engayne my cousin” (S) FMG.

1386, Ralph a joint warden of the west march.

1386, Ralph a legatee in the will of his father.

10/17/1388, Ralph, age 24, succeeded his father.

11/9/1388, Order to John Godard, escheator in the county of York, to cause Ralph de Nevill, 'chivaler,' son and heir of John de Nevill of Raby, 'chivaler,' to have full seisin of all the lands which his father held on the day of his death ; as the king has taken his homage and fealty. (S) CFRs. [Like orders in Northumberland, Cumberland, Westmoreland, London, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Essex and Hertford and Lancaster.]

1389-96, Ralph summoned to parliament by writ.

1389-1424, Ralph, as constable, involved in negotiating truces with Scotland.

[––Joan & Robert––]

1392, Joan 1st married Sir Robert Ferrers. [2 daughters] (S) Mistress of the Monarchy, Weir, P239.

5/1395–11/1396, Joan’s husband, Sir Robert Greystock 2nd Baron Ferrers of Wemm, died.

6/9/1396, Margaret died; buried at Brancepeth, Durham.

[––Ralph & Joan––]

Bef. 11/29/1396, Ralph married 2nd Joan at Chateau de Beaufort, Anjou. Her father settled an annuity of £206.13s.4d. on the couple. [And Joan became the stepmother to many children.]

9/29/1397, Ralph created Earl of Westmorland. (S) CPRs, 5/25/1399.

10/7/1397, Grant in tail male, to Ralph de Nevyll, earl of Westmorland, and Joan, his wife, of the manors and towns of Penreth and Soureby … (S) CPRs.

10/28/1397, Ralph and Joan attended the wedding of Richard II near Calais, France. Joan was given a gold livery collar to wear to the wedding.

2/5/1398, Licence … Ralph de Nevyll, earl of Westmorland, … to enfeoff … manor of Claveryng, co. Essex, … to grant it to the said earl and Joan, his wife, and the heirs of the earl. (S) CPRs.

5/10/1398, Licence … Ralph de Nevill of Raby, earl of Westmorland, … to enfeoff … manor and castle of Shirrefhoton, … to grant … to the said earl and Joan, his wife, with remainders to the right heirs of the said earl. (S) CPRs.

1398, Henry Bolingbroke, Duke of Hereford, and Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk, to undergo a duel of honor. Richard II stopped the duel, and banished both men. He also disinherited Henry.

2/3/1399, Joan, Countess of Westmoreland and Lady Neville, left a bed of silk, a covered gold chalice, and a ewer in the will of her father.

3/18/1399, Richard II disinherited all Lancanstrian lands of Joan’s father and distributed them to his favorites.

4/1399, Joan Beaufort provided robes by King Richard II for the annual Knights of the Garter festivities.

7/4/1399, Henry Bolingbroke [1st cousin of Richard II] landed at Ravenspur; then proceeded through the Lancastrian lands in the north and took York. [Henry IV invaded while Richard II was in Ireland.]

7/1399, Ralph joined the invasion forces of Henry, earl of Derby against Richard II.

9/29/1399, Ralph prominent in the abdication of King Richard II. Richard II, a prisoner in the Tower, abdicated his crown to Henry.

9/30/1399, Henry IV succeeded Richard II as King of England. [Richard II died a prisoner in the Tower.]

10/13/1399, Ralph carried a Sceptre at the coronation of King Henry IV [Joan’s half-brother].

10/19/1399, Grant to the king’s brother Ralph de Nevylle, earl of Westmoreland, of the custody of all castles, … late of William, lord of Dacre, deceased, … during the minority of Thomas his son and heir … (S) CPRs.

10/20/1399, Grant for life to the king’s brother Ralph de Neville, earl of Westmoreland, … the castle, earldom, honour and lordship of Richemond … (S) CPRs.

11/7/1399, Grant to Ralph de Neville, earl of Westmoreland marshal of England, … executors of the will of the king’s father John, late duke of Lancaster, … execution of his will in England and Wales and the county of Chester. (S) CPRs.

9/30/1400, Grant for life to the king’s brother Ralph de Neville, earl of Westmoreland, of the office of marshal of England. (S) CPRs.

4/1402, Ralph invested as a Knight of the Garter.

6/3/1403, Grant to the king’s brother Ralph, earl of Westmoreland, … castle of Rokesburgh … he and his lieutenant of the castle may grant safe-conducts and securities to the people of Scotland within the bounds of Tevydale … for the victualling and relief of the castle and the king’s lieges dwelling in it. (S) CPRs.

7/22/1403, Commission to the king’s brother Ralph, earl of Westmoreland, Henry fitz Hugh, … William Gascoigne … to assemble all men in the counties of York and Northumberland to go with the king to resist Henry, earl of Northumberland, and other traitors, who have risen in insurrection. (S) CPRs.

1403, Ralph and his forces laid siege to the castle of Sir Ralph Eure, hoping to capture Henry de Percy.

8/12/1403, Grant to the king’s sister Joan, countess of Westmorland, of the marriage … of John son and heir of Thomas de Clifford, … (S) CPRs.

1404, Ralph disinherited his legitimate son in favor of Joan’s child.

5/29/1405, Ralph met with Thomas Mowbray, earl Marshal, and archbishop Scope, both aligned with the Percys, at Shipton Moor. Ralph captured both.

6/27/1405, Grant to the king’s brother Henry, bishop of Winchester, … enfeoffing the king’s brother Ralph, earl of Westmorland, and Joan his wife, … (S) CPRs.

7/6/1406, Commission to the king’s brother Ralph, earl of Westmoreland, keeper of the forest beyond Trent, to sell underwood withing the forest and deliver the money for the repair of the king’s manors, parks, lodges, stanks and mills where necessary. (S) CPRs.

7/20/1411, Grant to the king’s brother Ralph, earl of Westmorland, for 3000 marks … of the keeping of the body of John, earl Marshal and Notyngham, with the marriage of the latter … (S) CPRs.

4/9/1413, Henry V crowned king of England.

3/7/1414, Commission to the king’s brother John and the king’s uncle Ralph, earl of Westmoreland, … (S) CPRs.

~1415, John, 7th Lord Clifford, wounded in the great tournament of Carlisle between English knights and Scottish knights. The tournament was hosted by Ralph Nevill, earl of Westmoreland. Sir John Clifford jousted with Sir William Douglas. Sir William Harrington jousted with Sir David Mynges. Sir Ralph Greystoke jousted with William Edmundson, esquire. Sir Christopher Curwen jousted with Halyburton (who as injured in the neck), and Sir John Lancaster jousted with Sir John Singeler. The English won the prize. (S) Trans. Architectural and Archaeological Soc., V4, 1896, P179.

1415, Ralph given the wardship of Richard Plantagenet (b.1411) [later the Duke of York, married Ralph’s daughter Cecily, father of King Edward IV.] (S) The Wars of the Roses, Neillads, 1993, P37.

12/13/1415, Grant to the king’s kinsman Ralph, earl of Westmorland, of the marriage of William son and heir of William, late lord le Zouche, deceased, … (S) CPRs.

1422, Ralph a member of the Council of Regency.

5/5/1423, … manor of Scotton, co. York, … remainder in tail to Joan, countess of Westmoreland, … (S) CPRs.

10/21/1425, Ralph, 4th Lord Neville of Raby, died at Raby castle, Durham; buried at church of Staindrop, Durham. (S) UKNA.


5/26/1426, Grant to Joan, countess of Westmoreland, … she having custody of Richard duke of York, as executrix of Ralph, earl of Westmoreland, her late husband, of 100 marks a year … in addition to the 200 marks a year which she already has … (S) CPRs.

11/6/1429, Henry VI crowned king of England.

7/16/1432, Licence … manor of Bolton, co. Cumberland … remaining third part after the death of Joan, contess of Westmoreland, tenant in dower, … (S) CPRs.

11/28/1437, Joan founded a perpetual chantry in Lincoln Cathedral to pray for the souls of family members.

5/10/1440, Joan wrote her will, including a provision for her eldest son to receive a psalter willed to her by “the illustrious lady and my mother, Lady Katherine, Duchess of Lancaster.” Joan also requested to be buried with her mother.

3/11/1436, In the parliament … the king desired Richard, earl of Salisbury, and William, lord of Fauconberge, ‘chivaler’ to cross into France and serve him there, which agreed to do to certain conditions, and particularly to the consent of their mother Joan, countess of Westmoreland, … unlawful entries … likely to be done in their absence by Ralph, earl of Westmorland, John and Thomas his brothers, whereupon … letters of privy seal sent to the said countess of Westmoreland, … on which day the said countess appeared … £4000 … bond … (S) CPRs.

11/28/1437, Licence for Joan, countess of Westmoreland, and her heirs, to found a pertetual chantry to celebrate devine service daily at the altar before which her mother Katharine, late duchess of Lancaster, is buried, for the good estate of the king and Henry, cardinal of England, and of the said countess while alive, … souls of Henry IV, Henry V, John, late duke of Lancaster, and the said Katharine, late his wife, Ralph, late earl of Westmorland, sometime the husband of the said countess, … (S) CPRs.

Joan died, buried in Lincoln cathedral with her mother.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P619.

Children of Ralph and Margaret: [2 sons, 6 daughters]

i. Philippe Neville (3802853), born ~1390 in England.

Children of Ralph and Joan: [9 sons, 5 daughters]

i. Richard Neville (1901430), born 1400 in England.

ii. Cicely Neville, born 1415 in England.

1424, Cicely married to Richard Plantagenet (age 13), 3rd Duke of York.

Children: King Edward IV, King Richard III.

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