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Saturday, June 11, 2011

Sir Giles de Beauchamp & Katherine de Bures

7606060. Sir Giles de Beauchamp & 7606061. Katherine de Bures

~1290, Giles de Bello Campo born in England, 5th s/o 15212120. Walter de Beauchamp & 15212121. Alice de Tony.

[Slightly younger than Edward II, Giles was likely raised with a large group that later surrounded King Edward, including Hugh le Despenser, Peter de Gavaston, Gilbert de Clare, … ]

7/7/1307, Edward II became king on the death of his father.

1313, Giles’ older brother Walter granted him lands in Bransford, Worcestershire formerly belonging to their brother Ralph, deceased.

12/31/1313 at Teukesbury, Giles de Bello Campo, knight, witnessed a deed of Gilbert de Clare son of Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford. (S) CPRs, 12/1/1366.

1314, Robert the Bruce was besieging the castles of Berwick and Stirling. Giles in the army of King Edward marched north. The army totaled 15,000, including 2000 armored knights.

6/24/1314, Battle of Bannockburn, Scotland, a victory for the Scots, unusual in that it lasted for 2 days. The Scots, commanded by Robert Bruce, were laying siege to Stirling castle, held by the English. As the English attacked across the brook, Robert counter-attacked along a 2000-yard front. King Edward attempted to flank the Scot’s left with archers, but they were driven back the Scot cavalry. The English front broke against the Scottish spearmen. It was the largest loss of English knights in a single day. This was the battle in which organized foot-soldiers [primarily pike men] defeated heavily armored mounted knights.

4/1315, Due to a famine in England caused by year-long rains and flooding, King Edward ordered the regulation of food prices.

1315, Katherine born in England, d/o 15212122. John de Bures & 15212123. Hawise de Muscegros.

2/13/1317, Grant to Giles de Bello Campo, aon account of his good service and to enable him to continue the better in the king’s service, of £40 a year … (S) CPRs. [Also 8/16/1317]

1317, Giles’ older brother William made him a land grant.

1318, Sir Giles served in the household of King Edward II. [From the description given he likely protected the king’s chamber after the king went to bed.]

11/21/1318, Mandate to Giles de Bello Campo, keeper of the castle of Droslan, to deliver the castle [to Hugh le Despenser the younger] and the town of Droslan and Cantredemaure and town of Neuton, and the money from them to the king. (S) CPRs.

2/10/1319, Commission of oyer and terminer to Giles de Bello Campo, … (S) CPRs.

1319, Giles’ older brother Walter granted him 2/3’s of the manor of Alcester.

1319, Edward II and Robert the Bruce made a 2-year peace agreement.

5/6/1320, Exemption for life, at the request of Giles de Bello Campo, for William Prodhom, … (S) CPRs.

6/2/1321, Mandate to Giles de Bello Campo, constable of the castle of Scardeburgh, to induct Robert de Spyneye into custody of the hospital of the Holy Innocents without Lincoln. (S) CPRs.

11/16/1321, Deliver to Giles de Beauchamp, constableship of the castle of Beaumaris with it armour, victuals, &c. and the shrievalty of Kaernarvon, during pleasure, or to his attorney, as the king cannot do without the presence in his service of the said Giles. (S) UKNA.

2/22/1322, Thomas de Dunstaple, king’s serjeant at arms, with Griffin ap Rees and Giles de Bello Campo, to levy horse and foot for the king’s service [2,200 – 800 in angleseye, 800 in Karnarvan, 600 in Merionyth], march them to Coventy for service against the Scots [led by Robert the Bruce] and rebels [followers of Thomas of Lancaster]. (S) CPRs.

3/16/1322, Giles at the at the battle of Boroughbridge, northwest of York. King Edward defeated the forces of the Marcher lords and Thomas of Lancaster.  The royalist forces were defending their position with dismounted men-at-arms and archers against an attacking calvary.

10/1322, Giles in the army of Edward II in an invasion of Scotland.

10/14/1322, King Edward at the losing Battle of Byland, 20 miles north of York, against Robert Bruce. [This defeat compelled King Edward to recognize Scottish independence.]

10/24/1322, King Edward’s retreating forces reached York.

2/26/1325, Appointment of Giles de Beauchamp and Alan de Cherelton to inspect the levies north and south of Wales and the Marches … to muster at Shrewsbury … (S) CPRs.

9/24/1326, Roger de Mortimer and Queen Isabella invaded England, landing at Ipswich, joined up with Henry, Earl of Lancaster and other opponents of the Despensers.

1/20/1327, Edward II abdicated in favor of his son.

2/1/1327 at Westminster, Edward III, age 14, crowned king of England.

[––Giles & Katherine––]

By 1329, Giles married to Katherine.

4/1328-29 at Westminster, Manor of Statwell … Alianore de Lathum … if Alianore die without heirs … to Giles de Bello Campo and Katherine his wife … if Giles and Katherine died without issue … (S) Feet of Fines.

1329, John de Bures and Hawise his wife (Katherine’s parents) to Giles de Bello Campo and Katherine his wife: Grant of a moiety of the manors of Kemerton (Kenemarton) and Down Hatherley; (Glouc.) (S) UKNA.

1329, Giles’ mother settled the manor of Mutton, Wiltshire on him.

4/1329, Petronilla daughter of John de Ferariis, querent ; and John de Bures and Hawisia his wife, deforciants ; manor of Stawell … the £10 of rent which John de Annesleye held for his life the heritage of Hawisia, which after the decease of John ought to revert to John de Bures and Hawisia shall remain to Petronilla … if Pertronilla die without heirs … to remain to Alianore de Lathum … then to remain to Giles de Bello Campo and Katherine his wife … revert to John and Hawisia … (S) Feet of Fines, Somerset.

1329, John de Bures and Hawise his wife to Giles de Bello Campo and Katherine his wife: Grant of a moiety of the manors of Kemerton (Kenemarton) and Down Hatherley; (Glouc.) (S) UKNA.

5/27/1330, Protection with clause volumus, for 1 year, for Giles de Bello Campo, going to Gascony in the king’s service, with John de Eltham, earl of Cornwall [age 14, the king’s brother, and at the time the next heir]. (S) CPRs.

6/9/1330, Licence for John de Bures and Hawaise his wife to enfeoff John de Solariis of £10 rent in Bikenore, co. Gloucester, … to grant the same to Giles de Bello Campo and Katherine his wife for the lives of the said John and Hawisia, with remainder to the right heirs of Hawisia. (S) CPRs.

8/20/1331, Giles de Bello Campo keeper of the king’s manor and forest of Clarendon. (S) CPRs.

7/19/1333, King Edward, in support of John Balliol, defeated Archibald, lord of Douglas, at the battle of Halidon Hill.

10/3/1333, Grant, for life, to Giles de Bello Campo of the manor of Fresshewater, Isle of Wight, as of the yearly value of £40, … (S) CPRs.

4/1/1334, Grant to Giles de Bello Campo, in enlargement of the grant to him, … of the custody of the manor, park and forest of Claryndon … shall hld the custody without rendring anything … (S) CPRs.

6/27/1337, Order … to Guy Brian and John Joce … to select 60 archers from those archers that the king ordered Giles de Bello Campo (Beauchamp) to select in the forest of Dean (Dene), and to equip and arm them, and bring them to the king without delay … (S) Gascon Roll Project.

1338, Giles’ older brother William made him a land grant.

12/10/1339, Pardon to Giles de Bello Campo of all accounts … time in which he was constable of the castle of Scardeburgh … (S) CPRs.

5/11/1340, Giles granted free warren in Alcester and allowed to fortify his manor.

3/12/1341, Giles de Belo Campo given a writ for £27 18s. 8d. for subsidy of war in France. (S) CCRs.

9/17/1343, Commission of oyer … on complaint by Giles de Bello Campo … entered his free warren at Fersewatere, co. Southampton, hunter therein, mowed his crops … (S) CPRs.

12/8/1344, Grant to Giles de Bello Campo of the marriage of John son and heir of Edmund de Thwenge, … (S) CPRs.

5/10/1345, Licence for Giles de Bello Campo to enfeoff … manor of Freshewatre, Isle of Wight, … remainders to Walter, his son … (S) CPRs.

8/26/1346, Giles de Bello Campo and his son John [who was knighted] fought at the battle of Crecy.

8/26/1346, The battle of Crecy, north of Paris. Edward III vs. Philip VI, heralded the rise of the longbow as the dominant weapon, and also saw the use of the ribauldequin, an early cannon, by the English. The English longbowmen could fire much more quickly than the Genoese, with a killing range of 250 yards. A decisive victory, a third of the French forces lost [mainly to arrows] to less than 100 Englishmen, this started the decline in importance of the mounted knight, and the rise of England as a European power.

9/4/1346 by Calais, General pardon to [4 persons] for good service in the war in France … By K. and testimony of Giles de Bello Campo. (S) CPRs.

1347, Giles de Bello Campo and his son John at the siege of Calais.

8/1347, Calais fell to the English.

1/26/1348, Grant for life to Giles de Bello Campo of 2 tuns of wine in the port of Bristol yearly, he paying the king’s right prises for the same. (S) CPRs.

5/22/1349, Pardon, at the request of Giles de Bello Campo … (S) CPRs.

1351, Katherine age 35 at the death of her father. (S) IPM of her father.

5/1/1351, John, son of Giles de Bello Campo, and Joan, daughter of John de Cherleton' the younger, querents, and Giles de Bello Campo and Katherine, his wife, deforciants. The manor of Alyncestr' in the county of Warwick … John and Joan have given them 200 marks of silver. (S) Feet of Fines, Warwickshire, CP 25/1/287/44, number 454.

2/3/1352, Baldwin de Friville states that he had brought a writ of formedon against Giles de Beaulchaump, knight, concerning some tenements in Hanbury by Wick, … but that as Giles has claimed that he holds the tenements of lease of the king, … (S) UKNA.

1353, Giles heir to his older brother William.

8/3/1354, Grant, for life, to Giles de Bello Campo, who has surrendered the keeping of the manor, forest and park of Claryndon, … £20 yearly … (S) CPRs.

1355-6, Transcript of proceedings in Common Bench, John son of Robert de Ferrers, kt v Giles de Beauchamp, kt, wood in Charlton Musgrove. (S) UKNA.

10/1355, Giles de Bello Campo and Katherine his wife to John de (Bello) Campo and Joan daughter of John de Cherleton the younger: Grant of the manor of Al[yncestre] and land and rent in East Wickham, Bexley, Plumstead, and Woolwich; Kent. (S) UKNA, Edw. III.

[––Giles––]

11/25/1355, Pardon of special grace to Giles de Bello Campo, knight, for all trespasses of vert and venison … (S) CPRs.

6/4/1356, Grant to Giles de Bello Campo of the marriage of John son and heir of John de Sule [Lord John de Sudeley], … (S) CPRs.

2/1/1357, Pardon to Giles de Bello Campo, ‘chivlaer,’ for all trespasses of vert and venison … oppressions done by him … (S) CPRs.

7/10/1358, Commission of the peace … Guy de Brian, Giles de Bello Campo, … county of Worcester. (S) CPRs.

5/16/1359, Commission of oyer … on complaint of John son of Giles de Bello Campo that whereas he as lord of the town Alyncestre, co. Warwick, …. (S) CPRs.

1361, There was an outbreak of the plague in London. (S) Black Death in London, Sloane, 2011.

10/12/1361, Giles, knt. of Alcester, Warwickshire died.

1/21/1362, Writ for IPM of Giles de Bello Campo. Worcester: Poywyk. The manor, … Acton Beauchamp. The manor, … He died on 12 October, 35 Edward III. John de Bello Campo, knight, his son, aged 23 years and more, is his heir. (S) CIsPM.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P675.

Children of Giles and Katherine: [2 sons]

i. Giles de Bello Campo, born ? in England.

ii. John de Beauchamp (3803030), born ~1338 in England.

  

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