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Sunday, June 12, 2011

Baron John de Cherleton & Maud de Mortimer

7606062. Baron John de Cherleton & 7606063. Maud de Mortimer

~1312, Maud born in England, d/o 1249358. Roger de Mortimer & 1249359. Joan de Geneville.

9/29/1316, John de Cherltonborn in Salop, England, heir & s/o 15212124. John de Cherleton & 15212125. Hawise the Hardy.

[––John & Maud––]

John married to Maud.

4/13/1319, John de Cherleton and Hawise his wife … They request the manor of Penprys and other lands in free marriage to John their son and Maud his wife, and to the heirs of their body. … 2/3rds of certain lands, held in dower of the inheritance of Hawise, [to Thomas de Cherleton], and that he might re-grant this to John and Hawise for term of their lives, … John de [Cherleton], son of John and Hawise de Cherleton; Maud de [Cherleton], wife of John de Cherleton the younger and daughter of Roger de Mortemer; …. (S) UKNA.

2/1/1327 at Westminster, Edward III, age 14, crowned king of England.

11/1337, John a commander with king Edward, claiming the throne of France through his mother, began the 100 Years War with the battle of Cadsant, a Flemish island. With 600 men-at-arms and 2000 archers they embarked on the Thames from London. On the third tide they left Margate for Cadsant. The locals and soldiers saw them coming. The French attached the ships with archers. The English landed with battle axes, sword and lances. The English archers then decimated the French. (S) History of the Viceroys of Ireland, 1865, P186. [John’s father arrived in Ireland the month before.]

8/23/1339, John, son of John de Cherleton, states that while he was out of England on the King's service, Thomas Retherik brought an assize of novel disseisin against him before the justices of Shropshire concerning various tenements [in Montgomeryshire], in order to convict him in his absence, have him imprisoned, and disinherit him. (S) UKNA.

5/28/1340, Licence for John, son of John de Sutton … Isabella his wife, remainders … to Lucy his sister, John Botetourt and John de Cherlton the younger, in tail … (S) CPRs.


By 1341, John married 2nd Avice ?.

1341, Thomas Rotherik, knight, to settle the manor of Plas Dinas [Salop] on himself and Cecily his wife …, with remainder to John de Cherleton, knight, and Avice his wife … remainder to the right heirs of the said Avice. (S) UKNA.

4/15/1345, … staying beyond seas … John de Cherleton the younger received the attorneys by writ. (S) CPRs.

1345-6, John’s mother died.

7/6/1346, Commission of oyer … on complaint by John son of John de Cherleton, … at Burston, co. Hertford, broke his close … (S) CPRs.

8/26/1346, Sir John de Cherleton le fitz fought as a banneret at the battle of Crecy, flying his father’s banner. (S) Collections for a History of Staffordshire, 1897.

8/26/1346, The Battle of Crecy, north of Paris. Edward III vs. Philip VI, heralded the rise of the longbow as the dominant weapon, and also saw the use of the ribauldequin, an early cannon, by the English. The English longbowmen could fire much more quickly than the Genoese, with a killing range of 250 yards. A decisive victory, a third of the French forces lost [mainly to arrows] to less than 100 Englishmen, this started the decline in importance of the mounted knight, and the rise of England as a European power.

1346, John de Cherleton and Avice his wife to grant a messuage in Welshpool (la Pole) [Salop], with the advowsons of the chapel in the castle there. (S) UKNA.

1348, The Black Death entered the west countryside of England [likely entering through Bristol].

12/21/1353, John, age 37, succeeded his father.

1/20/1354, Order to John de Swynnerton, escheator in the county of Salop and the march of Wales adjacent, to deliver to John son and heir of John son and heir of John de Cherleton the lands whereof his father was seised in his demesne as of fee on the day of his death; he having done homage. (S) CFRs.

1353, John, lord Cherleton of Powis, Chamberlain to King Edward III.

3/15/1354, John, baron Cherlton, summoned to parliament. [He became a baron on the death of his father.]

6/20/1354, Commission of peace … John de Cherleton … county of Salop. (S) CPRs.

1/11/1356, … John de Cherleton, the king’s chamberlain, … (S) CPRs.

8/1359–4/1360, John de Cherleton in the great invasion of France. John a banneret of the king’s household [1 of 10], paid 4s a day, with 9 knights, paid 2s a day, 30 esquires, paid 1 s a day, and 40 mounted archers, paid 6d a day. (S) History of the Famiyl of Wrottesley, V1, 1903, P130. [John’s son John was a knight of the king’s household.]

10/1359, King Edward, sailing from Sandwich to Calais with 1,100 ships, again invaded France, eventually taking Saint-Florentin and Tonnerre. Edward reached Paris, setting the suburbs on fire, before turning back to Brittany [Edward decided a siege of Paris was not feasible.]

1360, John died.

8/30/1360, Writ for IPM of John de Cherleton, the elder in the counties of Salop and the march of Wales adjacent. (S) CFRs.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P181. (S) Dormant, Abeyant, … Burke, 1866. (S) Antiquities of Shropshire, V9, 1859.

Family notes:

·         1312, John’s family’s properties in the Marches of Wales attacked by Griffin de la Pole, relative of his mother. This family war would continue for 20 years.

Children of John and Maud: [2 sons, 1 daughter]

i. John de Cherleton, born 4/5/1334 in England.

2/5/1355, Commission of oyer … on complaint by John son of John de Cherleton, … at Haldenby, co. Northampton, … (S) CPRs.

11/20/1360, John summoned to parliamnet.

1361, John de Cherleton: Gloucestershire (proof of age). (S) UKNA.

By 1361, John, 3rd Lord Cherleton, married Joan de Stafford, d/o Ralph de Stafford & Margaret de Audley.

8/14/1362, John, lord Cherlton of Powys, summoned to parliament.

6/26/1363, Pursuant to an inquisition … the manor of Dynas … remainder to John de Cherleton, the elder, and Hawise, his wife … Thomas and Cecily, as well as John and Hawise, are dead, the former without heir of their bodies, so that the manor ought to remain to John de Cherleton, lord of Powis, son and heir of John de Cherleton, 'chivaler,' son and heir of the said John and Hawise, who is of full age. (S) CFRs.

7/13/1374, John died. (S) IPM of this John, 7/18/1374.

Child: John de Cherlton, born 4/5/1362. (S) Proof of age of this John, CIsPM, 6/20/1383.

ii. Joan de Cherleton (3803031), born by 1340 in England.