Family histories with citations for reference and research -- Searching: I use original spellings from various sources. -- "It is a revered thing to see an ancient castle not in decay; how much more to behold an ancient family which has stood against the waves and weathers of time!" - Francis Bacon.
Sunday, July 17, 2011
G24: 11819496 Despenser-Basset
11819496. Sir Hugh le Despenser & 11819497. Aline Basset
10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.
1223, Hugh born in Rhyshall, England, 23638992. Hugh le
~1235, Alvia/Aline born in England, d/o 23638994. Sir Philip
Basset & 23638995. Hawise de Louvain.
2/23/1238, Grant, for faithful service done by Hugh le
Despenser, to Hugh, his son and heir,
that by the counsel of his friends he may marry where it shall seem best. ….
1238, Hugh heir to his father.
Hugh married Aline. (S) A Gen. of the Wives of the Am. Presidents,
11/7/1255, Appointment of Hugh le Despenser to keep the castle
and manor of Harestan for 5 years … (S) CPRs.
1256, Hugh assigned as Constable of the royal Castle Harestan
2/19/1257, Protection with clause for the following, gone with
R. earl of Cornwall, [king] elect of the Romans, to Almain … Hugh le Despenser
} for one year from Michaelmas. (S) CPRs.
1257, Hugh accompanied King Richard to Germany.
5/27/1257, Pope Alexander IV crowned Richard “King of the
Romans” at Aachen.
6/1258, Hugh one of 12 representatives elected by the Barons at
Oxford to the “Council of Twenty Four”; and confirmed as Constable of Castle Harestan.
2/11/1259, Commission to Peter de Monte Forti, Hugh le
Despenser, Roger de Clifford, … touching contentions which have arisen between
James de Audithele and Roger de Somery … (S) CPRs.
1260, Hugh appointed Chief Justiciar of England.
7/6/1260, Commission to Henry de Bathonia … Afterwards H. de
Bathonia died and in his place was appointed Hugh le Despenser, justiciary of
England, by the same words. (S) CPRs.
7/15/1261, … by order of Hugh le Despenser, sometime justicary
of England. (S) CPRs.
12/7/1261, Notification that the king has made peace with the
barons, and they are not to be charged with anything unless any of the
following have not put his seal to the said peace withing 15 days, … the earl
Marshal, the earl fo Leicester, the earl of Warenne, Roger de Mortymer, Hugh le
Despenser, William Bardolf, John de Burgo, Henry de Hastinges, John le Fiz
John, Robert de Vespont, William de Muntchenesy, John le Fiz Alezn, Nicholad de
Segrave, Geoffrey de Lucy. (S) CPRs.
6/20/1262, Hugh le Despenser to deliver the castle of Haverstan
to Geoffrey de Childewik. (S) CPRs.
7/15/1263, Hugh again appointed Justiciar of England [and the
last Justicar – holding title to both Chief Justice and Commander and Chief of
the forces], and also assigned as Constable of the Tower of London. He was
known to have imprison the King’s judges, pillaged foreign merchants, and
extorted money from Jews.
9/23/1263, Mandate to Nicholas de Criollis … Teste, H. le Despenser,
justicary of England. (S) CPRs.
10/5/1263, Mandate to Hugh le Despenser, justicary of England
and constable of the Tower of London, … (S) CPRs.
Hugh joined other barons and Simon de Montfort in revolt and
sacked the king’s residence at Isleworth.
5/13/1264, at the battle of Lewes, Hugh captured Marmaduke
Thwenge, and forced his wounded father-in-law to surrender. He was then made
Governor of 6 castles including Oxford and Nottingham.
9/16/1264, Power to H. bishop of London, Hugh le Despenser, the
justicary [of England], Charles, count of Anjou, … to exam and amend the form
of the peace between the king [Henry III of England] and the barons … the king
wills that peace shall be made between him and the earl of Leicester … directed
to … Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, John fitz John, John de
Burgo the elder, … Henry de Hastinges, Gilbert of Gaunt and the rest of the
barons and magnates of England. (S) CPRs.
12/14/1264, Hugh summoned to Simon de Montfort’s parliament.
2/16/1265, Prohibition to Simon de Monte Forti, earl of
Leicester, Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester, Robert de Veer, earl of
Oxford, Hugh le Despenser, justiciary of England, … going … to Dunstaple to
tourney there, upon pain of forfeiture of all lands, … (S) CPRs.
2/25/1265, On this Wednesday … the king received his seal … in
the presence of Hugh le Despenser, justiciary of England … (S) CPRs.
8/4/1265, Hugh killed in the battle of Evesham, Yorkshire.
Because of his age, Hugh was advised to leave the battle by the Earl of
Leicester [Simon de Montfort – also killed]. He refused, and was slain by Roger
Mortimer, 1st Baron Wigmore. This caused a feud to begin between the
Despenser and Mortimer families.
Aline released the royalist prisoners in her charge and went to
live with her father.
10/5/1265, Grant, for life, in consideration of the service of
Philip Basset, to Alina late the wife of Hugh le Despenser, daughter of the
said Philip, of the manors of … late of the said Hugh … (S) CPRs.
10/1271, Alaina’s father died.
1271, Aline married 2nd Roger le Bigod, 7th
Earl of Norfolk, Marshall of England.
11/16/1272, Edward I ascended to the throne while on crusade.
1/4/1280, Acceptance of a demise and grant made to Hugh de
Essex, … by Roger le Bygod, earl of Norfolk and marshal of England and Alina
his wife, daughter and heir of Philip Basset. (S) CPRs.
Bef. 4/11/1281, Aline died.
(S) Dictionary of
National Biography, Stephen, 1893, P413. (S) The Lives of the Chief Justices of
England, Campbell, 1874. (S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P87.
Children of Hugh and Aline: i. Eleanor le Despenser (30420929), born ~1257 in England. ii. Hugh le Despencer II (5909748), born 3/1/1261 in England. iii. Joan le Despenser (47280223), born ~1264 in England.