Sunday, July 17, 2011

G24: 11819496 Despenser-Basset

11819496. Sir Hugh le Despenser & 11819497. Aline Basset

 Search for Chief Justices of England

10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.
1223, Hugh born in Rhyshall, England, 23638992. Hugh le Despenser.
~1235, Alvia/Aline born in England, d/o 23638994. Sir Philip Basset & 23638995. Hawise de Louvain.
2/23/1238, Grant, for faithful service done by Hugh le Despenser, to Hugh, his son  and heir, that by the counsel of his friends he may marry where it shall seem best. …. (S) CPRs.
1238, Hugh heir to his father.                         
Hugh married Aline. (S) A Gen. of the Wives of the Am. Presidents, P98.
11/7/1255, Appointment of Hugh le Despenser to keep the castle and manor of Harestan for 5 years … (S) CPRs.
1256, Hugh assigned as Constable of the royal Castle Harestan in Derbyshire.
2/19/1257, Protection with clause for the following, gone with R. earl of Cornwall, [king] elect of the Romans, to Almain … Hugh le Despenser } for one year from Michaelmas. (S) CPRs.
1257, Hugh accompanied King Richard to Germany.
5/27/1257, Pope Alexander IV crowned Richard “King of the Romans” at Aachen.
6/1258, Hugh one of 12 representatives elected by the Barons at Oxford to the “Council of Twenty Four”; and confirmed as Constable of Castle Harestan.
2/11/1259, Commission to Peter de Monte Forti, Hugh le Despenser, Roger de Clifford, … touching contentions which have arisen between James de Audithele and Roger de Somery … (S) CPRs.
1260, Hugh appointed Chief Justiciar of England.
7/6/1260, Commission to Henry de Bathonia … Afterwards H. de Bathonia died and in his place was appointed Hugh le Despenser, justiciary of England, by the same words. (S) CPRs.
7/15/1261, … by order of Hugh le Despenser, sometime justicary of England. (S) CPRs.
12/7/1261, Notification that the king has made peace with the barons, and they are not to be charged with anything unless any of the following have not put his seal to the said peace withing 15 days, … the earl Marshal, the earl fo Leicester, the earl of Warenne, Roger de Mortymer, Hugh le Despenser, William Bardolf, John de Burgo, Henry de Hastinges, John le Fiz John, Robert de Vespont, William de Muntchenesy, John le Fiz Alezn, Nicholad de Segrave, Geoffrey de Lucy. (S) CPRs.
6/20/1262, Hugh le Despenser to deliver the castle of Haverstan to Geoffrey de Childewik. (S) CPRs.
7/15/1263, Hugh again appointed Justiciar of England [and the last Justicar – holding title to both Chief Justice and Commander and Chief of the forces], and also assigned as Constable of the Tower of London. He was known to have imprison the King’s judges, pillaged foreign merchants, and extorted money from Jews.
9/23/1263, Mandate to Nicholas de Criollis … Teste, H. le Despenser, justicary of England. (S) CPRs.
10/5/1263, Mandate to Hugh le Despenser, justicary of England and constable of the Tower of London, … (S) CPRs.
Hugh joined other barons and Simon de Montfort in revolt and sacked the king’s residence at Isleworth.
5/13/1264, at the battle of Lewes, Hugh captured Marmaduke Thwenge, and forced his wounded father-in-law to surrender. He was then made Governor of 6 castles including Oxford and Nottingham.
9/16/1264, Power to H. bishop of London, Hugh le Despenser, the justicary [of England], Charles, count of Anjou, … to exam and amend the form of the peace between the king [Henry III of England] and the barons … the king wills that peace shall be made between him and the earl of Leicester … directed to … Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, John fitz John, John de Burgo the elder, … Henry de Hastinges, Gilbert of Gaunt and the rest of the barons and magnates of England. (S) CPRs.
12/14/1264, Hugh summoned to Simon de Montfort’s parliament.
2/16/1265, Prohibition to Simon de Monte Forti, earl of Leicester, Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester, Robert de Veer, earl of Oxford, Hugh le Despenser, justiciary of England, … going … to Dunstaple to tourney there, upon pain of forfeiture of all lands, … (S) CPRs.
2/25/1265, On this Wednesday … the king received his seal … in the presence of Hugh le Despenser, justiciary of England … (S) CPRs.
8/4/1265, Hugh killed in the battle of Evesham, Yorkshire. Because of his age, Hugh was advised to leave the battle by the Earl of Leicester [Simon de Montfort – also killed]. He refused, and was slain by Roger Mortimer, 1st Baron Wigmore. This caused a feud to begin between the Despenser and Mortimer families.
Aline released the royalist prisoners in her charge and went to live with her father.
10/5/1265, Grant, for life, in consideration of the service of Philip Basset, to Alina late the wife of Hugh le Despenser, daughter of the said Philip, of the manors of … late of the said Hugh … (S) CPRs.
10/1271, Alaina’s father died.
1271, Aline married 2nd Roger le Bigod, 7th Earl of Norfolk, Marshall of England.
11/16/1272, Edward I ascended to the throne while on crusade.
1/4/1280, Acceptance of a demise and grant made to Hugh de Essex, … by Roger le Bygod, earl of Norfolk and marshal of England and Alina his wife, daughter and heir of Philip Basset. (S) CPRs.
Bef. 4/11/1281, Aline died.
 (S) Dictionary of National Biography, Stephen, 1893, P413. (S) The Lives of the Chief Justices of England, Campbell, 1874. (S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P87.

Children of Hugh and Aline:
i. Eleanor le Despenser (30420929), born ~1257 in England.
ii. Hugh le Despencer II (5909748), born 3/1/1261 in England.
iii. Joan le Despenser (47280223), born ~1264 in England.