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Sunday, July 17, 2011

King Charles II of Naples & Queen Maria of Hungary

11819406. King Charles II of Naples & 11819407. Queen Maria of Hungary

1238, A “monstrous and inhuman race of men”, with a leader called Khan, began to overun far eastern Europe.

1254, Charles born in Provence, France, s/o 23638812. King Charles I of Naples & 23638813. Beatrice of Provence.

1258, Maria born in Hungary, d/o 23638814. Stephen V of Hungary & 23638815. Elizabeth the Cuman.

{––Charles & Maria––}

1266, The testament of “Beatrix (Charles’ mother) … Regina Sicilie, Ducatus Apuliæ et Principatus Capuæ, Andegavensis, Provinciæ et Forcalquerii Comitissa” ... with bequests to “… Carolus filius noster primogenitus …” whom she designated as her heir to Provence.

1267, A double marriage alliance between King Stephen V of Hungary and King Charles I of Naples. Stephen's son, Ladislaus was to marry Charles's daughter, Elisabeth; and Charles's namesake son Charles II to marry Stephen's daughter, Maria.

1270, Charles married to Maria.

8/25/1270, King Louis IX died, succeeded by his son Philip III.

{––King Philip III of France––} [Charles II and Philip III were first cousins, their paternal grandparents being King Louis VIII & Queen Blanche of Castile.}

2/25/1271, From Rome, Charles II governed the kingdom as the Captain and Vicar-General during his father’s absence on crusade.

3/1276-3/1277, From Rome, Charles II governed the kingdom as the Captain and Vicar-General during his father’s absence. [His father was marrying a new wife and acquiring the title King of Jerusalem.]

11/12/1283, Charles, prince of Salerno, son of Charles of Anjou, the Pope’s vassal, sent 2 emissaries to the Curia Romana to receive a loan of 100,000 ounces of gold from Pope Martin IV to help arm a fleet against the Catalan invaders of Sicily. [Charles II was acting as vicar-general while his father Charles I was a on crusade against Constantinople.]

2/13/1284, Charles acknowledged receipt of 10,000 ounces of gold, and gold florins totalling another 28,393 ounces.

2/25/1284, Charles received another 50,000 ounces, being loaned to his father.

6/5/1284, Charles captured during the naval battle at Naples by Roger of Lauria. Charles’ cousin Robert II, count of Artois was named regent. [And would serve until Charles was released.]

1/7/1285, When Charles’ father died, he was still a prisoner of Peter III of Aragon.

{––King Charles II of Naples––}

11/1285, Pedro III had Charles moved to prison in Catalonia.

1288, King Edward I of England mediated Charles’ release on the promise of he would restrict himself to Naples. For £20,000 Charles also induced his son-in-law Charles of Valois to renounced all claim to Aragon; the money coming from Pope Martin IV. Charles had to leave 3 sons and 60 Provencial nobles as hostages, promising to pay 30,000 marks.

10/27/1288, Charles was released by the Treaty of Campofranco, leaving 3 sons as hostages in Barcelona.

1289, Pope Nicholas IV absolved Charles of his commitments and named him King of Sicily; at the same time excommunicating King Alfonso III of Aragon.

5/29/1289, Charles crowned King of Sicily at Rieti cathedral.

7/3/1289, Charles returned to Naples.

7/10/1289, Charles granted his widowed sister-in-law Isabelle of Villehardouin, the barony of Karytania and the castle of Bucelet; to hold them as a vassal to the Angevin crown.

5/26/1290, Charles gave up the title of Prince of Achaea and ordered it removed from the great seal.

1290, Maria took in her sister Elizabeth and her son in Naples after Elizabeth’s husband had been executed in Bohemia.

9/21/1290, After the death of Maria’s only brother, Charles supported Maria’s claim to the throne of Hungary.

1/20/1291, Request … in order to pay the debts which the king [Edward I of England] incurred during his absence abroad in effecting the liberation of Charles, king of Sicily, his kinsman, whereby the state of the Holy Land and of the church was improved and peace secured, … (S) CPRs.

1291 in Naples, Maria crowned Queen of Hungary by a papal legate; and then transferred her rights to her eldest son, Charles Martel of Anjou.

5/13/1292, Prince Charles Martel was acting on behalf of his father King Charles II, who was in Aix-en-Provence.

8/13/1294, Charles II ceded to his son Philip all the Angevin lands and rights; for which Philip would pay as feudal dues 6 bolts of a heavy silk fabric.

8/30/1295, Pope Boniface VIII confirmed Maria’s claim on Hungary.

3/9/1296, Charles II requested his son Philip, prince of Taranto, require his captain of Corfy to cease interference with the archbishop’s jurisdiction of the clergy.

1296, Charles II used the tithes of Achaea in a ship-building program.

1296-1302, Charles was involved in a land and sea war over Sicily.

4/24/1299, Grant to Henry, count of Bar [King Edward’s son], of the 10,000 marks of silver, which the king [Edward I of England] appointed him … to receive from Charles, king of Jerusalem and Sicily, and which the king lent to the latter when he was prince of Salerno. (S) CPRs.

12/1/1299, Charles’ son, the Prince of Taranto, taken prisoner at the battle of la Falconara.

1/11/1300, Charles II informed his son Philip of the pope’s order to seek out the Bisoci and punish them or persons who assist them.

2/23/1301 in Rome, Charles invested Philip of Savoy, married to his sister-in-law Isabelle, with the Moreote principality.

1301, Charles instrumental in the rise of power of the Black Guelfs in Florence. [This occasioned the exile of the poet Dante, a white Guelf, from Florence.] (S) Chronicles of the Age of Chivalry, 2000, P154.

8/9/1301 in Anagni, Charles granted a subsidy for 3 years by the pope.

8/31/3102, By the Treaty of Caltabellotta Charles granted Sicily as dowry to his daughter Eléonore to be ruled for his life by her future husband Federigo de Aragón.

10/9/1304, Charles released a letter patent to the effect of the forfeiture of the principality of his sister-in-law due to her remarriage; and vilolation of the 1267 Treaty of Viterbo.

5/5/1309, Charles “the Lame”, King of Naples, died in Naples, Italy; succeeded by his son, Robert “the Wise.” [Charles 1st buried at Naples Dominican church; transferred by order of his son King Roberto I to Aix-en-Provence, Convent Notre-Dame de Nazareth; and again to église de Saint-Barthélemi Aix-en-Provence.]

{––Maria––}

3/25/1323, Maria died in Naples; buried at Santa Maria Donna Regina.

(S) The Papacy and the Levant, Setton, 1976.

 Children of Charles and Maria:

i. Margaret of Naples (5909703), born 1273 in Naples, Italy. [See webite “Many Mini Biographies”]

ii. Isabelle of Naples, born ? in Naples, Italy.

1289, Isabelle married to Florent, Prince of Achaia [brother to Count John II of Hainaut.]


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