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Saturday, July 23, 2011

Sir Guncelin de Badlesmere & Margaret Fitz Bernard

11819900. Sir Guncelin de Badlesmere & 11819901. Margaret Fitz Bernard

~1235, Guncelin born in Chilham, Kent, England, s/o 23639800. Giles de Badlesmere & 23639801. Margaret ?.

~1240, Margaret born in England, d/o §§Ralph fitz Bernard. (S) Hist. & Topo. Survey of Kent, V6, 1798, Badlesmere.

1258, Guncelin’s father killed in battle in Wales.

1262, Guncelin excommunicated [as was all barons opposed to the king] by Boniface of Savoy, archbishop of Canterbury. (S) Journal of the British Archaeological Association, 1903, P328.

4/12/1263, Simon de Montfort returned to England to lead a rebellion of young barons. Guncelin a supporter of Simon de Montfort.

5/14/1264, King Henry captured by Gilbert de Clare at the battle of Lewes.

1264, Guncelin was assigned the use of the lands of deceased Robert de Hardres in Kent. (S) Knights of Edward I, Moor, 1929, P185.

8/4/1265, Lord Edward defeated Simon de Montfort at the battle of Evesham.

10/31/1266, The Dictum de Kenilworth allowed those who had opposed the King their lives for a loss of liberties of 3 to 5 years.

11/16/1272, King Edward I ascended to the throne while on crusade.

10/16/1274, Guncelin named Justicia of Chester [replacing Reginald de Grey]. (S) Cheshire in the Pipe Rolls, 1158-1301, Mills, 1938, P114. [Reginaldus de Grey demisit Justiciariam Cestrie cui successit Guncelinus de Badelesmere. (S)  Chronicle of the Abbey of S. Werburg, at Chester, 1887.]

9/14/1275, Mandate … county of Chester, to deliver the office of the escheatry … to Guncelin de Badelesmere, justice of Chester. (S) CPRs.

11/5/1276, Mandate to Guncelin de Badelesmere, justice of Chester, … to permit the Friars Preachers of the city of Chester to make a conduit … without the city from a spring … to their house, and to open and pierce and re-close th said land, the city wall, and the highways where necessary. (S) CPRs.

6/1277, King Edward was in Chester where he cleared a road through a dense forest, and started construction on the castles of Flint and Rhuddlan. [Guncelin de Badlesmere, the justiciar, collected the tax of a 15th and seized corn in the king’s name to support the expedition. (S) The Welsh Wars of Edward I, P119.]

8/22/1277, Edward I ordered Guncelin to “pay out of the issues of his bailiwick to the abbot and convent of Basingwork, 55 marks for a house bought of them.” (S) Studies in Medieval Cistercian History, O’Sullivan, 1971, P121.

2/6/1278, Grant to Guncelin de Badelesmere, … lately appointed to the chief custody of the castle of Flint … (S) CPRs. [Guncelin also appointed bailiff of Rhuddlan castle. (S) House of Commons, V44, P12.]

9/17/1278, To Guncelin de Badelesmere, justice of Chester. Order to permit Reginald de Grey to take dead brushwood in his own woods within the forest of Cheshire, and to carry it away and burn at this pleasure. (S) CCRs.

3/12/1279, Guncelin, Justice of Chester, named as one of 2 commissioners in a survey.

6/10/1280, Guncelin was a witness at the marriage of John le Strange, s/o Robert. (S) CPRs.

11/22/1280, Mandate … to pay … £1000 to Guncelin de Badelesmere, justice of Chester, to make an exchange at Chester. (S) CPRs.

1281, Guncelin, Justicar of Kent.

1282, Guncelin’s forces fought with Edward I in the Welsh campaigns. [It appears that Guncelin himself did not participate.] (S) Lancashire Lay Subsidies, Vincent, 1893, P162.

8/1283, Guncelin was assigned by Edward I to value newly conquered Welsh lands. (S) Edward I, Prestwich, 1997, P217.

12/1283, Guncelin de Badelesmere one of the sureties of Geoffrey de Geneville and Matilda, his wife, and Peter their eldest son for a debt of £1200 to William de Valencia. (S) CCRs.

8/18/1284, Simple protection, with clause volumus, until Christmas, for Guncelinus de Badelesmere, going beyond seas. (S) CPRs.

6/22/1290, Commission of oyer and terminer to Stephen de Pencestre and Gunselinus de Baddlesmere, … county of Kent … (S) CPRs.

6/7/1292, Licence for William Payforer to enfeoff by charter Guncelin de Badelesmere in the manors of Inge and Wychelinge, held in chief. (S) CPRs.

6/16/1294, … Richard Peyforer, yeoman of Guncelinus de Badelesmere, one of the king’s houshold and council, … (S) CPRs.

8/25/1295, Grant to Guncelinus de Badelesmere, for 5 years, … value of £100 … (S) CPRs.

8/20/1297, Grant to Guncelinus de Badelesmere, who is going beyond seas with the king on his service, of the custody of the heirs of Philip Burnell, tenant in chief, of land and rent to the value of £100 a year … (S) CPR. [Guncelin did not go with the king.]

8/27/1297, After the king’s crossing to Flanders, Edward, the king’s son, supplying the king’s place in England, in the castle of Tonebrigge, in his chamber there, in the presence of Sirs Reginald de Grey, … and Guncelinus de Badelesmere, knights, … delivered to the said Sir John de Langeton, the chancellor, the seal … (S) CPRs.

9/16/1297, Appointment to select and retain in the king’s service … knights and yoemen of his county … to be at London with their horses and arms … Guncelin de Badlesmere } Kent. (S) CPRs.

10/13/1300, Guncelin attended Henry, Earl of Lincoln, on a trip to Rome.

1301, Guncelin died, buried in Badlesmere church, where his effigies lying cross-legged, cut in wood, was remaining in Philipott's time, then holding this manor of the king in capite, as of the barony of Crevequer, by knight's service, and paying to the ward of Dover castle, and making suit to the king's court of Ledes. He left by Margaret his wife, heir of Ralph Fitzbernard, one son Bartholomew de Badlesmere.

4/13/1301, Order to the escheator on this side Trent to take into the king's hand the lands late of Guncelin de Badlesmere, deceased, tenant in chief. (S) CFRs.

(S) A Second Domesday?: The Hundred Rolls of 1279-80, Raban, 2004, P63. (S) Hist. & Topo. Survey of Kent, V6, 1798, Badlesmere.

Family notes:

·         Both Guncelin de Badlesmere and his son, Bartholomew are recorded as using argent, a fess between two bars gemelles gules. (S) UKNA.

Children of Guncelin and Margaret:

i. Joan de Badlesmere (11820465), born ~1263 in Kent, England.

Joan married Sir John de Northwode. (S) Hist. & Topo. Survey of Kent, V9, 1800, Whitfield, alias Bewsfield.

ii. Maud de Badlesmere, born ~1270 in Kent, England.

Maud married John de Coningsby.

iii. Bartholomew de Badlesmere (5909950), born 1274 in Kent, England.

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