Saturday, July 23, 2011

G24: 11819900

11819900. Guncelin de Badlesmere & 11819901. Joan Fitz Bernard

Search for Welsh Wars of Edward I

~1240, Guncelin born in Chilham, Kent, England, s/o 23639800. Giles de Badlesmere & 23639801. Margaret ?.

1258, Guncelin’s father killed in battle in Wales.

Guncelin a supporter of Simon de Montfort.

1262, Guncelin excommunicated [as was all barons opposed to the king] by Boniface of Savoy, archbishop of Canterbury. (S) Journal of the British Archaeological Association, 1903, P328.

4/12/1263, Simon de Montfort returned to England to lead a rebellion of young barons.

5/14/1264, Kign Henry captured by Gilbert de Clare at the battle of Lewes.

1264, Guncelin was assigned the use of the lands of deceased Robert de Hardres in Kent. (S) Knights of Edward I, Moor, 1929, P185.

8/4/1265, Lord Edward defeated Simon de Montfort at the battle of Evesham.

10/31/1266, The Dictum de Kenilworth allowed those who had opposed the King their lives for a loss of liberties of 3 to 5 years.

11/16/1272, Edward I ascended to the throne while on crusade.

10/16/1274, Guncelin named Justicia of Chester [replacing Reginald de Grey]. (S) Cheshire in the Pipe Rolls, 1158-1301, Mills, 1938, P114. [Reginaldus de Grey demisit Justiciariam Cestrie cui successit Guncelinus de Badelesmere. (S)  Chronicle of the Abbey of S. Werburg, at Chester, 1887.]

9/14/1275, Mandate … county of Chester, to deliver the office of the escheatry … to Guncelin de Badelesmere, justice of Chester. (S) CPRs.

11/5/1276, Mandate to Guncelin de Badelesmere, justice of Chester, … to permit the Friars Preachers of the city of Chester to make a conduit … without the city from a spring … to their house, and to open and pierce and re-close th said land, the city wall, and the highways where necessary. (S) CPRs.

6/1277, King Edward was in Chester where he cleared a road through a dense forest, and started construction on the castles of Flint and Rhuddlan. [Guncelin de Badlesmere, the justiciar, collected the tax of a fifteenth and seized corn in the king’s name to support the expedition. (S) The Welsh Wars of Edward I, P119.]

8/22/1277, Edward I ordered Guncelin to “pay out of the issues of his bailiwick to the abbot and convent of Basingwork, 55 marks for a house bought of them.” (S) Studies in Medieval Cistercian History, O’Sullivan, 1971, P121.

2/6/1278, Grant to Guncelin de Badelesmere, … lately appointed to the chief custody of the castle of Flint … (S) CPRs. [Guncelin also appointed bailiff of Rhuddlan castle. (S) House of Commons, V44, P12.]

9/17/1278, To Guncelin de Badelesmere, justice of Chester. Order to permit Reginald de Grey to take dead brushwood in his own woods within the forest of Cheshire, and to carry it away and burn at this pleasure. (S) CCRs.

3/12/1279, Guncelin, Justice of Chester, named as one of two commissioners in a survey.

6/10/1280, Guncelin was a witness at the marriage of John le Strange, s/o Robert. (S) CPRs.

11/22/1280, Mandate … to pay … 1,000£ to Guncelin de Badelesmere, justice of Chester, to make an exchange at Chester. (S) CPRs.

1281, Guncelin, Justicar of Kent.

1282, Guncelin’s forces fought with Edward I in the Welsh campaigns. [It appears that Guncelin himself did not participate.] (S) Lancashire Lay Subsidies, Vincent, 1893, P162.

8/1283, Guncelin was assigned by Edward I to value newly conquered Welsh lands. (S) Edward I, Prestwich, 1997, P217.

12/1283, Guncelin de Badelesmere one of the sureties fo Geoffrey de Geneville and Matilda, his wife, and Peter their eldest son for a debt of 1,200£ to William de Valencia. (S) CCRs.

8/18/1284, Simple protection, with clause volumus, until Christmas, for Guncelinus de Badelesmere, going beyond seas. (S) CPRs.

6/22/1290, Commission of oyer and terminer to Stephen de Pencestre and Gunselinus de Baddlesmere, … county of Kent … (S) CPRs.

6/7/1292, Licence for William Payforer to enfeoff by charter Guncelin de Badelesmere in the manors of Inge and Wychelinge, held in chief. (S) CPRs.

6/16/1294, … Richard Peyforer, yeoman of Guncelinus de Badelesmere, one of the king’s houshold and council, … (S) CPRs.

8/25/1295, Grant to Guncelinus de Badelesmere, for five years, … value of 100£ … (S) CPRs.

8/20/1297, Grant to Guncelinus de Badelesmere, who is going beyond seas with the king on his service, of the custody of the heirs of Philip Burnell, tenant in chief, of land and rent to the value of 100£ a year … (S) CPR. [Guncelin did not go with the king.]

8/27/1297, After the king’s crossing to Flanders, Edward, the king’s son, supplying the king’s place in England, in the castle of Tonebrigge, in his chamber there, in the presence of Sirs Reginald de Grey, … and Guncelinus de Badelesmere, knights, and of … delivered to the said Sir John de Langeton, the chancellor, the seal … (S) CPRs.

9/16/1297, Appointment to select and retian in the king’s service … knights and yoemen of his county … to be at London with their horses and arms … Guncelin de Badlesmere } Kent. (S) CPRs.

10/13/1300, Guncelin attended Henry, Earl of Lincoln, on a trip to Rome.

6/27/1302, Guncelin witnessed a grant of Edward I. (S) Two Cartularies of the Augustinian Priory of Bruton, 1894, P133.

8/27/1307, Prince Edward [about to become King Edward II], Lt. of England, delivered the Great Seal to the chancellor at Tonbridge castle, in the presence of Guncelin. (S) Archaeologia Cantiana, 1886, P32.

Bef. 2/25/1308 [coronation of Edward II], Guncelin died. (S) Harvey the Hasty: A Medieval Chief Justice, Keeton, 1978, P71.

(S) A Second Domesday?: The Hundred Rolls of 1279-80, Raban, 2004, P63.

Family notes:
·         Both Guncelin de Badlesmere and his son, Bartholomew are recorded as using argent, a fess between two bars gemelles gules. (S) UKNA.

Children of Guncelin and Joan:

i. Joan de Badlesmere (11820465), born ~1260 in Kent, England.
Joan married Sir John de Northwode.

ii. Maud de Badlesmere, born ~1270 in Kent, England.
Maud married Robert, heir & s/o Reynold de Burghersh.
1295, Robert commander of banks and dykes in Sussex.
3/14/1297 at Ringwood, Robert assigned to “hold custody of the Cinque Ports.”
1299, Robert, 1st Baron Burghersh, named Constable of Dover Castle, and Warden of the Cinque Ports. The Lord Warden was solely responsible for the return of all writs to the Crown, along with the collection of taxes and the arrest of criminals. His court was held in St James’ church, near Dover Castle.
7/1299 at Whitsand, Robert, Constable of Dover castle, delivers captured King Baliol of Scotland to the Bishop of Vicenza. (S) A History of the Weald of Kent, Furley, 1874, P226.
8/10/1302, King Edward I ordered Robert, constable of Dover castle, to free Roger de Brevant.
11/1303–6/1305, Robert, Lord  Burghersh, summoned to Parliament [1 of only 2 new names on the rolls on this date.]
7/20/1304 at Stirling, Robert accused of hunting [illegally] in the forests of Sussex.
11/9/1305, Robert ordered by Edward I to go to Hastings and remove the dean.
1306, Robert died, buried in Lincoln Cathedral.
(S) The Gentleman’s Magazine, Jeffries, 1827, P202.
Stephen de Burghersh, born ~1282 in England.
1305, Stephen, age 23, became 2nd Baron Burghersh.
1310, Stephen died.
Children: Maud de Burghersh, born ~1306 in Enlgand.
Henry de Burghersh, born ~1286 in England.
5/28/1320, Henry appointed Bishop of Lincoln.
1322, after hiding Bartholomew de Badlesmere from Edward II, the King seized his financial assets and requested his dismissal by the Pope [who refused.] (S) Weir, P143.
1328, Henry, Lord Chancellor to Edward II.
1330, Henry imprisoned with his primary supporter Roger de Mortimer.
1334, Reconciled with Edward II, Henry named Treasurer of England.
1341, Henry died in Ghent.
Bartholomew de Burghersh, born ~1304 in England.

iii. Bartholomew de Badlesmere (5909950), born 1274 in Kent, England.

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