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Saturday, July 23, 2011

Earl Humphrey de Bohun & Countess Maud de Fiennes

11819896. Earl Humphrey de Bohun & 11819897. Countess Maud de Fiennes

9/1248, Humphrey born in Pleshy Castle, Essex, England, s/o 23639792. Humphrey de Bohun & 23639793. Eleanor de Brewes.

~1255, Maud born in Normandy, d/o 23639794. Enguerrand de Fiennes & 23639795. Isabelle de Conde.

9/1259, A fine levied between Humphrey, son of Humphrey, son of Humphrey de Bohun, plaintiff, and Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, deforicant, … special limitations as to certain lands … (S) Reports From Commissions, 1874, P4.

9/20/1260, Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, John de Plessis, earl of Warwick, Henry of Almain, the king’s nephew, John Mansel, treasurer of York, Eudo la Zouche, Humphrey de Bohun, junior, Robert de Tweng, … (S) The Royal Charter Witness Lists of Henry III, V292, P130.

10/1265, Humphrey’s father died [before the grandfather] with forfeiture; some of his father’s lands regranted to his grandfather. (S) CPRs.

10/25/1265, Commitent to Gilbert de Clare … of the castle of Brgheny late of Humphrey de Bohun and Maud his wife [grandparents] to hold during the minority of the heir of the said Maud [deceased]. (S) CPRs.

10/29/1265, Grant to Golbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, of the wardship of Brekunow … which are of the inheritance of Humphrey son and heir of Eleanor late the wife of Humphrey de Bohun, a minor. (S) CPRs.

1/24/1266, Humphrey deputy to his grandfather while he was the Constable of England.

12/29/1266, Whereas the king late granted to Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, the wardship of the castles and lands late of Eleanor de Breusa, sometime wife of Humphrey de Bohun, which fall by inheritance to Humphrey de Bohun her son and heir, and which Roger de Mortuo Mari held in his hand, … (S) CPRs.

6/26/1267, Humphrey 18.5 years old.                              

11/8/1270, Mandate to the tenants of lands late of Eleanor de Bohun, one of the heir of William de Brehus, both English and Welsh, to be intendant to Humphrey de Bohun, son and heir of the said Eleanor, as the king has taken his homage … (S) CPRs.

1/14/1271, Notification that the king has retained his yeoman Humphrey son of Humphrey de Bohun in his service and has granted to him 40 marks a year … (S) CPRs.

4/24/1274, Power to William de Bello Campo, earl of Warwick, … to make a truce between Llewellin son of Griffith, prince of Wales, and Humphrey de Bohun of Brekcon until Michaelmas. (S) CPRs.

7/20/1274, Mandate … to take into the king’s hands the castle and manor of Haverford, which Humphrey de Bohun son and heir of Eleanor de Brehus sued … but was adjuged to be taken into the king’s hands … (S) CPRs.

9/15/1274, Mandate … to let Humphrey son of Humphrey de Bohun to have seisin of the castle and town of Haverford, which are of his inheritiance, … the king having restored the same to him. (S) CPRs.

1275, Maud de Fiennes’ brother William paid £1000 to Humphrey to marry Maud.

[––Humphrey & Maud––]

1275, Humphrey married Maud. [A kinswoman to Queen Eleanor.]

2/8/1275, … Humphrey de Bohun, lord of Breconyogh. (S) CPRs.

7/20/1275, Writ de intendo … the king has granted the castle and manor of la Haye in tail to Humphrey de Bohun and Matilda his wife. (S) CPRs.

9/24/1275, Humphrey heir to his grandfather.

11/12/1275, Order to the sheriff of Buckingliam … the manor of Crendon … of William le Marescal, earl of Pembroke, … has fallen to the pourparty of the heirs of Eva de Browse (47279587), sister and one of the heirs of Walter le Marescal, brother and heir of the said William … deliver the same to Roger de Mortuo Mari and Maud (4997433) his wife, Eudo la Zuche and Millicent (2500243) his wife, John de Hasting (5910050) and Humphrey de Boun (11819896), heirs of the said Eva, … (S) CFRs.

1276, Humphrey, successor of his father as Earl of Hereford and “Bearer of the Swan Badge”. That year he recovered Brecon from the Welsh.

11/17/1276, Letters for Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, going to the march on the king affairs. (S) CPRs.

1/24/1277, Protection for the following going to Wales on the king’s service … Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex … (S) CPRs.

1277, King Edward was in Chester where he cleared a road through a dense forest, and started construction on the castles of Flint and Rhuddlan. King Edward made forays into the Welsh lands of Llywelyn ap Gruffydd, prince of Wales, capturing Snowdonia and the isle of Anglesey.

1278, Humphrey given protection to go to Santiago, Spain. [Pilgrimage.]

6/28/1283, Humphrey summoned to Shrewsbury by writ from Rhuddlan to the king to hold a colloquium to ordain what should be done with David, brother of Llewellyn, formerly prince of Wales. (S) The Titular Barony of Clavering, 1891, P16.

4/5/1284, Commission on complaint of Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, that while he was on the king’s service in Wales and under the king’s protection some of his men were imprisoned at Norwich. (S) CPRs.

5/10/1285, Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, going beyond seas. (S) CPRs.

1285, Humphrey ordered by the Bishop of Worchester to desist from troubling the prior of Horsley.

4/28/1286, Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, licensed to 150 acres called ‘La Pleso’ within the bounds of the forest of Essex. (S) CPRs.

1286, Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, could not show sufficient warrant for his fair at Kimbolton, Huntingdonshire. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516.

6/24/1287, Humphrey order to Wales by the King. (S) CPRs.

5/12/1288, Commission of oyer and terminer … to enquire by the oath of the good men of the king's land of Cardigan, of Edmund de Mortuo Mari's (2498716) land of Melenith and Warthreygnon, of Matilda de Mortuo Mari's (4997433) land of Radenore and Elneyluthmenith, of Ralph de Tony's (2498734) land of Elnoylismenith, of John son of Reginald's land of Blenleveny, of Peter de Geynvill (2498718) and Theobald de Verdun's (4997380) land of Ewyas and Cantrebohan, touching the homicides, arsons, robberies and other felonies committed against the men of Buelt by Humphrey de Bohun (11819896), earl of Hereford and Essex's men of Brechon. (S) CPRs.

1289, Humphrey was in a private struggle with Gilbert de Clare (4997382). Gilbert had cleared the road to Brecon and had begun another castle on his new frontier at Morlais near Merthyr Tydfil. He came into conflict with Humphrey, who disputed possession of the land and the castle at Morlais.

1/18/1290, Edmund de Mortimer a witness when a trial was held concerning Gilbert de Clare’s attack on Humphrey. (S) Knights of Edward I, V3, P207.

1291, Humphrey one of the Barons addressing a letter to the Pope from the parliament of Lincoln.

2/18/1292, Commission … touching robberies, imprisonments, … committed by Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, and his men against Roger de Mortuo Marie and Lucy his wife with their men in Brecon, … (S) CPRs. [The next day the king seized all of Humphrey’s lands in Brecon.]

12/3/1293, Commission of oyer … counties of Hereford … imprisonment, distraints, … in the parts of Brecon, by Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, and his men … (S) CPRs.

4/14/1294 from Dover, Humphrey conducted Countess Eleanor [eldest d/o Edward I] on her journey to her new home in Bar. (S) The Lives of the Princesses of England, V2, Green, 1854, P308.

1294, The Gascon War began between England and France, lasting 9 years.

8/16/1294, Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, going to Gascony on the king’s service. (S) CPRs.

11/23/1294, Power to Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, to receive the Welsh of Brighenengh into the king’s peace. (S) CPRs.

11/8/1295, Order to Gilbert de Clare (4997382), earl of Gloucester and Hertford, to take into the king's hand all lands and goods of all alien religious of the power of the king of France in his liberty of Glamorgan … the like to … Roger le Bygod, earl of Norfolk and marshal of England, H. de Bohun (11819896), earl of Hereford and Essex, R. (11819888) earl of Arundel, J. de Hastinges (5910050), Edmund de Mortuo Mari (2498716), … William de Brehus (11820322), W. de Valencia (11820102), earl of Pembroke, and John Giffard (11820106), within their liberties and lands in the parts of the march. (S) CFRs.

11/14/1296, Commission … touching the persons who fished in the stews of Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, at Plessys and Appechyld, co. Essex, and carried away fish. (S) CPRs.

1/12/1297, Protection … for the following going to Brabant … with Margaret, the king’s daughter, duchess of Brabant … Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, … (S) CPRs.                                                                                                      

1297, Humphrey and Roger Bigod refused to serve in Gascony.

1298, Humphrey and Roger required the King to re-confirm their charters.

8/13/1297, Safe-conduct, until September 1, for Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and constable of England, and Roger Bygod, earl of Norfolk, and their companies coming to the king [at Udimore]. (S) CPRs.

12/31/1298, Humphrey died at Pleshey, Essex; buried at Walden Abbey with his wife. [Maud died before Humphrey.]

1/7/1299, Order to the sheriff of Essex and Hertford to take into the king's hand the goods late of Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, who was held to the king in divers debts on the day of his death. (S) CFRs.

Children of Humphrey and Maud:

i. Humphrey de Bohun (5909948), born 1276 in England.

ii. Henry de Bohun, born ? in England.

7/22/1298, Henry fought at the Battle of Falkirk.

10/18/1306, Humphrey and Henry ordered arrested for leaving Scotland “before the end of the war”.

6/23/1314, Henry killed at the battle of Bannockburn by Robert de Bruce.


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