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Sunday, July 31, 2011

Lord William de Brewes

11820322. Lord William de Brewes

By 1254, William de Brewosa born in England, heir & s/o 30421288. William de Brewes & 23640645. Aline de Multon.

6/28/1283, William de Brousa summoned to Shrewsbury by writ from Rhuddlan to the king to hold a colloquium to ordain what should be done with David, brother of Llewellyn, formerly prince of Wales. (S) The Titular Barony of Clavering, 1891, P16.

8/19/1274 at Westminster abbey, Edward I crowned king of England.

1291, William’s father died.

3/1/1291, Order to deliver to William de Breous, son and heir of William de Breous, tenant in chief, the lands late of his said father, he having done homage ; retaining the power to dower Mary [stepmother], late the wife of William the father, unless she will receive dower of the assignment of William the son. (S) CFRs.

1294, William fought in Gascony. [Beginning of a 9-year war to protect lands in Gascony from Philip IV of France.]

10/3/1295, Protection … William de Brewosa, going to South Wales on the king’s service. (S) CPRs.

11/8/1295, Order to Gilbert de Clare (4997382), earl of Gloucester and Hertford, to take into the king's hand all lands and goods of all alien religious of the power of the king of France in his liberty of Glamorgan … the like to … Roger le Bygod, earl of Norfolk and marshal of England, H. de Bohun (11819896), earl of Hereford and Essex, R. (11819888) earl of Arundel, J. de Hastinges (5910050), Edmund de Mortuo Mari (2498716), … William de Brehus (11820322), W. de Valencia (11820322), earl of Pembroke, and John Giffard (11820106), within their liberties and lands in the parts of the march. (S) CFRs.

4/27/1296, William with King Edward as he invaded Scotland with a force of 25,000 and won the battle of Dunbar against the forces of John Comyn and his son.

8/28/1296 at Berwick-on-Tweed, Pardon, for services in the Scotch war, at the instance of William de Brewosa, to Henry Scurlag … (S) CPRs. [King Edward had captured Berwick-upon-Tweed, an important Scottish port of northeast England, sacked the town and massacred thousands of its inhabitants.]

9/30/1297 at Gaunt in Flanders, … Agreement between John de Hastingges and William Martyn … Witnesses: … Sir William de Brewuse, Sir Walter de Beauchamp, steward of the household, … (S) CPRs, 11/3/1297.

11/29/1297, Grant to William de Brewosa, staying with the king in Flanders, of the marriage of John (5910160) son and heir of Roger de Moubray, tenant in chief, so that he may be married to Alina (5910161) his daughter. Mandate to Roesia, late the wife of the said Roger, to deliver the said John. (S) CPRs.

3/29/1298, King Edward arrived back in England.

7/22/1298, William at the battle of Falkirk.

7/22/1298, King Edward defeated Sir William Wallace (Braveheart) at the battle of Falkirk, Scotland. The Scots defensive position was strong, but based on spearmen with support of some cavalry and archers. Edward’s armored knights were repulsed by the amassed spear points. King Edward brought up his Welsh longbowmen. They cut gaps into the Scottish ranks through which the mounted English knights could charge. The Scots were routed, but Wallace escaped.

1299-1332, William summoned to parliament by writ.

10/28/1299, Commission … to enquire … whether William de Brewose and his ancestors form the time when the land of Gower with the lordship thereof come into their hands by grant of John, sometime king of England, … power … tenants to come to their court of Sweyneseye … as the said William avers, … (S) CPRs.

3/28/1300, “Royal letters patent: inspeximus and confirmation of Magna Carta … Witnesses: … William de Breous', …” (S) UKNA.

4/1/1300, … ordered … to cause all and singular of … knights, esquires or others having £40 yearly of land … to provide themselves with horses and arms … be with the king at Carlisle at Midsummer next, ready to set out with him at his wages against the Scots … Surrey and Sussex, with William de Brewosa. (S) CCRs.

6/25/1300, King Edward led his forces north from Carlisle.

7/9/1300, Siege of Caerlaverock castle in Scotland began.

2/12/1301 at Lincoln, William joined in the barons’ letter to the Pope.

9/25/1302, Association … commission … touching the discords between Mary, late the wife of William de Brewose [William’s stepmother] and William son of William de Brewose, … (S) CPRs.

2/20/1303, William de Brewosa in a suit touching his liberties claimed in Pembroke. (S) CPRs.

10/4/1304, William de Brewosa, lord of the castle, manor, honor and rape of Brembre, and the 5 hundreds within that rape, … (S) CPRs.

10/19/1304, Pardon … on testimony by William de Brewosa of his service in Scotland. (S) CPRs.

11/12/1305, Commission … petitions of Wiliam de Brewosa’s men and tenants of Guwer and Sweyneseye … divers trespasses of the said William … (S) CPRs.

2/25/1308, Edward II crowned king of England.

7/25/1313, Confirmation of a grant, for life, by William de Brewosa to John Iweyn of the entire town of Lotharn, … (S) CPRs.

8/5/1316, William de Braose and John de Mowbray and Alina his wife granted a market and fair at Bramber, Sussex. (S) Gaz. of Markets and Fairs.

11/13/1316, The king lately, by fine of £200 made by John de Moubray, granted licence to William de Brewosa the elder to grant his manors of Knappe, … and 3,000 acres … co. Sussex, which Mary de Brewosa holds, for her life, in dower of his inheritance … to regrant the same to the said William … remainder to John de Moubray and Aline his wife … 40 knights’ fees … (S) CPRs.


7/28/1319, Commission to make inquisition in the parts of Gower in the march of Wales and other neighbouring parts what lands William de Brewosa, lord of Gower, and his ancestors in the times of the king's progenitors and of the king have alienated in the said land of Gower, and to whom. (S) CFRs.

11/13/1320, Order to the escheator on this side Trent to go in person to the land of Gower in the march of Wales, which John de Moubray acquired of William de Bruosa, who held the same in chief, and entered without licence … (S) CFRs.

6/1/1322, Grant to Hugh le Despenser, the younger, and Eleanor his wife, of the king’s reversion … which William de Brewosa holds for life of the inheritance late of John de Moubray, a rebel, … will fall into the king’s hands by forfeiture. (S) CPRs.

6/16/1324, Licence for Aline, late the wife of John de Moubray, … which William de Brewosa, the elder, holds for life fof the inheritance of the said Aline. (S) CPRs.

1326, William, 2nd Lord Brewes of Bramber, Sussex died.

5/1/1326, Writ for IPM of William de Brewosa. Kent: Wykham. The manor and advowson, held for life, by the demise of Hugh le Despenser, earl of Winchester … Sussex: Kneppe and Beaubusson and the town of Horsham for life as part of the barony of Brembre … as of the inheritance of Hugh le Despenser, earl of Winchester, as appears by a fine levied in the king’s court between Aline late the wife of John de Moubray and the said earl. And the said William lately held the castle and manor of Brembre with the town of Shorham, for life as part of the aforesaid barony … La Kneppe. The manor … St. Leonard’s. The forest … he held for life 16 1/2 knights’ fees … Aline late the wife of John de Moubray, and John de Bohoun son and heir of Joan late the wife of James de Bohoun, are his next heirs, and of full age. (S) CIsPM. [The Despensers, favorites of King Edward II, by force taking over the lands of others, led to the Despenser War and the downfall of Edward II.]

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P137.

Children of William and Mary:

i. Joan de Brewes, born ~1285 in England.

Joan married Lord Richard Foliot, s/o 11820378. Lord Jordan Foliot & 11820379. Margery de Newmarch.

ii. Aline de Brewes (5910161), born 1289 England.


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