~1245, William de Gouyz born in England, s/o 30417796. William de Gouiz & 30417797. Beatrice de Lincoln.
~1264, Petronilla born Normandy, France. [William’s grandfather held lands in Normandy.]
Aft. 1264, William’s father died.
11/16/1272, Edward I succeeded Henry III as King of England. [While on crusade.]
1277, William served in the king’s army in Wales. (S) CCRs, 7/6/1305.
1277, King Edward was in Chester where he cleared a road through a dense forest, and started construction on the castles of Flint and Rhuddlan. King Edward made forays into the Welsh lands of Llywelyn ap Gruffydd, prince of Wales, capturing Snowdonia and the isle of Anglesey.
Bef. 1/1278, Beatrice, William’s mother, died leaving him a third of the barony of Winterbourne, Dorset; her son William her heir. (S) English Baronies, Sanders, 1963, P99.
1/28/1278, Order to the sheriff of Dorset to restore to Robert son of Payn and William de Gouiz, nephews and heirs of Aubrey de Lincoln, tenant in chief, the lands late of the said Aubrey, taken on their trespass in entering the same without licence, … which trespass the king has pardoned them for a fine of £10. (S) CFRs.
3/11/1279, IPM of William Evard. Dorset: … Stafford … the advowson of the church, held of Robert son of Payn and William de Gouyz … (S) CIsPM. [Robert a relative of William.]
1281, Dewlish, Dorset. Assise of mort dancestor arrainged by Emmota daughter of Robert Purlun against William de Gouiz and others, … (S) Ann. Rpt. Dep. Keeper, V49, P70. [Repeated 2 years later.]
2/27/1281, IPM of Robert son of Payn. Somerset: … Robert his son, aged 27, is his next heir. … Dorset: Acford Alvredi. The manor, … of the inheritance which was of Alfred de Lyncolnia …, a third part descended to the said Robert and his heirs; and Albreda de Lyncolnia one of the heirs of the said Alfred, to whom a third part of that barony descended, died without heir of herself, … descended to the said Robert and William de Gouyz. (S) CIsPM.
1282, William serving in Wales in the company of William de Valencia. (S) See 5/17/1297.
12/1282, 16 knights, 17 squires and over 200 foot soldiers killed in an ambush by the Welsh.
12/11/1282, King Edward’s forces defeated Llewelyn ap Gruffydd at the Battle of Radnor in eastern Wales. King Edward received the head of Llywelyn at Rhuddlan castle. [Aka Battle of Orewin Bridge.]
1283, Dewlish, Dorset. Assise of mort dancestor arrainged by Emmota v. William de Gouiz … (S) See 1281.
12/27/1284, Commission to R. de Heyd[on] and J. de Sancto Laudo, touching the persons who hunted and took deer in the park of William de Gouyz at Dontetis, cc. Dorset, and wounded his men. (S) CPRs.
[––William & Petronilla––]
By 1284, William married Petronilla in Normandy.
1287, Petronilla came to England with daughter Joan. (S) Proof of Age of Joan.
1287, Henry Tonere, knight, at Deuelisch at the house of William where he saw his 2-year old daughter Joan. (S) Proof of Age of Joan.
5/1288, Ralph de Rochefort, knight, was at Shireborn where he saw William with his 3-year old daughter Joan. (S) Proof of Age of Joan.
5/1288, William, Petronilla, and daughter Joan at the home in Aulton of Henry le Frere for the purification feast after the birth of his son Michael. (S) Proof of Age of Joan.
5/1288, Robert Crubbe dined with William and his daughter at the house of Robert de Donton in Shireborne and saw the said Joan dressed “in a certain robe.” (S) Proof of Age of Joan.
2/16/1289, Order to release … indicted … trespass agains the king’s peace in the park of William de Gouiz at Donetisshe, [Dorset] … (S) CCRs.
2/6/1290, The king's pardon to William de Gouiz of £273 4s 4d of £363 4s 4d for divers debts and of the £10 he was amerced and pursuant to the king's grant that of the residue he or his heirs render 100s a year. (S) CFRs.
11/1291, William de Gouiz holds the advowson of the church of Byndon of the king in chief. (S) Notes and Queries for Somerset and Dorset, Vs9-10, 1905, P140.
2/6/1292, Licence in the alienation in mortmain by William deGouiz to the abbot and convent of Bynedon … (S) CPRs.
9/24/1293, Commission of oyer and terminer … on complaint by William de Gouiz that whereas Brian deGouiz, lately deceased, held the manor of Kyngesdon, co. Somerset, of him by knight service, … Peter de Bosco, and Robert his son, with a multitude of armed men, entered the said manor by night, burned some houses, … (S) CPRs.
3/22/1297, Simple protection for 1 year for William de Gouiz. (S) CPRs. [Likely going to Normandy.]
5/17/1297, William de Gouyz has asserted before the king that although he had his service with the king by his order in his army of Wales, in the 10th year of the reign, in the company of William de Valencia the king's uncle, the treasurer and barons cause him to be distrained to render scutage. (S) CCRs.
10/19/1298, Order to cause William de Gouyz, one of the heirs of Alvered de Lincoln, tenant in chief, to be acquitted of the scutage exacted from him for the knights' fees that he holds of the king for the army of Wales in the tenth year of the reign. (S) CCRs.
1/1299, William died.
1/26/1299, IPM of William de Gouyz. Dorset: … he held of the king in chief 12 1/4 knights’ fees by homage and service of 1/2 and 1/4 knight’s fee in the king’s army … His daughters, Joan aged 14, and Alice aged 10, are his next heirs. … Donetysse. The manor … Heirs as above, and their marriage is worth £66 13s 4d … Writ to the escheator, on the complaint of John le Latimer, who married Joan, eldest daughter and heir of the said William, … that the manor of Duntish, which is the chief manor of the inheritance and has the only park, had been assigned to Petronilla late the wife of the said William in dower, and that she has more than pertains to her … Doueliz. The manor … (S) CIsPM.
2/2/1299, Order to deliver to Petronilla, late the wife of William de Gouyz, tenant in chief, the following of his lands, which the king has assigned to her in dower: the manor of Dountyssh, co. Dorset, … (S) CCRs.
12/12/1299, Writ for IPM of William de Gouyz, alias de Gouiz: Dorset: … 13 knights’ fees … His daughters, Joan aged 14, and Alice aged 10, are his next heirs. Donetysse. The manor … Doueliz. The manor … Donetysch. The manor wholly held by the said Petronilla in dower … a chapel there to which John le Latimer shall present twice, and the said Petronilla the third time … (S) CIsPM.
3/1299, Petronilla, late the wife of William de Gouiz, … has taken oath that she will not marry without the king’s licence. (S) CCRs.
3/24/1299, Ratification of the sale by Walter de Gloucestre to John le Latimer, of the custody of the lands late of William de Gouiz, … during the minority of the hiers, Joan and Alice, with the marriage, … (S) CPRs.
3/18/1299, Order to cause dower to be assigned to Petronilla, late the wife of William de Gouiz, tenant in chief, from the knights' fees and advowsons of churches that belonged to William. (S) CCRs.
10/22/1299, Simple protection, for 2 years, for Petronilla, late the wife of William de Gouiz, going beyond seas. (S) CPRs. [Going to her home in Normandy.]
5/1/1300, John le Latimer (7604448), who married Joan, the eldest daughter and co-heiress of William de Gouiz, … to do and receive in chancery what the king's court shall consider of this that Petronilla, late the wife of the said William, has more in dower of Joan's inheritance than pertains to her. (S) CCRs.
6/30/1300, Petronilla, late the wife of William de Gouiz, to receive in chancery her dower, [through her attorney] … (S) CCRs. [John le Latimer to be summoned.]
2/4/1301, The king orders the escheator to resume into the king's hands all the lands, both those in John's [le Latimer] hands and those assigned to Petronilla, and after making an extent thereof, to cause dower to be assigned to Petronilla, saving to her and to John and the said heirs their corn and other goods in the lands. (S) CCRs.
7/14/1308, Protection ... for Petronilla, late the wife of William de Gouiz, going beyond seas. (S) CPRs.
7/1325, Petronilla died. [… Petronilla, late the wife of William de Gouiz, was born and dwelt in parts beyond sea, … held not lands in chief at her death, … held [hamlet of Tyley] … in dower of the inheritiance of Joan, wife of John le Latymer, daughter and heiress of the aforesaid William … died on Monday before St. Andrew last. … Joan her daughter, and also the daughter and heir of William de Gouiz, was found to the her heir.] (S) CCRs, 11/19/1325.
8/1/1325, Writ for IPM of Petronilla, late the wife of William de Gouyz. Dorset: Duntysh. The manor, and the hamlet of Tyleye and 100s. of land and rent in Deuelysh, held in dower of John le Latymer and Joan his wife, as of the inheritance of the said Joan, daughter and heir of the said William. Joan her daughter, and also daughter and heir of the said William, aged 30 and more, is her next heir. (S) CIsPM. [10/14/1325, John le Latimer certified that Petronilla died in Normandy.]
(S) A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Commoners of Great Britain, Burke, 1835, P681.
Children of William and Petronilla:
i. Joane de Gouis (7604449), born 5/1285 in Normandy, France.
ii. Alice de Gouis, born 1289 in England.
3/24/1299, Ratification of the sale by Walter de Gloucestre to John le Latimer, of the custody of the lands late of William de Gouiz, … during the minority of the hiers, Joan and Alice, with the marriage, … (S) CPRs. [This John le Latimer is the uncle of Joan’s future husband of the same name.]
7/8/1310, Grant to Alice de Leygrave [wife of Reginald de Leygrave], formerly the king’s nurse, of the custody of the lands of Alice, daughter of William de Gouuiz, … during the minority of her son and heir, together with the marriage. (S) CPRs.
1311, Alice died; her sister Joan her heir.
7/28/1311, IPM of Alice de Gouuiz alias de Gouiz: Endorsed: The said Alice after the death of William de Gouiz her father in 27 Edw. I. was found to be 10 years of age, and the said king sold the wardship and marriage to Sir John le Latymer, for which cause the jury of this inquisition would not say that she was seised of any lands, &c. on the day she died. Her sister, Joan the wife of Sir John de Latymer, aged 24 and more, is her next heir. (S) CIsPM.