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Tuesday, September 13, 2011

G24: 15212124

15212124. Lord John de Cherleton & 15212125. Hawise “Gardarn”

By 1278, John born in England, s/o §Robert de Charleton, of Cherlton in Wrockwardine, s/o William de Charleton.

~1290, Hawise “the Hardy”, born in Wales, d/o 30424250. Owain de la Pole & 30424251. Joan Corbet.

~1300, John’s father died.

7/7/1307, Edward II, age 23, became king on the death of his father.

9/18/1307, Edward II, referring to John de Cherlton, lectus valettus noster [yoeman of our bed], gives him free warren in his demesne lands at Cherlton and Pontesbury, co. Salop.

2/25/1308, Edward II crowned king of England.

John purchased the marriage of Hawise from the king.

1309, Hawise heir to the barony of Upper Powys when her brother Gruffud ap Gwenwynwyn died without issue. [Disputed by family members that she could not inherit as a female.]

2/1309, Master John de Cherlton acting as attorney for Sir John de Cherlton of Powys, then a resident of Dublin, in the purchase of Haughton.

8/26/1309, John, by gift of marriage by the king, licenced to marry Hawys, acquiring the feudal barony of la Pole.

9/15/1309 at Shrewsbury, John entailed his younger brother Alan with the manor of Haughton.

11/2/1309, Exemption for life, at the instance of John de Cherleton, … (S) CPRs.

1310, Hawise’s grandmother Hawise died; all of Owain’s lands being restored to the family.

1310, John an adherent of the King against Thomas of Lancaster, and locally against Lord Fulk le Straung and Gruffud Vaghan, youngest and only surviving brother of Owain.

6/18/1310, John ordered to raise 400 footsoldiers in the lordship of Powis. King Edward, invading Scotland for the first time, would spend a year on the expedition with no major conflicts, using Berwick as his base of operations.

1312, Commission of oyer and terminer: Hawise and John against her uncle Gruffud Vaghan. Gruffud laid siege to castle La Pole where Hawise and John resided. Roger de Mortimer of Chirk was sent by the King to break the siege.

9/20/1312, Licence, at the request of John de Cherleton, from the appropriation in mortmain by the abbot and convent of Shrewsbury … Grant to John de Cherleton of the manor of Isnebrigge, co. Salop, late of Roger son of John, deceased, … until the heir shall be of full age. (S) CPRs.

12/26/1312, Commission of oyer … to John de Grey, … on complaint by John de Cherleton and Hawisia his wife, that Griffin de la Pole, … with horse, arms, and banners displayed, approached their castle, which is in the Marches of Wales upon the confines of the counties of Hereford, Salop and Strafford, besieged it, burned the doors of the castle and their houses, broke their park, … and at Butyngton, Talgarth and Penpres, which are in the Marches … (S) CPRs. [Roger Trumwynne and his wife Joan made similar complaints.]

5/3/1313, Protection for John de Cherleton, going beyond seas on the king’s service [with two others in his retinue] … (S) CPRs. [They left May 23rd from Dover.]

6/5/1313, John with King Edward and Queen Isabella in Paris where Isabella’s 3 brothers were knighted.

7/15/1313, The king’s retinue arrived back in England.

7/26/1313, John summoned to parlaiment.

8/2/1313, Licence for John de Cherleton and Hawaisia his wife to grant their castle and manor of la Pole, held in chief, to Master John de Cherleton [Eventual king’s merchant and mayor of the merchants of the staple of wools], … (S) CPRs.

11/6/1313, King Edward II declared a general amnesty for all antagonists in the Powys war, including Fulk le Strange, Griffin de la Pole, who had besieged John de Cherleton at de la Pole castle. [This escalated attacks between both sides.]

3/20/1314, Exemption, for life, … By K. on the information of John de Chereleton. (S) CPRs.

1314, John as for a commission of oyer and terminer against Philip de Middleton and Hugh de Audeley who had attacked his properties in Shropshire.

1315, John married Hawys, acquiring the feudal barony of la Pole.

5/4/1315, Grant, for three years, to the baliffs and good men of the town of Brugge Northe of murage upon all wares for sale brought into their town. By the Great Council at the instance of John de Cherleton. (S) CPRs.

2/26/1316, Mandate, directed to Hugh de Audele, justice of Chester, … rebels in Wales have risen … enjoined on John de Cherleton to do all in power to quell their wickedness; … to march with John de Cherleton against the rebels. (S) CPRs.

3/10/1316, Writ of aid for John de Crumbewelle, steward of the king’s Household, … appointed to enforce the maintenance of the peace between John de Cherleton and Hawysia his wife … and Griffin de la Pole … concerning the castle and lands of la Pole. (S) CPRs.

7/16/1316, John de Cherleton and Giffin de la Pole summoned to be before the king to receive judgement. (S) CPRs.

11/17/1316, Licence to John de Cherleton to crenellate his dwelling-place of Cherleton, co. Salop. (S) CPRs.

12/20/1316, Licence for Thomas son of Adam de Monte Gomeri [and his wife Sibyl] to enfeoff John de Cherleton of him manor of Lydom, co. Salop, … (S) CPRs.

6/28/1317, Grant to John de Cherleton … two parts of the manor of Egemundon and Forde and the township of Neuport, co. Salop, … in consideration of his good service … for the great expenses he has incurred by remaining with the king and also for a sum or money which he paid into the king’s chamber, that he may hold quit of rent. (S) CPRs.

1318, John was listed among the “major baronies”.

4/13/1319, John de Cherleton and Hawise his wife … They request the manor of Penprys and other lands in free marriage to John their son and Maud his wife, and to the heirs of their body. … two thirds of certain lands, held in dower of the inheritance of Hawise, [to Thomas de Cherleton], and that he might re-grant this to John and Hawise for term of their lives, … John de [Cherleton], son of John and Hawise de Cherleton; Maud de [Cherleton], wife of John de Cherleton the younger and daughter of Roger de Mortemer; Roger de Mortemer (Mortimer); Thomas de Cherleton; Ella [Hawise’s widowed sister]; Sibyl de la Pole. (S) UKNA.

4/13/1319, Licence for John de Cherleton and Hawisia, his wife, to grant to Master Thomas de Cherleton, king’s clerk, … in the Marches of Wales … which Peter Giffard and Ela his wife hold in dower of the said Ela of the inheritianc of the said Hawisia, … Sybil, late the wie of Louis de la Pole, holds in dower of the same inheritance ; … remainder to John son of John de Cherleton and Matilda his wife, and the heirs … failing such issue … to Owen son of John de Cherleton … to Edward … to Humphrey … finally to the right heirs of the said Hawisia. (S) CPRs.

6/1319, John ordered to raise 500 footsoldiers “de terris suis de Powys.”

9/7/1319, King Edward besieged Berwick-upon-Tweed. Soon learning of the invasion of York and the defeat at Myton, Edward abandoned the siege and returned to England.

1/18/1322, Writ of aid … appointed to receive in the king’s name at the king’s will John de Cherleton, and all who are present in the castle of la Pole against the king, and to bring the said John to the king. (S) CPRs.

Gruffud Vaghan continued to cause problems with the support of Edmund FitzAlan, Earl of Arundel.

3/16/1322, John fought against the king at the battle of Boroughbridge, northwest of York. King Edward defeated the forces of the Marcher lords and Thomas of Lancaster.  The royalist forces were defending their position with dismounted men-at-arms and archers against an attacking calvary.

1322, John and Hawise gave sureties to the King of their loyality.

9/11/1322, Pardon to John de Cherleton, knight, a rebel ; with restitution to him of his castles, lands and goods. (S) CPRs.

7/2/1323, Mandate to the knights and other tenants of the castle of la Pole and land of Powys for John de Cherleton, knight, as their lord. (S) CPRs.

11/14/1323, Mandate, after recital of the rebellion of Roger de Mortimer of Wygemore, … to make procalmation … who ever adheres to him will be punished as a rebel … John de Cherleton, lord of Powys. (S) CPRs.

5/20/1324, Commission … Griffin de la Pole lately took … the land of the Powys … John de Cherleton, lord of Powys, took into his hands … to do justice therein. (S) CPRs.

8/1324, King Edward began the “War of Saint-Sardos” with his brother-in-law King Charles of France.

2/12/1325, William Corbet … going to Gascony on the king’s service with John de Cherleton, … (S) CPRs.

8/21/1325, Protection for John and 3 others going with him beyond seas on the king’s service. (S) CPRs.

9/12/1325 sailing from Dover, Edward III, age 12, sent by his father to do homage to King Charles IV for his French lands.

9/14/1325, John licence to crennellate his manor at Shrewsbury with battlements and a stone wall.

9/24/1326, Roger de Mortimer and Queen Isabella invaded England, landing at Ipswich, joined up with Henry, Earl of Lancaster and other opponents of the Despensers.

11/16/1326, Edmund, earl of Arundel, loyal to King Edward II, captured in Shropshire by John de Cherleton. He was then taken to the Queen at Hereford, where he was beheaded the next day.

1/20/1327, Edward II abdicated in favor of his son.

2/1/1327 at Westminster, Edward III, age 14, crowned king of England.

4/12/1327, … John son of John son of Richard de Sutton, and Isabella, his wife, daughter of John de Cherleton, … (S) CPRs.

5/10/1328, Licence for John son of Richard de Sutton … to grant to John de Cherleton, for life, with remainder to John son of John son of Richard de Sutton and Isabella, daughter of John de Cherleton, … (S) CPRs.

1329-30, The Bishop of St Asaph's states that he is the defendant against John de Cherleton and Hawise his wife, a protracted dispute over the advowsons in the barony of de la Pole. (S) UKNA.

1330, Gruffud Vaghan awarded lands held by John and Hawise. They refused to release them and proved Gruffud’s calim to be false.

1/25/1331, Commission of oyer and terminer to Richard de Wylughby … touching the persons who besieged the castle of John de Cherleton at Dudley, co. Stafford. (S) CPRs.

3/23/1333, Pardon to Ebulo Lestraunge and Alice his wife … of a disseisin of John de Cherleton. (S) CPRs.

10/1/1334, … Ralph Basset of Drayton, John de Cherleton, John de Stoner, William de Shareshull … justices to inquire … counties of Berks and Oxford … (S) CPRs.

1337, John a commander with king Edward, claiming the throne of France through his mother, began the 100 Years War with the battle of Cadsant, a Flemish island. With 600 men-at-arms and 2000 archers they embarked on the Thames from London. On the third tide they left Margate for Cadsant. The locals and soldiers saw them coming. The French attached the ships with archers. The English landed with battle axes, sword and lances. The English archers then decimated the French. (S) History of the Viceroys of Ireland, 1865, P186.

7/28/1337, Appointment of John de Cherleton the elder to the office of the justicary of Ireland and of keeping of the land of Ireland with its castles and other … yearly 500£ … 20 man men-at-arms … (S) CPRs.

10/14/1337, John and his brother Thomas, bishop of Hereford, arrived in Ireland.

5/15/1338, John ordered to surrender Ireland to Thomas, bishop of Hereford. (S) CPRs.

1339, Request for remedy in the delays in the holding of an assize of novel dissesin relating to lands in the Welsh marches brought against John Charlton and others, resulting from John's appointment as justiciar of Ireland … John de Cherleton (Charlton), Justiciar of Ireland; Hawise [de Cherleton (Charlton)], wife of John de Cherleton; John de Cherleton (Charlton), son of John de Cherleton. (S) UKNA.

7/28/1339, Commission to John de Cherleton, lord of the lands of Pouwys and la Pole, in South Wales, … (S) CPRs.

6/4/1341, Licence … John de Cherleton, the elder, … manor fo Dynas … remainder in tail to the said John and Hawisia his wife, … right heirs of Hawaisia. (S) CPRs.

10/29/1341, Sir John de Cherlton obtained a licence to cause devine services to be celebrated in chapel of his manor of Cherlton.

7/1/1343, Licence for the alienation in frank almoin by John de Cherleton … for the souls of Edmund, late earl of Arundel, … (S) CPRs.

11/8/1343, Commission … to receive from John de Cherleton the elder Matilda wife of Griffin de la Pole, now detained by the said John in his castle … (S) CPRs.

1/11/1344, John’s brother Thomas died, buried in Hereford cathedral.

1345-6, Hawise, Lady of Powis, died; buried at the House of Grey Friars, Shrewsbury.

1346, John, now elderly, sent his son John on the invasion of France, where his son displayed his banner.

6/10/1346, Licence for John de Cherleton ‘le piere’ to enfoeff Owan de Cherleton his son of the manor of Lydham … (S) CPRs.

3/12/1351, Commission to John de Cherleton and Roger le Straunge of Knokyn to make inquisition touching those who make conterfeit money in the town of Shrewsbury, co. Salop, … (S) CPRs.

7/25/1353, John summoned to parliament.

Bef. 12/24/1353, John 1st Lord Cherleton of Powis died.

 (S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P181. (S) Portraits of Medieval Women, Mitchell, 2003, P69. (S) Antiquities of Shropshire, V9, 1859.

Children of John and Maud: [3 sons, 2 daughters]

i. John de Cherleton (7606062), born 1316 in England.

ii. Isabella de Cherleton, born ~? in England. [Eldest daughter.]

Isabella married John de Sutton, s/o John de Sutton & Margaret de Somery.